Propolis (also referred as bee propolis) is a bee product.. It works against viruses, bacteria and fungi, and experts believe it is a medicine of 21st century.
In medicine, propolis is applied to the state of anemia, respiratory problems, oral care, in dermatology, to increase immunity, infections of the digestive tract, protecting the liver and in cosmetics because it affects the rapid regeneration of tissues and has antibacterial and anti-fungal activity.
Propolis is a medicinal product, yellow to dark brown in color, light smell that honeybees (Apis melifera L.) collect from the buds and bark of trees. Bees use it to seal up cracks in the hive, polish combs that serve as storage for honey, pollen, and as a cradle for the larvae, then the temperature control and embalming intruders that can not be removed from the hive.
By its evaporation in a honey bee colony unfavorable conditions occur for bacteria and fungus that can threaten the health of the community. From one bee colony per year between 150 and 400 grams of propolis are gathered. The name Propolis is derived from the Greek word "pro - before or in front" of the "polis - the city," due to the use of propolis for the construction and regulation of the entrance to the hive. Propolis is a name used in almost all parts of the world.
Historical records show that propolis was important and appreciated product in medicine of Egyptians, Babylonians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans and other ancient peoples. The records of 12th century, described the propolis treatment of oral cavity and pharynx, as well as caries,
The origin of the substance in propolis comes from three sources - vegetable secretions, secretion and metabolism of the substance of bee substances added at the time of his finishing. Chemical composition of propolis is still not fully understood. I one analysis of propolis in England only in one instance there were found 150 substances (Greenaway, 1990.), but soon they isolated 180th.
The composition of propolis depends on the types of plants in the habitat of bees. Propolis is distinguished by color, smell, and probably by its healing properties, depending on the composition and season. It is known that propolis contains a variety of resins and resin-like substances, balsams and essential oils, beeswax, pollen, flavonoids, minerals and so-called plant hormones.
In the botanical world flavonoids are widespread, and their role is to protect plants from pathogens in the environment.
Recent studies offer a countless evidences about the beneficial effects of propolis on our immune system and the anticancer effect of propolis extract.
Many ancient civilizations in her recipes widely used bee propolis. Throughout history there were many records of the results of bee propolis application in the treatment of various ailments, and modern science not only explains its effects, but allows a wider and varied range of applications, and other natural ingredients.