START A PETITION 25,136,189 members: the world's largest community for good
START A PETITION
x
Jul 19, 2013

Name:Nelson Mandela
Type:Tribute (for the living)
To Honor:Individual(s)
Location:, South Africa

' Madiba'  beloved Father of the South African Nation celebrates his 95th Birthday on July 18, 2013.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
His Excellency
Nelson Mandela
OM AC CC OJ OSJ QC GCH BR RSO NPK Nelson Mandela on his 90th birthday in Johannesburg, South Africa, in May 2008 Mandela in May 2008 President of South Africa In office
10 May 1994 – 14 June 1999 Deputy Thabo Mbeki
F. W. de Klerk Preceded by F. W. de Klerk Succeeded by Thabo Mbeki Personal details Born Rolihlahla Mandela
(1918-07-18) 18 July 1918 (age 95)
Mvezo, South Africa Nationality South African Political party African National Congress Spouse(s) Evelyn Ntoko Mase (1944–1957)
Winnie Madikizela (1958–1996)
Graça Machel (1998&ndashresent) Children Madiba Thembekile
Makgatho Lewanika
Makaziwe
Maki
Zenani
Zindziswa
Josina Z. Machel (step daughter)
Malengani Machel (step son) Residence Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of London External System
University of South Africa
University of the Witwatersrand Religion Christianity (Methodism) Signature Signature of Nelson Mandela Website www.nelsonmandela.org

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Xhosa pronunciation: [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]; born 18 July 1918) is a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the first black South African to hold the office, and the first elected in a fully representative, multiracial election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as the President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was the Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999.

A Xhosa born to the Thembu royal family, Mandela attended Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. Living in Johannesburg, he became involved in anti-colonial politics, joining the ANC and becoming a founding member of its Youth League. After the Afrikaner nationalists of the National Party came to power in 1948 and began implementing the policy of apartheid, he rose to prominence in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign, was elected President of the Transvaal ANC Branch and oversaw the 1955 Congress of the People. Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC leadership, was prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961 but was found not guilty. Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the South African Communist Party he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) in 1961, leading a bombing campaign against government targets. In 1962 he was arrested, convicted of sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.

Mandela served 27 years in prison, first on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison. An international campaign lobbied for his release, which was granted in 1990 amid escalating civil strife. Becoming ANC President, Mandela published his autobiography and led negotiations with President F.W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections in 1994, in which he led the ANC to victory. He was elected President and formed a Government of National Unity in an attempt to defuse ethnic tensions. As President, he established a new constitution and initiated the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. Continuing the former government's liberal economic policy, his administration introduced measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator between Libya and the United Kingdom in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, and oversaw military intervention in Lesotho. He declined to run for a second term, and was succeeded by his deputy Thabo Mbeki, subsequently becoming an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation.

Controversial for much of his life, right-wing critics denounced Mandela as a terrorist and communist sympathiser. He nevertheless gained international acclaim for his anti-colonial and anti-apartheid stance, having received over 250 awards, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Soviet Order of Lenin. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name of Madiba or as Tata meaning Father; he is often described as "the father of the nation".

http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/politics/stories/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-nelson-mandela

10 things you didn't know about Nelson Mandela

Visibility: Everyone
Posted: Friday July 19, 2013, 11:47 pm
Tags: africa nelson [add/edit tags]

Group Discussions
Comments
Or, log in with your
Facebook account:

Author

Rosemary R Hubby Home Hospital
female , married, 2 children
Salem, NH, USA
ROSEMARY R'S SHARES
Jan
28
(2 comments  |  discussions )
\r\n   &nb sp;   &nbs p;  Leonard Peltier ( LPDOC ) :\r\n   &n bsp;   &nb sp;    Remembering Pete Seeger\r\n\r\n   ;         & nbsp; ...
Jan
21
(0 comments  |  0 discussions )
\r\n   &nb sp;  Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. - Honored & Remembered\r\n\r\n & nbsp;   i\'m sharing this link to quotes and images of MLK\r\n       to inspire \r\n\r\n    ;    ht...
Dec
15
(0 comments  |  discussions )
\n\r\n   & nbsp;   &n bsp;   &nb sp;   &nbs p; \r\n \r\n   ;         & nbsp;   &n bsp;   &nb sp;   &nbs p;&nb...
Dec
5
(4 comments  |  discussions )
\n     ;         & nbsp;   &n bsp;   &nb sp;   &nbs p;     ;  \r\n   &nb sp;   \r\n   &nb sp;&nbs...


SHARES FROM ROSEMARY R'S NETWORK
Feb
18
(0 comments  |  discussions )
Look Grandma I can stand!!
(0 comments  |  discussions )
Bath time is FUN time!!
(0 comments  |  discussions )
I love it when someone reads too me!!
(0 comments  |  discussions )
Just pink!!  I am the best Valentine you could have! Think Pink!
(0 comments  |  discussions )
Ally Jo my little Valentine.


MORE TRIBUTE
Feb 14
Tribute: Love by Marilyn L.
(0 comments  |  discussions ) — \\\"I\\\'ve learned not to worry about love, but to honor its coming with all my heart. ~ Alice Walker\\\" more
Jan 31
Tribute: My better half by Gary J.
(0 comments  |  discussions ) — This is a tribute to my wife.  This year we celebrate 45 amazing years of marriage.  I was a young, wild, impetuous crazy guy from a very large city and she was a quiet, sensible and compassionate young lady from a farming community.  E... more
Jan 28
Tribute: Leonard Peltier:Remembering Pete Seeger by Rosemary R H.
(2 comments  |  discussions ) — \\r\\n   & nbsp;   &n bsp;  Leonard Peltier ( LPDOC ) :\\r\\n        & nbsp;    Remembering Pete Seeger\\r\\n\\r\\n & nbsp;   &n bsp;   &nb sp;&nb... more
Jan 22
Tribute: Kitchi Musko by Lianne S.
(1 comments  |  discussions ) — \\nMy dear Kitchi.\\r\\n\\r\\nWe had 8 wonderful years together. I want to thank you for each single day. I will never stop loving you.  See you again in heaven one day.\\r\\n\\r\\nYour wife.\\n more
Jan 21
Tribute: Honoring Dr. Martin Luthr King Jr. by Rosemary R H.
(0 comments  |  0 discussions ) — \\r\\n   & nbsp;  Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. - Honored & Remembered\\r\\n\\r\\n&nb sp;    i\\\'m sharing this link to quotes and images of MLK\\r\\n  &nbs p;   to inspire \\r\\n\\r\\n  & nbsp; &n... more
 
Content and comments expressed here are the opinions of Care2 users and not necessarily that of Care2.com or its affiliates.