If you watch the X Factor, you’ll be familiar with the following phrases: “It means everything to me” and “I want this more than anything” usually followed by a short sob story and some tragic music. We love a good ‘rags-to-riches’ tale after all.
If, like me, you’re also an avid reader of thousands of CVs as part of your job – you may also be familiar with reading the following phrases within personal profiles: “Excellent communication skills, effective with all levels of management” and “I work well using my own initiative and as part of a team”.
I honestly can’t tell you how many times I’ve seen these classic cliché’s and, after loudly criticising them in the office one day, I started to wonder where they came from – shortly before realising I too had fallen victim to the familiar phenomenon myself.
I think it was one of those bad pieces of career advice we were given at school in the nineties. Ensuring employers could see that you could work well on your own as well as part of a team seemed paramount to landing a great job. The thing is – it just doesn’t mean anything to anyone, which I believe is why most recruiters scan straight down to your experience without even reading your carefully-worded profile.
Anyway, in order to get noticed by a recruiter, if you’re going to have a personal profile at the top of your CV (and why not? It’s a great chance to inject some personality into an otherwise formulaic document), how about writing something a bit more catchy? For example, I changed my standard mantra:
dedicated and hardworking individual
to this one:
I’m interested in adding value to the businesses I work for by finding the right candidates quickly and efficiently
I find that reading candidates profiles, or even cover letters (remember them?) so much more entertaining and likely to receive a call from me if there’s a real reason to pick up the &lsquohone and enter into some dialogue by having some initial engaging information. Suddenly as a recruiter, I’ve got a conversation opener already and you as a candidate have a key opportunity to show off.
Think about the aspects of the role that you enjoy and get the most from doing, and make a point of highlighting them right from the outset. This is also a good time to mention any specific achievements – the idea here is to sell yourself, and so many people forget that.
Another favourite habit of mine – nosy parker that I am – is checking out their interests. Sport, hobbies and the like are usual suspects; I’ve seen some more entertaining ones, including an accidental joke version of a CV that detailed a female’s sexual prowess within her organisation as well. If you’re going to make a joke version of your CV, try not to apply to jobs with it! I also never quite understand why candidates might include “family” as an interest. Personally, I would say my family are more than a passing interest to me, but each to their own!
Overall, my tips for revamping your CV are based upon being engaging, succinct, and relevant. Personally I prefer bullet pointed nuggets of information (no one likes wading through massive blocks of text) – you’ll only do yourself a disservice if you have a CV that goes unnoticed because of the layout and style. I would also never use Times New Roman as a CV font having seen it so much. Whilst on the subject of fonts, be sure to use the same font throughout, and use the bolding function sparingly. It is very hard to read through different fonts and styles of text. If you want to stand out, add a bit of colour to your headings, or even the page. If I open a document and its coloured, it’s silly, but I notice it straight away. Writing about yourself in the third person is hated by most recruiters I know, as is a career history in the wrong order, which is your very first job at the top of your CV. I’m sure I’ve accidentally discounted CV’s thinking that they are totally irrelevant on that basis. Make sure your contact details are clearly at the top of the CV. Simple to do, but many bury away this key information at the bottom, or some don’t include it at all, relying on the job board or CV database to provide that information.
There’s no one way to write the perfect CV so above all else, make sure it’s an accurate reflection of your skills and experience. There’s nothing – I repeat, nothing more embarrassing then a candidate that’s oversold themselves on paper and hits every flat note possible on the auditions. Good luck people!
Author: Gemma Duncan is a recruiter and resourcer.
You’re written yourself a great resume, but you want it to be read – which words do you use? Here are the top 20 power words to be put in your survey and to impress the reader (courtesy of CareerBliss).
Which are your favourites? Let us know in the comments below!
Necessary Hoppers: The necessary hoppers feel that they have served their time at their place of work and they have given all they can give. They have decided that they are leaving and that is that.
Boredom Hoppers: Boredom hoppers tend to have short attention spans so feel they need to change their job regularly to keep it interesting.
Opportunity Hoppers: Opportunity hoppers can’t resist a good offer, as soon as they smell the hint of something better, they hop!
Career Hoppers: Career hoppers just can’t decide what they want to do. Their job history usually resembles a job board’s vacancy list (Chef for six months, Scuba Diving instructor for three months, Shop Keeper for four months).
The positives of job hoppers:
Usually, recruiters like us see job hopping in a negative light but there can be positives to someone who has job hopping tendencies:
Diverse working environments: As job hoppers will have worked in a range of companies they will have usually experienced a range of diverse working environments, which can make an employee more adaptable to change. If an employee gets ‘set in their ways’ it can be very difficult to make changes within a company, someone that is already familiar with this would not be as fussed about adapting.
Range of skills: Working for a wide range of different companies can increase a candidate’s skill set, this diversity could prove a very useful asset for your company. Often job hoppers will have worked with a range of professionals, this will have increased the variety of skills that they have as they will have learnt from these people.
Larger network for contacts: Generally job hoppers will have more business contacts than someone that has been in the same company their whole life. Employees with a large network of contacts could also prove useful for your company.
Experience of different size companies: Different size companies often have unique ways of working, an employee that has experienced first-hand what has worked and what hasn’t worked could prove extremely useful.
Drive and enthusiasm: Often job hoppers can add a boost to a company’s productivity, as everyone wants to make a good impression when they first start a new job. Although, there are some exceptions some job hoppers can be extremely lazy which could be the reason for the job hopping.
Fearless approach: Job hoppers are usually not afraid to try new things, in some situations this fearless approach could prove quite useful for your business.
How to avoid job hopping:
If you are a job hopper and you are wanting to find a way to stay satisfied within your job for a more than a few months then you might want to pay attention to some of the pointers below:
Get promoted within your company: Why move to another company to start all your hard work all over again? You could boost your enthusiasm within the same company by taking on more responsibility and being promoted. Keep your eyes peeled for opportunities within your company, when they arise approach the relevant person about the opportunity.
Take on new challenges in your role: Ask to take on new challenges within your role, this will stimulate your brain and also show that you like to be challenged. If you impress your employer this could lead to a promotion, which is also a good reason to challenge yourself!
Keep yourself busy within your work: If you are busy within your role you will not be thinking about your next job hop, keep yourself motivated by setting personal and achievable goals within your role. Making job lists can also help keep you on track and organised.
The grass is always greener on the other side, except when it isn’t. In reality every job has its ups and downs. If you are in a difficult position at work, make sure that you’ve weighed up every aspect, good and bad, of your job before rushing into any final decisions. If all else fails and you have tried your best, it’s probably time to move on.
Author: Daniel Briggs is the Marketing Manager at Blue Octopus Recruitment, an award winning online recruiter. From Yorkshire and proud.
“Judge a man by his questions rather than his answers.” – Voltaire
“We make our world significant by the courage of our questions and by the depth of our answers.” – Carl Sagan
“The question isn’t who is going to let me; it’s who is going to stop me.” – Ayn Rand
As I turn 35 and think of my life so far and what’s to come, I realize how much I’m shaped by the questions I ask. I’ve always been insatiably curious. These are the 35 questions that have made the biggest impact on my life.
What are you pretending not to know? This was perhaps the most powerful question I was ever asked (by my best friend @bengleib). All possibilities open up when we stop deceiving ourselves.
Why don’t you do the things you know you should be doing? Life isn’t about figuring out what to do. The real challenge is (not so) simply doing the things we know we should be doing.
What are your values and are you being true to them? Write down the 3 most important aspects of each of these areas: family, romantic relationships, friends, work, health, sex and spirituality. These are your values. When we don’t act congruently with what we value, symptoms of discomfort arise.
In what ways are you being perceived, that you’re not aware of? Perception is reality. Make sure, for better or worse, you know what people really think of you. (TIP: Watch “How to Persuade People”)
What don’t you know, that you don’t know? It’s always the obstacles that we don’t even see coming that are the biggest challenges in life. Get in the habit of asking people that have been there and done it before for guidance.
Happiness / Peace of Mind
Are your “shoulds” getting in the way of your happiness? The desires of our ego are often in conflict with the emotions of our heart. You’ll always have what you want, if you want what you have.
If you achieved all of your life’s goals how would you feel? How can you feel that along the way? The discipline of delayed gratification is one of the most powerful habits of successful individuals. But most actions we take are meant to elicit an emotion in the now. We’re happier striving for our goals when we let ourselves feel that which we want to feel when our outcome is achieved.
What did I learn today? Who did I love? What made me laugh? I try and ask myself these 3 questions at the end of each day. Regardless of anything else that happens, if you learned something new, loved a good person and got to laugh heartily, it was a day worth having and remembering.
If you weren’t scared what would you do? Use the rocking chair test. What would your 90-year-old self, looking back on your own life, advise you to do in the moment?
If you were dying, would you worry about this? We so easily lose perspective on what takes up our energy and focus. We’re all dying. Sometimes we need to remind ourselves of this to enjoy living. (TIP: Read “The Last Lecture” and “Tuesdays with Morrie&rdquo
Should you be focused on today or tomorrow? Savor the present but don’t forget your future. Life is a balance of knowing when to enjoy the moment vs. when to plant seeds for tomorrow’s harvest.
Influence / Achievement
Why not? What would happen if…? Don’t accept that things just are the way they are. Question why something can’t be done. And when you get pushback to these questions, reframe the negative answers with possibilities. (TIP: Watch “Steve Job’s Vision of the World&rdquo
What/Who did you make better today? The way to measure your worth may just be to give more than you take. Asking what/who you made better each day is a simple litmus test we can all measure ourselves by.
What do you want your life to be in 5 years? If you don’t know where you’re going, you’ll never get there – Lewis Carroll. Write down 5-year goals. They’re close enough to grasp for, yet far off enough to achieve almost anything.
What can you do today to improve? Consistent, incremental improvement is the secret to achieving the greatest of feats.
Business / Entrepreneurship
What’s your WHY? If you have a big enough WHY you’ll always figure out the What and the How. If you don’t have a BIG WHY, you’ll always use the What and the How as an excuse for not doing that thing you said you were going to do. (Watch “What’s Your Why&rdquo
What’s the one most important thing to get done today/ this week/month? Write this down on a Post-it note at the beginning of each day/week, and hold yourself accountable for completing this above all other Stuff To Do.
What’s the potential upside? What’s the effort involved? What’s the likelihood of success? What’s the strategic value? This is the framework I came up with 3 years ago on “How to Make the Right Business Decisions”. Whenever there is an opportunity cost, I have my team go through this exercise.
What are we talking about? What problem are we solving? I try to start off every meeting by putting this on the whiteboard. In group settings we too often we find ourselves having completely different conversations. Sometimes when answers are difficult to come by, it’s helpful to question if we’re solving for the right problem.
Can you get it done now? If something is important or urgent and you can get it done now, do it. (TIP: Read “Getting Things Done” from the productivity guru David Allen)
What do you need to make it happen? This is one of my favorite questions to ask as a manager. It creates ownership to make sure the goals will be achieved. And it creates a shared responsibility to provide the resources required (time, money, talent, etc.) to achieve those goals.
If we could wave a magic wand and do anything together, what would that look like? I use this question all the time with potential business partners. By removing the perceived constraints that bind us and focusing on mutually desired outcomes, we often discover new pathways of possibility.
How would your role models act and carry themselves? Act as if. Act as if you have the experience, wisdom and swagger of your role model, and you’ll often find even the most unchartered of situations more navigable.
When can we meet? We’re often this one question away from engaging with someone who can open up limitless avenues of possibility. The most important aspect of business is still to always get it done in person. (TIP: Read “Business Development Advice&rdquo
Will you be my mentor? It’s one question that, when asked in earnest, almost nobody will turn down. Reach out to a person in a position and industry you admire, and ask them if you can take them to coffee and hear about how they got there.
What would get you interested in our product/service? Selling is the art of asking good questions, listening, and matching your value to people’s needs. Sales is very easy when others explain what they want and need from you. (Watch “The 5 Step Sales Process&rdquo
What else? Such a simple but powerful question with so may applications.
With the wide adoption of social media over the last couple of years, the conversation has evolved away from “Why use social media?” to “How do you use social media?”. A simple Google search for “social media etiquette” brings up 1,580,000 results. But do we really need all of those articles to tell us how to behave online?
Sites like LinkedIn have shifted us away from anonymous internet usage to an age of personal branding and online identity ownership. So, if our online profiles are to be taken as extensions of ourselves or at least representations of our best self, shouldn’t our actions online just be a reflection of what we are like offline?
If social media is just a new tool to achieve the same end goal – to communicate – shouldn’t the same etiquette for communicating in person or over the telephone apply?
If LinkedIn was a real-life networking event, how would you react if you saw these behaviours?
People exchange business cards but don’t speak to each other at all during the entire event – If all you do is connect with people but do not follow-up, you’re just building a collection of names. Without any past interactions, the likelihood of people being receptive to anything you have to offer in the future is pretty low.
There is a group of people talking to each other. Among them stands someone who doesn’t speak or react but insists on standing within the group – If you’re not contributing to the discussions happening around you, you’re not adding value to the community. Which begs the question, why should people connect with you in the first place? No one will think of “the guy who just stood there” when a job or an opportunity comes up and they need someone to fill it.
A recruiter talks to everyone in the room but all she’s got to say is what jobs she has open – The scatter gun approach to advertising your jobs rarely work. If you’re speaking to a room of professionals with mixed skill sets, is it really appropriate to tell all of them about the 10 IT jobs you are recruiting for?
The guy who can only talk about a position he worked in 5 years ago – Update your LinkedIn profile. When all people have to go on is your profile, give them as much information as you can so that they have an idea of why you are worth their time. Outdated information is not appealing to anyone.
A woman gives a pat on the back to each person who starts a discussion or makes a comment – Likes are powerful social signals. They denote positive feedback and act as an endorsement for an article or status update. They are snippets of online connection that hopefully add up and facilitate real conversations. However, over-usage lead will lead to fatigue and will eventually diminish the value of your “Like” within your network.
Most interactions online are analogous to situations we encounter offline. This begs the question; do we really need to learn new set of written rules on social media etiquette to be able to function on LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and Google+? Let us know what you think in the comments.
Maebellyne Ventura is a digital marketing professional within the recruitment industry. She is also one of the founders of Clever Biscuit, a young start-up creating simple and innovative products. Follow Maebellyne on Twitter @Maebellyne.
"We're a planet of nearly six billion ninnies living in a civilization that was created by a few thousand amazingly smart deviants."
2.The Complete Yes Minister
"The reason most organizational programs abort is that they fail to deal with our life patterns, which are at the foundation of workplace anxiety, tension and conflict."
3.Poorly Made in China
"American companies...were no match for savvy Chinese industrialists who often went out of their way to manipulate product specifications to widen profit margins."
4.Don't Bring It to Work
"It's called 'the law of inverse relevance': the less you intend to do about something, the more you have to keep talking about it."
5.21 Dirty Tricks at Work
"Dirty tricks are more than just a career-threatening nuisance; they also form part of the political backdrop to all the great recent organizational scandals."
"After nearly 6,000 years of evidence on the subject, one thing stands clear: the people who end up as leaders in any organization, large or small, are often the craziest guys around."
7.The Peter Principle
"Anything that works will be used in progressively more challenging applications until it fails."
8.The 4-Hour Workweek
"Alternating periods of activity and rest is necessary to survive, let alone thrive. Capacity, interest, and mental endurance all wax and wane. Plan accordingly."
9.The No Asshole Rule
"Two-faced backstabbers...who have enough skill and emotional control to save their dirty work for moments when they can't get caught, are tougher to stop--even though they may do as much damage as a raging maniac."
10. How to Lie With Statistics
"A well-wrapped statistic is better than Hitler's 'big lie'; it misleads, yet it cannot be pinned on you."
Japanese Militarism & Diaoyutai (Senkaku) Island - A Japanese Historian's View by Kiyoshi Inoue , Professor of History department, Kyoto University, Japan For more info, refer to his book "Senkaku Retto"
Truth of History==Not to be brain-washed
In June 2004, another Japanese professor Tadayoshi Murata of Yokohama National University, published "Senkaku Islands vs the Diaoyu Islands Dispute" (some info is here) and supports that "Since the Ming Dynasty, Chinese maps and documents of many kinds marked Diaoyu Islands, Huangwei Islands, Chiwei Islands as being lying within the territory of China".
Japanese Professor Murata said, "We tend to take the opinion of the government, political parties and media as being the correct views and accept them readily; however, those opinions do not necessarily represent the truth. To us scholars, what is important is what is real, what is true, not the national interest; over this point, political parties and media have the same problem."
U.S. forces periodically used the Diaoyu (Senkaku) island as an aerial bombing target. The U.S. military applied each time to the Chinese (Taiwan) government for authorization . In1953 , after Korean War , U.S. again ignored China , arbitrarily and unilaterally re-defined the so-called "geographical boundary lines of the Ryukyu Islands" to include Diaoyu (Senkaku) island . In 1971 , U.S. again ignored China , and returned the Diaoyu (Senkaku) Island to Japan under the so-called "administrative right over Okinawa" violating indirectly both the Cairo Declaration and the Potsdam Declaration which specifically stated that : "Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed""Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu , Hokkaido , Kyushu , Shikoku" only. Absolutely does NOT include Okinawaat all.
The Japanese Instrument of Surrender clearly stated : "We, acting by command of and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain 26 July 1945 at Potsdam ..... We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese Government, and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith ....."see Picture.
The shocking truth : Not only the Diaoyu (Senkaku) Island, actually even the whole Ryukyu (Okinawa) is NOT Japanese territory !.
The islands which are being called the Senkaku Islands in Japan and to which the Japanese Government claims title have historically been definitely China's territory. As the victor in the1894-95 war with Ching (China), Japan seized these islands along with Taiwan and the Penghu Islands and incorporated them into Okinawa Prefecture as Japanese territory. The Cairo Declaration jointly issued by China, the United States and British during World War II stipulates the return to China by Japan of all the territory she had stolen from China during and after the Japan-Ching war, including Taiwan and Manchuria. The Potsdam Proclamation issued by the allies stipulates that Japan must carry out the clauses of the Cairo Declaration. These islands have been automatically reverted to China as its territory just as Taiwan has been automatically returned to China from the time Japan unconditionally accepted the Cairo Declaration and the Posdam Proclamation and surrendered to the allies including China. It follows that these islands are territory of the People's Republic of China, the only authority over the entire China.
But in collusion with U.S. imperialism, the reactionary rulers and militarist forces of Japan are making a clamour that the Senkaku Islands are Japanese territory in an attempt to drag the Japanese people into the militairst, anti-China whirlwind. This big whirlwind is sure to become fiercer after the return to Japan of the so-called "administrative right over Okinawa" by the U.S. armed forces on May 15 this year. We who are truly striving for the independence of the Japanese nation, Japan-China friendship and peace in Asia must smash in good time this big conspiracy of the U.S.-Japanese reactionaries. As a weapon for use in this struggle, I will give a brief account of the history of the so-called Senkaku Islands. For detailed and special historical research, please refer to my article published in the February 1972 issue of Historical Research magazine.
The so-called Senkaku Islands were recorded in Chinese documents in the middle of the 16th century at the latest, under the names of Tiaoyu Island (Diaoyu Island, Diaoyu Tai), Huangwei Yu, etc. (Yu means islet). In 1532 when the emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China bestowed the title King Chungshan of Ryukyu on Shang Ching, the ruler of Ryukyu at that time, his envoy Chen Kan travelled between Foochow and Naha. According to the Records of the Imperial Mission to Ryukyu, Chen Kan's ship set sail from the mouth of the Minkiang River on the 8th of the 5th moon, 1532, on a south-southwest course towards Keelung of Taiwan. (According to the preface of Chen Kan's Records of the Imperial Mission to Ryukyu, his trip to Ryukyu was made in the 13th year of China Ching, i.e. 1534. - Ed.) It turned eastward leaning a litter to the north on the waters off Taiwan and passed by the Tiaoyu Island (Diaoyutai) on the 10th of the 5th moon. He wrote in his diary : On the 10th, the ship sailed swiftly with a strong south wind ..... the Pingchia Hill (now called Pengchia), Tiaoyu Yu (now called Diaoyutai), Huangmao Yu (now called Huangwei Yu) and Chih Yu (now called Chihwei Yu) were left behind ..... On the evening of the 11th, the Kumi Hill (now called Kume Island) was in sight. It belongs to Ryukyu. The aborigines (Ryukyu people) on board were elated, happy to be home."
An imperial envoy was first sent to Ryukyu by the Chinese emperor in 1372. Since then, ten imperial envoys had travelled between Foochow and Naha before Chen Kan. They took the same route as Chen Kan, heading for Keelung and the Pengchia, Tiaoyu (Diaoyu), Huangwei and Chihwei Islands respectively, arriving at the Kume Island and finally entering Naha Port through the Kerama Islands. (In their return trips, they sailed northward directly from the Kume Island without passing the Tiaoyu (Diaoyu) Islands.) Therefore, if the records by the imperial envoys before Chen Kan were available, they would surely have mentioned the Tiaoyu (Diaoyu) and other islands. But regrettably those records have been lost. Those by Chen Kan are the oldest in existence. From the absence of any explanatory notes on the Tiaoyu (Diaoyu) and other islands, it can be concluded that the locations of these islands had been known long beore, and that they had not only been given Chinese names, but had also been actually used as marks on navigation routes. What is particularly important is that in his records. Chen Kan described how he started form China's territory Foochow and passed by several Chinese islands, and not until he had arrived at the Kume Island did he write: "It belongs to Ryukyu". The records pointed out specifically that lying ahead of the Kume Island was Ryukyu. This clearly shows that the islands he passed by before reaching the Kume Island were not Ryukyu territory.
Kuo Ju-lin, the imperial envoy following Chen Kan, set sail from Foochow on the 29th of the 5th moon in 1561. In his Re-engraved Records of the Imperial Mission to Ryukyu, he wrote: "On the 1st of the intercalary 5th moon, we passed by Tiaoyu (Diaoyu) and arrived at Chih Yu on the 3rd. Chih Yu is a hill bordering on Ryukyu territory. Another day of favourable wind, the Kumi Hill (Kume Island) will be in sight". In other words, what Chen Kan had written - the area beyond the Kume Island was Ryukyu territory - was presented by Kuo Ju-lin in the descrition that Chihwei Yu was the boundary between the Ryukyu region and China's territory.
It is clear from the above two documents that Ryukyu territory began from the Kume Island, whereas the Chih Yu Island and the area west of it were China's territory. But Toshio Okuhara, Associate Professor of International Law of Kokushikan University, argued that the records of Imperial Envoys Chen Kan and Kuo Ju-lin only mentioned that Ryukyu territroy began from the Kume Island and the area they covered before reaching there did not belong to Ryukyu, but that the records did not say explicitly that Chihwei Yu and the area west of it were China's territory. Therefore, he held that they were res nullius or land without owner ("Title to the Senkaku Islands and the 'Ming Pao' Article" by Okuhara,Chugoku magazine, September 1971).
This is but to explain ancient Chinese writing by interpretation of international law of the modern times. It is sheer sophistry. True, the Imperial Envoys Chen Kan and Kuo Ju-lin had not written explicitly that all were Chinese territory as far as Chih Yu. But they set sail from China's Foochow, passed through waters off Taiwan's Keelung which self-evidently is Chinese territory, and then passed by Pengchia Yu which again self-evidently is also Chinese territory; and finally upon arriving at Chihwei Yu after passing by Tiaoyu (Diaoyu) and Huangwei, they wrote that it was the boundary with Ryukyu. Moreover, when they came in sight of the Kume Island they added that it belonged to Ryukyu. From the structural coherence of such Chinese writing, is it not explicitly clear that to them, from Taiwan and Pengchia to the Taioyu (Diaoyu), Huangwei, Chihwei and other islands to the east all were Chinese territory ?
Okuhara also argued that since the records of Imperial Envoys Chen Kan and Kuo Ju-lin are the oldest in existence and since there are no similar records by imperial envoys after them, it would be valueless to take such ancient records as evidence for current issues. This also is utterly groundless and runs counter to the facts. Among the records by imperial envoys after Chen and Kuo, the Chungshan Mission Records written by the Imperial Envoy Hsu Pao-kuang in the 58th year of Kang Hsi during the Ching Dynasty (1719) cited passages from A Geographic Guide in Outline written in 1708 by Cheng Shun Tse, the most renowned scholar of Ryukyu in his time, which described the navigation route from Foochow to Naha, and when referring to the Kume Island, called it "the Chen Hill at the southwest boder of Ryukyu." Chen means garrisoning the state frontier or a village boder.
The Chungshan Mission Records also dealt in detail with the territory of Ryukyu, which comprised the 36 islands of Ryukyu including the Okinawa Island. Chihwei Yu and the area west of the it were not included. Furthmore, at the end of the explanatory notes on the Ishigaki and eight neighbouring islands of the Yaeyama Archipelago, it was written that the eight islands were "the southwestern most boundary of Ryukyu" (the Iriomote Island of the Yaeyama group among the Ryukyu Islands being the nearest to the Taioyu (Daioyu) Island).
The Chungshan Mission Records were based on writings by the great scholar Cheng Shun Tse and many other Ryukyu people as well as talks between Hsu Pao-kuang and high-ranking officials of the court of the Ryukyu king. Therefore, the above-mentioned descriptions of the Kume Island and Yaeyama Islands are actually the views not only of the Chinese but also of the Ryukyu people at that time.
Noteworthy is a description from the Records of the Imperial Mission to Ryukyu written in 1683 by Wang Chi, and imperial envoy before Hsu Pao-kuang. It said that when the ship passed beyond Chihwei Yu, a sacrificial ceremony was held to pray for safety on the sea. That area was referred to as chiao (outskirts) or kou (trough) and was clearly defined as the "boundary between China and foreigh land." Here, Okuhara's wish was met; it was explicitly written down as the boundary between China and Ryukyu.
Concluding from the above-mentioned, Ryukyu territroy began from the Kume Island and the area east of it, whereas Chihwei Yu and the Huangwei Yu and Tiaoyu Yu (Diaoyutai) to the west were Chinese territory. Obviously, this was defined in clear terms after the middle of the 16th century at the latest. There are no records or documents whatsoever by the Ryukyu side or the Japanese expressing disagreement or doubt. Moreover, there are not even legends, not to say documents about contacts of the Ryukyu people with the Tiaoyu Island (Diaoyutai) and Huangwei Yu in ancient times. Sailing from Ryukyu to the Tiaoyu Island (Diaoyutai) was particularly difficult because it was against the wind and the tide. In the middle of the 19th century, that is, the closing years of Japan's feudal period, the Ryukyu people knew the Tiaoyu Island (Diaoyutai) as Yokon (or Yokun), the Huangwei Yu as "Kubashima", and the Chihwei Yu as "Kumesekishima". This was confirmed by the records of the last Chinese imperial envoy. These in no way affect the title to these territories. The map and explanations about Ryukyu Kingdom in the book General Illustrations of Three Countries by Shihei Hayashi were completely based on the Chungshan Mission Records. The Chungshan Mission Records had found their way to Japan long ago and there was even a Japanese edition. This document was the most comprehensive and authoritative source of knowledge about Ryukyu for the Japanese people in the late Edo period.
t’s common advice among job seekers: when you’re interviewing, you need to interview the employer right back. After all, you’re the one who is potentially going to fill this position, so you need to know if it’s going to be a good fit, right?
Except that while salary ranges, benefits and schedule flexibility are important details you deserve answers to, hiring managers don’t appreciate questions like these until at least your second interview (or maybe even after they’ve made you an offer).
During your first interview, the “impress me dance” is still in full swing. When a potential employer asks if you have any questions, they don’t want inquiries about parking validation; they want to see if you’re prepared, educated and inquisitive.
Here are six questions to ask at the end of your interview that will help you master the twisted tango of getting hired:
1. If I were to start tomorrow, what would be the top priority on my to-do list?
The answer to this question will give you more insight into the current state of the position, while the question shows that you’re invested and interested in learning how you can start things off with a bang. The added bonus lies in the Jedi mind trick: now you’ve already got your interviewer picturing you as the position holder.
2. What would you say are the top two personality traits someone needs to do this job well?
The answer to this will be very telling. “Creative” and “intuitive” can be translated to mean you will be on your own, while &ldquoatient” and “collaborative” could mean the opposite. Not only will this question allow you to feel out whether you’re going to be a good fit; it will also get your interviewer to look past the paper resume and see you as an individual.
3. What improvements or changes do you hope the new candidate will bring to this position?
This answer can shed light on what might have made the last person lose (or leave) the job, and it also tips you off on the path to success. Asking this shows an employer you are eager to be the best candidate to ever fill this position.
4. I know this company prides itself on X and Y, so what would you say is the most important aspect of your culture?
This type of question is sure to impress, as it shows that you’ve done your research on the company and gives you a chance to gain insight into what values are held to the highest ideal.
5. Do you like working here?
This question might take interviewers back a bit, but their answer will be telling. A good sign is a confident smile and an enthusiastic “yes” paired with an explanation as to why. If they shift in their seat, look away, cough and start with “Well…”, consider it a red flag.
Regardless of their answer, employers appreciate getting a chance to reflect on their own opinions, and this turns the interview process into more of a conversation.
6. Is there anything that stands out to you that makes you think I might not be the right fit for this job?
Yes, asking this question can be scary, but it can also be beneficial. Not only does it give you a chance to redeem any hesitations the employer might have about you; it also demonstrates that you can take constructive criticism and are eager to improve—valuable qualities in any candidate.
Sad that this pitition
has not gotten many
signatures, I thought it
would do well because
anyone can participate.
Please sign if you have
not done so yet. And if
you have, thank you so
much for all you
do!!! The dog
pictured in the petition
People put on an average
2lb over the festive
period and most never
lose it again, according
to a recent study
published in the European
Journal of Clinical
Nutrition. This means
that over a period of 10
years, the average person
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Slaughter of Wolves. Sign
This is DISGUSTING!...IF
....& I repeat
...IF control in
growth of a species is
should be conducted with
the UTMOST care &
welfare of the Animal
priority!....& NOT be
treated as ...
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Alcohol and Marriage
Help the Homele...
Paying attention to
calories is not the only
precaution necessary to
be able to lose weight;
in fact, according to a
recent research, the kind
of foods that you choose
to eat can be even more
important. The scholars
showed that the index of
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Shut down Blantyre
Broccoli is one of the
healthiest vegetables out
there, containing many
essential vitamins and
your risk of developing
cancers. New research
shows that people who
don't cook it in the
right way could be