Nayarit State in Mexico is one of the most beautiful and promising turistic speaking, by its beautiful coastal and large historical attractions and of legend.
Furthermore, the State of Nayarit, for Mexico is important by its huge mining wealth, sugar-bowl, fishing and floury. Its huge rich pasture sponsor also the cattle-raising emphasizing the cattle bovine, ovine, equine and goatish.
Nayarit counts on an extension of 29,378 km2, including the archipelago of the Mary Islands, the Marietas and the Island Isabel. Has a population of approximately 920,185 inhabitants.
The mean increase is of 100 meters on the level of the sea, with vast flatness and valleys cut by several mountainous chains.
The Nayarit name be formed by the word cora Nayar "God of the battles" and the completion It (adverb of place), that by and large means "Region where is adored to god of the battles".
For Nayarit's privileged geographical situation, where is found the Tropic of Cancer, has an excellent climate, abundant rains in the summer and very fertile soils, that produce great variety of flowers of great beauty and unequaled flavor fruits.
The center of the saw of Nayarit and the tinder with fry in winter and temper in summer. The nearby populations to the coastal with hot. The temperature annual average is; maximum 28.4º C and the minimal is of 13.6º C.
Ixtlan del Rio has a brilliant historical cultural past.
Six kilometers from Ixtlan del Rio you can visit La Sidra Spa which has two swimming pools of thermal waters and a restaurant.
Two kilometers to the west from Ixtaln del Rio is situated the archaeological zone Precortesiana, which is considered the most important in the west of the Country. In the center of this archaeological zone you can see the Temple of Quetzalcoatl.
The main crafts of Ixtlan del Rio are:
Quarry stone works
The principal feasts in Ixtlan del Rio in the State of Nayarit are from December 8th to 12th in honor of the Virgen de Guadalupe.
The Regional Museum of Anthropology and History,which exhibits interesting collections of archaeology, Coran and Huichol ethnography and Colonial paintings
The House of the Culture, with murals painted by Jose Meza and some expositions
The Autonomous University of Nayarit
The Central Park, which has fountains, a kiosk, and a library
The Paseo de la Loma Recreational Center, with a forest
An arena for Charros shows (horsemen)
The main celebrations in Tepic City are:
The Carnival Festivities, with a parade of floats, popular dances and fire-works
The Patriotic Festivities, from September 13th to 16th
Tepic (Junction of Highway 15 and 200) to Manzanillo: Mex. Hwy 200 traverses through the tropical deciduous forests and mountains of the Nayarit State capital of Tepic, past the palm tree lined zocalos of the tourist mecca of Puerto Vallarta on the Bay of Banderas in Jalisco State, southward hugging the Pacific ocean on its way past farmland, thorn forests and sprawling savannas to the resort city of Manzanillo in the State of Colima. It serves as the gateway to the "Costa Alegre" (Happy Coast) of southwestern, coastal Mexico!
Tepic, at 3000 feet, sits in the shadows of three 7600 ft. volcanoes that make up part of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range that forms the backbone of the highlands. The city's name means 'land of corn' thusly it serves as the center for farming, manufacturing, and governmental services for the State of Nayarit. With over 200,000 people, the city offers mountain lakes, great architecture, ample accommodations, and beautiful vistas of the Mexican highlands. This is where our journey begins where south bound Highway 15 Libramiento passes through the back streets of Tepic before resurfacing to intersect with Boulevard Xalisco. Be on the lookout to the right for the on ramp to Mex. Hwy 200 were it drops precipitously westward to the Pacific ocean and the resort city of Puerto Vallarta. The highway snakes its way downhill through picturesque highland farm land skirting the small villages of Aquiles Serdan, Emiliano Zapata, Compostela and Las Varas.
Tepic (the capital city of the State of Nayarit) Tepic, at 3000 feet, sits in the shadows of three 7600 ft. volcanoes that make up part of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range that forms the backbone of the highlands. The city's name means 'land of corn' thusly it serves as the center for farming, manufacturing, and governmental services for the State of Nayarit. With over 200,000 people, the city offers mountain lakes, great architecture, ample accommodations, and beautiful vistas of the Mexican highlands. This is where our journey begins where south bound Highway 15 Libramiento passes through the back streets of Tepic before resurfacing to intersect with Boulevard Xalisco. Be on the lookout to the right for the on ramp to Mex. Hwy 200 were it drops precipitously westward to the Pacific ocean and the resort city of Puerto Vallarta. The highway snakes its way downhill through picturesque highland farm land skirting the small villages of Aquiles Serdan, Emiliano Zapata, Compostela and Las Varas. Tepic (Junction of Highway 15 and 200) to Manzanillo Mex. Hwy 200 traverses through the tropical deciduous forests and mountains of the Nayarit State capital of Tepic, past the palm tree lined zocalos of the tourist mecca of Puerto Vallarta on the Bay of Banderas in Jalisco State, southward hugging the Pacific ocean on its way past farmland, thorn forests and sprawling savannas to the resort city of Manzanillo in the State of Colima. It serves as the gateway to the "Costa Alegre" (Happy Coast) of southwestern, coastal Mexico!
Nayarit , state (1990 pop. 824,643), 10,547 sq mi (27,317 sq km), W Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean. Tepic is the capital. Mostly wild and rugged, Nayarit is broken by western spurs of the Sierra Madre Occidental. In the northeast are broad, tropical plains watered by the Santiago River, a continuation of the Lerma. Nayarit has two volcanoes, Ceboruco and Sangangüey. The volcanic soil, heavy rains, and altitude variations permit the cultivation of a variety of products of tropical and temperate agriculture—grain, sugarcane, cotton, coffee, and tobacco. Cattle raising is also important. Forest wealth, little exploited in the past, is rapidly being developed. With large deposits of lead, copper, silver, and gold, mining is a significant part of the state's economy. The coastal swamps are noted bird refuges. The Nayarit region was known to the Spanish early in the 16th cent., and one of its towns, Compostela (near Tepic), was the first capital of Nueva Galicia. Spain did not finally conquer the area until the early 17th cent. Shortly afterward, Nayarit became a dependency of Guadalajara and, upon Mexican independence, part of Jalisco. Continued turbulence led to Nayarit's separation as a territory in 1884; it became a state in 1917. The name Nayarit is given to pre-Columbian clay figurines that are found in the vicinity.
Population: 950,000 Size: 10,465 square miles Location: western Mexico Borders: Pacific Ocean and states of Durango, Sinaloa and Jalisco Important cities/sites within the state: La Tovara, Mexcaltitlan, San Blas, Tepic and the Ceboruco Volcano Major airports: Tepic Airport (TPQ) Time Zone: Mountain Standard Time
Located along the Pacific Ocean, Nayarit offers a variety of attractions ranging from stunning beaches and ecotourism spots, to historic sites and beautifully preserved cultures and traditions.
The region was formerly inhabited by the Cora and Huichol indigenous groups who settled in the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range. It also served as a transit area for the Tenochtitlan and Huitzilopochtli groups, and during the 18th century, became the starting point for the evangelization of Alta California.
Today, Nayarit features archaeological sites, colonial structures and 19th-century buildings in its cities, including the renowned destination of Nuevo Vallarta, one of the most luxurious attractions in Mexico and just north of Puerto Vallarta. The splendid city is known for its modern facilities nestled in three miles of beach. Its modern marina, gourmet restaurants, luxury condominiums and upscale residential zones are only a few reasons travelers are drawn to this eye-catching city.
Another charming town in the state of Nayarit is San Blas, best known for its calm ambiance, pleasant climate, surf, sport-fishing and cuisine. The city is nestled in lush natural surroundings, perfect for ecotourism activities and beach lounging. Natural attractions in San Blas include El Rey, El Borrego, Las Islitas, Bahia de Matachín, Los Cocos, Playa Miramar and Aticaza, which once served as a shelter for pirates and buccaneers.
Founded in the 18th century, San Blas served as the starting point for several important expeditions during the colonial period. The city was also a major trading spot where the first customs house of New Spain was built – Maritime Customs House – a structure that now stands as a tourist attraction of great significance.
In addition to its captivating cities, the state of Nayarit is renowned for its local cuisine that includes the unique sopa marinera, made from seafood; iguana steak; smoked stopped mullet and fried fish. As one of the country’s most exclusive marine and residential complexes, the diverse state also offers a wide range of shopping options, featuring everything from local handicrafts made by the Huichol, to more upscale items like fine leatherwork, silver, perfumery, trendy beachwear and local ceramics.
Nayarit is a state of legends, architectural contrasts and native traditions nestled in beautiful surroundings of lush vegetation and state-of-the-art facilities.
Nuevo Vallarta Location: Nayarit State, Pacific coast, western Mexico Distance from Mexico City: 550 miles west Population: 210 Closest major airport: Gustavo Diaz Ordaz Intl. aka Puerto Vallarta International Airport (PVR), Puerto Vallarta Time Zone: Mountain Standard Time
Just 10 miles north of Puerto Vallarta, Nuevo Vallarta is one of the up-and-coming tourist destinations on the Mexican Pacific. Its modern marina, gourmet restaurants, luxury condominiums and upscale residential zones are only a few of the reasons travelers are drawn to this eye-catching city. The city’s natural beauty and secluded feel make it the ideal getaway.
The beautiful beaches in Nuevo Vallarta are known for their spectacular sunset views and world-class water sports facilities. Some of the most visited beaches are located in the northern part of Bahia de Banderas (Bay of Flags) and include Bucerias, Cruz de Huanacaxtle, Corral del Risco and Punta Mita, all within close proximity of Nuevo Vallarta. Other sites to visit are the Rincón de Guayabitos, Bucerias and Peñita de Jaltemba.
Cycling, golf and tennis are also available in the surrounding areas of Nuevo Vallarta. The city is covered in lush vegetation, with canals that lead to the estuaries and islands in the river Ameca, perfect for seabird-watching. During the winter, dolphin and humpback whale-watching is popular. Nuevo Vallarta´s contemporary marina rents everything from small boats to luxury yachts, and also offers regular boat trips from Punta Mita to Islas Marietas on the river Ameca.
As one of the country’s most exclusive marine and residential complexes, Nuevo Vallarta offers a wide range of shopping options, from local handicrafts made by the Huichol to more upscale apparel such as fine leatherwork, silver, perfumery, trendy beach wear and local ceramics. Shopping is available throughout the city and varies in price.
Nuevo Vallarta also offers a variety of seafood-based restaurants with regional dishes, and the city boasts a wide selection of quiet bars, nightclubs with live music and modern discotheques.
Nuevo Vallarta is perfect for travelers in search of a lavish, tourist destination with first-class facilities.
San Blas Location: Nayarit State, Pacific coast, western Mexico Distance from Mexico City: 500 miles northwest Population: 25,000 Closest major airport: Tepic Airport (TPQ) Time Zone: Mountain Standard Time
San Blas is best known for its calm ambiance, pleasant climate, ideal surfing, exciting sport fishing and delicious cuisine. The city is nestled in lush natural surroundings, perfect for ecotourism activities and beach lounging.
Founded in the 18th century, San Blas served as the starting point for several important expeditions during the colonial period. The city was also a major trading spot where the first customs house of New Spain was built – Maritime Customs House – a structure that now stands as a tourist attraction of great significance. Other places of historical interest include the Port Captain, the Cerro de la Contaduria, the remains of the Church of San Basilio and the Antigua Contaduria, the former accountant’s house.
San Blas has beautiful beaches with fine sand, subtle slopes and gentle waves, perfect for lounging, sailing, kayaking, swimming, diving and water-skiing. Travelers can sail or kayak along the canals adorned with lush vegetation and head to the estuaries near La Tobara, El Conchal, El Pozo and Singaita. Some of the most popular beaches include Playa del Rey, Playa del Borrego, Playa las Islitas, Bahia de Matachen, Los Cocos, Aticaza (a former refuge for pirates), and Playa Miramar. Other natural attractions in the city include El Rey, Los Cocos and El Borrego.
The waters of San Blas are also perfect for sport fishing, with sailfish, mahi mahi (dorado) and marlin among the many species in the area. An international fishing tournament is also hosted in the city every year in May.
Shopping is another major attraction in San Blas. Travelers can choose from a wide selection of textiles, embroidery, earrings, bracelets, woven panels, dresses, masks with glass beads, basketwork, traditional crosses and decorative shell work from the local street vendors and shops in the area.
While the city offers a variety of water and outdoor activities, its greatest charms are its serenity and unique cuisine, both favorites among Mexican and international travelers alike. Cuisine in San Blas is very unusual and of particular interest to those attracted to experimenting new tastes. Local specialties include sopa marinera, a soup made from seafood, iguana steak, smoked mullet and fried fish. However, while several restaurants in San Blas offer local specialties and are a great option for a night cap and a pleasant dinner, most visitors prefer the beach for a traditional night bonfire.
Nayarit is noted for its natural wonders; particularly it's beaches, exuberant tropical flora and fauna, and landscapes of extraordinary beauty.
The origins of Nayarit can be traced back to the Coras and the Huicholes; two ethnic groups that live in the majestic mountainous zone of the Western Sierra Madre. This enormous mountain range crosses the states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Zacatecas and Durango. These two ethnic groups are very proud peoples and maintain their own customs and for the most part still live apart in their own communities in the mountains.
Nayarit State is named after a great Cora warrior that founded the Kingdom of Xécora in the high country of the Sierra Madre Mountains. His subjects made him a deity upon his death and they identified him as "Son of God that is in the sky and in the Sun", inventor of the archery bow and of the arrow and the one who discovered the cultivation of corn.
In 1917 the Constituent Congress of Querétaro elevated the old Federal Territory of Tepic and the Seventh Canton of Jalisco to the status of a State and named it Nayarit. The capital is located at Tepic to the north of San Pancho.
Swim, Shop, Golf, Scuba, Sightsee, Snorkle, Photograph, Surf, Fish, Hike, Read a Book, Siesta, Ride a Horse, Eat, Drink, Dance, Be Merry.
Nayarit, Mexico. The locals call the village by its' nickname: San Pancho. In this part of Mexico it is where the Sierra Madre Mountains meet the sea. The Nueva Galacia Forest and the Pacific Ocean frame the setting. Splendid weather makes it a tropical paradise. The days are clear and warm, with an average daytime temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and the nights are mild. June to October are the rainy months, with the heaviest rainfall occurring in July.
San Pancho is just thirty miles north of the town of Puerto Vallarta, one of the most famous tourist resorts in Mexico. Puerto Vallarta has about 350,000 inhabitants and hosts over two million visitors every year. It has all of the touristic facilities that one would expect in a modern resort.
Puerto Valarta is picturesque. It is also crowded, suffers many of the urban ills that we find in any large city, and it is getting to be expensive as more and more people flock to it's large hotels. San Pancho on the other hand is a secluded island of peace and tranquility away from the crowds and pollution of the modern city. Time seems to have passed it by and life in the village is pretty much the same as it was before Puerto Vallarta became a twentieth century tourist mecca. Traffic does not exist in San Pancho. It can be a place to sequester yourself and recover from the stress of modern life. It can also be a base to explore the excitement of the fast lane in "PV" (the local's nickname for Puerto Vallarta.) It is the perfect spot for a family vacation, or for a romantic interlude, or for both!
The beach in front of Casa Indalo is about a mile long. It is clean and beautiful and we consider it crowded if we see more than five or six other people on it. Lush green palm trees and vibrant bougainvillea flowers surround it.
A mile long beach is all yours just a few steps outside your door at Casa Indalo!
San Pancho boasts a school and a hospital that are better than average for a small community in rural Mexico. Former Mexican President Luis Escheverria was once personally interested in the development of the hamlet and these two fine institutions are a part of his legacy. There are a couple of good restaurants in the village that specialize in sea food. There are several very small stores where one can buy food and drink. A small hotel with a fresh water pool and a poolside bar is not far from Casa Indalo. They arrange fishing trips there. Many other activities are available in the vicinity. A bus goes in to PV three times a day from the heart of the village and a mile away is the highway where busses run every thirty minutes. Cars can be rented in Puerto Vallarta if one prefers, but there is a certain freedom in being away from them for a time.
Casa Indalo is surrounded by a garden. In season there will be oranges, bananas, mangos, limes, lemons, avocados, melons, and other tropical fruits. Help yourself. The house is of an open design featuring the beauty of nature that surrounds it.
Floors are marble and cool. A large balcony looks out on the garden and the sea beyond. Soft cool breezes come in the evening. The kitchen is completely equipped and you can dine in or have a drink and walk down the road to one of the small restaurants in the village.
Casa Indalo is comfortable, relaxed and friendly!
There are three double beds and a couch for sleeping. (More pictures of the house.) Emilia, our maid, cleans the house, makes the beds and can arrange for laundry to be done in the village. Francisco, our gardener, takes care of the garden. They both have been with us for years, and can get answers to almost any question you might have. Life is simple in San Pancho and comfortable in Casa Indalo.
There are regular flights into Puerto Vallarta and the airport has taxis. There is a marina if you come by boat and there are a number of bus lines that service the region. If you are unfamiliar with travel in the area check our travel page. When you make your reservation we will send you specific directions along with your confirmation. When you pack don't forget your camera!
Punta de Mita in Nayarit State, Mexico
View of Punta De Mita (far left) and El Anclote seen from a penthouse in Nuevo Vallarta in the early morning hours. This is a region of rich jungle backdropes and secluded broad beaches.
Punta de Mita in Nayarit State, Mexico
Map of Punta De Mita and El Anclote. This area offers THE BEST PRISTINE beaches in the entire region. It costs a mere 20 pesos (less than 2.0 USD) from to get there from downtown Puerto Vallarta.
While rocky beach at the village is rather narrow. Boat taxis are busy taking tourists to the nearby Marietas Island. To avoid traffic, you should begin to walk south along the shores.
Above the bus stop this local condominium dominates village landscape. We talk to residents who rent their studios for 200.00 USD per night during high season.
Village restaurants serves cold drinks...we prefer to walk along inviting beaches and explore this little known place.
Boats (boat taxis) waiting to take customers to dive near Marietas Island.
Some boats are out of service....
IMHO this view is going to make history. Very soon this place will be discovered by developers.
Punta De Mita beach offers beautiful views of the turquoise Pacific Ocean. Behind me are the green Sierra Madre Mountains covered with lush tropical foliage.
Imagine yourself sitting here...an excellent choice for someone looking for complete seclusion!
A short walk along the beach brings visitors to isolated stretches of pristine coastline.
Note: Nayarit has no official flag, but one in white charged with the coat of arms is broadly used:
Presentation of Nayarit
Official name: Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit / Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit
Short-form names: Estado de Nayarit / State of Nayarit; Nayarit
Location: Located in the northwestern part of Mexico. It neighbors the States of Jalisco (S, E), Zacatecas and, Durango (NE), Sinaloa (NW), and the Pacific Ocean (W).
Area: 29,378 km2
Municipalities: 20 (The municipalities' names match the Cabecera Municipal's excepting the cases marked in parentheses) Acaponeta, Ahuacatlán, Amatlán de Cañas, Compostela, Huajicori, Ixtlán del Río, Jala, Xalisco, Del Nayar (Jesús María), Rosamorada, Ruíz, San Blas, San Pedro Lagunillas, Santa María del Oro, Santiago Ixcuintla, Tecuala, Tepic, Tuxpan, Yesca, La, Bahía de Banderas (Valle de Banderas),
Population: 920,185 inhabitants (2000)
Capital: Tepic (Pop.: 305,176)
Statehood: February 5, 1917
Arms adopted: Sat. August 14, 1993. By decree of Aug. 12, 1993.
INEGI and SEP Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, March 03, 2005.
Coat of arms
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, March 03, 2005.
The Decree, by means of which the new Nayarit coat of arms was approved, was published in the Periódico Oficial del Estado issue 13, Vol. CLIV on Saturday, August 14, 1993.
ARTICLE I The Decree number 5270 of August 28, 1970 is reformed and amended in its 1º article's last paragraph to be as follows:
In the centre or heart of the shield, a small shield bordered in white (silver) with seven fooprints distributed symmetrically. Those symbolize the Nahuatl Seven Tribes' pilgrimage from Aztlán towards Tenochtitlán, according to the "Pilgrimage Scroll" of the Buturini's Codex. Centered in the small shield on purple, the stylized “petroglyph” of the "Eagle of Aztlan" in green. The shield is mantled in green, blue and gold, since these are the colors of the Nayarit landscapes.
ARTICLE II The Nayarit coat or arms, detailed in the present Decree shall be used in official stationary, ceremonies or public events.
ARTICLE TRANSITORY The present Decree is comming into effect when it be published in the Periódico Oficial (...).
Quoted and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, May 1, 2002.
Former Nayarit coats of arms1970-1993
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, March 03, 2005.
On November 11, 1970, a Decree about the new Nayarit coat of arms was published in the Periódico Oficial del Gobierno del Estado. This Decree defined and specified exactly the Nayarit coat of arms' features, there were no changed excepting in the small shiedl, whose the Decree states:
ARTICLE I (...) In the center or heart, a small blued shield, bordered in white and adorned with eight black armines, on the field two checkered caldron in gold and red in pale. (...)
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, May 1, 2002.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, March 03, 2005.
This coat of arms was granted to the city of Tepic in 1930 through a contest called by Nayarit Governor D. Luis Castillo Ledón. The constest's winner was D. Miguel Lanzagorta.
In 1964 the State Secretariat of the Interior informed about the coat of arms' features:
"The shiel is Spanish in shape, parted and mantled. In the firts field there is a golden corn plant meaning the word TEPIC (derived from the nahuatl world TEPICTLI that refers to a certain kind of corn grows in fiften days). The second quarter there are a bow and an arrow in brown, standing for the word NAYARIT, Cora voice means "War god", and it resembles a the same time the King of the Nayar invetor of bow and arrow. In the lower part appears a white depiction of the Nayarit "Sierra Madre", place where the Nayar kingdom was settled. The mountains appears on a blue background recalls the Narit sky. In the center of the shield the is a small shield in blue with a red band fimbrated in gold. This small shield is for Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, who in 1532 subjected the Indians and founded the city of Santiago de Galicia de Compostela, in turn, capital of the new Spaniard territories. There is a mantling in green, gold and red, representing the Nayirt landscapes."
This coat of arms was unoffically granted to the whole State, until November 1970, date when was adopted offcially a State Coat of Arms.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán May 1, 2002
THE AZTEC EXPEDITION TOUR - 2 days
This tour will be the most wonderful experience while exploring the mysterious state of Nayarit. During this tour we will visit Tepic City, Mexcaltitan Island, San Blas, La Tovara and Santiago Ixcuintla.
DAY 01 - In the morning we will depart from beautiful Puerto Vallarta to Tepic City where we will stop for breakfast and sightseeing. We will go back to the road toward Santiago Ixcuintla town where you will admire the impressive giant colorful mosaic murals where the history of Mexico is well describe it then we will visit "Centro Huichol" where Huichol Indian Hand craft is made and exhibited.
We will continue to The Island of Mexcaltitan which in Nahuatl means "In the house of the moon". It is also known as the "Cradle of Mexicanism" and the legendary "Aztlan", since it was from here that the Aztec pilgrimage set out in search of what was later to become Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Surrounded by estuaries and canals where white mangroves, Tule and rich fauna of diverse herons and birds dominate. Setting out from the batanga boat launch, where the boats leave for the island, here you will enjoy the delicacies of Mexican cuisine besides being able to visit such attractions as the church and museum.
Back to our transportation we will go toward San Blas port from where Father Kino and Junipero Serra expeditions started to "Las Californias". San Blas is an unique place located in the deep jungle of Nayarit State. We will be ready to spend the night in Hotel Hacienda Flamingos built in 1883, then known as "Casa Delius" a German import house which received the Asiatic merchandise that came in on the ships from the far east and distributed the exotic goods in Mexico.
DAY 02 - We will be ready for an exploration to the area, first we will visit "Cerro de Basilio", where is found the stone church in ruins as well as the Old Counting house which was the first tax collection office in New Spain. Then we will have a fantastic boat ride to La Tovara located 7 miles southeast of San Blas and is considered to be the most important mangrove zone in the entire Mexico.
Its forms and ecosystem of natural canals that are surrounded and covered by lush vegetation, diverse fauna, and an outstanding species of crocodile. We will have time for swimming in the crystal waters of this fantastic zone as well as time for lunch. We will continue to the tropical zone of Guayabitos from where along the road we will see pineapple, banana and papaya plantations.
back to Puerto Vallarta. End of the excursión.
Frequency: Thursdays at 8:30 a.m. Includes: beer soft drinks and bottled water on board the bus, one night in Historical Hacienda Flamingos Hotel, boat rides to Mexcaltitan Island and to La Tovara jungle area and round trip first class transportation to magical Nayarit State.
To Book. 1.-Fill out itinerary HERE 2.- Place the payment
Price: $ 200.00 US Dlls per person in double occupancy
$ 240.00 US Dlls per person in single occupancy
Call toll free 1-888-800-9619 mo - fr 9 am - 5 pm / sa 9 am - 12 am Mountain Time
PRODUCTION AND YIELD OF THE CULTURE OF BEANS IN THE NAYARIT STATE March 19, 2005 3:15 PM
The beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, l.) he is original of America, the oldest rest date from year 4975 a.c., is a very important grain in the human feeding. In Mexico frijol is the more important protein source and constitutes the maize along with the base of the feeding mainly of the population of smaller income. Our country, from 1980 is net importer, mainly of the State United of America. In the TLC an annual quota of 50.000 tons with increases per year of 3%, free of tariff remembered its liberation to 15 years, paying attention. In the decada one of the 60, Jalisco was the main producer of frijol, at the moment is Zacatecas.
Nayarit occupies the ninth place in harvested surface and the second in yield by hectare. The production of frijol in Nayarit has reached performances in average, similars to which have the United States of America and Canada. The four evaluated technologies of 1997 in this work, presented/displayed utilities.
Key words: Beans, Feeding, Net Importer, Yield, Utilities.
Nayarit..The elegant Lady of Mexico.
Nayarit is Mexico's leading tobacco grower - it accounts for 75 percent of national production. It is also the state that grows the greatest variety of tropical fruit.
Its territory includes several archipelagos and islands. Although the coast is rocky, there are numerous lagoons that are ideal for aquaculture.
NAYARIT.. A ROMANTIC NAME ..A MYSTICAL STATE. Bursting with lush foliage and the melodic cries of colorful tropical birds, Nayarit is a fascinating state, rich in history, ecology and panoramic vistas. Feel the warmth of her kiss in the heat of the Mexican sun, her gentle caresses arriving like a whisper in the night on her soft fragrant breezes filled with the scent of a million exotic flowers. Fill your eyes with the wonder of her rain drops as they play upon the broad emerald leaves of her banana plantations, which meet the glinting azure sea at the small fishing village ofMiraMar. Fill your senses with her rich scent of fresh roasted coffee and boiling beans, wafting from the open windows and doorways, as you passes along the cobblestone streets of Jalco. Relax in her bountiful arms while you float peacefully through her calm estuaries into the unspoiled ecosystem of mangroves, crystalline waters, abundant waterfowl, curious families of turtles, and lazy alligators. Return with her to an ancient land on the jungle cruise through La Tovara. Explore the timeless beauty and the laughter of her children in the small friendly ranchos with fascinating names such as: El Cora, El Llano, Ixtlan del Rio, and the great modern city of Tepic, her gracious capital city, which she grooms with the pride of a protective mother.
The main fisheries center is the coastal town of San Blas, where there is also an oyster research center. Aquaculture (shrimp, oyster, etc.) has been vigorously promoted.
In most parts of the state the climate is tropical and humid, which favors the cultivation of sugarcane, corn, beans, coffee, sorghum and tobacco. Nayarit supplies sugar to the neighboring states. Impetus has been given to the development of tourism in the state through the construction of hotel facilities and a marina.
By virtue of its quality and variety, fruit growing, primarily avocado, mango, papaya, banana, tamarind and citrus fruit, is an important factor in the state economy. Forestry exploitation is increasing steadily. Gold, silver and lead are mined and subsequently processed in two plants located in the state. Moreover, there is great potential for industrializing certain non-metallic minerals for the building industry.
Nayarit's industrial development has been limited to date. There are companies related to the agriculture and livestock sector that manufacture leather goods, textiles and tobacco. The state is the headquarters of the country's largest tobacco firms, Compania Tabacalera Mexicana and La Modema.
Nayarit, Mexico, and its capìtal, Tepic
Nayarit, on the Pacific Coast of Mexico, is bordered by the states Sinaloa to the north, Durango to the north-east and Jalisco to the south and east. Its largely undeveloped coastline is fabulous for surf and holds natural treasures of lagoons and mangroves teeming with wildlife, making it a prime spot for birdwatching expeditions..
Tepic, Capital of Nayarit
Tepic is the capital of the state and is situated inland on the Tepic River, with the extinct Sanganguey volcano and crater lake nearby. Located approximately 225 kilometers north-west of Guadalajara, Tepic is the primary urban center of this rich agricultural region; major crops include tobacco and citrus.
Sights of Interest in the City of Tepic:
The 19th Century Palacio de Gobierno - Government Palace - with a neo-classical portal
Cathedral of the Purisima Concepcion de Maria - this structure was built in the 18th C.
The 16th C. Temple of the Cruz de Zacate was originally a Franciscan convent; today it houses the State Ministry of Tourism.
The Amado Nervo Museum displays photos and texts of poet Amado Nervo, who was born in this house in 1870.
The Regional Museum of Anthropology and History offers archaeological exhibits and the ethnography of the Cora and Huichol indians
In the Casa de la Cultura (House of the Culture) one can view murals by Mexican artist Jose Meza as well as other periodic cultural and artistic exhibits
Nuevo Vallarta, Bucerías and La Cruz de Huanacaxtle, Nayarit, MexicoNuevo Vallarta
Just north of Puerto Vallarta lies the state line between the states of Jalisco and Nayarit, as well as the time change delineation between the Central and Mountain time zones. Here, a mere 8 miles north of Puerto Vallarta itself, is the community of Nuevo Vallarta. As its name suggests, it is new - consisting of a large developing residential area, a marina, a number of excellent hotels, a golf course and other recreational facilities and close to three miles of beach.
Hotel Sierra Nuevo Vallarta - On one of the best beaches of the bay. All-inclusive resort offering 350 rooms with many recreational activities. Paseo de los Cocoteros 19. Tel: 329-71300, Fax: 329-70800
Paradise Village Beach Resort - Suites with kitchens and private beachview terraces. Restaurants, Health Spa, Tennis and other recreational activities. Paseo de los Cocoteros #1, Nuevo Vallarta. Tel: 800-995-5714; 226-6770, Fax: 3-226-6713. No. of Rooms: 490
Bucerías and La Cruz de Huanacaxtle
Another 4 miles northward lies the town of Bucerías, with one of the favorite beaches on the bay. Simple, palapa-roofed restaurants offer fresh seafood dishes. There are surf shops and fishing boat charters as well as a number of small businesses and hotels to choose from.
Further along the road toward Punta de Mita is the small fishing village of La Cruz de Huanacaxtle, with its beaches delineated by stone jetties, large trees shading the streets below and a number of small shops offering crafts and souvenirs.
Condo-Hotel Vista Vallarta - Av. de los Picos, Playas de Huanacaxtle, Bucerías. Tel. 329-298-0361
Posada Olas Altas - Heroes de Nacozari, Bucerías. Tel. 329-298-0407
Bungalows Arroyo - Lázaro Cardenas No. 500, Bucerías. Tel. 329-298-0288, Fax 298-0076. 2-bedroom apts. with pool, garden, kitchens. Close to beach.
Bucerías Trailer Park - Across from Bungalows Arroyo; Bucerías. Tel. 329-298-0265, Fax 298-0300
Villa Bella Bed & Breakfast Inn - Calle de Monte Calvario # 12, La Cruz de Huanacaxtle, Nayarit. TEl. 329-295-5161. Fax: 329-295-5305. Email for reservations
Piedra Blanca Hotel & Trailer Park - 1/2 mile past La Cruz de Huancaxtle on the road to Playa Manzanillo. Suites Suites with kitchenette and a/c; pool. 26 trailer spaces next door.
Punta de Mita (Punta Mita), Nayarit, Mexico
Punta de Mita is located in the State of Nayarit at the northernmost point of Banderas Bay where the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortes meet. It is within a short drive of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco. The beaches are of fine, white sand with nearby coral reefs for some excellent snorkeling and diving.
Deep sea fishing, whale watching and surfing are also favorite pastimes on this beautiful area of the coast.
The beachside restaurants at Punta de Mita offer fresh seafood and refreshing drinks; there are surf shops, rental of snorkeling and diving equipment, tours by boat and horseback riding.
Punta de Mita is slated for some major development catering to international tourism, and this plan includes the construction of five luxury hotels, a number of elegrant residential communities and three championship golf courses. One of these already built is the Jack Nicklaus Signature Golf Course at the Four Seasons Hotel, a 7,014-yard course which is presently open only to guests of the Four Seasons Hotel but which will eventually be open to Resort Club Members and vacation home residents.
Four Seasons Resort Punta Mita. Tel. 329-291-6000, Fax: 329-291-6021. Luxury resort. Ocean view, health club/spa, golfing, tennis, restaurants, conference rooms.
Club Viva Vallarta, Punta de Mita, Nayarit. Tel. 329-226-9900, Fax: 329-226-9910. An all inclusive luxury resort.
Casa Maria - one bedroom home w/ A/C and parking, locatged near beach in Corral de Risco, Punta Mita. Email for reservations & Information
Casa Mita - studio apartment for rent with kitchen, bath, living/sleeping area, laundry facilities. Email for reservations & Information
San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico
San Blas is located about 70 kilometers northwest of the state capital of Tepic, on the coast of the state of Nayarit amid lush tropical estuaries and lagoons. Though a small village, San Blas, founded in the 17th C., was an important port for over 2 centuries as well as a main shipbuilding center during the period of Spanish colonization. Fishing is one of it's prime resources - there is excellent deep sea fishing for sailfish, dorado (mahi-mahi) and other catches, and fleets of shrimpers work out of the area.
The town offers a variety of clean and comfortable tourist facililities; sightseeing can include visits to the remains of the old fort and Customs House of colonial times, as well as the Hill of the Contaduria and the ruins of the Temple of San Basilio (XVIII Century).
Not far from town, on the shores of large and sweeping Mantachen Bay, visitors can enjoy outings to the coves and beaches and the seafood restaurants of Las Islitas. Mangoes, bananas and many other tropical fruits are grown in the rich soil of the region and one of it's specialities that you'll see advertised often is the regional banana bread.
San Blas area is excellent for the birdwatcher and nature lover. Jungle and river tours will take you through the estuaries and waterways and thick lowland vegetation of La Tovara for unique birding and ecological experiences. In addition to a long list of water fowl and shore birds found here, the other flora and fauna, both in the tropical flood forest and in the sea, are spectacular and include orchids, mangroves, crocodiles, tropical fish, migrating whales, flowering tropical vines, iguanas and both sea and land turtles.
The Las Palmas Crocodile refuge is another local attraction where quantities of these large reptiles can be seen in their natural environment. The refuge carries out a crocodile breeding program organized by the local community with government help in order to preserve and protect the endangered American crocodile.
Hotel Garza Canela, Paredes 106 Sur, San Blas, Nayarit. TV, A/C, parking, pool, 41 rooms and 5 suites. Tel/Fax: 323-285-0112. Email for reservations
Posada del Rey, Calle Campeche 10, San Blas, Nayari. Moderate rooms, some with ocean view, a/c, pool. Tel. 323-285-0123. Email for reservations
Bungalows Quinta California, San Blas, Nayarit. 2 Bdrm bungalows w/ kitchen, bath, hot water. Near town & beach. TEl. Phone 323-285-0603, Fax 323-285-03100. Email for reservations
Bungalows Conny, Chiapis 26, San Blas, Nayarit. Tel: 323-285-0986. Bungalows with kitchens, a/c, TV, parking. Email for reservations
"Los Cocos" Trailer Park, San Blas. 120 Spaces w/hookups, camping, hot showers. Tel. 323-285-0055. Email for reservations
Casa Roxana Bungalows, Callejòn El Rey 1, San Blas, Nayarit. A/C, TV, pool, parking,kitchens Email for reservations
Suites San Blas, Fracc. Palmar De Los Cocos, San Blas. Tel. 323-285-0505
Sayulita, Nayarit, Mexico
Sayulita is located north of Banderas Bay on the coast of Nayarit, only 22 miles (45 minutes) from Puerto Vallarta along the coastal highway. It is a picturesque fishing village that has become known for its surf and snorkeling beaches and an old-Mexico atmosphere. Sayulita is surrounded by coconut palms and semi-tropical jungle vegetation. The rainy season from June to October brings refreshing rainfall and often thundering surf.
The town is small and basic, with burros and chickens in the dirt or cobbled streets and fishermen launching their boats or nets along the shoreline. There are a number of simple restaurants offering fresh seafood specialities as well as international fare.
In Sayulita the surfboard is seen everywhere - on the waves (where it should be), being transported on car roofracks or under the arms and on the heads of many of surfer strolling off to in hopes of catching a good ride - as well as the brilliantly painted remnants of broken or retired boards stuck into the sand or hung over doorways as signs. Boogie boarding, kayaking and snorkeling are also popular in the area, and the village offers horseback riding tours as well as whale watching and fishing excursions.
Acommodations Just some of the lodging available in Sayulita
Casa Botellas - two-bedrooms & baths, beach view. Email for reservations
Casa Carlitos - Ocean view 1 bedroom apartment for rent on the beach close to town.. Email for reservations
Rancho La Chaparrita Horseback Riding Adventures - Calle M. Rodriguez Sanchez, Sayulita. Tel. (329) 291-3112. Horseback riding beach and jungle tours
Surfing in Nayarit, Mexico
Nayarit has a number of good surf spots along its south coast. Much of the northern coast of the state is lined with large marshes and lagoons, but from the San Blas area all the way south into Banderas Bay, there's a whole list of great surfing breaks. The coast of Nayarit during the summer months in particular can be a surfer's haven. Besides the spots mentioned below, in the neighboring state of Jalisco there is a rivermouth surf spot at Boca de Tomatlan, the Quimixto point break and Hammerhead on Maria Magdalena Island off the coast.
On Banderas Bay, in the area north of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, just over the Nayarit border between Cruz de Huanacaxtle and Punta Mita, there is a series of reef, beach and rock jetty breaks that work when there's a large enough west swell; best surfing is from July to November. Long paddles or access by hired local boats (pangas). There are several surf shops in the area.
Burros, or Punta el Burro - Surfers In the Burros area report a sand and rock bottom with a right reef break and occasional barrels working with a west swell. Summer months are the best, from July through September.
Breaks on the Nayarit Coast from Punta Mita to San Blas:
Sayulita - a favorite spot for learners. The town has reasonable bungalow and room rentals, surf shops and instruction facilities.
Santa Cruz Rivermouth
Aticama/Las Islitas - left point break with a reputation as the "longest rideable wave in the world"
The Regional Tournament for the States of Colima, Michoacan, Jalisco and Nayarit will be held on August 1, 2 and 3 at Playa Santiago, Manzanillo, Colima. This tournament will determine the participants in the Mexican National Surfing Championships.
Learning to surf at Sayulita
Rincón de Guayabitos, Nayarit
The well-planned beachside community of Rincón de Guayabitos is located 85 km S.E. of Tepic on the Nayarit Pacific Coast. Its protected bay offers small, easy-to-manoeuvre waves and stretches of fine, soft sand. Beaches of the area include El Beso, Playa los Ayala, Playa del Toro, Chacala and Freideras.
Every February, Rincón de Guayabitos is host to a Sailfish Tournament, but the fishing is excellent year-round. Wind surfing, boating and kayaking are other popular sports available in the area.
Villas Buena Vida - oceanfront rooms and suites in Rincon de Guayabitos with kitchens, terraces, wheelchair accessibility, pool. Retorno Laureles #2 , Apdo Postal #62, Rincon de Guayabitos 63727, Nayarit. Tel. 327-274-0231, Fax: 327-274-0756. Email for reservations and information
Bungalows El Delfin - Retorno Ceiba y Cocoteros Apdo. Postal 12, Rincón de Guayabitos 63727 Nayarit. Kitchenettes, parking, pool. Tel. 327-274-0385. Email for reservations and information
Paraiso del Pescador - Retorno Ceibas s/n, Rincon de Guayabitos. Tel. 327-274-0014. Bungalows, rooms and suites. Kitchenettes, pool, A/C, TV. Email for reservations and information
Hotel Casablanca - Retorno Jacarandas s/n Rincón de Guayabitos Nay. Tel. 327-406-3227. 46 suites, 1 & 2 bedrooms, bay views
Posada Real Hotel & Bungalows - Av. Sol Nuevo y Huanacaxtle, Rincon de Guayabitos, Nayarit. Tel. 327-274-0177. Pool, parking, restaurant.
Santiago Ixcuintla and Mexcaltitan Island - Mexcaltitan is a small island with a circumference of less than a mile, floating in the swampy lowlands and mangroves of the state of Nayarit. It has been thought that it is the Aztlan of the Aztecs, their home city and birthplace from whence they set out to on their pilgrimage that led them to the founding of Tenochtitlan. This island is accessible by boat from Batanga, which is the dock area located near Santiago Ixcuintla. Buses are available from Santiago.
By Sophie Annan Jensen Author's note: This article was published in 1998. While the basic subject is still valid. The specific details - people, places, addresses etc. are likely to have changed
MEXCALTITAN, NAYARIT: ISLAND CITY IN THE SWAMP
The mangrove swamps of Mexico’s Pacific Coast shelter a seldom-visited jewel of a day-trip destination.
Legend has it that the man-made island city of Mexcaltitan, was Aztlan, the ancient home of the Aztecs, and that it was here a priest had a vision of an eagle perched on a nopal cactus, eating a serpent, which he interpreted as orders for the Aztecs to head south. By 1325 they had settled in Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City, nearly 700 miles to the southeast. Mexcaltitan may or may not be Aztlan, or the "cradle of Mexico," as it likes to call itself. The town's other favorite nickname is "the Venice of Mexico," which is stretching it a bit, although summer floods and rains do turn the streets into canals, and force the inhabitants to build their sidewalks two to three feet above street level.
On my last visit, I still had one foot in the boat, which had brought us over from a mainland dock with a load of supplies, and the other on the swaying dock, when the first friendly native approached, offering a guided tour.
It wasn't a first visit, so I knew one hardly needed a guide to the tiny island city. We thanked our would-be guide warmly and gave him enough pesos to buy a beer (clearly not his first of the day), then set off for the main plaza, past a couple of open-air restaurants where groups of men lounged with their late-morning beer and snacks. Along the four blocks to the plaza, I fended off more willing guides with an authoritative wag of my forefinger, a Mexican gesture that stops any unwanted activity dead in its tracks.
On this late winter day the streets were dry, and we elected to walk in them, avoiding the climb up and down at every intersection, and leaving the sidewalks to trays of drying shrimp and prowling cats.
The town is laid out like a wheel, with the plaza at the hub, with the church of Sts. Peter and Paul on one corner, a tiny but choice museum diagonally across. In the center is a lacy wrought-iron gazebo, and to one side, a statue my companion dubbed "the sexiest madonna in Mexico." Unlike the better-known sexy Madonna, this one is white plaster; on her rounded hip she holds a chubby infant who tugs at her flimsy sculpted gown. Both mother and child are so animated, so saucy, one wonders what silver-tongued artist talked the town into accepting them. Perhaps they're a relic of Mexcaltitan's pagan days, when it's said to have been a center for moon worship.
Inside the church the mood is typically solemn, despite the swallows which dart among the eaves. Wax statues of Christ and saints with somber expressions on their pale faces stare from glass cases. In a room to the side of the altar is a crucified Christ with long black hair blowing in the breeze. Sts. Peter and Paul come out on July 25 and 26 and are treated to a boat race around the island during the celebration of its patron saints' days.
In the museum, island history is traced from the earliest inhabitants, about 4,000 years B.C., to the present, in dioramas, photos, paintings and exhibits of local flora and fauna. The displays do not include the explanation of the Aztecs' departure which author Gary Jennings relates in his often-bloody, often-hilarious, novel "Aztec." There, a visitor wonders why the Aztecs left such a beautiful, fertile land and the mayor informs him they had no choice: The town kicked out "those bloodthirsty savages."
Mexcaltitan's 1,300 inhabitants, like most Mexican villagers, live in concrete block houses, some stuccoed, some not, which make a solid wall along the sidewalks. As we walked towards the far side of the island, open doors revealed an occasional courtyard brimming with tropical plants and the day's laundry, high-backed chairs surrounding baronial-size dining tables, and many front rooms crowded with beds.
A perimeter street circles the island. Here we spotted a nameless hotel and asked to see the rooms. All six were simple but immaculate and airy; most had views of the water and a luxuriant back garden blazing with orange and magenta bougainvillea. Rooms offered accommodations for two to six people, and ranged in price from $15 U.S. to $25. If I had a reason to spend the night in Mexcaltitan I wouldn't hesitate to stay there. The owner told us he hadn't been full, except for the Sts. Peter and Paul celebrations, since the eclipse of July, 1991, when observers converged from around the world, filling not just his hotel but the many new rooms built in private homes just for the eclipse.
Another three blocks or so along the street we found the restaurant open (not always the case) and vibrating with activity. A big Mexican party, which we took to be a family of three or maybe even four generations, occupied the center of the open-air dining room. A boom box at the bar to one side filled the air with dance music, and the floor with dancers: young couples, old couples, little boys with grandmothers, little girls with grandfathers, little girls with other little girls.
Outside, long-necked olive cormorants dove and surfaced with a gleaming mouthful of wriggling fish. Our view across the water was to another island, where humble houses of palm thatch and sticks teetered on the beach.
Salt-water breezes competed for our attention with rich food aromas, frying fish and hearty soup dominating. We ordered a local specialty, soup with shrimp meatballs to start, and fish (meaty robalo, or sea bass, that day) in garlic butter to follow. One or the other would have been plenty.
Mexcaltitan is in the heart of Mexico's Marisma Nacional, or National Swamp, about midway between Teacapan (just south of Mazatlan) in the north and San Blas in the south. In its southern reaches the swamp is movie-bayou country, thick with mangroves, exotic birds, alligators and turtles. Towards the north it thins out and becomes marshland. Throughout, it's a fertile breeding ground for shrimp, oysters and fish, succulent raw materials for talented cooks.
During lulls in the music, we fell into conversation with a man at the next table, a native of Mexcaltitan, who now lives in California's Central Valley. "They don't get a lot of foreign tourists here," he told us, adding that it's a popular day-trip for residents of nearby towns, especially on Sundays, when todo Mexico heads for the nearest coast and a long afternoon's feast. Many of the residents, he said, have never left the island, content to pass their lives in tropical peace and ignore the outside world.
Well, not quite, we discovered as we walked back to the dock in late afternoon. Except for the cats, staring at the drying shrimp, the streets were deserted. And they would have been silent, but from nearly every home reverberated the current telenovela, the soap operas with endings which have captivated Mexico's housewives, saturating the ancient village with sounds of distant melodrama.
PRACTICAL MATTERS:Getting there: Approximately 200 kilometers south of Mazatlan turn west from Hwy. 15 to Santiago Ixcuintla; about 5 miles from the highway. Drive through the town and another 6 miles to El Carrizo, where the road turns northwest for 6 miles through Sentispac, and becomes a good graded road for 10 miles to La Batanga, the boat landing. Fare to the island by motor launch (about 20 minutes) or dugout canoe (an hour or more) is negotiable. Fifteen pesos per person should cover it. Buses run to La Batanga from Santiago Ixcuintla; schedules and fares change frequently. Alternatives are to hire a taxi in Santiago Ixcuintla (fare should not run more than 200 pesos round-trip) or to make the trip by boat (open panga) from Teacapan, approximately a four-hour trip costing 200 to 300 pesos, and plan to spend the night on the island. Where to stay and eat: Island restaurants and the one hotel are nameless and have no telephones. Dinners cost about 30 pesos, rooms 90 to 150 pesos, with shared baths. More information: Jose Jesus (Pepe) Morales or Carol Snobel, Hotel Denisse, Teacapan, Sinaloa, telephone (from U.S.) 011-52-695-45049.
Laguna de Santa Maria del Oro - Near the town of Santa María del Oro, 50 km S.E of Tepic, is a crater lake of the same name surrounded by pine trees and subtropical vegetation, which is a birdwatching haven as well as a spot enjoyed by locals and visitors for swimming, fishing and a variety of water sports. The lake is said to be one of the deepest in Mexico. Small lakeside restaurants serve fish and seafood including the regional specialty, chicarron de pescado.
Bird list for La Laguna de Santa Maria del Oro, Nayarit, Mexico
Bungalows Koala - Laguna Sta. Maria del Oro - lakeside bungalows and rooms with hot water, kitchens, one and two bedrooms. RV hookups and camping facilities also available. Email for reservations and information. Apdo. Postal 14, Santa María del Oro, Nayarit, C.P.63830. Tel. 327-244-0237.
The Future of Nayarit Alternative tourism in the works By Joseph Kandoll Summer-Fall 2002
The late 90s were a time of many changes in communication, in business and in tourism. Some of those changes were due to the technological advances allowed, and even forced, by the Internet, which is rapidly becoming a major power in itself. Other changes were due to education. There again, the Internet had a major impact. Beyond that, changes were made due to the swiftly shrinking world and the realization that the viability and survival of this planet is affected by each corner of the world. No longer was it possible to think that nuclear waste could be dumped in a neighbor’s back yard with no consequences. No longer was it possible to think that trees could be cut with no effect. No longer was it possible not to think about this.
As the changes became apparent, laws began to be changed and plans for the future were brought to the table. In our neighboring state of Nayarít, just north of the airport on the other side of the Rio Ameca, the state government held a round table with planners. The governor requested that the secretaries of tourism, transportation and public works draft a measure as a response to the pressure from environmental groups. Costa Rica, a country that had built its reputation on ecoturism and put the term on the world map, was used as a model. Figures were presented to prove that, in a country roughly the same size as Nayarít, over one million visitors had been received, earning more for the country than all combined exports of Costa Rican products.
In Mexico, similar projects were beginning, on a smaller scale, with mixed results. But it was too early to produce data. In conjunction with new laws presented on a federal and state level, the euphoria was high as plans proliferated. The coast north of Punta de Mita toward San Blas would become the ‘Riviera Nayarita’, named after a similar program south of Cancun in what is called the ‘Riviera Maya’. Essentially, this corridor, rather than attempting to compete with the type of tourism in Puerto Vallarta and Nuevo Vallarta, would offer a new alternative. Guidelines included that the properties would be small, no taller than two levels, rustic in design, and integrated with the natural surroundings. Each hotel, hostel or pension would offer spaces for camping, cultural events and a center for information and assistance. The construction of each mini-complex would be of palapa, wood or tile, depending on the surrounding area.
In conjuction with this plan, development would begin on a series of national parks and reserves, as in Costa Rica. A corresponding infrastructure would be required for maintenance and public access, as well as services. Some of the more outstanding examples for this project are La Tovara, the estuary that serves as sanctuary for many of the 460 bird species in Nayarít as well as the native crocodile; San Pedro Lagunillas, with its fossilized trees; and the volcano of Ceboruco, with its panoramic views. Each distinctive zone or region would be developed with the idea of preserving habitats for future study as well as enjoyment.
The development of La Tovara would be styled after Xcaret near Tulum, creating a fantasy experience in which the wildlife could be experienced. A larger complex was designed with viewpoints from boardwalks made of natural woods of the region and a shopping complex with items for sale to benefit the region and preservation of the ecological zone. The hotel would include meeting rooms for conventions and retreats of lesser magnitude, with restaurants and services for relaxation and enjoyment.
Some of the towns would be developed, with San Blas on the coast and Compostela inland as hubs, with the third tip of the triangle being Nuevo Vallarta to the south. In addition to the international airport in Puerto Vallarta, the Tepic airport in the capital would be expanded with customs and immigration added to create an international airport especially for charter flights. The infrastructure of roads would be widened to accommodate four lanes between the cities to create the corridor. The signage would be modernized for visibility and clarity. Traffic signals would be added and security checkpoints increased
The plans were sound, it seemed, and reports were written, CDs delivered and backs slapped as congratulations went around. But in the year 2000, a new administration came to power in Mexico and it was revolutionary. With it came the new ideas of the PAN. Party and the Senate sat on bills, among them plans that required funding from the municipal, state and federal levels.
A few properties have been developed despite the slowdown. One of the most notable is Playa Tortugas, which has been in the process since the late 90s with building begun in 1998. Playa Tortugas, or Turtle Beach, was designed as an off-the-road haven for rental and purchase. The unusual element is that the complex includes a total of eight acres of common area in addition to over five square kilometers in the environs set aside as a protected habitat. The estuary and the mangrove swamp in the surrounding area is home to about 330 of the bird species native to Nayarít. Three of the eight sea turtle species nest in the area beaches. The proposal for an environmental law to increase the area to over 500 hectares of saltwater tidal estuary and eight kilometers of turtle nesting habitat is awaiting legislation at the state level. This project is in part backed by Puerto Vallarta’s Fher, a member of the rock group Maná, with his pet project, Selva Negra. So far, six homes are ready for rental or sale in the complex and plans are in the works for three more to be completed by May 2003.
At a recent conference on Ecotourism sponsored by the students of CUC, Centro Universidad de la Costa, UDG, the effects of tourism were discussed. Among the speakers was Dr. Juan Luis Cifuentes Lemus, recent honoree of the Premio Vallartense in Ecology, who warned, “It’s not marine life, it’s the two-legged animal that walks the land that is in danger of extinction.” Dr. Cifuentes, as well as Dr. Jorge Sánchez Becerril, says that even the word ‘ecotourism’ is merely a buzzword for a decades-old idea dressed in new clothing. Meanwhile, Professor Angel Nieva says that the difference is that ecotourism, as an alternative, assures less damage to the ecosystem, as the facilities would not be on a large scale and would be more integrated within not only the ecosystem, but also the local communities. They would also offer better opportunities for a direct cultural experience.
Examples of workable alternatives abound. A unique response has been in Sierra Norte de Oaxaca, a mountainous region of pines, varying elevations and habitats. Eight communities have formed a cooperative, creating eight walking paths, two mountain bike paths, and small rustic accommodation facilities with not more than eight rooms. The quarters are small, but clean, with hot running water, eating facilities and a center of communications and information. “Communication is the most important,” says Guadalupe López López, and she’s not referring to the two-way radios they use. Much closer, in San José del Tren near El Tuito, an investigative site on an estuary has been expanded to include accommodations, not only for students studying the environment but for tourists as well.
In the meantime, the government continues to consider traditional ways of developing the area, even when those methods have been proved unsound. Just this May, a report surfaced that Nayarít is considering a proposal for La Tovara, mentioned earlier, to include a mega-complex of 7,300 rooms, three golf courses and a 150-slip marina. This seems to fly in the face of the trend toward smaller, less-invasive development in this time of better care of our resources and surrounding ecosystem. Time will tell which plan, or which part of each plan, seemingly so contradictory, will come to fruition as work continues toward developing a tourism industry that includes the economic well-being of the residents of Nayarít and preservation of the environment.
IMÁGENES DE LA NUEVA MUSEOLOGÍA COMUNITARIA
Palacio de Gobierno y Plaza, Tepic, Nayarit, México. 1930.
Catedral y Plaza Principal de Tepic, Nayarit, México. 2003.
Museo Comunitario de Xalisco. Municipio productor de caña, café y aguacates.
Museo comunitario de Jala, Nayarit. Una vista de la sala de arqueología.
Museo Comunitario de Xalisco. Inauguración de una exposición temporal, Doña Socorro Varela dirigiéndose a la concurrencia.
Museo Comunitario de Xalisco. Don Felipe Montes concluyendo con el montaje museográfico previo a la inauguración.
Encuentro Regional de Nueva Museología Mexicana. Ahuacatlán, Nayarit. Noviembre de 2000.
Primer Encuentro de Cronistas Municipales del Estado de Nayarit. Tepic, 1997. El Historiador Pedro Luna impartiendo una conferencia magistral.
Maurilio Trinidad Chivarra, indígena wirrarica (huichol), presentando su ponencia en el Primer Encuentro Regional de Nueva Museología en Ahuacatlán, Nayarit. Lo acompañan en la mesa el Ing. Pedro Marín Urzua, presidente de la JUnta Vecinal de Ixtlán del Río, el Hist. Ruben Arroyo Arambul, Driector de la Casa de la Cultura y Museo Comunitario de Ahuacatlán y la Profra. Juanita, promotora de museos comunitarios del Estado de Hidalgo.
Miembros de la Junta Vecinal de Amatlán de Cañas, Nayarit, los acompaña el Antrop. Raúl A. Méndez Lugo.
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