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Jul 19, 2013
Name: Nelson Mandela
Type: Tribute (for the living)
To Honor: Individual(s)
Location: , South Africa

' Madiba'  beloved Father of the South African Nation celebrates his 95th Birthday on July 18, 2013.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
His Excellency
Nelson Mandela
OM AC CC OJ OSJ QC GCH BR RSO NPK Nelson Mandela on his 90th birthday in Johannesburg, South Africa, in May 2008 Mandela in May 2008 President of South Africa In office
10 May 1994 – 14 June 1999 Deputy Thabo Mbeki
F. W. de Klerk Preceded by F. W. de Klerk Succeeded by Thabo Mbeki Personal details Born Rolihlahla Mandela
(1918-07-18) 18 July 1918 (age 95)
Mvezo, South Africa Nationality South African Political party African National Congress Spouse(s) Evelyn Ntoko Mase (1944–1957)
Winnie Madikizela (1958–1996)
Graça Machel (1998&ndashresent) Children Madiba Thembekile
Makgatho Lewanika
Makaziwe
Maki
Zenani
Zindziswa
Josina Z. Machel (step daughter)
Malengani Machel (step son) Residence Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of London External System
University of South Africa
University of the Witwatersrand Religion Christianity (Methodism) Signature Signature of Nelson Mandela Website www.nelsonmandela.org

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Xhosa pronunciation: [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]; born 18 July 1918) is a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the first black South African to hold the office, and the first elected in a fully representative, multiracial election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as the President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was the Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999.

A Xhosa born to the Thembu royal family, Mandela attended Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. Living in Johannesburg, he became involved in anti-colonial politics, joining the ANC and becoming a founding member of its Youth League. After the Afrikaner nationalists of the National Party came to power in 1948 and began implementing the policy of apartheid, he rose to prominence in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign, was elected President of the Transvaal ANC Branch and oversaw the 1955 Congress of the People. Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC leadership, was prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961 but was found not guilty. Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the South African Communist Party he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) in 1961, leading a bombing campaign against government targets. In 1962 he was arrested, convicted of sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.

Mandela served 27 years in prison, first on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison. An international campaign lobbied for his release, which was granted in 1990 amid escalating civil strife. Becoming ANC President, Mandela published his autobiography and led negotiations with President F.W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections in 1994, in which he led the ANC to victory. He was elected President and formed a Government of National Unity in an attempt to defuse ethnic tensions. As President, he established a new constitution and initiated the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. Continuing the former government's liberal economic policy, his administration introduced measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator between Libya and the United Kingdom in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, and oversaw military intervention in Lesotho. He declined to run for a second term, and was succeeded by his deputy Thabo Mbeki, subsequently becoming an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation.

Controversial for much of his life, right-wing critics denounced Mandela as a terrorist and communist sympathiser. He nevertheless gained international acclaim for his anti-colonial and anti-apartheid stance, having received over 250 awards, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Soviet Order of Lenin. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name of Madiba or as Tata meaning Father; he is often described as "the father of the nation".

http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/politics/stories/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-nelson-mandela

10 things you didn't know about Nelson Mandela

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Posted: Jul 19, 2013 11:47pm
Aug 11, 2010
Focus: Environment
Action Request: Visit - online
Location: Tanzania, United Republic Of

Campaign to stop the Serengeti highway Dear Serengeti Supporter, Thanks for being patient. We appreciate your support! We've been pushing hard, both behind the scenes and publicly. Here's an update... The word is that no further decision will be made until after Tanzanian elections on October 31. At the moment, there is little publicity or dissent in Tanzania. People are afraid to speak out in an election year. But our petitions, Facebook supporters, and web site are having an impact. The government has definitely heard us! We're circulating the economic impact statement in Tanzania, showing the devastating effect the highway will have on the tourist industry and economy. This has already reached several decision makers. Tanzanian tourism associations will use it to make their case at an upcoming hearing. We're accelerating our media campaign now, recently sending out hundreds of press releases to news organizations and journalists. We're making some progress, but are surprised that major news organizations have been slow to cover this story. If you have contacts or are a journalist, let us know. We have plans for the next phase of our campaign - we're pushing hard for an alternate southern route. See our website for more on this. Wisconsin residents: Contact your Senator, Russ Feingold, Chairman of the Sub-committee on Africa in the Foreign Relations Committee. Let him know about this issue, urge him to ask the government of Tanzania to choose an alternate route, and ask him to help find funding for it. Contact him here. Please let us know what you hear from him. Next steps: We'll be contacting international scientists to solicit their support. And we will be petitioning lending institutions like the World Bank and USAID to help as well. We're also joining forces with another nonprofit that will allow us to take donations for this cause. And also have a more public face. We'll win this fight if we work together. But be sure that it won't end with this highway. There are more threats on the horizon. In the meantime, please continue to spread the word. Again, thanks for your support! And stay tuned. Save the Serengeti Team info@savetheserengeti.org http://www.savetheserengeti.org/news/highway-news/a-case-for-the-southern-route-around-the-serengeti/#axzz0wMccsqkz

Visibility: Everyone
Tags: , ,
Posted: Aug 11, 2010 9:42pm
Apr 25, 2007
Focus: Children
Action Request: Donation
Location: United States

 Children in the United States & Africa need OUR help NOW !
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Posted: Apr 25, 2007 9:20pm

 

 
 
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Rosemary Rannes
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