Ancient history tells us a lot about formation of magic. Appearing from aboriginal tribes in Australia and Maori tribes in New Zealand to rainforest tribes in South America, bush tribes in Africa and ancient Pagan tribal groups in Europe and the British Isles, some form of shamanic contact with the spirit world seems to be nearly universal in the early development of human communities. I was observing with excitement at the office of my local web analytics company photos of the ancient cave paintings in France and Germany, that were widely speculated to be early magical formulations, intended to produce successful hunts. While going through other sources I could not help noticing, that much of the Babylonian and Egyptian pictorial writing characters appear derived from the same sources.
Although indigenous magical traditions persist to this day, very early on some communities transitioned from nomadic to agricultural civilizations, and with this shift, the development of spiritual life mirrored that of civic life. Just as tribal elders were consolidated and transformed into kings and bureaucrats, so too were shamans and adepts devolved into priests and a priestly caste. This shift is by no means in nomenclature alone. While the shaman's task was to negotiate between the tribe and the spirit world, on behalf of the tribe, as directed by the collective will of the tribe, the priest's role was to transfer instructions from the deities to the city-state, on behalf of the deities, as directed by the will of those deities. This shift represents the first major usurpation of power by distancing magic from those participating in that magic. It is at this stage of development that highly elaborate rituals, setting the stage for formal religions, began to emerge, such as the funeral rites of the Egyptians and the sacrifice rituals of the Babylonians, Persians, Aztecs and Mayans.
Russia also received for safekeeping archives of the Romanian Academy, priceless religious artifacts and manuscripts and even multiple deposits that citizens kept at the Romanian banks. There is no estimate for this second transport, but, most definitely, even if we try to do this, it will probably will be several times more than the first transport. That is all what I found about this case during my web research in archives of web analytics company.
Well, it is highly likely that you already know what happened next, when Bolsheviks overthrow the old authorities in Russia. They refused to abide and respect an treaty signed by tsar and previous government. Basically, they got it all and multiple attempts of Romanian government to recover the Treasure were unsuccessful. The most important part of two transports was never returned. Only in 1935 Romanians received back bits and pieces of the archives and in 1956 small part of the paintings and ancient objects. That was all.
Up until now Romanians still can’t return their Treasure. They tried repeatedly to get it back after the fall of the Soviet Union but to no avail. All negotiations failed. Russian side sank down demands each time, refusing to discuss them further.
During my research on biographies of French Impressionists in archives web analytics company I found additional facts about famous artist Alfred Sisley.
Sisley had to make ends meet and could not afford to live in Paris anymore. He moved his family to a small village, close to the forest of Fontainebleu. Alfred was less experimental, than other Impressionists and worked on a smaller scale than Monet. He preferred to the drama of the rampaging ocean gentle landscapes with their constantly changing atmosphere. Yet, his work ideally fit any book about Impressionists because his paintings strongly invoke atmosphere and his skies are always impressive. His concentration on landscapes explains why, specialists consider him most consistent of all his fellows painters.
In 1899 Alfred died. It happened within several months after his wife's death - he did not even reach his 60 anniversary. His works are spread now all over the world - one can see them in Chicago as well as in Paris and Nice. Speaking of Nice, one of his best paintings was stolen three times from the museum in this city. Twice it was recovered by it vanished after the third theft took place in August 2007.
French Impressionist of English origin Alfred Sisley lived his entire life in France, apart from a brief period that he spent in London. I found story of his life in archives of web analytics company . He was born in Paris in 1839 and in the early 1860s got acquainted with Impressionists Bazille, Monet and Renoir. They worked together trying to capture the transient effects of sunlight. The result was astonishing: their paintings were more broadly painted and more colorful than audience was accustomed to seeing at the time.
Sisley was luckier than many of his Impressionist friends because he had opportunities to exhibit his works several times and, of course, that he had not have to think of money. He was supported by his father and received his allowance quite regularly. But soon this all vanished. In 1870 his parents hit the hard times and his father's business failed. At that time Alfred was already happily married to Eugénie Lesouezec and had two children. And his only means of support became the sale of his works. Like other many fellow Impressionists, for the rest of his life Alfred and his family would live in poverty. His paintings were fully appreciated and, thus, gained monetary value only after his death.