This is called a Male Marsupial frog because like a kangaroo it carries its young in pouches. It has two openings, one on each hip, where tadpoles develop. First the female lays eggs in damp sand, then they are guarded by the male, and finally they hatch into finless white tadpoles, which wriggle their way into the pouches. Only about half make it. They emerge 7 to 10 weeks later as froglets. Hip-pocket frogs are terrestrial and live among leaf litter in the forest (and like a few of our other unusual frogs, they are only found in Australia).
Glass frogs are nocturnal tree frogs that live in the humid forests of Central and South America. Their name comes from the translucent skin on the underside of their bodies. In many species the glass frogs’ internal organs, even a beating heart, can be seen. This see-through skin helps them blend into the forest.
These frogs leap and glide from tree to tree by spreading out their huge webbed feet like parachutes.They are rarely found on ground except to mate and lay eggs. Their oversized toe pads help them stick to tree trunks and to land softly. Flying frogs inhabit the dense tropical jungles of Malaysia and Borneo.
This species was discovered in 1972 living in rocky creeks and ponds in the rainforest of Queensland, Australia. They have an amazing way of “bringing up baby.” First the female swallows her eggs, then her digestion slows down and she stops feeding and the tadpole develops in her stomach. After six to eight weeks, she opens her mouth, dilates her esophagus and the babies crawl out. Sadly, this extraordinary frog is most probably extinct. The last wild southern gastric-brooding frog was seen in 1981—the last known frog in captivity died in 1983.
Tomato frog’s bright colour is meant to warn predators that it is not safe to eat. The frogs secrete a gummy substance that gets in a predator’s eyes so it will drop the frog, which can then make a quick escape. The Tomato frog is found only in Madagascar.
The Pinocchio-nosed frog was discovered recently during a wildlife expedition to Indonesia’s remote Foja Mountains. This long-nosed frog, a tree frog, has a spike on its nose that points upward when the male is calling but deflates and points downward when he is less active
This frog is nicknamed the Pac-Man frog because of its enormous mouth and insatiable appetite. They are a sit-and-wait ambush predator and hide well-disguised on the ground or in leaf litter. Ornate horned frogs can swallow birds, insects, mice, or even other frogs whole. This species can be found in Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil.
This unusual-looking frog looks like a turtle that has lost its shell. It has a short, blunt snout, little beady eyes, and short, fat limbs. It lives underground in burrows in sandy soil and chambers in termite colonies, upon which it feeds. During a few rainy nights in summer they emerge, mate, then then burrow underground where the eggs are laid. Four to six months later the eggs hatch as fully formed froglets. The Turtle frog only lives in the coastal plains and woodlands of extreme Southwestern Australia.
This Surinam toad is the world’s flattest amphibian—in fact, it looks like the victim of an unfortunate road accident. Yet this frog’s unusual shape helps hide it among the leaves and plant debris in the streams they inhabit in the Amazon River Basin of South America. Like some of the other frogs above, they have an amazing reproductive strategy: after the female lays eggs the male attaches them to the female’s back. They stick to her skin, which grows to form pockets over them, giving her a honeycomb appearance. The tadpoles grow within these pockets and emerge as toadlets after 20 weeks.
Some Amazon villagers wear high leather boots called botas escuerzas to repel attacks by the highly territorial Amazon horned frog.
The first thing that stands out about the Amazon horned frog is its size. These rotund amphibians can grow to 8 inches (20 centimeters) in length and would cover a good-size tea saucer. They are found in freshwater marshes and pools throughout the Amazon Basin, from Colombia to Brazil. Amazon horned frogs achieve their enormous girth by being generally indiscriminate about what they eat. Typical ambush predators, they squeeze their bodies into the forest substrate or leaf litter so only their heads protrude. When anything smaller than their own bodies happens by, they spring from the mud and swallow their prey whole, locking it in their jaws with their sharp teeth. They are aggressively territorial and voracious to a fault. Some have been found dead in the wild with the remains of an impossible-to-ingest victim still protruding from their mouths. Their ravenous appetite and huge mouths have earned them and other horned frogs the pet-trade nickname "Pac Man frogs." Females are generally larger than males, but males are more ornately colored, ranging from dark green to lime-colored. Females are usually tan. Scientists are unsure what purpose their namesake horns serve, but it is likely they aid in camouflage, resembling leaf stems in the wild.
Native to the Americas, the venomous cane toad was brought to Queensland, Australia, in the 1930s in an unsuccessful attempt to reduce destructive beetle populations.
The much maligned venomous cane toads earned their bad reputation shortly after being released into the Australian ecology in 1935 with the hope that they would control the destructive cane beetle population. They turned out to be failures at controlling beetles, but remarkably successful at reproducing and spreading themselves. About 3,000 cane toads were released in the sugarcane plantations of north Queensland in 1935. They now number well into the millions, and their still expanding range covers thousands of square miles in northeastern Australia.
They are considered pests, and government eradication efforts include asking residents to help collect and dispose of them. Cane toads are large, stocky amphibians with dry, warty skin, and are native to the southern United States, Central America, and tropical South America. Their numbers are manageable in their natural range, but they have thrived in Australia because there are few natural predators, they breed easily, and they have abundant food, including pet food, which they steal from feeding bowls left outside of homes.
Their effects on Australia's ecology include the depletion of native species that die eating cane toads; the poisoning of pets and humans; depletion of native fauna preyed on by cane toads; and reduced prey populations for native insectivores, such as skinks.
Cane toad venom is a mix of toxins that primarily affects the functioning of the heart. It is present throughout their bodies and is secreted as a milky liquid from the parotoid glands located over the toad's shoulders. Envenomation is painful, but rarely deadly to humans, although some people have died from eating cane toads and even their eggs.
Oriental fire-bellied toad
From above, the oriental fire-bellied toad seems fairly nondescript—a green toad with black spots blending nicely with the verdant colors of its habitat. It’s not until it perceives a threat that this flashy amphibian reveals its true colors.
Oriental fire-bellied toads secrete toxins from their skin, and they want potential predators to know it. When threatened, they rise up on their front legs and arch their back, sometimes even flipping themselves over completely, to reveal the bright red-and-black coloration of their underside. This behavior, known as the unken reflex, warns predators, “Eat me, and you might croak.”
One of the most common amphibians in its primary range, oriental fire-bellied toads thrive in northeastern China, Korea, southern Japan, and southern parts of Russia.
They are highly aquatic and usually found in slow-moving streams and ponds. When out of water, they stick to the region’s coniferous and broadleaved forests. They hibernate from late September to May, sheltering in rotting logs, leaf piles, and occasionally at the bottom of streams.
Oriental fire-bellied toads are medium-sized, growing to a length of about 2 inches (5.5 centimeters). Their backs, covered in spiky-looking warts, can be bright green to brownish gray, and their bellies are smooth.
Tadpoles survive on algae, fungi, and plants, while the adults eat a variety of invertebrates, including worms, insects, and mollusks.
Oriental fire-bellies are popular in the pet trade, but they are common throughout their range and have no special conservation status.
Great post Thubten, the glass frog is awesome! Some weird and wonderful facts on frogs and toads pal, thank you...
Glad these meet your 'devilish' approval!
course it does pal!
Am missin Vinnie and Siouxz, ..think a might call the lost and found department!
Thx. Jenny dear for helping out. A true friend indeed. Yes, Iain I'm sooo lost. At Job center which is closing in less than an hour. And this little Town will be dead, nothing open but Wal-mart. Most of my computer is fixed except Care2. I can't LOGIN...They are having problems which is posted by Randy on Care2 Feedback and Suggestions. Have to go let Eric know I tried everything he said and it's still not working on my home computer so I can't be on all weekend and there's no darn Thunderstorms either for a change. Miss ya too Sweetie and Siouxz. to you both from me and old Dottie. xoxoxoxo
hiya Vinnie & auld Dottie. Great news aboot the storms easing up!
Hope ye kin get the care2 problems sorted oot soon,.... must be really frustrating fur ye!
Wiz lookin at the froggie pics again and that Amazon Horned Frog looks as if he got oot the wrong side of bed eh! Maybe he's a tad frustrated annaw eh!
Hey Siouxz...whar are ye???
Midwife Toad - Alytes obstetricans - Alien
Tailless Amphibian - warty skin
Appearing much like a small Common Toad, the Midwife Toad can be distinguished by its vertically slit pupil, lack of parotoid glands and more pointed snout.
The sexes are difficult to tell apart, though during the spring and summer the males often have a string of eggs wrapped around their hind limbs, females may have red spotting on flanks.
Dorsal surface is usually a drab grey or brown occasionally spotted with dark green.
Ventral surface is whitish with grey spots.
Call is a distinctive high pitch whistle.
Adults up to 5 cm
Tadpoles suprisingly large, upto 9 cm with proportionally long, blunt ended tail.
© Chris Davis
Male Midwife Toad carrying spawn string
© Tony Phelps Reptile Research & Imagery
Adult Midwife Toad. Note vertically split pupil
UK Distribution Isolated introduction into Bedfordshire, Yorkshire, Northamptonshire, Hampshire, Devon and South-West London. Bedfordshire colony has persisted for a century. Status Exotic - The Midwife Toad was originally introduced to a Bedfordshire nursery in 1903. It is not considered to be a threat to native species.
Isolated introduction into Bedfordshire, Yorkshire, Northamptonshire, Hampshire, Devon and South-West London. Bedfordshire colony has persisted for a century.
Exotic - The Midwife Toad was originally introduced to a Bedfordshire nursery in 1903. It is not considered to be a threat to native species.
drat....pics haven't came up
weird name fur a frog Eh!! helluva busy time wi awe they eggs!
thanks Shrek.I miss you guys just as much.
Get to use the t mobile hot spot once a day.
Out of the stinky harbor...wow the worst smell of any harbor I've been too,and that's like hundreds or more.
One more month on the sea,and then probably have it moved to Mexico for the winter,and move back to Arizona for back and forth comings and goings all winter.
Looks to be exciting and somewhat scary with the az border patrol out for blood.
Jenny, nice work.What an endeavour!!!
Each day I try to catch up with a group,can't believe I belong to over 40!
Fascinating find dearest Iain...which will set me off on a toad hunt this morning. A shame your pics didn't show up. Perhaps the wee toad has been called out on some urgent midwifery business. I picture a bicycle as the traditional mode of transport for midwives...but a Harley chopper might be quicker...
If I find any pics of this Alytes obstetricans I will add to my photobucket and try to post here.
Southern corroboree frog - Pseudophryne corroboree
IUCN listing: Critically Endangered
Inhabiting a small corridor on the New South Wales and Victorian border, the tiny southern corroboree frog - which is the size of a fingernail - is running on the edge of extinction. Fewer than 150 breeding males are thought to survive across 23 sites that were surveyed in 2001.
The main suspected threat is the chytrid fungi. Although many studies have been undertaken, the success has been limited, as they have not been able to confirm the critical threat to the frogs. A studying conducted between 1997 and 1999 revealed that the frogs were present in 213 sites around the NSW and Victorian border but this number dropped only 79 sites as of 2001, revealing how quickly these animals were disappearing.
A captive-breeding program, led by Sydney's Taronga Zoo, reintroduced 800 eggs into Kosciuszko National Park in 2012.
This is positive news for once we are working on stopping extinction instead of causing it.
Take care and have a good week end.
For helping out, as have several friends. Well, my computer is working off Mozilla Firefox, but only for Care2. I use IE8, for my Hotmail and MSN Games which relax me. I will try catching up and visit Iain Thislte group and Jenny Art Gallery and Siouxz Toons and Sign more Petitions. I've been kinda off for a week as I haven't been feeling well. Doctor appt. Thursday. My Telivision died and my friend I called that I used to work with was off because he does construction and it's been raining, and told me to Unplug everything and see what happens. Well my knee went out, I banged my head and fell and had to crawl on my elbows to my bed. Then called him back crying because I hurt so bad and asked, "Should I try to buy a cheapie computer from Wal-mart on Lay-away"? And he said , "No, I'll be right there. He showed up at my back door with a smaller T.V. than mine and hooked it all up and refused to take a penny. He said I got six kids, we have tv.'s all over the place. It's not new but who's complaining? Not me. However when he didn't have a Drivers' License because it Expired I did drive him to the grocery store and such things so "What goes around, comes around. Feeling better now. Fruddy Hugs to all. Miss ya and promise to catch up. Huggles from me and Dottie to Fyrefighter, Peppy, Dotty, and Missy and all other fur-babys. xoxoxoxo
At least to balance out the cowboy bug eyed prism looking one?
Weird looking froggy! I cannot believe how many species we have uncovered.Thanks Jenny for the incredible info.
Unfortunately Vinnie is going through some tough times.
I wish she could catch a break.
Sitting on the hard ( drydock) while some repairs are done.
Fruddy hugs from fyre and I to all.
Sis when you eventually read this know I am keeping my heart busy with empathy for your loss.
The Frog and Water Symbolism
"After reading this selection of Frog narratives, the reader cannot help but be impressed with the primary importance of the Frog in native American folk lore.
Repeatedly in these tales, the frog (or a water demon with frog-like characteristics) was depicted as the guardian of all the fresh water in the springs and wetlands of the world. Often the frog was called Frog Woman. When all was going well, she was honored and respected. But in times of severe drought, Frog Woman (or her male counterpart) was demonized and Coyote, or some other cultural hero, challenged her. In almost all these tales, however, the hero could not get the Frog (as the water monster) to move, i.e. he could neither displace her physically nor emotionally. She remains unsympathetic and immo0bile, in spite of the hero's pleas for mercy.
Eventually the hero discovered that Frog held the fresh waters back by weaving, either a basket or a dam. He saved humans from dying of thirst by destroying the basket or dam, or in some cases by stabbing the demon's bloated stomach which substituted symbolically for a dam. In a number of tales, Coyoe stole the fresth waters by drinking large amounts of water. Soon he became equally bloated and was relased from his self-inflicted suffering only after someone else burst his stomach.
With the destruction of the dam, the impounded fresh waters were released in a flood. The rushing waves carved out a new landscape and also dispersed a plethora of wetland animals which thereafter became food for humans. In their fecundity, the impounded waters were thus similar to the European Cornucopia, the horn of plenty which fed the world and brought joy to both the gods and humanity.
Aye, thinking of you to Vinnie. Please know we are here for you if needed pal!
prayers and hugs to you and Dottie. Take care fruddy buddy....