START A PETITION 27,000,000 members: the world's largest community for good
START A PETITION
x
Group Discussions
label:  
  Resources
| track thread
« Back to topics
6 years ago

The Norwegian alphabet has 29 letters, which is three more than the English alphabet. These three letters are æ, ø and å, written Æ, Ø and Å in capital. They are all vowels, and their approximate pronounciation are as follows:

 

  • Æ as the A in the English words "crash" or "stab".
  • Ø as the U in the English word "surf".
  • Å as the O in the English word "bored".
The sequence of the Norwegian alphabet is very similar to the English one, with these three letters simply added to the tail:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z æ ø å

Æ, ø and å are also used in Danish, and are interchangeable with the Swedish letters ä, ö and å (the sequence of these three letters are different in the Swedish alphabet, though). Ä and Ö were as far as I know used instead of Æ and Ø in Norway at some time in history.

6 years ago

go to this site and you click on the letter of what you want they have 29 letter's in there alphabet

http://home.online.no/~otjoerge/files/word.htm

6 years ago

dødsengel               angel of death
dødsens                 mortally
dødsfald                (see "dødsfall")
dødsfall                death, owing to bereavement
dødsleiet               deathbed 
dødsår                  year of death
dødsårsak               cause of death
dødtrene                (see "døtrene")
døgn                    24-hour period of time
dømt                    sentenced (judicial)
e                    christen (f.eks. He was christened John after his father.)
                        (formal and in ecclesiastical language) baptize
                        (about ship) christen, name
enavn                christian name
døbt paa Fødselsstiftelsen     baptized at the birth clinic
t                    baptized, christened
dør                     dies
døtre                   daughters
døtrene                 the daughters
døyr                    (see "dør") (nn)
døv                     deaf
døvstum                 deaf and dumb
døyde                   (see "døde") (nn)
døype                   (see "døe") (nn)
då                      (see "da")
                     baptism
sattest              certificate of baptism, Birth Certificate, Christian record
sdag    &nb

6 years ago

drev                    ran, operated
driftsjef               manager, leader of a company or an enterprise
driftsleiar             (see "driftsjef")
drink                   snifter
drive                   run, operate
driver sjøbruk          running a fishing business
dronning                queen
drops                   candy
drosje                  taxi (cab)
druknede                (see "druknet")
druknet                 drowned
dræbende                (see "drepende")
du                      you
du er ute               you are out!
Du var en mand          You were a Man
dugmager                (see "seildukmaker")
dum                     dumb, idiot, retarded
dydig                   virtuous
dyr                     animal
                        expensive
dyreste                 the most expensive
dyrket areale           cultivatet area
dyrlege                 veterinarian
dæksmand                (see "dekkmann")
dø                      to die
dø ut                   die out
døbe                    (see "døe") (archaic)
døbenavn                (see "døenavn") (archaic)
døbt                    (see "døt") (archaic)
død                     dead
død samme året          dead the same year
død året etter          dead the following year, dead the next yerar
død av                  died by
døde                    died
døde etter              died after
døde fær                died before
døde omkring            died about
dødfødt                 stillborn
dødfødte                stillborn
dødsaarsag              (see "dødsårsak")
dødsbo                  estate of a deceased person
dødsdato                date of death
dødsengel               angel of death
dødsens                 mortally
dødsfald                (see "dødsfall")
dødsfall        &nb

6 years ago

desember                December
dessutan                in addition, besides, moreover
det                     it, that, the
Det bibelske regnebret  The biblical calculating board
Det nye testamente      The New Testament
det samme som           the same as
det samme året          same year
det år                  that year
det vil si              i.e.
dette                   this
diakon                  deacon, male nurse
Diakonissehus           An originally monastic nurse school, still in existence in Norway.
difteri                 diptheria
diksel                  (see "bøkkerøks")
diktargivnaden          gift of writing
dimmitert               disharged from military service
din                     your
din melding             your message
direktør                manager, director
direksjon               board of directors
disse                   these
disses børn             their children
dissenter               is a person that is a member of an other church society than the official State Lutheran Church
                        of Norway. These persons are baptised in a dissenter church, eg. the Methodist church.
distrikt                district
distriktsjef            district manager
disktriktslege          medical officer of health. (In norwegian the english tittle sounds like something military,
                        but it's not)
ditto                   the same as above (in i.e. taxlists), se also "do"
diverse                 various
djevel                  devil
do                      toilett
                        privy
                        the same as above (in ieee taxlists), se also "ditto"
                        (see also "utedo")
dodfodte                (see "dødfødt")
dode                    (see "døde")
dosent                  associate professor
doktor                  (see "lege")
                        may have a "Doktorgrad" in anything else but medecine
doktorgrad              doctor's degree, doctorate, PhD, DPhil (UK), Ph.D., D.Phil. (US), doctoral degree
dokument                document
domb                    (see "dom")
dom                     judgement (legal term)
                  &

6 years ago

datter                  daughter
datterdatter            daughter's daughter
dattersønn              daughter's son
datum (Latin)           date
de                      they, those, the
degn                    parish clerk
dei gamle               the old ones
deira                   (their) (nn)
dekkmann                deckman, a workman employed on the deck of a vessel
dele                    to divide, to share
deling                  partitioning, dividing
delt                    partitioned, divided
delta                   take part, share, participate
                        attend a meeting
                        compete     
deltatt                 taken part
deltagelse              participation, attendance
                        sympathy
deltager                (see "delta")
                        competitor
                        participator, participant
                        partner (in buisiness)
deltaget                (see "deltatt")
delvis                  partially
dem                     them, they
demitert                resigned, retired
den                     the, it, that
Den barmhjertige Samaritan The Good Samaritan
den eldre               the oldest
den lille               the small one, the young one (refering to small, young children)         
Den Norske Kirke        The Norwegian Church; is a state church, and its
                        clergy are senior officials. The country is divided into 10 bishoprics
                        and the church is governed or guided by a Church Council or Consistory.
den yngre               the younger
den yngste              the youngest
denge                   (see "slå")
denne                   this
der                     there
deres                   their
deretter                subsequently
derfor                  therefore
derimod                 against (him)
desember                December
dessutan                in addition, besides, moreover
det    &nbs

6 years ago

D__________

d.                      abbr. for "død"
d.e.                    abbr. for "den eldre"
d.kr.                   abbr. for "døde omkring"
d.y.                    abbr. for "den yngre"
d.s.s.                  abbr. for "det samme som"
d.s.å.                  abbr. for "død samme året"
d.y.                    abbr. for "den yngre"
d.å.e                   abbr. for "død året etter"
d.å.                    abbr. for "det år"
dl.                     abbr. for "dalar"
dlr.                    abbr. for "dalar"
dvs                     abbr.  for "det vil si"
d.v.s.                  abbr. for "det vil si"
da                      then, when
Da æ var i Amerika      When I was in (visited/stayed in) America (dialect)
daab                    (see "då") (archaic)
daap                    (see "då") (archaic)
DaabsAttest             (see "dåsattest) (archaic)  
dag                     day
dagen før               the previous day
dagligstua              the living room
daglønnet               day pay earner
dagleie                 (see "daglønnet")
dagsarbeide             One days work
dagarb.                 (see "dagarbeider")
dagarbeider             day laborer; One who hasn't a steady job - takes what he finds from day to day
dagsarbeider            (see "dagarbeider")
dagarbeiderske          day laborer (female)
dagsregister            daily register (index)
dal                     valley
dalar                   old currency, see Old measurements
damask                  dornick
damefrisør              ladies' hairdresser
dampskib                steamboat (archaic)
Danmark                 Denmark
dannekvinde             gentlewoman
dannemand               gentleman
danse                   dance
danselaerer             male dancing teacher
dansk                   Danish
dass                    (see "utedo")
datamaskin              computer
datere                  to date (as in setting a date to something)
dato                    date

6 years ago

C__________

cammerraad              litterally: chamber councillor, originally a title from the royal court depicting
                        a nobleman close to the king, later on a pure honorific.
cancellieråd
Cand. juris             Bachelor of Laws
cathechismesanger       songs praphrasing the contents of he cathechism-book (Luther).
caut                    abbr for Cautionister (see "vitner") (see "forlover")
cautionister            (see "vitner")
                        (see "forlover")
cellulose               chemical pulp, which is the base for paper production
Chjirurgisk             (see "kirurgisk")
cirka                   approximately
ca.                     approx.
Cicelørlærling          (see "siselørlærling)
civilstand              (see "sivilstand")
Comunen                 (see "kommune")
communion               communion
confirmeret             confirmed

conduite                (see "snarrådig")
confirmerede            confirmed
constitueret            (see "konstituert")
contorist               (see "kontorist")
contrastefne            (see "kontrastevne")
copie                   (see "kopi")
cop.                    abbr. for "copulerede" (in churchbooks)
Copist                  transcriber
copulerede              marriage
copuleret               (see "copulerede")
cuur                    (see "kur")

6 years ago


bytte                   change to
bære                    carry
bødker                  (see "bøkker")
bøgger                  (see "bøker") (archaic)
bøker                   books (plural of "bok")
bøkker                  A bødker is a cooper or barrel maker. Barrel worker (bødkerarbeider)
                        might denote a specialty within the occupation of barrel making (?). 
                        The wooden staves had to be curved, or bowed; the metal straps needed
                        to be added after the wood was cured which would denote some talent
                        with blacksmithing; lids for top and bottom had to be made. In old
                        days they did not use metal.
                        There was several steps to making barrels in those days. 
                        About "tønne" see tønne
bødkermester            (see "bøkkermester")
bødkerøks               (see "bøkkerøks")
bøkkermester            master cooper
bøkkerverksted          copper's shop
bøkkerøks               rounding el. hollow adze
bøksel                  (see "bygsel")
bølge                   wave
bønn                    prayer
bønder og gaardbrugere  farmers
børje på                started with
børn                    (see also "barn") Children (in Plural) (archaic)
bøssemagerdreng         riflemaker's apprentice
bøtelagt                to have been fined
bøye                    buoy
bøxel                   (see "bygsel")
bøxelmand               (see "bygselmann")
bøxelbonde              (see "bygselmann")
bøxle                   (see "bygsle")
bære                    to carry
båd                     (see "båt") (archaic)
både                    both, either
bådsmann                boatswain
båret                   carried
bås                     stall, box, pen 
båt                     boat, ship
båtbygger               ship builder
båtbygjar               (see "båtbygger")

6 years ago

Norwegian "bygdebok" in your genealogy research (John Follesdal)
                        see Bygdebøker - Bygdeboks (John Follesdal)
                        see A 'bygdebok' - what is that?  (Johan I. Borgos) 
                        see Newbies notes 
                        see Bygdebøker - Bygdeboks (John Follesdal) an other 
bygdeborg               parish fortress
bygdefolk               country people, villagers
bygdevei                country road, lane
bygdelag                regional society
bygdesoge               (see "bygdebok") n.n.
bygg                    barley
bygge                   to build
bygget                  buildt
bygmester               (see "byggmester")
byggmester              Master builder, building contractor, builder 
bygning                 building
bygningsarbeider        construction worker, builder, building worker
Bygningsmand            (see "bygningsmann")
bygningsmann            builder or carpender
bygningstømmermd        building carpenter
bygningsneker           (see "bygningssnekker")
bygningssnekker         joiner (in the building trade
bygningsstein           building stone
bygsel                  particular leasehold, lease
bygseltomt              leashold site
bygselbrev              written contract for the lease of land.
bygselmann              leaseholder
bygselen                the lease
bygsla                  past tense of "bygsle"
bygsle                  lease, let on lease
bygslet land            leased land
byksle                  (see "bygsle")
byll                    abscess
bygård                  block of flats,
                        US: apartment building, apartments
byhus                   townhouse
bymuseum                city museum
byrjinga                (see "begynnelsen)
byrå                    department
bystyret                city council
byxle                   (see "bygsle")
bytte                   change to
bære             &n

6 years ago

marriage
borgerlig vielse        (see "borgerlig ekteskap")
borgermester            mayor
borgerskap              citizens, middle classes
borje på                (see "børje på")
born                    (see "barn")
borna                   (see "barna")
bosetting               (see "bosetning")
bosetning               settlement or taking up residence
bortfestet              contracted out
Bortliciteret for
  fattigkassens regning placed there at the home of the farmer offering the lowest price. Kind of a bidding.
bortreist               away from home
bortrømt                escaped
bortgang                death (of)
bortsatt                replaced in a new home
bortsett                (see "bortsatt")
                        apart from
bosatt                  settled, resident, risiding in, living at
bosette seg             to settle
bosted                  residence
bostedets navn          name of residence
bot                     fine
botsskatt               This refers to the confiscatorial tax by the name of "gjengjerden",
                        levied on Bergenhus len by king Christian II in 1519/20, 1520/21 and 1521/1522,
                        every time claiming 10 percent of the tax-payers net worth.
brann                   fire
brannmann               fireman
brannmester             fire chief, fire company officer
branntakst              fire insurance value
brannskatt              in 1730  fire tax
braut                   broke
brennevinsbrenner       distiller of spirits
brennevins-kjele        a kind of big kettle used for distilling of spirits.
                        These kettles were valuable because they were made of copper.
brenneri                Still or distillery
breandev.hdl            liquor dealer
brev                    letter (correspondence)
bro                     bridge
Brockmanns huspostil    Brockmann's Collection of sermons (for home use)
brod                    (see "brød")
broder                  brother (archaic)
brodersønn              brother's son (archaic)
broderdatter            brother's daughter (archaic)
broktilfælde            (see "brokk")
brokk                   hernia
bror                    brother
brordatter              brother's daughter
brorenke                brother's wido

6 years ago

blindgate               blind alley, dead end, cul-de-sac
blod                    blood
blodforgiftning         septicemia or bloodpoisoning
blodgang                dysentary
blodskam                incest
blokkedreier            a turner (maker) of blocks, as in block and tackle.
bløtkake                cream gateau
                        French pastry, tea fancy
                        layer
bnr.                    abbr for "bruksnummer"
bo                      to live at
                        probate estate
                        in placenames it means farm
bodde                   lived
bodeling                statutory share of joint estate
                        division of property
bodkemester             (see "bøkkermester)
boede                   lived (archaic)
boets                   etate's
bogtroker               (see "boktrykker")
bok                     book
bokbinder               bookbinder
bokhandler              bookseller
bokholder               bookkeeper
boks                    can, box
boksen går              Kick the can (game)
boksel                  (see "bøksel")
bokstav                 letter, character
boktrykker              bookprinter
bolig                   residence, house
bonde                   farmer (the profession)
bondegods               land owned by the farmers themselves, not by the king or the church
bopel                   residence, domicile
bopæl                   (see "bopel") (archaic)
bor                     lives, living
bordarbeider            works in a sawmill
borgarkrigssoldat       soldier in the Civil war
borgeimister            (see "borgermester")
borger                  citizen
                        resident of a city who had permission to engage in profession or trade
borgerbok               listing of all "borger"
borgerbrev              certificate of bourgeois status, see borger (archaic)
                        certificate of matriculation (present)
borgerlig ekteskap      civil marriage
borgerlig vielse        (see "borgerlig ekteskap")
borgermester            ma

6 years ago

Bilder pr. side         pictures per page
bilmekaniker            motor mechanic
bilulykke               car accident
biletet                 (see "bilde")
billede                 (see "bilde")
bilde                   picture
billedhugger            sculptor
billett                 ticket
billett betalt          ticket paid
Billet fra Amerika      ticket paid in Amerika
bind                    volume (book)
biografi                biography
biologisk (far sønn...) biolgical father, son etc
birkebeiner             Birkebeiner, Birchleg, Birchlegger (historical)
bisette                 read the furneral sermony
bisatt                  interred
bisettelse              funeral service, when there was most was followed by a Cremation. When the coffin was
                        downloaded to a grave, it was called "begravelse"
biskop                  bishop
bispedømme              diocese, see The Norwegian Church
                        bishopric = A ecclesiastical district of administration
                        which comprises all parishes (prestegjeld) within a geographical area.
                        Headed by a bishop.
bisme                   see Roman balance, steelyard
                        and How to use
bjelkehugger            This was an occupation that was common before one had access to saws.
                        The timber beams in a house 200 - 300 years ago cut by the axe - Beam - Bjelke -
                        then Bjelkehugger. The beams upstairs in my 1780 year house has been cut by
                        axe. And they are linked together with wooden pegs.
BjørnEskytter           Bear Hunter, Bear shooter
blakk                   which is the usual color of the Norwegian Fjord horse - translates in English to *dun*.
Blakken                 usual the name of a horse.
blandkorn               mixture of two type of grain, usually oats and barley
blant annet             among other things
ble lest den            was read the...  (date)
blei                    (see "bli") (nn)
bli                     become
blikkenslager           tinsmith
Blikkenslagersvend      journeyman tinsmith
blind                   blind
blindgate               blind alley, dead end, cul-de-sac
blod        &nbsp

6 years ago


b.                      abbr for "barn"
beststed.               abbr for "bestemmelsessted"
bg.                     abbr for "bondegods"
Bg. or Ber.             abbr for "Bergen" city on the southwest coast of Norway
bl.a.                   abbr for "blant annet"
br.                     abbr for "bruk"
br.                     abbr for "bruker"
br. heile g.            abbr for "bruker hele garden"
bs.                     abbr for "busett"
B.F.                    abbr for "barnefader"
bill. bet.              (see "billett betalt") (abbr.)
baadsmand               (see "båtsmann")
badedrakten             swim suit
baaret                  (see "båret") (archaic)
bage                    (see "bake") (archaic)
bager                   (see "baker") (archaic)
bageri                  (see "bakeri") (archaic)
bagerdreng              (see "bakerlærling" (archaic)
bagermester             (see "bakermester") (archaic)
bagersvend              bakerapprentice
begge forældre          both parents.
bakbygning              back building, an additional
                        residence behind main building
bake                    bake
baker                   baker
bakeri                  bakehouse, bakery
bakerlærling            assistant on a backery
bakermester             master (master in the bakers guild)
baketter                back in time, previously
bakke                   hill
barmhjertige Samaritan  Good Samaritan
baneformann             foreman  at the railroad
banevaktar              (see "banevokter")
banevokter              lengthman
bank                    bank
bankkasserer            bank cashier
bankbogholder           bank accountant
bankfunksjonær          bank clerk
banksjef                bank manager
bannlyse                excomminicate
baptist                 Baptist
bar                     carried
bar barnet              held child (at baptismal font)
bare                    only
bark                    bark/barque (type of vessel)
barn                    child
barn u.e.
    (utenfor enkteskap) illigetimate child, child born out of wedlock
barna               &nbsp

6 years ago

av                      of, at, by, from
avbrote                 (see "avbryte") (nn)
avbryte                 break off, interrupt
avdeling                part, division, department
avdelingssjef           department manager
avdi                    (see "fordi")
avdø                    die
avdød                   dead, deceased, departed, late
avdøde                  the deceased
                        the departed
avdødes arving          beneficiary of the deceased
avgaaet ved døden       the person is dead
avgang                  death, demise
                        departure
avgangen                departed
avgift                  duty, (monetary), fee
avgrensa                (see "avgrense") (NN)
avgrense                limited
avgå                    retire
                        depart
avgående                departed or resigned
avhandling              thesis, dissertation
avhold                  temperance/abstinence
avis                    newspaper
avisforvalter           newspaper manager
avkom                   offspring, issue
avling                  harvest
avmønstre               to sign off (maritime use)
avsked (få avskjed)     be discharged
avsked (ta avskjed)     retire
avskil                  (see "avskjed")
avskjed i nåde          be honourable discharged, retire
                        take leave
avskjed                 resign, quit, departure
avskedsord              parting word
avskriftene             copy, transcript
avslog                  refused, denied
avtale                  agreement

6 years ago


Danish pancakes
Æbleskiver (Danish)     Epleskiver (Norw.)
aegtefaelle             (see "ektefelle")
aegteskab               (see "ekteskap")
aetten                  (see "ætten")
af                      of, by, at, from (archaic)
afdøde                  (see "avdøde")
aften                   evening
afgange                 (see "avgang") (archaic)
afgaaende               (see "avgående")
afgaar                  (see "avgår")
afsked                  (see "avskjed")
agent                   agengt, representative, general agent, commercial agent, mercantile agent
agentur                 agency, operation
agerland                (see "åkerland")
agronom                 graduate of an agricultural college
akantusskurd            literally "acanthus converted timber", but probably means
                        "acanthus carving" in this case. This is a kind of (imitated)
                        decorative carved motifs used in classical Greek and Roman architecture.
aksjonærar              shareholders
aktivitetar             activities (nn)
ald.                    abbr. for "alder"
alder                   age
alderdom                old age
alderdomssvakhet        weakness of old age
aldersheimbestyrer      Manager of Old Peoples Home
aldri      

Norwegian Language
6 years ago
| Resources

In Norwegian, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they
are used in a sentence. 
Who---whose---whom or marry---marrries---married are examples in English with variant forms. 
The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list, for example:

        Mann     -  man                 Kone   -  wife
        Mannen   -  the man             Kona   -  the wife
        Menn     -  men                 Koner  -  wives
        Mennene  -  the men             Konene -  the wives



Alphabetical Order

The Norwegian dictionaary has three additional letters:  Æ (æ, Ø (ø and Å (å
In most record sources prior to 1915,
Å is written as Aa (aa) and filed at the beginning of the alphabet. 
Modern Norwegian dictionaries, indexes,
the locality section of the Family History Library Catalogue,
and this word list use the following alphabetical order:

Spelling

        aa used for å     j used for gj         f used for v          w used for v
        b used for p      ld used for ll        g used for k          x used for ks
        c used for k      nd used for nn        i used for j          ch used for k
        d used for t      q used for k          tj used for kj        hj used for j
        e used for æ      ae used for æ         oe used for ø         u used for v