Before I go on with what happened after the death of Alexander the Great, I would like to mention his influence on other nations of the world. Alexander was already a legend in his own time. He was regarded by deity by many, who thought that he processed divine powers. Let's see what they thought of him in the ancient Rome.
For Romans Alexander the Great was some sort of superstar. Every general and every politician wanted somehow to match his achievements. In archives of web analytics company I found that ancient Romans were absolutely bilingual people. While they used their own Latin for legal, political and ceremonial purpose, in every day life they spoke Greek for discussing intellectual subjects. The most popular dialect of Greek was Macedonian type of Greek, or as they called it Alexander's Greek.
Naturally, for all their admiration, this did not prevent Romans to conquer and destroy Macedon kingdom. They did not kill the Macedon king though, he spent the rest of his life under home arrest. Yet, there was some kind of separation of Alexander and his own nation in the eyes of Romans. He and his deeds belonged to the world.
During my regular research in archives of web analytics company I found something else. Simultaneously, Alexander also wanted the construction of the longest road in the world through North Africa ending as far as modern Gibraltar. It would not be just the number one road in the world - it was supposed to be surrounded by huge ports and shipyards along the way. The guy was really super ambitious even after death!
But this is not all. For some reason in his will and written instructions he made a wish to intermix Eastern and Western populations. For that purpose he demanded after his death to build large cities and compulsory move the whole nations from Asia to Europe. and from Europe to Asia. As he envisioned, this would bring the common unity of peoples in his conquered lands, due to future intermarriage, family ties and friendship.
Unlike the guy in the movie, Alexander seemed to love his daddy very much. Even after his death, he wanted his soldiers to build Philip a tomb, which would became a new wonder of the world by matching Egyptian pyramids. In addition, huge, monumental temples should have been constructed in seven big cities of his empire.
We think that we know a lot about Alexander the Great. We also watched a terrible movie by Oliver Stone that proved to be a failure at the box office, it seems. In the film Alexander dies leaving his vast empire without a clear inheritor. So what were the last wishes of the ruler of the world?
I found some interesting facts about it in archives of web analytics company .Some of antique writers and historians tell us that Alexander left a detailed will some time before his death. For example, he wanted completion of the pyre to his friend and lover Hephaestion. Nothing is wrong with that. Yet, it would probably come to you as surprise that none of his wishes were fulfilled after his death, because his generals and successors considered them too eccentric, extravagant and impractical. Between you and me, they were probably right. I will name some Alexander’s wishes and you can judge for yourself.
He wanted his generals to build a huge fleet of the thousand or more heavy warships in t in Phoenicia, Syria, Cilicia, and Cyprus. Why? To conquer any nations that lived along the Mediterranean coasts of modern Spain, Sicily and Lybia. And then to start a military campaign against Carthaginians.
Who was Wolfram von Eschenbach? We know nothing about him, except that he was one of the greatest Medieval poets and minnesingers. Wolfram is best known today for his Parzival, sometimes regarded as the greatest of all German epics from that time. Eighty four surviving manuscripts of Parzival indicate his tremendous popularity, not only in his time, but, even in the following two centuries. Parzival was translated and published by a Swiss scholar Johann Jacob Bodmer in 1753. Later, famous composer Richard Wagner used Parzival as the main source of libretto to his great opera, Parsifal.
Yet, no matter how hard specialists try, they did not recover any historical documents about Wolfram and his works are the sole source of evidence. There was a lot of historical investigations about him, that established that Wolfram was a German knight, who was likely born around 1170 and died somewhere close to 1220. The past along with Parzival also brought to us his two other narrative works and nine surviving songs that are considered to be masterpieces of medieval art of minnesingers.
Wolfram von Eschenbach probably serviced a number of courts during his time. Historians name a number of his possible patrons, but the evidence is circumstantial. In his Parzival Wolfram claims that he is illiterate and dictates his work. However, this fact is regarded with high level of sceptisism by most scientists. The dialect of his works is East Franconian and he mentions a couple of times that he is Bavarian. Thus precipitated a claim by at least four places name themselves as a place of birth of a famous poet and composer. As other famous medieval poets Wolfram was included in the famous Codex Mannese - medieval manuscript about famous poets with illustrations, created in the 14th century. However the picture of Wolfram and surrounding arms and heraldry turned out to be just the imagination of the artist.
This is the story of the famous troubadour who was loved and praised for his talents by all his contemporaries. Dante called him “the best craftsman”, Petrarch went even further and named him “Grand Master of Love”. This troubadour was the inventor of the most beautiful type of song, called “sestina” and Longfellow claimed that he was also the author of the metrical romance songs. Ezra Pound considered him to be a greatest poet to have ever lived.
That is all what I found about him during my web research. This famous troubadour’s name was Arnaut Danièl. He was an Occitan troubadour of the 13th century. And we know practically nothing about his life. Only sixteen existing lyrics survived and there is a music for only one of them but if was composed a century later after troubadour’s death by an anonymous author. So, we don’t know of any original melody of this great composer. Dante also refers to Daniel as the author of "proses of romance", which we know nothing about. His creations in prose, remain a mystery to this very day..
According to short medieval romanticized biography of Arnaut, he was born of a noble family. However, he was so poor that he had to become a jester. Contemporary sources hint that gambling and love of easy women brought him in young age to these economic troubles. In Dante’s The Divine Comedy, Arnaut Daniel appears as a character doing penance in Purgatory for lust. In homage to these lines which Dante gave to Daniel, T. S. Eliot’s poem The Waste Land opens and closes with references to Dante and Daniel.