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Ann T.

"Is to help get health care for all the working class."

Ennis, TX, USA
married, 4 children
Speaks: English
Joined Nov 5, 2007

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To Me the Great Spirit of the Cherokee Spoke.

Ann Davis Tuton

@ Aug. 9, 2006

They walk though the trails of the Pisgah Forest, the land of the Cherokee.

I feel the spirits of the past. And hear the thunder as their drums, the birds as their flutes. The waterfalls are their tears.

They cry out to me from far off. Yet it seems like I could reach out and touch them just the same.

Will you fight for us they cried? For the white man has killed the fish, trees, and the game.

I look into the river and yes you can see the trash is floating down the way and the fish is fewer each day.

Trees are dieing for man does not care. They cut them down for homes to build.

I walked the path of my ancient people the rain falling on me and it leaves the smell of the fresh mountain laurels.

You hear the calling of the whippoorwills, the deer running in the woods, leaping from post to post.

What a joy to share with my grandchildren; for they are the future of the world.

My brother speaks and says Amicalola is one he says where my people lived, and it means as the spirits speaks (Tumbling Waters.)

I walk the path of the river behind the children and then the spirits call to me, with the drums beating louder and clear,

as the water come Un-ma-eolola; ( sliding rock) it said, water so cold and pure.

Help us keep it this way the drums beat as the water flows pass our way.

So I asked; why did the white man kill and take their land?

He spoke to me in a gentle voice and with a tear falling from his ghosty face he said; greed is why they gather us up and made us march on the Trail of Tears were each one of us lost someone dear.

This is why we call it the Trail of Tears, the way to the enchanted land, yet nothing was enchanted at all.

As I went to sleep that night I was woken with a sound from far away, it told me to come and listen,

by the river just to follow the sound; of the dancing, of the tribe from the past and my brother of the

Cherokee telling me, please tell them to save the land and water for the future of the children and their children.

For it is for them to carry on the past. Teach them about us and teach them the truth.

You watched them walk today the path of the forest hand and hand. So this will always be here for them as long as we keep it pure and clean.

As his tears fell from his cheeks. His ancient hand he held up and said;

I will go to my Father in Heaven and meet you there someday my friend.

Then we will dance to the music of my people and listen to the waterfalls

of the rivers in the enchanted land.

As I Promise each week I would put something new on my page about the Cherokee. This Week I choose the Trail of Tears....

Cherokee Removal

In 1838-39

Image courtesy of Woolaroc Museum, Bartlesville, Oklahoma Cherokee Trail of Tears U.S. troops, prompted by the state of Georgia, expelled the Cherokee Indians from their ancestral homeland in the Southeast and removed them to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. The removal of the Cherokees was a product of the demand for arable land during the rampant growth of cotton agriculture in the Southeast, the discovery of gold on Cherokee land, and the racial prejudice that many white southerners harbored toward American Indians. Revolutionary War (1775-83), the Cherokees had surrendered more than half of their original territory to state and federal governments.

In the late 1780s U.S. officials began to urge the Cherokees to abandon hunting and their traditional ways of life and to instead learn how to live, worship, and farm like Christian American yeomen. Many Cherokees embraced this "civilization program." The Cherokees established

From The Indian Tribes of North America, by T. L. McKenney and J. Hall Sequoyah a court system, formally abandoned the law of blood revenge, and adopted a republican government. A Cherokee man named Sequoyah created the Cherokee syllabary, which enabled the Cherokees to read, write, record their laws, and publish newspapers in their own language.

Despite these efforts, white people in Georgia and other southern states that abutted the Cherokee Nation refused to accept the Cherokee people as social equals and urged their political representatives to seize the Cherokees' land. The purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 gave U.S. president Thomas Jefferson an opportunity to implement an idea he had contemplated for many years—the relocation of the eastern tribes beyond the Mississippi River. There, Jefferson suggested, Native Americans could acculturate at their own pace, retain their autonomy, and live free from the trespasses of American settlers. Although most Cherokees rejected Jefferson's entreaties, small groups moved west to the Arkansas River area in 1810 and 1817-19.

After the War of 1812, prominent southerners like General Andrew Jackson called for the United States to end what he called the "absurdity" of negotiating with the Indian tribes as sovereign nations. From that point forward, Georgia politicians, including George Troup, George R. Gilmer, and Wilson Lumpkin, increasingly raised the pressure on the federal government to fulfill the Compact of 1802, in which the federal government had agreed to extinguish the Indian land title and remove the Cherokees from the state.

Print by Charles Bird King.  From History of the Indian Tribes of North America, by T. McKenney and J. Hall John Ross , especially its principal chief, John Ross, took steps to protect its national territory. Ross joined Charles Hicks and Major Ridge in the "Cherokee Triumvirate" and received recognition for his efforts in negotiating the Treaty of 1819. He then continued his work by making legal moves for the Cherokees as president of the constitutional convention. In 1825 New Echota, the Cherokee capital, was established near present-day Calhoun, Georgia. The Cherokee National Council advised the United States that it would refuse future cession requests and enacted a law prohibiting the sale of national land upon penalty of death. In 1827 the Cherokees adopted a written constitution, an act that further antagonized removal proponents in Georgia.

Between 1827 and 1831

Artwork by George I. Parrish Jr. Courtesy of Cindy Parrish, Maryville,TN Georgia Land Lottery the Georgia legislature extended the state's jurisdiction over Cherokee territory, passed laws purporting to abolish the Cherokees' laws and government, and set in motion a process to seize the Cherokees' lands, divide it into parcels, and offer the parcels in a lottery to white Georgians. In 1828 Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States, and he immediately declared the removal of eastern tribes a national objective. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized the president to negotiate removal treaties.

With Congress

Print by William James Hubbard John Marshall and the president pursuing a removal policy, the Cherokee Nation, led by John Ross, asked the U.S. Supreme Court to intervene on its behalf and protect it from Georgia's trespasses. In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831), John Marshall, chief justice of the court, wrote that the Cherokees were a "domestic dependent nation" under the protection and tutelage of the United States. The court, however, did not redress the Cherokees' grievances. A year later, in Worcester v. Georgia, the Supreme Court declared that Georgia had violated the Cherokee Nation's sovereign status and wrongfully intruded into its special treaty relationship with the United States. President Jackson, however, refused to enforce the decision and continued to pressure the Cherokees to leave the Southeast. John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot, signed a removal treaty at the Cherokee capital of New Echota without the authority of Principal Chief Ross or the Cherokee government. The Treaty of New Echota required the Cherokee Nation to exchange its national lands for a parcel in the "Indian Territory" set aside by Congress, in what is now Oklahoma, in 1834 and to relocate there within two years. The federal government promised to remit $5 million to the Cherokee Nation, compensate individuals for their buildings and fixtures, and pay for the costs of relocation and acclimation. The United States also promised to honor the title of the Cherokee Nation's new land, respect its political autonomy, and protect its tribe from future trespasses. Even though it was completed without the sanction of the Cherokee national government, the U.S. Senate ratified the treaty by a margin of one vote.

After Major Ridge

From History of the Indian Tribes of North America, by T. McKenney and J. Hall Major Ridge signed away Cherokee land, Ross made the effort to prove that the majority of the tribe were not spoken for by gathering 16,000 Cherokee signatures against the treaty. The Cherokee government protested the legality of the treaty until 1838, when U.S. president Martin Van Buren ordered the U.S. Army into the Cherokee Nation. The army rounded up as many Cherokees as they could into temporary stockades and subsequently marched the captives, led by John Ross, to the Indian Territory. Scholars estimate that 4,000-5,000 Cherokees, including Ross's wife, Quatie, died on this "trail where they cried," commonly known as the Trail of Tears. Once in the Indian Territory, a group of men who had opposed removal attacked and killed the two Ridges and Boudinot for violating the law that prohibited the sale of Cherokee lands. The Cherokees revived their national institutions in the Indian Territory and continued as an independent, self-sufficient nation.

Printable Version

article links

Indian Missions
Chief Vann House
Creek Indians

external links
    •About North Georgia: Trail of Tears
    •Carl Vinson Institute of Government: Treaty of New Echota
    •Carl Vinson Institute of Government: Gen. Scott's Order to Troops Assigned to Cherokee Removal
    •Carl Vinson Institute of Government: Gen. Scott's Address to Cherokee Nation, 1838
    •Museum of the Cherokee Indian: The Trail of Tears
    •Cherokee Nation: The Trail of Tears
    •Treaty of Hopewell
    •Carl Vinson Institute of Government: Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
    •Georgia's Virtual Vault: Act Authorizing Gov. George Gilmer to Take Possession of Cherokee Lands
    •Georgia's Virtual Vault: 1783 Treaty of Augusta
    •Georgia Historical Society: Nineteenth-Century Exhibit

    The NGE is not responsible for the content of external
    Web sites.
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Joined Nov 5, 2007 Activist Aspirations Enthusiastic 
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Hometown Atlanta, Georgia 
Birthday July 27  
Languages English  
About Me Very out spoken and will tell you like it is. I may offend someone and do not care if it is for the right cause. I lost my leg 10 years ago due to infection from cancer. I still do anything on my one leg that most people will not do on 2 legs. So never let anything stop you from doing what you want to do. Life goes on no matter what..
  Introduce yourself to Ann
Pets 3 dogs I bird  
Activist Aspirations Enthusiastic
Political Leaning Liberal
Religions catholic christian  
Eating Habits Almost Vegetarian  
Wild Fact About Me I love to listen to music and I see each note and feel the passion of the music, so deep and then nothing is around me but the music and we unite and become one. Like two lovers in the night.
My Philosophy There or two four letter words too choose from. LOVE and HATE, it is up to you to choose which one you what to do, and then pass it down to your children. For children learn from you first, they see what you do and then they act out their actions from what you choose to teach them. I choose to teach my children LOVE, and it shows.
What Gives Me Hope That I did not die, in 85, of cancer like they told me, and my faith, and my children and grand children give me hope. They or my heroes.
If I were Mayor, I'd make the world a better place by I would one end this war, then make sure all the American people of working class had health care, medicare would also cover eyes, dental, and hearing. Teachers would be payed better so no longer would there be a shortage. Our Law enforcement would be paid more also. They put their lives on line for a little of nothing. The military also would be given better paid so that their families would not need food stamps to live on if your not high up in rank your pay sucks.
What/who changed my life and why my children for they believed in me while I was so sick and stood by me the whole time.
What Bugs Me a racist, someone that will kill the environment, one that denies healthcare, one that beats a woman, Any one who hurts a child, elderly, Liars, like Bush  
Passions, I want to write a book, I just want to make a difference, Clean Air, Water, dirt, trees, flowers, fruits, veggies., The sky, ocean, mountians, rivers, The Environment, The Earth/Nature, pets, studing the Native Indians, Family. Hel  
Inspirations I hold dear to me., So the beauty of nature is something, children and grandchildren., for it is the future of our, water, so we need to keep it clean., Then it will die from the dirty air, If we do not treat the earth with pride, As the Cherokee told m  
What Scares Me running it. The whole right wing party., The world and the way Bush is  
Role Models Max Cleland, Al Gore (for Environmental Causes), Martin Luther King Jr., The Native Indian Americans, Jesus Christ who died so we could live, My Children, JimmCarter, mother Teresa  
Quotation Some of the most beautiful things in life cannot be seen or touched-they or felt with the Heart....
Helen Keller
Interests, All wildlife &amp, amp, amp, pets, I love History of the wars, studying the Native Indians, the study of herbs and and, swimming in waterfalls, climbing mountains, Walking in the rain, Spirituality/Philosophy, c  
Books how to grow things, Old homes and how to fix them up, Nicholas Sparks his books, love old classics, any thing to do with child abuse, any thing to do with Horses, the Bible, some of Steven King, Mysteries, war on WWII, poety, Indians, History  
Music oldies, Blues Jazz, folk, classical music, blues, jazz, southern rock  
Movies all kinds, depends on my mood  
TV Shows love shows, musical shows, This Old House, Flip this House, Animal Cops, Animal Planet, Law and Order (all of them), Law and Order SVU, History Channel &amp, Discovery Programs  
Favorite Foods Italian, fish, veggies, fruits  
Favorite Places visiting my children and grandchildren, the woods, rivers, my yard, Georgia, mountains, waterfalls  
Can't Live Without freedom, friends. music, pets, children, the cry of a new born baby, God, family, air, water, laughter  
  Introduce yourself to Ann
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Ann's Photos


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    Comment Board
    Viewing 20 of 455: view all | add a comment »
    Apr 5, 2009 9:57 PM

    Ivy S. (2169)
    In this case.....
    I am a PAPER, You can
    write your feelings,
    Scribe your anger,
    Use me to absorb your tears.
    Don't throw me after use
    when you feel cold I'll
    burn myself to keep you warm...
    This is becoz...
    My friend, thanks for also being that caring & loving paper!
    May you be richly blessed!
    And may you have a most relaxing weekend!
    Be happy always!

    Apr 5, 2009 7:54 PM

    Lone W. (1428)
    Good Night My Friend! It's Good to be back! Bad Habits are like a comfortable bed, easy to get into, but hard to get out of! May you walk with the Great Spirit through your journey! Hugs.
    Mar 29, 2009 7:02 PM

    Lone W. (1428)
    securedownload.jpgGood Night My Friend. Don't cut your conscience to fit this years fashions. I will be gone for awhile, i'm going back to Ohio to help my sister out on the farm. May the Great Spirit be with you. Hugs
    Mar 29, 2009 5:28 PM

    Carol W. (119)

    Greatness in small packages. Enjoy.

    Mar 29, 2009 12:52 AM

    Bella F. (280)
    greenstardove-1.gif picture by BellaFitzPhotos
    Mar 28, 2009 7:41 PM

    Lone W. (1428)
    Good Night My Friend. Never mistake knowledge for wisdom. One helps you make a living, the other helps you make a life!! May you Walk with the Great Spirit On your journey. Dohiyi (peace). Smile and enjoy life. Hugs

    Mar 28, 2009 5:37 AM

    Bella F. (280)
    postcardbears-22.gif Sharing The Love Thank You picture by BellaFitzPhotos
    Mar 27, 2009 10:26 AM

    Stephen H. (633)

    Ann, I send healing energy and prayers to you! May the Creator keep in you in good spirits until this challenge passes. We all love you here on care2 and what to see you through the trials and tribulations you are experiencing.

    Mar 27, 2009 7:32 AM

    Bella F. (280)
    ThankyouWow.gif picture by BellaFitzPhotos
    Mar 25, 2009 3:27 PM

    Dreama R. (47)

    Mar 24, 2009 4:58 PM

    Kathleen H. (293)



    Mar 24, 2009 12:53 PM

    Lynn C. (63)

    hello ana, my spirit sister... i hope you are well... it seems the sun has kissed the earth and spring has finally sprung here in michigan... the birds are singing, the squirrel and chipmunks are running about and i am a happy camper... ... have a wonderful week... 
    Mar 22, 2009 12:53 PM

    Stephen H. (633)

    Ann, may Persehone, Goddess of Spring, blossom your heart with love and peace,

    and may the summer's warmth caress your body with good health!

    Mar 21, 2009 1:45 AM

    Ivy S. (2169)
    To make it a better place for the old the young, those suffering & dying, for mother earth & for the animal world.
    Ann my prayers are with you always. May God heal you completely from whatever ails you. Our God is a merciful God. May His miracle be performed upon you and certainly you will be healed. Praise the Lord your God my friend!
    Happy Spring time to you!
    Love you - ivy

    Mar 20, 2009 1:19 PM

    Dreama R. (47)
    untitled1-1.jpg picture by bellevue30

    Mar 19, 2009 10:43 PM

    Bella F. (280)
    FRIENDSSPARKEL.gif picture by BellaFitzPhotos
    Happy Spring

    Mar 17, 2009 10:47 AM

    Stephen H. (633)

    Ann, I wish you good fortune in those treasures that matter, love, peace and good health!

    Mar 16, 2009 5:07 AM

    Lynn C. (63)

    hello ann, my spirit sister... you are in my prayers... love you...
    Mar 16, 2009 3:36 AM

    Nelson T. (395)
    life Pictures, Images and Photos
    Mar 16, 2009 2:48 AM

    Joanne C. (756)
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