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Evacuation Notices By Different Countries For Their Citizens In Japan
Many people do not know that many foreign countries had a totally different reaction than Japan did to the Fukishima crisis. Even fewer people realize that many foreign companies that had previously employed many employees in Japan, pulled them all out. See links to actual articles for the following summary below.
Many foreign companies evacuated all of their employees out of Japan
Belgium; Evacuated all of Japan
Norway; Evacuated all of Japan
Australia; Evacuated all of Japan
France; Evacuated all of Japan
Russia; Evacuated all of Japan
Belgium; Evacuated all of Japan
Sri Lanka; Evacuated all of Japan
China; Evacuated all of Japan
Algeria; Evacuated all of Japan
UK/British; 135 Km or larger evacuation zone
Spain; 120 Km evacuation zone
Germany; 120 Km evacuation zone
China; 120 Km or larger evacuation zone
South Korea; 80 Km evacuation zone
United States; 50 MILES = 80 Km for US citizens, military further than that
Indonesia/Algeria 50 Km evacuation zone
Compare the above response to Fukushima crisis to the Japanese government response…. First they told people to 'shelter in place within 10 Km. Eventually they evacuated those within 20 Km, but are now inviting people to come back into it. Why is there a huge difference between what japan did and what all of the foreign countries did above?
Consider that the number of people who would have to be evacuated within 50 KM of Fukushima would total about 2 million people, compared to ONLY 62,000 people within a 20 Km radius of the Fukushima complex. There are also a large number of manufacturing firms and factories inside this 50 Km zone. If this zone was evacuated, Japan would lose the economic base that is provided by these firms and their tax revenue.
The tradeoff was to minimize economic damage, for greater risk of radiation exposure to all of the people living in this ‘grey zone’ where all other countries pulled their people out. Tokyo alone, if it had to be evacuated, has over 35 million people living in it.
"To assure the safety of our citizens, we would evacuate our citizens at least 50 km away from Fukushima, or farther than the evacuation radius set by local authority," he said, adding that most of Indonesian evacuees are now approaching Tokyo." Algerians also evacuated.http://english.cri.cn/6966/2011/03/18/1461s626941.htm
“On Wednesday, the American Embassy in Tokyo, on advice from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, told Americans to evacuate a radius of “approximately 50 miles” from the Fukushima plant. South Korea, Australia and New Zealand followed suit in advice to their citizens, and Spanish authorities on Thursday recommended an either wider berth, about 75 miles, news agencies reported.”http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/18/world/asia/18nuclear.html?pagewanted=all
Washington, DC - April 26, 2011 – Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) today cited gross inadequacies in evacuation zones around nuclear reactors and underscored the ongoing health risks of nuclear energy to the public. The 25th anniversary of Chernobyl and the continuing crisis at Fukushima—both Level 7 nuclear disasters—are clear reminders that standard evacuation zones cannot protect the public from a nuclear accident.
One-third of the population of the United States (over 111 million people) lives within 50 miles of a nuclear reactor. Given the consequences of the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters, PSR is calling for a major reassessment of contingency plans for nuclear accidents, as well as a full and fair accounting of the data on the impact to public health and the environment.
PSR unveiled a new interactive Evacuation Zone Map at a press conference today held jointly with the Institute for Policy Studies’ Robert Alvarez. The map, which is available at www.psr.org/evacuation2011, shows a person’s residence in relation to a nuclear reactor and an evacuation zone.
“The original evacuation zone around the Fukushima reactors and the current 10-mile evacuation zone mandated in the US are insufficient,” said Jeff Patterson, DO, immediate past president of Physicians for Social Responsibility. “We must reevaluate our contingency plans for protecting the public from these dangerous reactor sites. The nuclear industry, and our government, continues to put innocent lives at risk by ignoring the real dangers of nuclear accidents to public health. As we have seen in nuclear testing, the Kyshtym explosion, Chernobyl and now in Fukushima, when catastrophic releases of radiation happen, they quickly affect not just populations nearby but the whole world, spreading long-lived radioactive pollution everywhere.”
Using simulation software provided by the US Government, PSR analyzed what would happen from a nuclear reactor accident near a major metropolitan area: the Braidwood reactor outside of Chicago. The simulation modeled a loss of coolant accident with exposure of the reactor core, a containment breach, and release of the reactor’s superheated radioactive fuel into the air. The resulting plume of radioactive materials would extend north from the reactor itself to the northern edges of metropolitan Chicago, and east into Indiana and Michigan.
“The computer simulation of an accident at Braidwood in Illinois showed that more than 200,000 people would likely receive high enough doses to develop radiation sickness and 20,000 might receive a lethal dose, according to PSR projections,” said Andrew S. Kanter, MD, MPH, president-elect of Physicians for Social Responsibility.
The accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima provide important lessons regarding the danger to public safety and the need for evacuation zones that are appropriate and feasible around nuclear reactors, if they are to continue to operate. On April 26, 1986, the fourth reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded, contaminating approximately 77,000 square miles of land and spreading dangerous radioactive isotopes around the world. The impact of the disaster on public health continues to be felt 25 years later.
From 1986 to 2000, 350,400 people were evacuated and resettled from the most severely contaminated areas of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. The range of credible estimates of the number of resulting excess deaths ranges from 27,000 in a report by the Union of Concerned scientists (not including thyroid cancer or other causes) to 985,000 in a report by the New York Academy of Sciences (including in European countries, where there was radioactive fallout). The current permanent exclusion zone around the Chernobyl reactor extends for 30 km and 5,800 square km is heavily contaminated. Areas 300-400 km away in Belarus are uninhabitable. Hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of forest and agricultural area are off limits or required decontamination.
In Japan, radiation from the crippled reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex has been detected well outside the 20 km evacuation zone. Radiation measurements of soil samples taken as far away as 50 km from the reactor showed levels of cesium-137 which exceed the cut-off used for determining the long-term evacuation zone around Chernobyl.
“The 50-mile zone for Americans living near Fukushima recommended by Nuclear Regulatory Commission Chairman Gregory Jaczko on March 16 was appropriate and should be required for nuclear reactors in the United States as well,” said Dr. Kanter. “It is clear that the authorities and health care system would not be able to properly protect the health of all the people and vulnerable populations that would need to be moved in the case of significant reactor accident, let alone the massive number of injured or potentially injured, and the entire process would likely be a public health disaster.”
ABOUT PHYSICIANS FOR SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (PSR)
Physicians for Social Responsibility is the largest physician-led organization in the country conveying both the health risks and threats to human survival posed by nuclear weapons, climate change, nuclear reactors and toxic degradation of the environment. Founded in 1961 by physicians concerned about the impact of nuclear proliferation, PSR shared the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize with International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War for building public pressure to end the nuclear arms race. PSR is dedicated to improving national policy formulation and decision-making about security, energy and the environment through the combined efforts of credible, committed health professionals and our active and concerned citizen members. For more information, go to http://www.psr.org.
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