Scientific and common name this time.
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Good afternoon, Nyack. I'll try an E, please.
And I'll try an "N" please.
I'll try a a.
How about W please Nyack
Hello Everyone! Great to see you!
Let me fill you in on what's been happening the last 48 hours- My computer crashed, and I have been with text support to no avail- we had to turn it back to factory image recovery (which takes hours) and then I have over 150 udates to do!!!! It's getting there, slowly- 20 updates at a time.
Inbetween, I have tried posting something occassionally, but what normally takes 2 minutes takes as long as a hour. It should be all sorted out by tomorrow.
Should I ever be unable to get onto my computer- not to worry- we have the library 7 days a week and I can use one there, but not for very long. In other words- if you ever see me completely not here at all- that;s most likely some other type of emergency- but if I'm around inconsistanly- it's just computer problems.
Anyway... it seems stable this evening. I got alot done at home! We are in the middle of a few renovations this summer.
E, N, A, W
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This post was modified from its original form on 24 Jul, 16:35
Nyack, you are truly Super Woman. I don't know how you get everything done even though you have so many problems getting your computer back to normal. You're amazing!!!!
Now, may I have an S, please?
How 'bout an "L"?
Lynn, lol, it's jus plain ol' stubbornness
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D please Nyack.
Computer trouble!! My mouse died last night. I've just got one designed for disabled users - except it in no way suits my disability.
Nyack my admiration grows for you every day!
George sorry to hear about your mouse trouble, give it to Fred see what he can do about it!
Sorry about the mouse, George. I have an online friend (here at Care2 actually) that recently got a device hooked you to her computer that operates by voice command- she has crippling arthritis in both hands- and it seems to be working for her
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Hi Nyack You are a real Trooper and no matter what you have to do you manage to keep things under control. OH WELL!!! Life goes on one day at a time Love You and Huggggs Barb )))). How about M please ??
T please Nyack.
Z Please ??
Z Please ???
Z please ???
Sorry for the triple play Would not post :-0
E, N, A, W, S, L, D, P, M, T, R, O, Z, Z, Z
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W O O D L A N D _ A R _ _ O _"
how about a U ??? please Nyack
E, N, A, W, S, L, D, P, M, T, R, O, Z, Z, Z, U
R A N _ _ _ E R T A R A N D U S _ A R _ _ O U
"M _ _R A T O R _
W O O D L A N D _ A R _ _ O U"
Rangifer Tarandus Caribou
"Migratory Woodland Caribou"
C Please ?
Cher - 138 days ago - thepetitionsite.com
Congratulations Betty Already signed petition Nyack ) )
Migratory Woodland Caribou
The migratory woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou), also known as the forest caribou or woodland caribou (not to be confused with woodland reindeer, a term which also includes forest-dwelling Eurasian subspecies), is a subspecies of the caribou. As traditionally defined, this wild herd animal is found in boreal forests of Canada and far northern contiguous United States, ranging from Newfoundland and Labrador west and south to Washington, but some evidence suggests this range actually includes several subspecies.
WOODLAND CARIBOU IN QUEBEC
n the Province of Quebec, Canada, caribou live in large wild herds, including the Leaf herd with 628 000 individuals and the George River herd with 385 000 individuals. The caribou generally travel upwards of 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) annually and live in an area of about 1,000,000 square kilometres (390,000 sq mi). Some individuals have been observed traveling 6,000 kilometres (3,700 mi) in a single year.
The caribou population varies considerably, for unknown reasons, and their numbers have apparently peaked in the later decades of each of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. The most recent decline at the turn of the 20th century caused much hardship for the Inuit and Cree communities of Nunavik, who hunt them for subsistence. By 1950, as few as 5000 caribou remained in northern Quebec and Labrador.
The George River herd, south of Ungava Bay, whose numbers reached about 800 000 towards 1993, had about 384 000 individuals in 2001. The Leaf herd in the west, near the coast of Hudson Bay, has grown from 270 000 individuals in 1991 to 628 000 in 2001. Inuit, Cree and southern sport hunters kill about 30 000 caribou each year in northern Quebec.
WOODLAND CARIBOU IN ONTARIO
Woodland caribou were once found throughout much of Ontario's boreal forest; at the turn of the 20th century they ranged as far south as northern Wisconsin. The last permanent residents were killed in Minnesota in 1962. Despite periodic sightings of individuals south of the border the caribou range has receded approximately 34 km/decade, the manifestation of widespread range collapse and population decline. Although woodland caribou have been protected from sport hunting since 1929, the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada listed forest-dwelling caribou in Canada as threatened (likely to become endangered if limiting factors are not reversed) in 2000. Woodland caribou may be extinct before the year 2100 if the rate of range loss continues. There is a large herd isolated on the Slate Islands in Lake Superior.
Human-caused landscape disruption is the chief cause of caribou range recession. For example, the conversion of forests by logging may result in greater abundance of other ungulates, like moose, and increased predation by wolves. Linear corridors, such as roads, utility corridors, and trails may improve travel speed and hunting efficiency for predators, improve access for poachers, and hinder caribou movements.
Cutovers from forest harvesting have been identified as the strongest predictor of caribou extirpation. This was not surprising; the northern front of forest harvesting in Ontario closely matches the southern boundary of continuous caribou occupancy and timber harvesting may lead to reduced occurrence of woodland caribou. However, there appears to be a time lag between forest harvest and disappearance of caribou. Research suggests that there is a two decade time lag between disturbance by forest harvest and disappearance of caribou. Forest harvest converts forest stands to early seral stages, which are favoured by moose, which in turn can support a higher wolf population than caribou alone. A higher wolf population may increase predation mortality of caribou. Thus, two decades is likely the time necessary for these faunal changes to take place. This time lag is cause for concern, as there is overlap of forest harvest with the southern boundary of caribou range in Ontario. Caribou in these areas are very likely to vanish in the next 20 years. While patterns of forest harvest show the strongest relationship with caribou extirpation in Ontario, strong correlations among landscape disturbances suggest that no single variable can be unequivocally implicated as key to caribou range recession.
Logging also is a major cause of caribou mortality. Logging the mature boreal forest of northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ontario has led to creeping aspen/birch habitat followed by northward moving whitetail deer carrying the parasite Parelaphostrongylus tenuis. The neurological parasite is fatal to caribou and moose.
Woodland caribou persistence in Ontario will likely depend on the availability of large tracts of old growth forest situated at great distances from anthropogenic disturbance. Recent research suggests that forest harvest operations should be buffered from caribou habitat by at least 13 km.
Climate change may have negative potential for woodland caribou as well. Climate change may further alter forest structure to favour moose and white-tailed deer, which may carry the parasite Parelaphostrongylus tenuis; lethal to caribou but not harmful to deer. In addition, increased episodes of freezing rain in the winter may make it difficult for caribou to dig through the snow to reach their primary food source, lichens. The effects of climate change on woodland caribou have not been studied.
WOODLAND CARIBOU in the UNITED STATES
In the United States the woodland caribou is one of the most critically endangered mammals, with only a few woodland caribou found south of the Canada border each year. In the US there is only one naturally occurring herd of woodland caribou in extreme northern Idaho, eastern Washington, and British Columbia, Canada, of about 40 animals. There is, however, a concerted effort on the part of the North Central Caribou Corporation and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness to reintroduce a herd of around 75 animals from the Slate Islands in Lake Superior to northern Minnesota. However, the high incidence of whitetail deer and wolves in the region will likely prove quite problematic.
Thank you, Nyack. The wonderful pictures and great information you provide is appreciated.
I had noted the news and signed the petition on March 9th.
CONGRATULATIONS AGAIN, BETTY! Way to go!!
Nyack, wonderful information about the carabou. Thank you.
I signed the petition earlier this year.
Ontario Environmental Minister, Jim Bradley
Congratulations Betty. Already signed petition, beautiful pictures thank you Nyack.
Noted Information and great photos Nyack