"is a philosophy and lifestyle that seeks to exclude the use of animals for food, clothing, or any other purpose."
"was originally derived from "vegetarian" in 1944 when Elsie Shrigley and Donald Watson, frustrated that the term "vegetarianism" had come to include the eating of dairy products, founded the UK Vegan Society. They combined the first three and last two letters of vegetarian to form "vegan", which they saw as "the beginning and end of vegetarian". The British Vegan Society defines veganism in this way: Other vegan societies use similar definitions."
"do not use or consume animal products of any kind. The most common reasons for becoming a vegan are ethical commitment or moral convictions concerning animal rights, the environment, or human health, and spiritual or religious concerns. Of particular concern are the practices involved in factory farming and animal testing, and the intensive use of land and other resources required for animal farming."
"Various polls have reported vegans to be between 0.2% and 1.3% of the U.S. population, and between 0.25% and 0.4% of the UK population. The Times estimated in 2005 that there were 250,000 vegans in Great Britain."
"are credited with lowering the risk of colon cancer, heart attack, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, prostate cancer, and stroke."
"diets can be low in levels of protein, calcium, iodine, vitamin B and vitamin D. "
"A 2002 Time/CNN poll found that 4% of American adults consider themselves vegetarians, and 5% of self-described vegetarians consider themselves vegans, which implies that 0.2% of American adults are vegans. A 2006 poll conducted by Harris Interactive in the United States listed specific foods and asked respondents to indicate which items they never eat, rather than asking respondents to self-identify. The survey found that of the 1,000 adults polled 1.4% never eat meat, poultry, fish, seafood, dairy products, or eggs and were therefore essentially vegan in their eating habits. The survey also found that about 1.4% of men and 1.3% of women have vegan diets."
"Vegan organizations maintain that animals have certain rights, and as such it is not ethical for humans to use animals in ways that infringe those rights. Practices seen as cruel to animals include factory farming, animal testing, and displaying animals for entertainment in circuses, rodeos, and zoos."
"It is estimated that 50 to 100 million vertebrate animals worldwide — from zebrafish to non-human primates — are used annually and either killed during or after the experiments."
"The idea of extending personhood to animals has the support of legal scholars such as Alan Dershowitz and Laurence Tribe of Harvard Law School, and animal law courses are now taught in 92 out of 180 law schools in the United States. "
"The UN and OIE estimate that in coming decades there will be billions of additional meat consumers in developing countries eating meat that was factory farmed in developing countries but currently only about 40 out of the around 200 countries in the world have the capacity to adequately respond to a health crisis originating from animal disease (such as mad cow, avian flu, West Nile virus, bluetongue and foot and mouth disease)."
"Animal product is generally not applied to products made from fossilized or decomposed animals. Petroleum is formed from the ancient remains of marine animals but is not considered an animal product. Crops grown in soil fertilized with animal remains are also not considered animal products."
Animal Product - "refers to any material derived from animals for human use. Notable animal products include meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, dairy products, honey, fur, leather, wool, and silk. Common animal by-products include gelatin, lanolin, rennet, whey, beeswax and shellac."
Animal Rights - "also known as animal liberation, is the idea that the basic interests of non-human animals — for example, the interest in avoiding suffering — should be afforded the same consideration as the basic interests of human beings."
Factory Farming - "is the practice of raising farm animals in confinement at high stocking density; and also sometimes used more generally to refer to treating farm animals as mere factory parts as is typical in industrial farming."
Industrial Agriculture - "is a form of modern farming that refers to the industrialized production of livestock, poultry, fish, and crops."
Animal Testing - "refers to the use of non-human animals in experiments."
Gelatin - "is a translucent, colorless, brittle, nearly tasteless solid substance, extracted from the collagen inside animals' connective tissue."
Lanolin - "a greasy yellow substance from wool-bearing animals, acts as a skin ointment, water-proofing wax, and raw material (such as in shoe polish)."
Rennet - "is a natural complex of enzymes produced in any mammalian stomach to digest the mother's milk."
Whey - "is the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained; it is a by-product of the manufacture of cheese or casein and has several commercial uses."
Shellac - "is a brittle or flaky secretion of the lac insect Kerria lacca, found in the forests of Assam and Thailand."
[quoted information came from http://www.reference.com/search?q=Veganism]
Products That Are Tested On Animals:
Arm & Hammer (Chuch & Dwight)
Boyle-Midway (Reckitt Benckiser)
Chesebrough-Ponds (Feberge, Ponds, Vaseline)
Church & Dwight (Aim, Arm & Hammer, Arrid, Brillo, Close-up, Lady's Choice, Mentadent, Nair, Orange Glo International, Pearl Drops)
Clairol (Aussie, Daily Defense, Herbal Essences, Infusium 23, Procter & Gamble)
Clorox (ArmorAll, Formula 409, Fresh Step, Glad, Liquid Plumber, Pin-Sol, Soft Scrub, S.O.S., Tilex)
Colgate-Palmolive Co. (Hills Pet Nutrition, Mennen, Palmolive, SoftSoap, Speed Stick)
Cover Girl (Procter & Gamble)
Dial Corporation (Dry Idea, Purex, Renuzit, Right Guard, Soft & Dri)
Helene Curtis Industries (Salon Selectives, Thermasilk, Unilever)
Johnson & Johnson (Aveeno, Clean & Clear, Listerine, Lubriderm, Neutrogena, Rembrandt, ROC)
Lever Bros. (Unilever)
L'Oreal U.S.A. (Biotherm, Cacharel, Garnier, Giorgio Armani, Helena Rubinstein, Lancome, Matrix Essentials, Maybelline, Ralph Lauren Fragrances, Redken, Soft Sheen, Vichy)
Max Factor (Procter & Gamble)
Mennen Co. (Colgate-Palmolive)
New Dana Perfumes,
Noxell (Procter & Gamble)
Olay Co./Oil of Olay (Procter & Gamble)
Pantene (Procter & Gamble)
Pfizer (BenGay, Desitin, Listerine, Lubriderm, Plax, Visine)
Physique (Procter & Gamble)
Playtex Products (Banana Boat)
Procter & Gamble Co. (Clairol, Cover Girl, Crest, Gillette, Giorgio, Iams, Max Factor, Physique, Tide)
Reckitt Benckiser (Easy Off, Lysol, Mop & Glo, Old English, Resolve, Spray 'N Wash, Vett, Woolite)
Richardson-Vicks (Procter & Gamble)
Sally Hensen (Del Laboratories)
Schering-Plough (Bain De Coleil, Coppertone, Dr. Scholl's)
S.C. Johnson (Drano, Edge, Fantastik, Glade, Off!, Oust, Pledge, Scrubbing Bubbles, Shout, Skintimate, Windex, Ziploc)
SoftSoap Enterprises (Colgate-Palmolive)
Unilever (Axe, Dove, Helene Curtis, Lever Bros., Suave)
* The Company Is Currently Observing a moratorium on animal testing.
[All information was from http://www.caringconsumer.com/pdfs/companiesDoTest.pdf]