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Oct 28, 2008

Reza Alinejad could soon be the 7th minor to be executed this year in Iran

Translated from Persian to English on Reza Alinejad’s lawyer Mohammad Mostafaei’s article http://www.mostafaei.blogfa.com/post-85.aspx

 

Reza Alinejad was no more than 17 years old when he defended himself and his friend Hadi Abedini in fight with two other boys that landed him in prison for the last six years in Adel Abad in Shiraz, Iran.

He is now 21 years old.

Esmail Dooroodi

With the permission of the Head of Judiciary Ayatollah Shahroudi, he may soon join the ranks of

Bahman Saliminian, Rahim Ahmadi, Amir Amrollahi, Mohammad Reza Haddadi, Behnoud Shojaei and Mohammad Fadaei, as the 7th juvenile to be executed this year.

 

 At 8:30 pm 5/10/ 1381(Persian Calendar) Reza Alinejad and his friend Hadi Abedini were on the sidewalk of Emamzadeh Hassan busy eating when they were reproached by two men Esmail Dooroodi and Mohammad Firouzi.

Insults were exchanged which triggered a fight.

The two men were concealing Nunchucks (martial arts tool) under their clothes and tried to hit Alinejad and his friend.

Alinejad defended himself with a knife in one hand while protecting his face with the other hand. Without intending to kill Dooroodi, his knife cut his neck which ended up being fatal.

 

 A lot of Investigation was done to reveal the facts.

 

1)       It was revealed in Firouzi’s testimony that the fight was started by the deceased who attacked Alinejad and Abedini with nunchucks. Reza had no other recourse but to defend himself and his friend. The two men hand surrounded Alinejad and Abedini. Alinejad was injured with a blow to the head by the nunchucks

 

2)       Mr. Gholam Hossein-Chehrenegar who was a witness attested to the fact that there is no doubt that Reza Alinejad did not intentionally kill the man. Rather it was because of self defence that the other man was killed.

3)       These testimonies reveal that this was in fact self defence and the fact that the accused had to intention of killing anyone.  Despite Alinejad being only 17 years old when this incidence happened, Court #6 in the city of Fasa convicted him on charges of murder.

 

The lawyer asked for a retrial and the file was sent to the court of appeal in the same city.

The judges said :

 

“There was no animosity between the fighting parties prior to this incident. The initiator of the fight was the deceased and his friend Abedini who used nunchucks to attack Reza Alinejad and his friend and ended up injuring Alinejad’s forehead. It was a very dangerous piece of equipment that was used. Reza Alinejad claims that he defended himself by throwing a kitchen knife and accidentally stroked the neck of the deceased which caused his death. Therefore because Reza Alinejad defended and ended up killing a man, it is right for him to be executed”.

 

This above verdict was cancelled and the file was sent anew to a different branch for further investigation.

 

4)       The file was sent to branch 101 of criminal court in Fasa city. This branch concluded that because the accused could have run away from the scene, they reaffirmed the execution once again.

 

This goes against the earlier witness’ testimony that Reza Alinejad and Hadi Abedini could have not fled the scene as they had been surrounded.

 

In any case, based on Reza Alinejad’s protest that he is innocent, the file was sent to the Supreme Court. Without taking into consideration the facts in the file, the judges issued the verdict of execution once again for Reza Alinejad.

 

After the death sentence verdict, the file was sent in order for the execution to be carried out.

According to article 205 of the Penal code in Iran, it is required for the execution order to be approved by the Head of Judiciary. A few days ago the Judiciary Head approved Reza Alinejad’s execution which has put him in an imminent situation to be executed. If the Head of Judiciary does not stop this execution due to the facts aforementioned, or if the family of the victim does not give their pardon, Reza will soon be sent to be executed. Iran has the highest number of executions for those under the age of 18.

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Posted: Oct 28, 2008 3:38pm
Nov 25, 2007
Focus: Human Rights
Action Request: Write Letter
Location: Iran, Islamic Republic Of
Iran's superior court approved the execution order a 15 year old Afghan boy who strangled an 8 year old boy. Ali Amiri is
a citizen of Afghanistan and has confessed to murder of the 8 year
Afghan old boy named Janahmad because of swearing at him. Ali was 13 at
the time of murder. The four judges of the 74th division of the
Tehran's penal court were: Koohkamari, Tardast, Rahimi, Abdollahi and
Bagheri.  The death sentence verdict was later approved by Iran's
superior court. Ali Amiri faces imminent execution if head of Iran's
judiciary signs the verdict. Many children under the age of 18 have
already been executed in Iran.



RECOMMENDED ACTION:



Contact your local Embassy of Afghanistan asking them to object to
Iran's sentencing of an Afghan child to death in violation of the
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights
of the Child.



Also contact your local Iran Embassy and following leaders. Using your
own words, please choose a few of the suggestions below to create a
personal appeal :



- expressing concern that Ali Amiri is at risk of execution for a crime committed when he was under 18;

- calling on the Iranian authorities to immediately halt the execution of Ali Amiri;

- calling for the death sentence against Ali Amiri to be commuted;

- reminding the authorities that Iran is a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the

Convention on the Rights of the Child, which prohibit the use of the
death penalty against people convicted of crimes committed when they
were under 18, and that the execution of Ali Amiri would therefore be a
violation of international law;

- urging the authorities to pass legislation to abolish the death
penalty for offences committed by anyone under the age of 18, so as to
bring Iran's domestic law into line with its obligations under
international law;

- stating that you acknowledges the right and responsibility of
governments to bring to justice those suspected of criminal offences,
but unconditionally opposes child executions.



APPEALS TO:



Leader of the Islamic Republic:

His Excellency Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei

The Office of the Supreme Leader

Islamic Republic Street - Shahid Keshvar Doust Street

Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Email:             info@leader.ir

Salutation:      Your Excellency



Head of the Judiciary:

Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi

Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Justice Building

Panzdah-Khordad Square

Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Email:  <mailto:info@dadgostary-tehran.ir> info@dadgostary-tehran.ir

(In the subject line write: FAO Ayatollah Shahroudi)

Salutation:       Your Excellency



COPIES TO:



Speaker of Parliament:

His Excellency Gholamali Haddad Adel

Majles-e Shoura-ye Eslami

Baharestan Square

Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Email:             hadadadel@majlis.ir

Salutation:      Your Excellency





For more actions visit: http://www.stopchildexecutions.com/how-you-can-help.aspx.

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Posted: Nov 25, 2007 12:26am
Nov 11, 2007


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Posted: Nov 11, 2007 7:30pm
Nov 9, 2007
Focus: Human Rights
Action Request: Write Letter
Location: Iran, Islamic Republic Of
A newspaper reporter who has been in contact with Makwan's father told
Humn Rights Watch that the place of execution of Makwan is now
determined by Iranian Authorities and Makwan can be executed anytime.



Makwan was sentenced to death in May by a court ruling
on questionable evidence for a crime supposedly committed when he was a
13-year-old child. The court handed down the conviction despite
retractions on the part of his accusers during the trial and various
apparent violations of Iran’s criminal procedure law.  


For more information about Makwan click here






How you can Help
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Posted: Nov 9, 2007 5:08pm
Nov 8, 2007
KABUL • Afghanistan said it had summoned Iran's representative to
complain about reports of Afghan minors being sentenced to death for
drug smuggling and the forced expulsion of refugees.

Deputy Foreign Minister Mohammad Kabir Farahi also raised concern at
the meeting on Thursday about claims that Afghan nationals were beaten
up in Tehran, the foreign ministry said in a statement. 

It is not unusual in Iran for drug smugglers of Afghan origin to be executed in border provinces.
A report
late October cited an Afghan human rights group saying a 17-year-old
may have been hanged for smuggling 1.5 kilograms (three pounds) of
heroin.

Afghanistan's Deputy Foreign Minister Mohammad Kabir Farahi raised
concern at the meeting  that  "these children are being misused by drug
smugglers and their conviction is contrary to human rights,
international standards and the very good relations between two
countries,"  The deputy minister asked the Iranian charge d'affaires,
Ghulam Raza Nafar, to take up the issue with his government.

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Posted: Nov 8, 2007 7:52pm
Nov 6, 2007

Iran: Revoke Death Sentence in Juvenile Case


Dubious Conviction Based on Recanted Testimony Requires Re-Trial


(Washington, DC, November 3, 2007) – Iranian authorities
should immediately prevent the execution of Makwan Mouloudzadeh and
commute his death sentence, Human Rights Watch Organization
said today. Mouloudzadeh, 20, was sentenced to death in May by a court
ruling on questionable evidence for a crime supposedly committed when
he was a 13-year-old child.
  
















Makwan Mouloudzadeh faces death for crimes supposedly committed as a
13-year-old, which even his accusers admit never occurred. Ayatollah
Shahrudi, the head of the Judiciary, needs to act now to ensure that
his death sentence is revoked and Mouloudzadeh gets a new trial.

Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch


  

On May 25, Branch Seven of the Penal Court of the city of Kermanshah
sentenced Makwan Mouloudzadeh to death on charges of raping three boys
as a 13-year-old. The court handed down the conviction despite
retractions on the part of his accusers during the trial and various
apparent violations of Iran’s criminal procedure law.  

 

“Makwan Mouloudzadeh faces death for crimes supposedly committed as a
13-year-old, which even his accusers admit never occurred,” said Joe
Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “Ayatollah
Shahrudi, the head of the Judiciary, needs to act now to ensure that
his death sentence is revoked and Mouloudzadeh gets a new trial.”  

 

A journalist in Iran who has followed the case and spoken to
Mouloudzadeh’s father told Human Rights Watch that the authorities have
determined the place where Mouloudzadeh is to be hanged in public,
indicating that his execution may be imminent.  

 





In September 2006, three men complained to police in the northwestern
town of Paveh that Mouloudzadeh had raped them seven years earlier. The
police arrested Mouloudzadeh, and then humiliated him by shaving his
head, placing him on a donkey, and parading him around the town.  

 

Iranian laws regarding “crimes of chastity” such as rape require that
the office of the public prosecutor send the case for complete
investigation to the penal court, where the judge may question the
accusers and arrange for examination by a physician.  

 

Saeed Eghbali, Mouloudzadeh’s lawyer, told the Iranian press that the
office of the public prosecutor defied these laws, carried out
investigations on its own, and took the case to court, where the judge
refused to accept the accusers’ retractions.  

 

During court proceedings, Mouloudzadeh claimed that all confessions he
had made about the alleged crimes were false and coerced. The judge
also refused to accept Mouloudzadeh’s statements about being forced to
admit to crimes he had not committed and did not dismiss the case.  

 

Under Iranian law, “crimes of chastity” such as rape are sent directly
to the country’s Supreme Court for final review. On July 19, Iran’s
Supreme Court approved the death sentence, which may be carried out at
any time.  

 

Background  

 

Iran leads the world in executing juvenile offenders – persons under 18
at the time of the crime – and is known to have executed two juvenile
offenders already this year. Syed Mohammad Reza Mousavi Shirazi, 20,
was executed in Adel Abd prison in the city of Shiraz on April 22, 2007
for a murder he was found to have committed when he was 16. Sa`id
Qanbar Zahi was executed in Zahedan on May 27, 2007 for a crime he was
found to have committed when he was 17.  

 

Human Rights Watch opposes capital punishment in all circumstances
because of its cruel and inhumane nature. In particular, in imposing
sentences of death on people for crimes committed before the age of 18,
Iran flouts clear and specific human rights obligations. The
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention
on the Rights of the Child, both of which Iran has ratified, bar the
imposition of the death penalty for such offenses. These provisions
reflect the reality that children are different from adults. They lack
the experience, judgment, maturity, and restraint of an adult.  

 

Iranian officials claim that legislation pending in parliament since
July 2006 would end executions of juvenile offenders. In fact, the
legislation would only offer the possibility of reduced sentences in a
small minority of cases.
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Posted: Nov 6, 2007 7:47pm
Nov 5, 2007
As of November, 5 2007 SCE has recorded :

84 children facing executions worldwide: 79 in Iran, 2 in Saudi Arabia, 2 in Sudan and 1 in Yemen

6 have been reported to have been executed, 5 in Iran and 1 in Saudi Arabia.

3 have been saved from execution: 2 in Iran, 1 in Yemen.


Children reportedly facing execution(84):



IRAN (79)

Girls (3):
  • Delara Darabi, 17
  • Nazbibi Ateshbejan, 16
  • Soghra Najafpour, 13

Boys (76):


  • Abbass Hosseini, 17
  • Abdolkhaleq Rakhshani
  • Ahmad Jabari, 15
  • Ahmad Nourzahi, 12
  • Akoo Hosseini
  • Ali Alijan, 17
  • Ali Mahin Torabi, 16
  • Ali Norumohammadi, 16
  • Ali Shabehzadeh, 17
  • Alireza Movassili Roudi, 16
  • Amir Calehchaleh, 17
  • Asghar, 16
  • Behador Khaleqi, 16
  • Behnam Zare, 15
  • Beniamin Rasouli, 17
  • Farshad Sa'eedi, 17
  • Farzad, 15
  • Feyz Mohammad, 16
  • Feyzollah Soltani
  • Gholam Nabi Barahouti, 16
  • Habib Afsar, 15
  • Hamed, 15
  • Hamid, 17
  • Hamid Reza, 14
  • Hamzeh S., 17
  • Hani Momeni Yasaqi
  • Hasan Mozaffari
  • Hedayat Niroumand, 14 or 15
  • Hossein Haghi, 17
  • Hossein Toranj, 17
  • Iman, 17
  • Khodamorad Shahemzadeh, 17
  • Mahmoud, 17
  • Masoud, 17
  • Mehdi, 16
  • Mehyar Haghgoo, 17
  • Mehyar Anvari, 17
  • Milad Bakhtiari, 16
  • Mohammad Ahmadi 16
  • Mohammad Ghos, 17
  • Mohammad Jahedi
  • Mohammad Jamali Paghale, 15
  • Mohammad Latif, 14
  • Mohammad Mavari, 16
  • Mohammad Pezhman
  • Mohammad Reza Turk
  • Morteza Feizi, 16
  • Mosleh Zamani 17
  • Mostafa, 16
  • Mostafa Sa'idi
  • Nabavat Baba'I, 17
  • Na'im Kolb'ali, 15
  • Naser Qasemi, 15
  • Ne'mat, 15
  • Nosrat, 15
  • Omarraddin Alkuzehi, 17
  • Omid Sarani, 17
  • Rahman Shahidi
  • Rasoul Eyvatvandi, 17
  • Rasoul Mohammadi, 17
  • Rasoul Nouriyani
  • Rasoul Safari, 17
  • Reza,16
  • Reza Alinejad, 17
  • Reza Padashi, 16
  • Saber
  • Sadegh Ahmadpour, 17
  • Sa'eed Jazee, 17
  • Safar Angooti, 17
  • Sa'id Arab
  • Sajjad, 17
  • Salman Akbari, 17
  • Shahram Pourmansouri, 17
  • Siyavash Shirnejad
  • Vahid, 16
  • Zolf'ali Hamzeh,

SAUDI ARABIA (2):


  • Rizana Nafeek (female - 17)
  • Sultan Kohail (male - 16)

SUDAN (2):


  • Abdelrhman Zakaria Mohamed (male - 16)
  • Ahmed Abdullah Suleiman (male - 16)



YEMEN (1):


  • Hafez Ibrahim (male - 16)


Reported Child Executions in 2007 (6):


IRAN (5)


  • Mohammad Mousavi, Male-16 (Mohammd is listed on SCE petition but he was executed on April 22, 2007)
  • Saeed Kamberzai, Male-17 (executed on May 28, 2007)
  • Babak Rahimi, Male-17 (executed on October 17, 2007)
  • Hossein, Male-16 (executed on October 17, 2007) 
  • 2 Afghan Boys executed in Iran, (reported by BBC and Afghanistan Independent human rights commission)

SAUDI ARABIA (1)


  • Dhahian Rakan al-Sibai'i Male-15 (executed on July 21, 2007)

Children Saved from Execution in 2007 (3):


IRAN (2):



            Nazanin Fatehi (Female - 17) - Freed  

            Sina Paymard (male - 17) - imprisoned



Yemen (1)

            Hafez Ibrahim (male - 16) - Freed

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Posted: Nov 5, 2007 8:25pm
Nov 5, 2007

According to a November 1, 2007 report by Amnesty International, Hafez Ibrahim who had been sentenced to death for a crime allegedly committeed when he was 16 years old was released on 30 October after the family of the man he was convicted of murdering agreed to pardon him in exchange for diyeh (compensation) of 25 million Yemeni riyals (approximately USD$126,217).


Following the August 2007 report by Amnesty International and stop Chid executions Campaign and a letter to the leaders of the Republic of Yemen by Nazanin Afshin-Jam and many other international pleas, the alleged victim's family agreed to a stay of execution until after the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, which ended in mid-October.

This was followed by negotiations with the family of the victim, who reportedly agreed to pardon Hafez Ibrahim in exchange for diyeh. This agreement was finalized, and the diyeh is believed to have been paid.

Nazanin Afshin-Jam and Stop Child Execution Campaign thank everyone and all the volunteers and supporters of the International Campaign to Stop Child Execution for spreading the word, their efforts and plea letters which lead to delay of execution and saving Ibrahim's life.

According to our records there is still at least one more child (Walid Haikal- male - 15) facing execution in Yemen.

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Posted: Nov 5, 2007 7:35pm
Nov 3, 2007

Nasrin Sotoudeh , the attorney of Soghra Najafpour
told Nazanin Afshin-Jam that Soghra is still in hiding in fear of
execution. Meanwhile Sotoudeh has not yet received any reply to her
request for a re-trial submitted to Iran's supreme court.


Nazanin Afshin-Jam also talked to the mother of Delara Darabi.
She was told that Delara's overall prison condition is better than the
last one. Her family is allowed to visit her once a week for about 15
to 25 minutes. Delara remains underweight because she does not like the
prison food and usually eats biscuits, etc. She is still very depressed
but keeps herself occupied with reading. She has not been able to paint
o do some of her daily chores beacuse of an injury to her left
hand. Delara has recently become very impatient and wants a resolution
to her case.

Delara has asked her parents for some books with paintings of famous painters such as Vincent VanGogh.

Delara Darabi and Soghra Najafpour were friends in prison and the
day that Soghra went to say good bye, she told Delara that she wished
that it was Delara who was being freed instead of her . Soghra
said that she has spent 18 years of her youth in prison and Delara is
much younger and she really does not belong to prison among
the some criminals.


There has not been any new changes in Delara Darabi's legal file and
like many other alleged child offenders, she is awaiting a response by
the head of Iran's judiciary, Ayatollah Hashemi Shahrudi.


Meanwhile Amnesty International Australia, in its Christmas appeal
this year, is focusing on the the subject of child execution in Iran.
21,000 of Amnesty Supporters will be receiving a mail pack with a
letter about child executions in Iran, and a letter addressed to the
Iran's Head of the Judiciary to sign and send back to Amnesty to be
forwarded to Ayatollah Shahrudi.


Delara Darabi will be the main case study and the package also includes
a double-sided postcard with two paintings from Delara Darabi which
was provided to them this week by Stop Child Executions Campaign.


To read more about Delara Darabi and Soghra Najafpour visit: http://www.stopchildexecutions.com/the_row.aspx
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Posted: Nov 3, 2007 11:23am

 

 
 
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