hi we may be good friend ,I am from NEPAL and writing you some information about my country,Professonally i am Highway Engineer,you can write me in: email@example.com hope keep in touch ....
The Kingdom of Nepal, situated on the northern rim of South Asia, covers 147,181-sq. km. and contains complex maze of mountains and ridges, interspersed by deep valleys and lowlands. The country can be divided into 3 fairly distinct regions: the Terai between 60 and 300 metres above sea level, the hills, between 300 and 3000 metres and the mountains, above 3000 metres. These physiographic extremes have resulted in narrow bio-climatic zones with tropical, temperate and tundra vegetation types and climates falling very close to one another. Three major river systems drain most of Nepal: The Karnali, The Gandaki and The Koshi.
Approximately (0.6 million hectares are under cultivation in the hills and the mountains. The average farm holding is 0.5 hectares, compared to 1.7 in the terai. Three-quarters of the cultivable land are in the upland terraces, the remainder in the valleys. Population exceeds 1800 person per square kilometre of arable land.
Until recently, Nepali agriculture was self sustaining, but now agriculture productivity is declining as the growing population demands more land, more building materials and more fuel wood. Fragile marginal land is being cultivated and deforestation is becoming widespread. The net result has been an ecological imbalance, soil erosion and landslides.
The forests constitute one of Nepal's major resources. With the rapid increase in population, demand has grown for cultivable land, fuel wood, fodder and timber with negative results on the forests. As people seek more land and clear trees from the steeper slopes the danger of soil erosion increases.
Wood provides nearly the entire domestic energy supply for the rural people and for a large proportion of the urban population. Lack of adequate energy is one of the major constraints on development in Nepal. With no proven deposits of fossil fuel, Nepal spends almost all of its foreign currency earnings on imported oil. Even the transport of firewood to urban areas depends on imported oil.
The amount of forestland has decreased significantly in recent years. Between 1964 and 1979, Nepal's forest area was reduced by 2.1 million hectares. If present trend continues, accessible forest in the hills will vanish within 14 years and those in the terai in 25 years. Deforestation and subsequent soil erosion maybe the most acute problem facing Nepal.
The 200,00 million cubic metres of water that are discharged annually by Nepal's rivers and streams have tremendous potential, which barely been tapped. Total human withdrawals amount to less than 0.5 percent. Of the estimated 1.5 million hectares, which can be irrigated, only 0.2 million have been irrigated. Less than 13 % of the population has an access to safe drinking water. Of the 24000 megawatts of hydroelectric generation potential only 122 mw has been installed. Most water development schemes however have been built in response to individual needs, irrigation, power, water supply and little attempt has been made to develop them on an integrated or multi-purpose basis.
The Annapurna trek is one the easiest and popular treks in Nepal. You will be viewing a great many Himalayan peaks including 3 eight thousanders. You will be going through rhododendron, oak and pine forests along with impressive and friendly Gorkha villagers. The Annapurna trek is a great introduction to the Nepalese culture and landscapes.