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Apr 13, 2006

Focus:Health
Action Request:Think About
Location:United States
Can Dogs and Cats Be Vegan, Too?
by Jan Allegretti
Adapted from The Complete Holistic Dog Book: Home Health Care for Our Canine Companions by Jan Allegretti and Katy Sommers
http://www.indybay.org/news/2006/04/1813627.php

When compassion for all living beings is a core value in your life, it can be disturbing to feel your commitment to a vegan lifestyle is compromised by your desire to feed canine and feline family members the best possible diet. You may have eliminated animal products from your own diet, sworn off buying leather shoes, and never ever buy cosmetics that are not cruelty free - but the meat you buy for your dogs and cats is the one relic of the so-called "livestock" industry that still shows up in your home.

As more and more people adopt a vegan diet for themselves, they also consider eliminating animal products from their dogs' and cats' diets. But is this really a healthy option? Didn't they evolve as predatory carnivores, existing on the raw flesh of their prey? Yes - and no. It's true that their ancestors were wild hunters whose diets consisted primarily of the animals they killed. But the animals we share our homes with today are genetically far removed from their wild counterparts. Think about it - does a dachshund appear to have the identical genetic profile of a wolf? Does the kitten curled up on the pillow of your bed really look like she's ready to take down an ibex? Of course not. Due to centuries of selective breeding and adaptation, the dog and cat who sleep at your side are substantially different from their ancestors. What's more, the meat we feed them is substantially different from the wild game consumed by their predecessors. The cows and chickens of today are also the result of extensive selective breeding, and their flesh carries the residue of hormones, antibiotics, and the pesticides applied to the grain they eat - hardly the same as a freshly killed jackrabbit.

Let's consider the canine diet. The fact is, even a wolf or a coyote is not a true carnivore. He's actually more of an omnivore, or an animal that consumes both animal and vegetable foods. A wild canine nibbles on grasses and other vegetation, as well as the stomach contents of his vegan prey. All things considered, it's reasonable to assume that our dogs can rely on non-animal sources for a healthy diet.

The same is true for our cats. Their predecessors, too, eat grasses and vegan stomach contents. Some supplementation is essential if meat is eliminated from a cat's diet (see below), but there's no question they draw nutrition from vegetable sources just like the rest of us.

The truth is, many dogs and cats actually blossom when switched to a meatless regimen, with glossier coats, fresher breath and cleaner teeth, more energy at play, and a more peaceful disposition overall. Removing animal products from the diet may even help overcome some health problems, including allergies, behavioral disorders such as aggression, hypersensitivity or anxiety, and even seizures. In some cases, eliminating meat from the diet will help an overweight animal trim down while still enjoying ample, satisfying meals. Consider, too, the benefits of eliminating the possibility your companion might be exposed to toxic residues in the flesh of farm animals that are not raised organically. And of course, you'll feel much more at peace knowing your household really is cruelty free.

To make the switch to meatless fare for your animal family members, simply choose vegetable sources for the protein component of their meals. Vegetable proteins are not digested as completely as those derived from meat or dairy, so the proportions may need to be a little higher. Feeding a variety of ingredients is particularly important, to be sure your dog and cat get the balance of amino acids and other nutrients they need. Here are a few additional guidelines you may find helpful:

- The high-protein vegan foods you eat yourself will replace the meat your dog and cat used to eat. Tofu, tempeh, lentils, beans, and split peas are among your options.
- When using beans as your protein source, soak them overnight, rinse well, then cook them until they're soft, and purée the bigger, firmer varieties like garbanzos. Adding a small potato to the cooking pot will help reduce "gassiness."
- Supplement with either a vitamin B12 tablet weekly, a daily multivitamin, or B12-rich spirulina on a regular basis. Cats must receive the amino acid taurine as a supplement, as a deficiency can cause blindness. The company called Harbingers of a New Age, at http://www.vegepet.com , offers supplements designed specifically for vegan dogs and cats.
- Don't forget to include fruits as well as vegetables in the diet, to provide a broad range of nutrients - and, of course, because they taste so good!
- Since your cat may be a little fussier than your dog, you may need to flavor her vegan meals with a bit of the meat-based food she's accustomed to. Just decrease the amount gradually till she doesn't even notice it's gone. Also try adding interesting flavors like nutritional yeast, spirulina, or a touch of tomato sauce. Cats also seem to love yellow and orange foods like melon, corn, sweet potatoes, and winter squash.
- Remember to follow the golden rule of nutrition: Variety, variety, variety. Give her lentils on Tuesday, black beans on the weekend, tofu on Sunday morning. If providing a varied diet is difficult for you, follow a balanced, recipe formulated by a qualified veterinarian. Customized diets are available from a veterinary nutritionist at most veterinary schools or from http://www.PetDiets.com and other veterinary nutrition resources.
- If you need to rely on a commercial dog and cat food, there are vegan varieties available. However the same concerns about processing, preservatives, chemical additives, quality of ingredients, and lack of variety apply just as they do for meat-based diets. Scrutinize package labels and manufacturers' websites for lists of ingredients and company policies on ingredient sources and quality, processing, and so forth. Companies that offer quality vegan foods include Nature's Recipe, Natural Life, PetGuard, Three Dog Bakery, Wow-Bow, and Evolution.

Once your dog and cat start their new diets, watch for changes - for better or worse - in health or behavior. A brittle coat, low energy, or weak muscles may be a sign she's not getting enough protein. If so, be sure the protein source is easily digestible and of good quality. Cook beans a little longer or purée them; increase the amount of protein, or try different sources such as tofu and lentils.

Chances are, though, you'll find that your friends' coats become softer and shinier, their energy increases, she's less afraid of those thunderstorms, his breath is fresh, and that nasty build-up on her teeth seems to be going away. If that's the case - celebrate and carry on!

Do you have a comment or a question? Is there a topic you'd like to see addressed in this column? If so, send a message to Jan at AskJan@idausa.org . It won't be possible to respond to all emails personally, but she will welcome and read every one.
Visibility: Everyone
Posted: Thursday April 13, 2006, 3:02 am
Tags: cats dogs be and can vegan too? [add/edit tags]

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Past Member (0)
Thursday April 13, 2006, 3:59 am
http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=4558&pst=260870&archival=


Past Member (0)
Thursday April 13, 2006, 4:00 am


Past Member (0)
Thursday April 13, 2006, 4:04 am

Who said that Carnivores can't be Vegetarians?

Past Member (0)
Thursday April 13, 2006, 4:12 am

Vegetarian Dog Lives to Ripe Old Age of 27

Past Member (0)
Thursday April 13, 2006, 10:53 am
I say dogs can be vegan...and cats cannot...to force a cat into veganism is unnatural...of course to force either to make these bizarre products you buy in the store labeled dog/cat food is unnatural...I believe if you choose to have these animals in your life you should choose to prepare them real food...real vegan food and then let em out at night to hunt...

Suzanne K. (387)
Saturday April 15, 2006, 4:21 am
I do not see why not. If they turn into the vegetarian diet, their overall health will improve. My old bossís dog had the joint problem that ended having the surgery. But after the surgery, it required the therapy session for a long time. That costs nearly few thousands dollars, which it was okay for him since heís rich and loves for his dog. But most of other dog lovers will not go through such an expense. The vetís office I go there are so many dogs with the same problem taking the medicines. The garbage puts in the body the garbage comes out. The phrase never lies, doesnít it?

LOVEE, THE VEGETARIAN DOG
http://www.vegetarianbaby.com/articles/vegdog.shtml

(On dogs eating a vegetarian diet). "Such a diet would also greatly reduce the risks of cancer, strokes, heart attacks, and other common diseases and disorders."
-- Michael W. Fox, D.V.M. (www.vegetariandogs.com
http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=4121&pst=373166&archival=1


RESOURCES FOR VEG DOGS AND CATS
http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=4121&pst=373171&archival=1

http://www.vegepets.info/(DOGS/CATS)

Elizabeth B. (0)
Monday April 17, 2006, 10:12 pm
I'm very curious about why the author of the article seems to be okay with supplementing a cat's diet with taurine, considering that the amino acid is manufactured from oysters, and is not "cruelty free," while it seems to be okay to deprive the cat of its natural diet of meat-related products.

Cats aren't designed by nature to be vegetarian. While they do have a small need for some vegetation in their diets, depriving them of their primary source of nutrition strikes me as being very cruel to the cat. And supplementing taurine in the cat's diet induces "cruelty" into one's household anyway. It strikes me that vegans shouldn't have primarily carnivorous animals as pets if they are ethically unwilling to feed them what they are designed by nature to eat.

Past Member (0)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 7:02 am
true animals like dogs and cats can eat Vegitation and they do, but it is suppressing NATURE in them making them eat VEGAN like YOU!
You are a sorry lot! ANIMALS EAT ANIMALS you cannot stop that! I would LIKE to see you try!

Past Member (0)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 7:27 am
I guess, no has read the links I provided above...
how sad and ignorant! :-(

pElAgUS hellot (523)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 9:30 am
well nick, i guess it is easier to believe in some false concepts such as that of "NATURE".

People Hurt Essenberg (1)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 10:33 am
I think it's very negligent and cruel to try to force veganism on your pets. They are not made to be vegans. I'm vegan and would never think of forcing my cat to be a vegan. I know there's people who think this can work, but I did my homework and I just don't buy it .If you want a vegan pet, please get a rabbit.

People Hurt Essenberg (1)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 10:35 am
Oh, I want to make it clear: I read the links, I've read many internet "vegan pet" articles before. I don't believe everything I read on the internet. If I did, I'd have not a cent to my name, and a house full of a lot of useless products ;-)

pElAgUS hellot (523)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 11:02 am
i don't hear you. What is it to "have a pet"? Those words are not part of my vocabulary.
Let non humans out of the human house, but sometimes they have to be taken care of. So just because they need human help, should thousand others die to feed that one you're helping?

People Hurt Essenberg (1)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 11:49 am
My pet is part of my family. Though vegan, I still don't and won't force it upon my cat. I think it's wrong. I'm sorry I can't explain my feelings or make others understand this. It's something I did research thouroughly, that I can assure you.

pElAgUS hellot (523)
Tuesday April 18, 2006, 12:16 pm
well, one thing i can assure you is that the non humans fed to "your pet" did not want to die.

Neena M. (2)
Wednesday April 19, 2006, 9:52 am
Interesting article, gave me a few new thoughts to think about. However,there is an important point missing.Dogs (I don't know if this holds true for cats) do not have the enzyme cellulase. This is the enzyme that breaks down plant material. When a wolf makes a kill, the first thing that it eats is the stomach, which will contain the last meal of the herbavore killed. These stomach contents have been masticated. If you feed a dog a salad, yes he will get some nutrition out of it, but not a whole lot unless you grind it up in a food processor and break down the cell walls, or juice it and mix the juice with the pulp.

I feed my dog a mostly raw,organic died, something I follow too. I started out just cooking for her; giving her different grains and beans. Until I read that dogs and wolves get SOME grain in their diet via their prey's last meal. But it is NEVER cooked.One of the first few ingredients in any dog food that comes in a bag will be some sort of grain. There are plenty of websites that deal with raw food for dogs, it's known as the BARF diet (bones and raw food). Even if you do not want to feed your pet meat, there is good information on many of them and you could modify it to be vegan.

Neena
:)

Neena M. (2)
Wednesday April 19, 2006, 9:54 am
Interesting article, gave me a few new thoughts to think about. However,there is an important point missing.Dogs (I don't know if this holds true for cats) do not have the enzyme cellulase. This is the enzyme that breaks down plant material. When a wolf makes a kill, the first thing that it eats is the stomach, which will contain the last meal of the herbavore killed. These stomach contents have been masticated. If you feed a dog a salad, yes he will get some nutrition out of it, but not a whole lot unless you grind it up in a food processor and break down the cell walls, or juice it and mix the juice with the pulp.

I feed my dog a mostly raw,organic died, something I follow too. I started out just cooking for her; giving her different grains and beans. Until I read that dogs and wolves get SOME grain in their diet via their prey's last meal. But it is NEVER cooked.One of the first few ingredients in any dog food that comes in a bag will be some sort of grain. There are plenty of websites that deal with raw food for dogs, it's known as the BARF diet (bones and raw food). Even if you do not want to feed your pet meat, there is good information on many of them and you could modify it to be vegan.

Neena
:)

Lisa Gabriel (252)
Thursday April 20, 2006, 1:34 am
Yes Pelagus, I have read the article and this wouldnt be the first time it has concerned me that people should risk a cat's life and health trying to make it eat an unnatural diet. Dogs can get by, they are naturally omnivorous as we are, and perhaps if the diet is rich enough and you supplement it like crazy cats might be OK-ish. BUT consider getting it wrong? The awful results for cats include blindness, heart failure, organ failure and death. How long did it take to balance your diet properly as an omnivorous human being? I tried vegan for 18 months and admire you for succeeding where I did not, but if meat bothers you don't have a cat!!!
All the best. =^..^=

pElAgUS hellot (523)
Thursday April 20, 2006, 10:48 am
thanx a lot neena for your info, very interesting indeed.
batwoman... once again, the concept of "Nature". You all make me laugh with that. Do you realize cars, slaughterhouses & nuclear centrals are as much part of that "Nature" than beehives, trees & daffodils?
Please wake up!

Past Member (0)
Thursday April 20, 2006, 1:31 pm
First of all, I would like to state that this exerpt is based on not so much as 1 scientifically performed controlled study. This is all speculation that plant protein can be perfectly substituted for animal protein, which can be sometimes (not always) be successful in HUMANS. The scientific evidence that has been coming to light regarding nutrition is showing us that the *source* of the protein is as important as the protein itself. Third, as Elizabeth B. stated, cats are seriously challenged by a vegetarian diet. Not in a good way. You seriously jeopardize the health of a cat by placing it on a vegan diet. The health risks that Elizabeth mentioned are real & kittens are especially susceptible to blindness, which is due to degeneration of the light sensitive cells in the eye. It is NOT natural in any conceivable way. Animals eat animals. If you have any misconceptions about this, I suggest you watch some Discovery Channel, National Geographic, or perhaps crack open a book about biology or evolution. You feel bad about animals eating other animals that are slaughtered by the "livestock" industry. We domesticated dogs at least 15,000 years ago & yes we did feed them other animals. We also selectively bred them, but they can stil interbreed with any wild canid. Their genetic structure is virtually the same & their scientific name, Canis familiaris is probably going to be changed to reflect current science's understanding of genetics to a subspecies of wolves, so they will be Canis lupus subspecies familiaris. What do wolves eat? Other animals. Commercial dog foods have only been around since the 50's & didn't really become popular until the 60's. We have barely changed the phenotype of dogs in 15,000 years. It's not going to take a leap in 60 years. I don't argue that people should, necessarily, feed their animals commercially produced, preservative filled, dyed, pesticide containing food. Home produced 'natural' diets can have their place, but anthropomorphizing to the degree that you place your on personal beliefs about whether or not you should kill and eat other animals is naieve at best and detrimental to your animal's health at worst. These people mean well, but are clearly not thinking this sort of action all the way through. I should also note that I am an active supporter of animal rights & welfare & food animal welfare as well. I stand up for animals and fight for their betterment & I can't always be completely scientifically objective about certain issues. But this is an issue of ignorance that stems from the same selfishness that people who let their animals suffer from grievous injuries or terminal disease and will not euthanize them because they "love them too much to let them go." I try to say it gently, although it doesn't come out that way: stop thinking about your own personal beliefs & consider what's physiologically best for your best friend in life. Sorry about the tangent.

Janice S. (8)
Sunday April 23, 2006, 3:29 pm
Yikes! I have been vegan for 6 years now. I was a vegetarian for 5 years before that. I have been a cat guardian for about 18 years. I love being vegan. I have been called militant in my beliefs and because of my passion for animals and their rights. But I would NEVER make my cat into a vegan. Dogs, yes. I have met more than one perfectly healthy vegan dog. But cats are different than dogs. Cats are NOT omnivores. Cats will DIE without taurine. Its ridiculous that you would impose your ethical standards onto your cat. If you cannot abide buying the proper cat food for your cat, then adopt a rabbit. The shelters are OVERFLOWING with them, and they are natural vegans.

Rebecca S. (25)
Sunday April 23, 2006, 3:31 pm
Excuse me. The last post was me, but my account was logged in under my mother. Rebecca, NOT Janice, was the author of this comment:

Yikes! I have been vegan for 6 years now. I was a vegetarian for 5 years before that. I have been a cat guardian for about 18 years. I love being vegan. I have been called militant in my beliefs and because of my passion for animals and their rights. But I would NEVER make my cat into a vegan. Dogs, yes. I have met more than one perfectly healthy vegan dog. But cats are different than dogs. Cats are NOT omnivores. Cats will DIE without taurine. Its ridiculous that you would impose your ethical standards onto your cat. If you cannot abide buying the proper cat food for your cat, then adopt a rabbit. The shelters are OVERFLOWING with them, and they are natural vegans.

seaspirit christie (113)
Tuesday May 2, 2006, 1:36 pm
you can make you cat very ill with a meatless diet
my friends cat died in agony from a well meant vegetarian diet

pElAgUS hellot (523)
Thursday May 11, 2006, 9:32 am
so what was the diagnostic of the autopsy?

Emily F. (1)
Saturday May 13, 2006, 2:13 pm
This is in response to Elizabeth B.'s post, about how taurine is only found in oysters. Well, here's a link and a description for you, as I thought you might like to know:

Purchase Vegan Taurine Powder by NOW
Not normally found in vegetable proteins, Taurine is necessary for the chemical reactions that produce normal vision, and deficiencies are associated with retinal degeneration, and low levels of Taurine are associated with high blood pressure. For sports performance, supplementing with Taurine can reduce the likelihood of cramping during sustained endurance activities, making it valuable to many athletes. This version is completely synthetic and free of animal by-products or testing, making it the ideal source for those who are vegan or on meat-free diets. 8 oz. (227g) bottle contains 227 servings. $11.95.

Emily F. (1)
Saturday May 13, 2006, 2:15 pm
This is in response to Elizabeth B.'s post, about how taurine is only found in oysters. Well, here's a link and a description for you, as I thought you might like to know:

Purchase Vegan Taurine Powder by NOW
Not normally found in vegetable proteins, Taurine is necessary for the chemical reactions that produce normal vision, and deficiencies are associated with retinal degeneration, and low levels of Taurine are associated with high blood pressure. For sports performance, supplementing with Taurine can reduce the likelihood of cramping during sustained endurance activities, making it valuable to many athletes. This version is completely synthetic and free of animal by-products or testing, making it the ideal source for those who are vegan or on meat-free diets. 8 oz. (227g) bottle contains 227 servings. $11.95.

Chiara G. (182)
Monday May 29, 2006, 10:59 pm
I will try with my cats!!!
I know they like zucchini and carrots, but never imagine all this.
Thank you!
chiara
thank you

JULIE ANN Z. (247)
Tuesday March 10, 2009, 1:02 am
I agree with what you say and even have tried to feed my animals homemade veg meals. They wont eat it. We are retired and take in strays, ferals and unwanted pets. we have 23 right now. It is very hard to find veg foods in pet stores and what is available is too expensive. I have thought often what would happen if animals raised for human consumption was oblished where the food for our pets would come from. I agree that feeding our pets vegetarian diets will not hurt them, it is getting them to eat homemade foods, or being able to afford the commerical ones. Right now as much as I would like to feed my animals veg food, I am more concerned with just affording to feed them.

Dale O. (191)
Wednesday September 4, 2013, 6:30 pm
I would no more impose a vegan diet on the cat that owns me than I would give a steak to a rabbit and expect this herbivore to convert to something that Nature did not intend. Humans can make their own decisions but imposing human values and concepts on companion animals is the height of hubris. We cannot make them into our own image, no matter how much we desire and imagine this to be true.

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pElAgUS hellot
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