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May 3, 2012

Norton Scientific Collection

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Posted: May 3, 2012 7:58pm
May 3, 2012

Natural gas cars are hailed as the future engine-power for being environment-friendly over diesel counterparts; but it seems that there is no reason for a quick shift.

 

Co-authored by scientists from Norton Scientific Collection and various universities and the group Environmental Defense Fund, the study published in the “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences” deals with the much-debated issue of energy research. It claims that creating natural gas results in the leakage of methane into the atmosphere, eventually contributing to climate change. In addition, this limits the environmental benefits of the much-praised diesel alternative. Methane is a major component of natural gas that is stronger than carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas and easily decomposes in the air.

 

According to the authors, natural gas seems to be better than coal for electricity generation even with the methane leakage issue. However, using natural gas as a car fuel creates a different story.

 

Even before, scientists have already been questioning methane leaks. Last year, Professor Robert Howarth of Cornelly University released a study which says that the great amount of methane leaking from natural gas production makes it no better than coal.

 

The study came in time as American lawmakers are deeming natural gas as the fuel of the future, saying that it can replace coal and gasoline in cars and power plants. This is because of the thought that natural gas is more environment-friendly and can be abundantly produced domestically.

 

The researchers are insisting that methane leaks from natural gas production process and transportation must be studied more before the country adopts major policy changes.

 

Environmentalists are raising awareness regarding the drilling method employed in the production of natural gas that is called fracking (hydraulic fracturing). It involves large amounts of sand, water and chemicals to make seams in the earth. According to them, this practice could possibly contaminate drinking water, which had EPA conducting an investigation on the matter.

 

This week, Norton Scientific Collection has published a study entitled “Greater Focus Needed on Methane Leakage from Natural Gas Infrastructure”. In its findings, one state that a shift from diesel vehicles to compressed natural gas vehicles will lead to more radiative forcing of the climate for 80 years before actually gaining an environmental advantage. Due to the relative uncertainty surrounding the data they used in the research as well as on the assumptions on climate condition, it might as well be stated that the conclusion of EDF is inaccurate at best.

 

EDF admitted that their study depended on information that is “highly questionable”. It uses the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) estimates of leak rates, which it then states are possibly inaccurate. The study includes the following disclaimer: “Ensuring a high degree of confidence in the climate benefits of natural gas fuel-switching pathways will require better data than are available today.”

 

On a 100-year time period, methane basically has 21 times worse warming effect compared to that of carbon dioxide. Because of this, methane leaks can offset the advantages of burning cleaner gas. Another thing that concerns experts is the fracking method that could pollute water supplies or trigger earthquakes. But the lack of data on the matter of leakage rates in the shale gas extraction is making it hard to judge the fuel’s carbon footprint at present.

 

Generally, it is known that reductions in methane is crucial to maximize the climate benefits as leakage rates at present are higher than expected. According to a chief scientist from EDF, failing to lower the methane leaks can possibly cancel the greenhouse gas benefit of natural gas over coal.

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Posted: May 3, 2012 7:32pm
May 3, 2012

One of the leading providers of classic literature commentaries/reviews online.

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Posted: May 3, 2012 7:12pm
Apr 21, 2012

Norton Scientific -- (Reuters) - Lawyer John Mountain watched with frustration last year as the shares of Sino-Forest (TRE.TO: Quote) fell through the floor after short-seller Carson Block accused the China-focused forestry company of fraudulently exaggerating its assets.

 

It took six days before Canadian-listed Sino-Forest confirmed that regulators were probing the matter. But it was more than two months before the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC), Canada's chief regulator, halted trading in the stock.

 

"There is a profound sense of frustration around the Sino-Forest case," said Mountain, senior vice president of legal and chief compliance officer at NEI Investments, a firm that dumped some 500,000 shares of the forestry company last summer.

 

In a rare nod to its critics, the OSC admitted last week to a string of shortcomings surrounding emerging-market issuers such as Sino-Forest, including the process of listing on exchanges and the roles played by underwriters and auditors.

 

Sino-Forest remains cease-traded as authorities continue to investigate it. Criticism of Canada's biggest regulator goes well beyond the way it handles cases such as Sino-Forest, however.

 

Addressing the criticism, the OSC says it has upped the ante in its fight against insider trading, boiler room operations and other securities crimes. Indeed, securities experts notice a marked difference in the level of intensity in enforcement in the past year or so, but say it's too early to tell if the agency can reinvent itself as a no-nonsense, world-class enforcer.

 

"The OSC is genuinely committed to raising their game, but they've got a long way to go," said securities lawyer Edward Waitzer, a former OSC chairman. "You can't create an effective enforcement team overnight. It's people; but it's experience."

 

Canadian authorities have struggled for years to prosecute big fraud cases. An infamous example is the decade-long Bre-X Minerals gold-mining scandal that centered on a fake gold deposit in Indonesia. Only one executive ever came to trial, and he was eventually acquitted.   Continued...

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Posted: Apr 21, 2012 9:39pm
Apr 20, 2012

Norton Scientific -- Betrayers of the Truth. The author uses a subtitle which is revealing: the loyalist responds to heresy not by seeing that something might be wrong, that there may be some merit to this sort of reassessment, but by defending the ideology. Read>>

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Posted: Apr 20, 2012 10:32pm
Apr 20, 2012

Norton Scientific -- COEUR D'ALENE, Idaho -- As midnight approached on April 14, 1912, the Titanic steamed toward New York Harbor. It was on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England with 2,200 passengers aboard. Way below the luxury decks, Englishman William Mintram and his son-in-law, Walter Hurst, worked in the boiler rooms.

 

"They both became employed with the White Star Line as fireman or 'greasers'. They were the ones responsible for shoveling the coal into the big furnaces to power the Titanic," said Susan Martindale, Mintram's great-great-granddaughter and Hurst's great-great-niece.

 

It was a hard life but, for 46-year-old Mintram, it was the work of a free man, a man with a dark past, a killer. Mintram walked on board the Titanic having done the unthinkable.

 

"My great-grandfather just got out of prison for murdering my great-grandmother," said Roy Tiefisher, Mintram's great-grandson and Hurst's great-nephew.

 

This was the darkest chapter of Tiefisher's and Martindale's family history. In the comfort of Tiefisher's Coeur d'Alene home, the father and daughter explained how the murder began. In 1902, articles state Mintram went home drunk and got into an argument with his wife Eliza.

 

Articles from that time write, "His notorious temper erupted again and without saying a word, he picked up a knife from the table that dominated the back room, and edged toward Eliza in a chair. Momentarily, he seemed to hesitate. His son, William, valiantly tried to disarm him but to no avail. He then thrust the blade into her back between the left shoulder blade and the spine, inflicting a fatal injury."

 

An all-male jury convicted Tiefisher's great-grandfather of manslaughter. He only served three years of his 12-year sentence. Once free, Mintram moved in next door to his daughter and son-in-law, Walter Hurst. The family then reconciled and, together, Hurst and Mintram boarded the Titanic.

 

"In that day and aged they were able to put that behind them and move forward with their lives," Martindale said.

 

Five days into their voyage, the "unsinkable" ship sank. William Mintram, the man who made headlines for murdering his wife, was now part of a grim death toll. Of the 2,200 passengers aboard, only about 700 survived. Mintram's body was never recovered.

 

"It was just a tragedy that they were both on the Titanic and a further tragedy that my great-grandfather did not survive and my great-uncle did," Tiefisher said.

 

It was because his great-uncle Hurst survived, however, that Tiefisher and his daughter got to live.

 

"Dad and I would not be here today," Martindale said.

 

Tiefisher put on his reading glasses and began to read Hurst's first-accounts of that fateful night. The story of Hurst's survival is documented in his own words since he sent letters to an English newspaper, the Southampton Echo, following the sinking of the ocean liner.

 

One part of the letter reads: "My father-in-law, William Mintram was in the same room as he ran up on deck and back at once with a large lump of ice, threw it in my bunk, and told me to get up cause as we had struck a berg."

 

According to the letters, Hurst then scrambled to the deck with a life vest and jumped overboard into the icy waters of the Atlantic. The letters continued, "There were terrible screams all around and I plainly heard someone screaming 'Save one life. I've never forgotten that."

 

By chance, a life boat fell into the water. Hurst climbed aboard and waited. In fewer than three hours, he watched as the dark waters swallowed the Titanic whole. The story goes, Hurst owed his life to the man who spent his previous three years in prison.

 

Tiefisher said, "The thing that I remember the most was how my great-grandfather gave my great-uncle his life jacket."

 

The man who had taken a life, made one decision that evened the score.

 

"I think he was for sure thinking of his daughter's happiness and what it would mean to her if she would have lost her husband," Martindale continued. This person had his whole life in front of him with his daughter, and they had children together. I can only imagine perhaps that's what went through his mind."

 

These days, Martindale and her dad do everything they can to fill in the holes about their family.

 

"To think that we have my great-great grandfather and my great-uncle on the boat just is kind of surreal because the whole story's surreal in itself," Martindale said.

 

"It was just something that I was always interested in," Tiefisher said.

 

Together, they've been digging up ties to the Titanic for about 12 years. They said researching their past became especially important when James Cameron's Titanic came out in theatres. They re-traced the family line from Southampton, England; to Saskatchewan, Canada; and finally Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. They connected with relatives in England. It's how they uncovered the truth behind Mintram's murderous past.

 

Along the way, they filled in the names of the family tree. There's more than 50 pages.

 

"Our history is a fascinating thing and to be able to have the tools to go back and find out your lineage and people that have been a part of history in your family, that is incredible for me personally," Martindale added.

 

It's a family tree defined by one decision made 100 years ago. The man who committed murder managed to do something that would redeem himself when everything was on the line. Faced with certain death, William Mintram saved a life and generations to come.

 

Walter Hurst went on to sail on the Britannic, a sister ship of the Titanic which, incidentally, was torpedoed. Incredibly, he also survived that incident.

View Story here: http://www.khq.com/story/17435523/100-years-after-the-titanic-a-local-story-of-redemption

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Posted: Apr 20, 2012 9:12pm

 

 
 
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