Leaving Jerusalem, the Lord passed through Samaria on his way to Galilee. It is there that Christ met the woman of Samaria at the well. Previously, in the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus had told His disciples when He sent them forth as His messengers, that they should not go to Samaria, nor to the Gentiles, but only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel (Chapter 10). The message He gave at that time was the message for Israel --"The Kingdom of heaven is at hand," that is the promised, literal kingdom. They were messengers of the King, the Son of David. It was a national affair and took place before John the Baptist had been put in prison. But now John's ministry is ended; he is in prison; he is not seen again in the Gospel, and is mentioned but twice more (Chapter 5:33 and 10:40). The Lord with His disciples did not enter Samaria to announce the nearness of the kingdom, but He went there for the sake of the woman to whom He would reveal even greater things than He revealed to the teacher in Israel, Nicodemus. Jesus would spend 2 days in Samaria before continuing to Galilee to manifest His gracious power again and to perform His second great sign.
When the Lord left Judea and Jerusalem it foreshadowed the setting aside of Jerusalem, which rejected Him. His going into Samaria for two days to bring the message of salvation to the outcasts, to reveal Himself in the fullness of grace, is typical of what would happen after Jerusalem rejected Him, the Gospel of grace preached to the Gentiles. Then comes the third day, when he reached Galilee is received, heals the nobleman's son, which foreshadows the restoration of Israel.
The Galileans, when going to Jerusalem to attend the feast of the Lord, always had to journey through Samaria, but some of the strictest Jews when obliged to go to the northern part of the land made a detour and passed through Perea, so as not to become defiled by contact with the Samaritans. The Jews hated and despised the Samaritans, because they were a mongrel race with a religion partly Jewish, and partly heathen (2 Kings 17:24-41).
In the previous chapter, Nicodemus sought the Lord. Here we have the Lord seeking the woman.
5 Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.
Our Lord Jesus Christ is now sitting on the stone rim of the well, wearied with His journey. The Lord of Glory in the form of man, sitting upon a stone, not upon a throne, not upon a cushion, but simply and humbly as the servant of God. This was the sixth hour, the hottest, most sultry part of the day. It is said that Jacob and Moses each found his wife beside a well of water; and here is seen that a greater One than they, their divine Antitype, the Bridegroom taking to Himself His alien spouse at a well likewise. This would be the first time the Gospel of Christ and the gift of Salvation would be offered to a Gentile, non-Jew.
7 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water; Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink.
8 (For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)
9 Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that your being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.
10 Jeus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
11 The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?
(Remember in the thread Then and Now, water is symbolic of the Word. Jesus would have given her the living Word of God.)
12 Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?
13 Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:
14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
to be continued:
What is this "well of water" Jesus is talking about? It is the indwelling Spirit. The Holy Spirit. "The water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life."
Verse 10 tells us that this is a gift of God and that gift is Salvation through Jesus Christ. Here at the well Jesus is offering that gift to the Samaritan woman. To Nicodemus the Lord unfolded the necessity of the new birth, by the water and the Spirit, and now He speaks of what the believer, who knows the gift of God receives. This "gift" is the Holy Spirit and Salvation, shall be living inside the receiver of the gift. This "well of water" is the living Word that the Holy Spirit shall teach you to quench your thirst for knowledge and spiritual nourishment. This well of knowledge will spring up into everlasting life.
15 The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.
Up to this point, Jesus had been speaking figuratively and no more mentions this living water. Her conscience had been unreached; yet the conscience must be aroused, deeply exercised, before grace and the gift of grace, can be understood and appreciated. He knew her whole history of sin and laying bare the secrets of her life He aimed at her conscience to produce conviction of sin, and to show her His own omniscience.
16 Jesus saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither.
Notice here that although he sent her to call her husbnad, all the time knowing her sins, He did not cast her aside. He gave her an invitation and said "come hither." He wants us all, covered in filthy sin, to come unto Him and He will cleanse us and make us free from our bondage of sin.
17 The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no husband:
18 For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly.
There was no condemnation toward this sinful woman, Jesus did not use any harsh words to her. He commended her honest confession and then He laid bare her past life, a life of adultery, and tells her of her present sin, that she lived with a man who is not her husband. He, who is the light of the world has manifested her darkness, yet He did it in a loving, gracious manner, such as He, full of grace and truth, alone could do.
19 The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.
20 Our fathers worshipped in the mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.
Now, her conscience deeply touched and her soul aroused, she remembers that their mode of worship differed from the Jewish worship. The Jews claimed that Jerusalem was the only place where men ought to worship. "Our fathers," she said, "worshipped in this mountain." She is now seeking instruction about worshipping God.
21 Jesus saith unto her. Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
24 God is a Spirit; and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
Jesus revealed great truths concerning true worship, a new form a worship, that is Christian worship, which in these words of our Lord is mentioned for the first time in the Bible. This is the only time that our Lord used the phrase "believe Me." What he was about to reveal, something altogether new, required faith to grasp it. The hour he spoke of is this present Christian or Church age. During this age or dispensation worship of the Father will not be done upon a mountain nor in an earthly Temple in Jerusalem.
to be continued
Not only will the worship of the Samaritans cease (worship in the mountain), but the whole system of the God-appointed Jewish worship, altars, sacrifices, offerings, priests, etc., would pass away, be set aside. Ritualistic Christendom with its show-worship, mimics after the ancient Jewish worship, is, in view of those words of our Lord an invention. To bring into the Church holy places, sanctuaries, altars, priests, sacrifices, gorgeous vestments and the like, is to dig up that which has been buried long ago, and to turn to candles for light under the noon-day sun.
In all their worship, the Lord told her, the Samaritans did not know what they worshipped; it was different with the Jews, they knew what they worshipped
"for salvation is of the Jews."
The Samaritans had no authority for their worship, but the Jews had all authority. When Jesus said "the salvation" is of the Jews, He meant Himself. The Hebrew word for salvation is Jehoshua; the Greek, "Jesus", is derived from the Hebrew word. Everything in the worship of the Jews in Jerusalem forshadowed the Messiah and His salvation, and foremost the great prophecies of the prophets revealed Him and His work. When His work was finished on the Cross, there would be as a result another worship; there would be true worshippers, who worship the Father in Spirit and in truth.
Nowhere in the Old Testament do we read that God was worshipped as "Father"; the worship of God, of Jehovah, is everywhere mentioned, but the relationship of a believing sinner to God as Father, and as a son of God is unknown in the Old Testament Scriptures. The Son of God alone has made known this marvelous truth and it is made known through His finished work on the cross.
In Judaism God dwelt in thick darkness, and the testimony rendered by the whole Levitical system (with its sacrifices, priests, veil, incense, etc.) was, that the way into the Holiest had not yet be made manifest. When Christ died, the veil was rent from top to bottom, and eternal redemption was found. In Christianity, God has revealed Himself as the Father in the Son through the Spirit. To know Him, the only true God, and Him Whom He sent, His only Begotten, is life eternal. We now know Whom we Worship and not merely "what."
This worship in spirit and truth is only possible with true believers, who are in Christ and possess the Holy Spirit, who alone makes such worship possible.
to be continued
Jeanette thank you for the teachings. God bless
25 The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.
26 Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.
What a feeling must have come over her at that moment. There she stood in awe, staring into those wonderful eyes of her Saviour, her soul had found God in Christ. Have you ever thought of how you would feel if you suddenly found yourself face to face with our Lord? He is waiting to reveal Himself to you if you will come to Him as a confessed sinner and trust His Grace.
There are three sections coming before us now. In the next three verses the disciples return from the city where they had gone to buy food, we have the return of the woman of Samaria to her home in Sychar where she gave testimony. And then begins the Lord's serious words in connection with the great harvest of souls and the necessity for more laborers.
27 And upon this came his disciples, and marvelled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, What seekest thou? or, Why talkest thou with her?
Upon this. . .just at the time that this Samaritan woman heard the Lord Jesus give that wonderful declaration, "I that speak unto thee am He," the disciples returned. They marveled that He talked with the woman. Doubtless they knew her character, and that made them wonder all the more that their Lord should be found in conversation with her. How little they understood the love of His heart! Again and again we find certain ones surprised because of the depth of His interest in poor, sin-stained men and women. He loved to be with sinners; He loved to manifest His grace and compassion to them. But he never associated with sinners in order to go on with them in their ways; He sought them out in order to win them from their ways and to reveal to them the God of all grace.
28 The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into the city, and saith to the men,
29 Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?
30 Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.
31 In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat.
32 But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of.
33 Therefore said the disciples one to another, Hath any man brought him ought to eat?
The disciples were so concerned about meeting physical need. The Lord Jesus Christ was thinking of something very much higher. His first thought was not of satisfying the cravings of physical appetite: His great concern was a yearning love for poor, sinful men and women, and a desire to deliver them from their wretchedness and to cleanse them from their iniquity and to make them pure and holy in the sight of God.
"I have meat to eat." In other word, there was nothing that gave Him such satisfaction, there was nothing that meant so much to Him as seeing anxious souls ready to receive His message.
The disciples, who were still thinking on the natural plane, turned to each other and shook their heads and asked, "Whatever does He mean? Has any man brought Him aught to eat?"
34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
It was in order to do that will that He came from the glory He had with the Father before the world was. We hear Him say in Psalm 40 "I delight to do Thy will, O My God; yea, Thy law is within My heart." Doing that will meant assuming our humanity; it meant coming to earth as a little babe born of a virgin mother; it meant growing up in Nazareth, that mean, wicked and dirty city---growing up there in holiness of life and purity of heart, a Child without a stain of sin upon His conscience and undefiled by any evil thought or by anything unholy, a Man to whom the will of God was utterly supreme, a Man whose hands were hardened as He used the carpenter's tools, who worked in the shop so that the people afterwards were amazed when He went out preaching, and they exclaimed, "Is not this the carpenter? How, then, hath this Man these things, having never learned?" But in all this He was doing the will of God, and He was ever looking forward to the cross. In God's due time, He laid aside His carpenter's tools, left the shop and went out to preach the gospel of the Kingdom of God and to heal needy humanity of their ills. In the 17th chapter of this same gospel we see Him in prayer, bowed before the Father, and he says, "I have glorified Thee on the earth; I have finished the work which Thou gavest Me to do."
to be continued
35 Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and lookon the fields; for they are white already to harvest.
Jesus is now thinking of the millions in the world who will have to wait so long before they hear the message, and so he says to His disciples, "Say not ye that there are yet four months and then cometh harvest?" This, evidently, was very early in the year and they could see the green fields about them, and they would make their calculations and say, "Well, in about four months it will be harvest-time." Jesus says, "Do not say that. Behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes and look on the fields, for they are white already to harvest"--not the fields of wheat, not the fields of corn, but these great fields of the nations of men all about us everywhere in the world. They are white already to harvest, men and women everywhere who need Christ, and now it is the responsibility of the servants of Christ, of those who know Him, of those who have been saved by His grace, to give this message of His gospel to those still living in sin.
36 And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal: that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together.
37 And herein is that saying true, One soweth, and another reapeth.
38 I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours.
The disciples were sent out into the land of Israel, to which prophets had been sent of God during other centuries, and they were going to reap where others had sown. And so today, He sends His servants, some to sow and some to reap, that all, at last, may rejoice together. A farmer plants his crops and hires laborers to help him bring in the harvest. Those laborers receive their wages. So it is with us who labor for the Lord in that we will receive our spiritual wages which are laid up in store for us to be our reward in heaven.
to be continued
39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did.
40 So when the Samaritans were come unto him, they besought him that he would tarry with them: and he abode there two days.
41 And many more believed because of his own word;
42 And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.
What a great effect the testimony of that one woman had on the people. Without her testimony, they would not have been seeking the Saviour of the world. She went into the town a believer and ministered unto the lost. Whenever God saves a soul, it is in order that the saved one may give the ministry of His grace to somebody else. The Samaritan woman had found the living water. She invited the men of the city "Come, see a Man that told me all things that ever I did. Is not this the Christ?" The invitation is the same today, "Come to the Lord." "Many of the Samaritans of that city believed on Him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did." There was a wonderful awakening in that Samaritan city, all because of the devoted and faithful testimony of this poor woman, who had just newly come to know Him. It was she who aroused their interest; it was she who led the first to go out to Him. As a result of that, they invited Him into the city. But now they say, We believe not just because of your testimony, but because we have seen Him and we have heard Him and He has spoken to our hearts, and He has moved our consciences, and He has won our love and affection, and we have put our faith in Him. "We know He is the Christ, the Saviour of the world."
43 Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee.
44 For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country.
45 Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galileans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast.
We have been considering our Saviour's ministry in Samaria, that stretch of country that came in between Judea on the south and Galilee on the north. In Judea the people, as a rule, were very devoted, almost fanatically religious. In Galillee many of them were sinful, godless and ignorant, and there was a large group of Gentiles. In Samaria they had a relieion which was based partly upon the law of Moses and partly taken from the heathen systems which their fathers had known before they were settled in that district, after the people in Israel proper were carried away by the King of Assyria.
Our Lord Jesus came to Sychar's well to minister in grace but He could not linger longer. He had to go into Galilee. The prophet had predicted long ago that the greater part of His ministry would be there. In the 9th chapter of Isaiah, in the opening verses, this is definitely referred to. "Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined." This prophecy had its gracious fulfilment when He, who is Himself the life and light, went about healing the sick and working many other signs of power and opening up the precious things connected with the gospel to those needy people, although the majority of them refused to accept it. He lived in one of their cities, had been brought up among them, and after he had begun His ministry the family was removed to Capernaum, and this was call His own city. Both Nazareth and Capernaum were outstanding cities of Galilee. We say "Familiarity breeds contempt." Often the better you know people, the less you think of them as being in any sense remarkable and, unbelievably, that was true in the case of our Lord. As He moved about in those places where the people knew Him so well, they could not seem to recognize in Him the promised Messiah. Jesus Himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.
to be continued
46 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum.
47 When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death.
48 Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.
49 The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die.
50 Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way.
This nobleman knew of the miracles that Jesus had done and was seeking His strange power to heal his son. He saw Him only as a miracle worker, he expected Jesus to come in person and perform some kind of act that the people could see, more signs and wonders. He had no "faith" in Him as the Messiah, the Son of God. This man did not realize that Jesus did not need to go to Capernaum to heal his son. Compare him to the Roman centurion, not an Israelite, but a Gentile, who came to Jesus and said, "I have a servant who is very dear to me who is sick. Speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed." The centurion realized that the word of Christ was power. But the Israelite, who ought to know so much better than that Roman centurion, came far short of the simplicity of faith. The Lord said of the Roman centurion, "I have not met another who has refreshed Me like this one who believes Me and knows that I have all power." And yet the nobleman believed that Jesus could do something if he could only get Him to come in time where his son was.
Remember those sisters in Bethany, how troubled they were over their brother who was so sick. They thought if they just sent a message, that Jesus would drop everything and hurry to Bethany; but four days went by and Jesus had not come. Then He said, "Let us go to Bethany." And when he arrived, the sisters thought it was too late, but Jesus had already told His disciples that He was glad He was not there earlier. We might have expected Him to say He was sorry He wasn't there earlier. But He never makes any mistakes, and He says, "I am glad I wasn't there, for God is going to be glorified in a way that He would not have been if I had hurried when I received the message to come." Then He said, "Roll away the stone." They exclaimed that it was too late, that Lazareth had been dead 4 days and would be stinking by now. But Jesus said, "Said I not unto thee that if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God?" Then they rolled the stone away and He cried, "Lazarus, come forth." If He had not said "Lazarus" that day, He would have emptied the whole cemetery.
If only this nobleman had had the faith in Jesus as the Son of God with all power of God. He only knew that his son was ill and sought the Miracle Worker. Jesus said "Go thy way; thy son liveth." The nobleman believed the word of Jesus and with growing confidence he believes that the healing could take place even from so far away.
"Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth My word, and believeth on Him that sent Me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life."
This post was modified from its original form on 04 Sep, 5:37
51 And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told him, saying, Thy son liveth.
52 Then enquired he of them the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him, Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him.
53 So the father knew that it was at the same hour, in the which Jesus said unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself believed, and his whole house.
54 This is again the second miracle that Jesus did, when he was come out of Judea into Galilee.
Jesus is still meeting the needs of believers today. We need only to ask in faith and in the name of Jesus Christ.