Reza Alinejad was no more than 17 years old when he defended himself and his friend Hadi Abedini in fight with two other boys that landed him in prison for the last six years in Adel Abad in Shiraz, Iran.
He is now 21 years old.
With the permission of the Head of Judiciary Ayatollah Shahroudi, he may soon join the ranks of
Bahman Saliminian, Rahim Ahmadi, Amir Amrollahi, Mohammad Reza Haddadi, Behnoud Shojaei and Mohammad Fadaei, as the 7th juvenile to be executed this year.
At 8:30 pm 5/10/ 1381(Persian Calendar) Reza Alinejad and his friend Hadi Abedini were on the sidewalk of Emamzadeh Hassan busy eating when they were reproached by two men Esmail Dooroodi and Mohammad Firouzi.
Insults were exchanged which triggered a fight.
The two men were concealing Nunchucks (martial arts tool) under their clothes and tried to hit Alinejad and his friend.
Alinejad defended himself with a knife in one hand while protecting his face with the other hand. Without intending to kill Dooroodi, his knife cut his neck which ended up being fatal.
A lot of Investigation was done to reveal the facts.
1)It was revealed in Firouzi’s testimony that the fight was started by the deceased who attacked Alinejad and Abedini with nunchucks. Reza had no other recourse but to defend himself and his friend. The two men hand surrounded Alinejad and Abedini. Alinejad was injured with a blow to the head by the nunchucks
2)Mr. Gholam Hossein-Chehrenegar who was a witness attested to the fact that there is no doubt that Reza Alinejad did not intentionally kill the man. Rather it was because of self defence that the other man was killed.
3)These testimonies reveal that this was in fact self defence and the fact that the accused had to intention of killing anyone. Despite Alinejad being only 17 years old when this incidence happened, Court #6 in the city of Fasa convicted him on charges of murder.
The lawyer asked for a retrial and the file was sent to the court of appeal in the same city.
The judges said :
“There was no animosity between the fighting parties prior to this incident. The initiator of the fight was the deceased and his friend Abedini who used nunchucks to attack Reza Alinejad and his friend and ended up injuring Alinejad’s forehead. It was a very dangerous piece of equipment that was used. Reza Alinejad claims that he defended himself by throwing a kitchen knife and accidentally stroked the neck of the deceased which caused his death. Therefore because Reza Alinejad defended and ended up killing a man, it is right for him to be executed”.
This above verdict was cancelled and the file was sent anew to a different branch for further investigation.
4)The file was sent to branch 101 of criminal court in Fasa city. This branch concluded that because the accused could have run away from the scene, they reaffirmed the execution once again.
This goes against the earlier witness’ testimony that Reza Alinejad and Hadi Abedini could have not fled the scene as they had been surrounded.
In any case, based on Reza Alinejad’s protest that he is innocent, the file was sent to the Supreme Court. Without taking into consideration the facts in the file, the judges issued the verdict of execution once again for Reza Alinejad.
After the death sentence verdict, the file was sent in order for the execution to be carried out.
According to article 205 of the Penal code in Iran, it is required for the execution order to be approved by the Head of Judiciary. A few days ago the Judiciary Head approved Reza Alinejad’s execution which has put him in an imminent situation to be executed. If the Head of Judiciary does not stop this execution due to the facts aforementioned, or if the family of the victim does not give their pardon, Reza will soon be sent to be executed. Iran has the highest number of executions for those under the age of 18.
Iran's superior court approved the execution order a 15 year old Afghan boy who strangled an 8 year old boy. Ali Amiri is a citizen of Afghanistan and has confessed to murder of the 8 year Afghan old boy named Janahmad because of swearing at him. Ali was 13 at the time of murder. The four judges of the 74th division of the Tehran's penal court were: Koohkamari, Tardast, Rahimi, Abdollahi and Bagheri. The death sentence verdict was later approved by Iran's superior court. Ali Amiri faces imminent execution if head of Iran's judiciary signs the verdict. Many children under the age of 18 have already been executed in Iran.
Contact your local Embassy of Afghanistan asking them to object to Iran's sentencing of an Afghan child to death in violation of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Also contact your local Iran Embassy and following leaders. Using your own words, please choose a few of the suggestions below to create a personal appeal :
- expressing concern that Ali Amiri is at risk of execution for a crime committed when he was under 18;
- calling on the Iranian authorities to immediately halt the execution of Ali Amiri;
- calling for the death sentence against Ali Amiri to be commuted;
- reminding the authorities that Iran is a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the
Convention on the Rights of the Child, which prohibit the use of the death penalty against people convicted of crimes committed when they were under 18, and that the execution of Ali Amiri would therefore be a violation of international law;
- urging the authorities to pass legislation to abolish the death penalty for offences committed by anyone under the age of 18, so as to bring Iran's domestic law into line with its obligations under international law;
- stating that you acknowledges the right and responsibility of governments to bring to justice those suspected of criminal offences, but unconditionally opposes child executions.
Leader of the Islamic Republic:
His Excellency Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei
The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street - Shahid Keshvar Doust Street
A newspaper reporter who has been in contact with Makwan's father told Humn Rights Watch that the place of execution of Makwan is now determined by Iranian Authorities and Makwan can be executed anytime.
Makwan was sentenced to death in May by a court ruling on questionable evidence for a crime supposedly committed when he was a 13-year-old child. The court handed down the conviction despite retractions on the part of his accusers during the trial and various apparent violations of Iran’s criminal procedure law.
KABUL • Afghanistan said it had summoned Iran's representative to complain about reports of Afghan minors being sentenced to death for drug smuggling and the forced expulsion of refugees.
Deputy Foreign Minister Mohammad Kabir Farahi also raised concern at the meeting on Thursday about claims that Afghan nationals were beaten up in Tehran, the foreign ministry said in a statement.
It is not unusual in Iran for drug smugglers of Afghan origin to be executed in border provinces. A report late October cited an Afghan human rights group saying a 17-year-old may have been hanged for smuggling 1.5 kilograms (three pounds) of heroin.
Afghanistan's Deputy Foreign Minister Mohammad Kabir Farahi raised concern at the meeting that "these children are being misused by drug smugglers and their conviction is contrary to human rights, international standards and the very good relations between two countries," The deputy minister asked the Iranian charge d'affaires, Ghulam Raza Nafar, to take up the issue with his government.
Dubious Conviction Based on Recanted Testimony Requires Re-Trial
(Washington, DC, November 3, 2007) – Iranian authorities should immediately prevent the execution of Makwan Mouloudzadeh and commute his death sentence, Human Rights Watch Organization said today. Mouloudzadeh, 20, was sentenced to death in May by a court ruling on questionable evidence for a crime supposedly committed when he was a 13-year-old child.
Makwan Mouloudzadeh faces death for crimes supposedly committed as a 13-year-old, which even his accusers admit never occurred. Ayatollah Shahrudi, the head of the Judiciary, needs to act now to ensure that his death sentence is revoked and Mouloudzadeh gets a new trial.
Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch
On May 25, Branch Seven of the Penal Court of the city of Kermanshah sentenced Makwan Mouloudzadeh to death on charges of raping three boys as a 13-year-old. The court handed down the conviction despite retractions on the part of his accusers during the trial and various apparent violations of Iran’s criminal procedure law.
“Makwan Mouloudzadeh faces death for crimes supposedly committed as a 13-year-old, which even his accusers admit never occurred,” said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “Ayatollah Shahrudi, the head of the Judiciary, needs to act now to ensure that his death sentence is revoked and Mouloudzadeh gets a new trial.”
A journalist in Iran who has followed the case and spoken to Mouloudzadeh’s father told Human Rights Watch that the authorities have determined the place where Mouloudzadeh is to be hanged in public, indicating that his execution may be imminent.
In September 2006, three men complained to police in the northwestern town of Paveh that Mouloudzadeh had raped them seven years earlier. The police arrested Mouloudzadeh, and then humiliated him by shaving his head, placing him on a donkey, and parading him around the town.
Iranian laws regarding “crimes of chastity” such as rape require that the office of the public prosecutor send the case for complete investigation to the penal court, where the judge may question the accusers and arrange for examination by a physician.
Saeed Eghbali, Mouloudzadeh’s lawyer, told the Iranian press that the office of the public prosecutor defied these laws, carried out investigations on its own, and took the case to court, where the judge refused to accept the accusers’ retractions.
During court proceedings, Mouloudzadeh claimed that all confessions he had made about the alleged crimes were false and coerced. The judge also refused to accept Mouloudzadeh’s statements about being forced to admit to crimes he had not committed and did not dismiss the case.
Under Iranian law, “crimes of chastity” such as rape are sent directly to the country’s Supreme Court for final review. On July 19, Iran’s Supreme Court approved the death sentence, which may be carried out at any time.
Iran leads the world in executing juvenile offenders – persons under 18 at the time of the crime – and is known to have executed two juvenile offenders already this year. Syed Mohammad Reza Mousavi Shirazi, 20, was executed in Adel Abd prison in the city of Shiraz on April 22, 2007 for a murder he was found to have committed when he was 16. Sa`id Qanbar Zahi was executed in Zahedan on May 27, 2007 for a crime he was found to have committed when he was 17.
Human Rights Watch opposes capital punishment in all circumstances because of its cruel and inhumane nature. In particular, in imposing sentences of death on people for crimes committed before the age of 18, Iran flouts clear and specific human rights obligations. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, both of which Iran has ratified, bar the imposition of the death penalty for such offenses. These provisions reflect the reality that children are different from adults. They lack the experience, judgment, maturity, and restraint of an adult.
Iranian officials claim that legislation pending in parliament since July 2006 would end executions of juvenile offenders. In fact, the legislation would only offer the possibility of reduced sentences in a small minority of cases.
According to a November 1, 2007 report by Amnesty International, Hafez Ibrahim who had been sentenced to death for a crime allegedly committeed when he was 16 years old was released on 30 October after the family of the man he was convicted of murdering agreed to pardon him in exchange for diyeh (compensation) of 25 million Yemeni riyals (approximately USD$126,217).
This was followed by negotiations with the family of the victim, who reportedly agreed to pardon Hafez Ibrahim in exchange for diyeh. This agreement was finalized, and the diyeh is believed to have been paid.
Nazanin Afshin-Jam and Stop Child Execution Campaign thank everyone and all the volunteers and supporters of the International Campaign to Stop Child Execution for spreading the word, their efforts and plea letters which lead to delay of execution and saving Ibrahim's life.
According to our records there is still at least one more child (Walid Haikal- male - 15) facing execution in Yemen.
Nasrin Sotoudeh , the attorney of Soghra Najafpour told Nazanin Afshin-Jam that Soghra is still in hiding in fear of execution. Meanwhile Sotoudeh has not yet received any reply to her request for a re-trial submitted to Iran's supreme court.
Nazanin Afshin-Jam also talked to the mother of Delara Darabi. She was told that Delara's overall prison condition is better than the last one. Her family is allowed to visit her once a week for about 15 to 25 minutes. Delara remains underweight because she does not like the prison food and usually eats biscuits, etc. She is still very depressed but keeps herself occupied with reading. She has not been able to paint o do some of her daily chores beacuse of an injury to her left hand. Delara has recently become very impatient and wants a resolution to her case.
Delara has asked her parents for some books with paintings of famous painters such as Vincent VanGogh.
Delara Darabi and Soghra Najafpour were friends in prison and the day that Soghra went to say good bye, she told Delara that she wished that it was Delara who was being freed instead of her . Soghra said that she has spent 18 years of her youth in prison and Delara is much younger and she really does not belong to prison among the some criminals.
There has not been any new changes in Delara Darabi's legal file and like many other alleged child offenders, she is awaiting a response by the head of Iran's judiciary, Ayatollah Hashemi Shahrudi.
Meanwhile Amnesty International Australia, in its Christmas appeal this year, is focusing on the the subject of child execution in Iran. 21,000 of Amnesty Supporters will be receiving a mail pack with a letter about child executions in Iran, and a letter addressed to the Iran's Head of the Judiciary to sign and send back to Amnesty to be forwarded to Ayatollah Shahrudi.
Delara Darabi will be the main case study and the package also includes a double-sided postcard with two paintings from Delara Darabi which was provided to them this week by Stop Child Executions Campaign.
I would like to take this
opportunity to thank all
those who have helped me
along the way. In
other words, everyone
I've ever met, and many I
haven't. I believe
everyone who crosses our
path or our mind is there
for a reason, whether we
When you join Care2, you
automatically get a
profile page, this is
'blank' i.e. not filled
out, with a grey frog for
an avatar, and it is
meaning that neither you
nor anyone else can see
Sometimes it also happens
Spirituality is, of
course, different from
religion. This is
in part why we changed
our description to that
of being an
rather than an interfaith
interfaith hints at
religion, meaning we are
a church of all...
Excuses don't really
excuse anyone from
anything other than to
g4t out of learning,
advancing and reaching
goals, as in having an
excuse to miss
class. You miss
it. That's what I'm
talking about.Some people
use excuses for
During times of grieving
it seems as if nothing
can ever be right
something of importance
is lost, there
always will be a void,
but things will be right
again, in the end.
can we say that in the
face of the death of a
The HORD has begun its
own orphanage Primary
School in March 2010 in
the rural Bussiwa village
in kamuli district.
People live in small
grass hatched houses,
often large families in
one room. The
people who live in these
rural villages ar...
When a woman covers her
face with a veil, her
face does not change,
just our view of it
changes. The same
can be said of
life. Life is
eternal. It goes on
forever. But when
death comes, it is as if
it is gone, when only our
Lord, make me an
instrument of Thy peace;
where there is hatred,
let me sow love;
where there is injury,
where there is doubt,
where there is despair,
where there is darkness,
and where there is
O Divine ...