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The Little girl is immobilized on a low stool by three woman. One holds her around chest; two others hold the child's thighs apart to open wide the vulva. Part or all of the clitoris will be removed without the use of antiseptics or anesthetics.
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What is FGM ?

From: James Logan HS web site, Union City, Calif.



FGM stands for Female Genital Mutilation. It is a ceremonial procedure that dates back to an estimated 1,400 years ago. During circumcision part or all of the clitoris is removed.There are many forms of FGM: Sunna circumcision- tip of clitoris and or its covering (prepuce) removed.
Clitoridectomy -entire clitoris, the prepuce and adjacent labia are removed.
Infibulation- clitoridectomy followed by the sewing up of the vulva.

Why is it practiced?
The justification for FGM is to put an end to sexual arousal in women. If a woman is mutilated, she is less likely to engage in premarital sex, or adultery. "The importance given to virginity and an intact hymen in these societies is the reason why female circumcision still remains a very widespread practice...by removing parts of a girls' external genital organs, sexual desire is minimized. This permits a female who has reached the... age of puberty and adolescence to protect her virginity, and therefore her honor, with greater ease..."

Where is it practiced?
Because FGM is an ongoing and current human rights violation, and because of the frequency of each procedure, very few studies have been done to record the numbers of victims. These are only rough estimates. A particular source estimates that 90% of the girls in Djibouti , Ethiopia Eritrea, Sierra, Leone, Somalia, and North Sudan have been mutilated. This source also estimates that about 50% of girls in Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, and Togo have also been mutilated.

Because Female Genital Mutilation is legal in some places, the performers of this gruesome method can not be punished for their actions. However, there are organizations such as UNICEF and Medicalization of Female Genital Mutilation that are helping to bring forth justice to these helpless women.

Group Discussions
 
red
6 years ago (10 replies) |
Last reply by John : thanks this list has been dead since there was a sort of attack by biased feminists who were protesting the list's leadership by a man you can read through the posts and see what transpired what I learned from research is that... more»
red
6 years ago (6 replies) |
Last reply by anita : Some years ago my Mom worked at some low cost apartments and I would help her every now and then.  there were many folks there but one family has stuck in my mind for years.  It was a couple with three little girls from... more»
red
6 years ago (24 replies) |
Last reply by anita : I have read so much on the topic and each time I am horrified.  I can not fathom why females would do the cutting and I know it is a cultural thing, but hurting those little girls is just plain wrong Anita ... more»
red
7 years ago (2 replies) |
blue
8 years ago (6 replies) |
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