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According to Wikipedia; “Units 1–5 have a Mark 1 type (light bulb torus) containment structure, Unit 6 has Mark 2 type (over/under) containment structure. From September 2010, Unit 3 has been partially fuelled by mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel.
According to other sources, Unit #3 Fukushima Daichi nuclear core was loaded with 131 tons of uranium. Half of this (61 tons) was a new experimental MOX fuel, which is a mixture of plutonium and uranium. The spent fuel pool above the reactor contained up to 2400 tons of spent fuel, but reports say ‘only’ 1,000 tons was in the pool at the time of the explosion.
Fukushima Daichi Unit #3 Explosion
According to Wikipedia; “At 12:33 JST on 13 March, the chief spokesman of the Japanese government, Yukio Edano said hydrogen gas was building up inside the outer building of Unit 3 just as had occurred in Unit 1, threatening the same kind of explosion. At 11:15 JST on 14 March, the envisaged explosion of the building surrounding Reactor 3 of Fukushima 1 occurred, owing to the ignition of built up hydrogen gas. The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency of Japan (NISA) reported, as with Unit 1, the top section of the reactor building was blown apart, but the inner containment vessel was not breached. The explosion was larger than that in Unit 1 and felt 40 kilometers away. Pressure readings within the reactor remained steady at around 380 kPa at 11:13 and 360 kPa at 11:55 compared to nominal levels of 400 kPa and a maximum recorded of 840 kPa. Water injection continued. Dose rates of 0.05 mSv/h were recorded in the service hall and of 0.02 mSv/h at the plant entrance.
Eleven people were reported injured in the blast. TEPCO and NISA announced that four TEPCO employees, three subcontractor employees, and four Self-Defence-Force soldiers were injured. Six military personnel from the Ground Self Defense Force's Central Nuclear Biological Chemical Weapon Defense Unit, led by Colonel Shinji Iwakuma, had just arrived outside the reactor to spray it with water and were exiting their vehicles when the explosion occurred. Iwakuma later said that TEPCO had not informed them that there was a danger of a hydrogen explosion in the reactor, adding, "Tokyo Electric was desperate to stabilize (the plant), so I am not angry at them. If there is a possibility of an explosion, I would be reluctant to send my men there."
American nuclear engineer Arnold Gundersen, noting the much greater power and vertical debris ejection compared to the Unit 1 hydrogen blast, has theorized that the Unit 3 explosion involved a prompt criticality in the spent fuel pool material, triggered by the mechanical disruption of an initial, smaller hydrogen gas explosion in the building. Low-dose radiation researcher and anti-nuclear activist Christopher Busby speculated on Russia Today that the explosion that destroyed the Reactor 3 building was a "nuclear explosion" of some kind in the spent fuel pool.¨
On 11 May, TEPCO released underwater robotic video from the spent fuel pool. The video appears to show large amounts of debris contaminating the pool. However, based on water samples analysed, unnamed experts and TEPCO reported that the fuel rods were left "largely undamaged", and that it appears that the Unit 3 explosion was entirely related to hydrogen buildup within the building from venting of the reactor.
Unit 3 Cooling efforts
Around 10:00 JST on 16 March, NHK helicopters flying 30 km away videotaped white fumes rising from the Fukushima I facility. Officials suggested that the Reactor 3 building was the most likely source, and said that its containment systems may have been breached. The control room for Reactors 3 and 4 was evacuated at 10:45 JST but staff were cleared to return and resume water injection into the reactor at 11:30 JST. At 16:12 JST, Self Defence Force (SDF) Chinook helicopters were preparing to pour water on Unit 3, where white fumes rising from the building was believed to be water boiling away from the fuel rod cooling pond on the top floor of the reactor building, and on Unit 4 where the cooling pool was also short of water. The mission was cancelled when helicopter measurements reported radiation levels of 50 mSv. At 21:06 pm JST, the government reported that major damage to Reactor 3 was unlikely but that it nonetheless remained their highest priority.
Early on 17 March, TEPCO requested another attempt by the military to put water on the reactor using a helicopter and four helicopter drops of seawater took place around 10:00 JST. The riot police used a water cannon to spray water onto the top of the reactor building and then were replaced by members of the SDF with spray vehicles. On 18 March, a crew of firemen took over the task with six fire engines each spraying 6 tons of water in 40 minutes. 30 further hyper rescue vehicles were involved in spraying operations. Spraying continued each day to 23 March because of concerns the explosion in Unit 3 may have damaged the pool (total 3,742 tonnes of water sprayed up to 22 March) with changing crews to minimise radiation exposure.Lighting in the control room was restored on 22 March after a connection was made to a new grid power supply and by 24 March it was possible to add 35 tonnes of seawater to the spent fuel pool using the cooling and purification system. On 21 March grey smoke was reported to be rising from the southeast corner of Unit 3 - where the spent fuel pool is located. Workers were evacuated from the area. TEPCO claimed no significant change in radiation levels and the smoke subsided later the same day.
On 23 March, black smoke billowed from Unit 3, prompting another evacuation of workers from the plant, though Tokyo Electric Power Co. officials said there had been no corresponding spike in radiation at the plant. "We don't know the reason for the smoke", Hidehiko Nishiyama of the Nuclear Safety Agency said.
The above is the ‘official’ TEPCO press release version of events. Now let’s talk about what really may have happened, since every time TEPCO says something, they seem to have to take it back or change it radically to something completely different at some point in the future. I have never seen so many stories change so often, from a supposedly professional organization made up of nuclear experts. So let’s save them some trouble and see what reality and evidence may bring to light. It has gotten so bad, that even the mayors in Fukushima are refusing to meet with the government officials in charge of this accident.. Read more at; http://enenews.com/momentous-decision-mayors-refuse-meet-japan-officials-strongly-mistrust-government-kyodo
So what can we all agree on? First, everyone agrees there was an initial explosion at Fukushima Daichi Unit #3 at 11:01 AM JST on March 14th. This explosion was seen by the whole world on television. Details were also recorded in the reactor log. The government was notified as they are required to, by law. The Japanese government was told about the release of nuclear fuel material, which “fell all over the plant site”. The only disagreement about this is how far the pieces of nuclear fuel from Reactor #3 were blown; 1 mile, 2 miles or 3 miles? (see links below) Both the New York Times and the NRC stated that #3 had a nuclear explosion and that it spread nuclear fuel fragments a mile around the plant. http://vimeo.com/28222223
Other reports claim that the nuclear fuel fragments from #3 flew out two miles and few reports even claim that they went out three miles. This point totally refutes the official TEPCO for public consumption press release, where they still claim to this day that there was no fuel release, no reactor damage and no nuclear explosion, just a hydrogen explosion.
The #3 reactor building explosion was VERY different from the other kinds of hydrogen triggered explosions in all of the other buildings. When #3 exploded, it triggered the evacuation of the whole complex. The hydrogen explosions from the other buildings did not trigger evacuations, by comparison. Also many more people were injured and/or killed with this #3 explosion, even though TEPCO denies that as well. TEPCO decided to abandon the plant shortly after this explosion. However, based on an order from someone high up in government, a small crew of 50 returned to try and save the plant. New York Times: Broken pieces of nuclear fuel rods found outside Reactor No. 2, says nuke executive -- Covered up by bulldozers April 7, 2011 http://enenews.com/nytimes-broken-pieces-nuclear-fuel-rods-found-reactor-2-nuke-executive-covered-bulldozers
Whether or not the power was maintained to instruments, gauages and recording equipment is in dispute. TEPCO claims it never lost power, but other reports say that power was completely out for many days, and there was no way TEPCO could know anything about any reactors for a certain period of time, due to loss of ALL power to the whole complex.
The explosion at Unit #3 was HUGE. The vent tower behind #3 was 700 feet tall. When Unit #3 exploded, its contents of MOX fuel went up into a gigantic plutonium laced mushroom nuclear radiation filled cloud. When Unit #3 exploded the mushroom cloud went up so high that it made the tower look like a tiny flea on an elephant. Report: Nuclear fuel fragments found over a mile away were "ejected from the reactor cores in those explosions" not spent fuel pools, according to NRC (VIDEO) August 18, 2011 http://enenews.com/report-nuclear-fuel-fragments-found-mile-away-ejected-reactor-cores-explosions-according-nrc-video
This explosion was unlike the horizontal, low to the ground, white smoke hydrogen explosions in the other units that exploded at this complex. When Unit #3 exploded, it also carried a huge amount of radiation filled debris along with it, while also spreading pieces of nuclear fuel rods around the plant anywhere from 1-3 square miles. (See analysis links below)
Bottom line; Fukushima Reactor #3 was loaded with MOX fuel. According to nuclear expert Arnie Gunderson, #3 was an old, poorly designed Mark I reactor design. TEPCO may very well have pushed it too far by loading highly unsafe and very dangerous plutonium containing fuel, which it was NOT designed for. This load of MOX fuel was an ‘experiment’ to see if they could ‘safely’ do this with Mark I reactors. These reactors are all over the world, including 21 of this same type of reactor in the United States.
This Mark I Unit #3 reactor melted down 9 months after it was loaded with MOX fuel, when it exploded, releasing up to an estimated 500 pounds of plutonium nano particle sized dust into the air, plus an estimated 20 tons of nano particle sized uranium dust. This may very well be why the company and Japanese government as well as nuclear regulators pushed so quickly for ‘cold shutdown’ and why no ‘official’ press releases from the company include any mentions of plutonium, nuclear explosion, uranium, or anything else that may sound scary.
No one in the industry wants anyone to know that both highly toxic and dangerous plutonium was released from this explosion, and that may very well be why you will not see this on any GE controlled mass media outlet or even on Wikipedia, which to this day, still claims the ridiculous assertion by ‘experts’ that Fukushima only released 10% of Chernobyl radiation. (GE owns a LOT of subsidiary news companies and has a lot of ‘experts’ hired to refute any non-experts logic, like that above.)
How can a nuclear explosion and multiple spent fuel pools plus leaking reactors only manage to release 10% of what Chernobyl released? Even an average person can see through this obvious fabrication and manipulation. For starters, all of these supposed experts rely on ‘official’ reports that do not include #3 nuclear explosion, and further, they also do NOT include the entire contents of the spent fuel pool also exploding in that same nuclear explosion. The numbers exceed Chernobyl by a huge amount, if we end up with this scenario.
How can we allow a corporation that makes nuclear reactors and nuclear devices and sells them, to also own all of our news outlets and to staff the regulator that is supposed to ensure public safety with a revolving door, just like the FDA and drug companies? Is this not an example of very unsafe conflict of public and community interest? Now let’s turn our attention to what happened at the spent fuel pool at Unit #3.
SPENT FUEL POOL EXPLOSION AT FUKUSHIMA DAICHI REACTOR #3
First, let us prove that SFP #3 Contained MOX Fuel, since many experts claim that #3 spent fuel pool had no MOX fuel in it, and many of those same experts also claim that this spent fuel pool was not damaged in the explosion at Unit #3. TEPCO further put out a video that claimed the pool is full of water, and it appears that little or no damage was done to the fuel rods. This video and their press releases give the impression that nothing happened to reactor #3 and little or nothing of interest happened at the #3 spent fuel pool.
“Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Unit 3 According to the results confirm the soundness of the new MOX fuel in the long-term storage” July 31, 2010 NISA - Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency
Introduction: Analysis of this document began under the premise that MOX fuel could in no possible terms be viable and intact after spending a period of 10-11 years in the spent fuel pool. Documents show that 32 Mixed Oxide Fuel Assemblies were manufactured and sent to Fukushima-I in 1999. These fuel assemblies were then stored in the Spent Fuel Pool of Reactor 3 pending local government approval. This approval did not come until late summer of 2010, at which point arrangements were made and the fuel assemblies were loaded into Fukushima I-3 in September 2010.” http://archive.greenpeace.org/pressreleases/nuctrans/2001jan28.html
What have we learned so far? The experts claiming that the #3 spent fuel pool never contained MOX fuel were ‘mistaken’. According to the above documentation, #3 spent fuel pool DID CONTAIN MOX FUEL.
Now let us determine if the fuel in this pool was damaged or melted, since TEPCO and many nuclear experts claim that nothing happened in this pool, and some claim that all of the rest are perfectly OK as well. They even released an ‘official’ video claiming to show that the pool is intact and full of water, filled with spent fuel rods. This is a TEPCO provided video of Reactor Unit 3 spent fuel pool at Fukushima Daiichi 8 May 2011 http://youtu.be/KugIrnThul0 (TEPCO claims this is a video of an intact spent fuel pool #3)
Could it really be that #3 spent fuel pool sustained almost no damage and is still full of water, with a full load of undamaged spent fuel inside of it?
“New TEPCO data measured on August 19 & 20, 2011 shows severe damage to the spent fuel in Fukushima Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3. The adjacent TEPCO table posted on the front page shows incredibly high levels of Cesium 137 and Cesium 134 in all three spent fuel pools of Units 1, 2, & 3.
This TEPCO data clearly contradicts and refutes the July 2011 assertion by the NRC the Fukushima Daiichi spent fuel pools were not damaged in this tragic accident. Crytome has a new high resolution photo, also uploaded, that shows the extensive damage of the Unit 3 spent fuel pool and the reactor building.” http://vimeo.com/28222223
At the very least, we have proved with direct evidence provided by the company itself, that the #3 spent fuel pool was AT THE VERY LEAST EXTENSIVELY DAMAGED, and the fuel was melted. Uncontrolled nuclear fission was happening, (producing radioactive iodine).
So now let us continue on with our detective work, since the nuclear regulators seem to be unable to even accomplish this. Remember that the IAEA visited the plant, along with the NRC representatives and found nothing amiss. They are all still officially reporting no nuclear explosion and only 10% of Chernobyl radiation released.
If we are not afraid of finding out what is really going on, then we have to ask a scary question. Is it possible that #3 spent fuel pool does not even exist anymore and that all or most of its contents were blown sky high in the massive mushroom cloud explosion that everyone saw? Some reports and a few experts who are not afraid to tell the truth indicate that this is the case.
The link above consists of a story with Japan nuclear expert Setsuo Fujiwara, who did an interview with SPA magazine. He worked at the Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNE. He was a nuclear plant inspector and he knows these plants inside out, backwards and forwards. He also claims, as other experts do, that the explosion at reactor #3 was a nuclear explosion.
He described the flicker of fire and the vertical black smoke rising up. But he goes on to say that the spent fuel pool at #3 was destroyed and the contents of the pool were dispersed by the explosion. Specifically he asserts that there was an explosion INSIDE the #3 spent fuel pool and the melted or whole fuel rods inside of it were blown out.
He explains the sequences of events by saying that the water level decreased in the spent fuel pool #3, which caused fuel rods to melt down. Hydrogen gas was produced from the zircaloy water reaction. Inside the spent fuel pool (SFP), the water boiled above the melted fuel, and at some point, a hydrogen explosion happened.
He describes that the hydrogen explosion caused the water to compress downwards, which also compressed the hydrogen bubbles in the boiling water. This created a negative void coefficient so the “reactivity of nuclear fission was suddenly heightened. This resulted in a nuclear explosion of prompt criticality.”
In the video above, provided by Arnie Gunderson, he goes into the explanation about what caused the devastation everyone sees at Unit 3. He explains the difference between a detonation and a deflagration. He reports that there is a huge difference between the explosion at #3, and the hydrogen explosions at the other buildings. He reports that nuclear fuel rods were found as far away as TWO MILES from Unit #3.
Uranium, plutonium and americium has been found around the world as a fine dust. He says that the only way this can happen is if nuclear reaction happened, and that this fuel was volatized and thrown out. He says that the fuel pool exploded, and it accounts for the muzzle shaped explosion. He says the rubble coming back down were fuel racks, fuel rods and debris from the building. The blackness of the cloud were evidence that uranium and plutonium were volatized and turned into dust that traveled all around the world.
He continued by saying; If it were just hydrogen, the explosion would just be under the speed of sound, but the #3 explosion was faster than the speed of sound. A detonation does not cause a flash of red, but a deflagration does. He says that a hydrogen explosion happened, which caused a distortion in the pool, which caused the prompt critical explosion. There is a way to test this hypothesis, and that is to test the smoke. There are two xenon isotopes and depending on their relationship, we can determine if this was a prompt criticality or not, but no one has released this information yet. (end of video)
Another nuclear expert; Dr. Christopher Busby weighs in and says that the #3 explosion may have been a nuclear explosion criticality. FIRST PROMPT CRITICALITY NUCLEAR EXPLOSION At #3. His Analysis of #3 Explosion is detailed in this video; http://youtu.be/1Q3ljfLvHww
Some nuclear apologist ‘experts’ claim that there was no nuclear explosion at #3, because there was not enough concentration of enriched uranium/plutonium to support such a reaction. But the evidence of history supports the conclusion that it is possible, and that it has happened more than once in the past, in exactly the same way that it happened here at Fukushima. See ‘Prompt Criticality: Capable of sustaining a chain reaction without the aid of delayed neutrons’. at-McGraw-Hill Science & Technology Dictionary http://www.answers.com/topic/prompt-critical
In their article they are quoted as saying that “nuclear reactors can be susceptible to prompt-criticality accidents if a large increase in k-effective (or reactivity) occurs, e.g., following failure of their control and safety systems. The rapid uncontrollable increase in reactor power in prompt-critical conditions is likely to irreparably damage the reactor and in extreme cases, may breach the containment of the reactor. Nuclear reactors' safety systems are designed to prevent prompt criticality and, for defence-in-depth, reactor structures also provide multiple layers of containment as a precaution against any accidental releases of radioactive fission products. With the exception of research and experimental reactors, only a small number of reactor accidents are thought to have achieved prompt criticality, for example Chernobyl #4, the U.S. Army's SL-1, and Soviet submarine K-431. In all these examples the uncontrolled surge in power was sufficient to cause an explosion that destroyed each reactor and released radioactive fission products into the atmosphere.” Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/prompt-critical#ixzz1nasr9yRO
Now we have multiple nuclear experts, all in agreement. All of them are saying a nuclear explosion happened at spent fuel pool #3. If you are not convinced yet that there were nuclear explosions, feel free to follow these links and read more about it..
Japan Expert: It was a nuclear explosion at Reactor No. 3 — I believe fuel rods were blown out of spent fuel pool December 13, 2011 http://enenews.com/alert-japan-expert-nuclear-explosion-reactor-3-believe-fuel-rods-blown-spent-fuel-pool
UN agency’s report of 2nd explosion at Reactor 3 must have been made after consulting with RSMC Tokyo: EX-SKF
So now that we know this massive nuclear explosion was not only possible, but highly likely, can we find evidence that there were three explosions, which would indicate that experts were correct in claiming that both the reactor and the spent fuel pool are gone?
We started this detective journey by asking if a nuclear explosion was possible. We found out that it was not only possible, but that the explosion actually consisted of at least two and quite possibly three separate explosions, one feeding and causing another and then another, in quick succession.
Now we have two or three explosions to deal with and explain. First, we have a hydrogen explosion at the spent fuel pool, and then we have a nuclear explosion (deflagration/prompt criticality) coming out of the spent fuel pool.
This in turn, may have triggered the nuclear explosion(deflagration/prompt criticality) in the #3 reactor, in quick succession. Is there any evidence of three explosions happening at the #3 building, all at once?
Starting at 20 minutes in, an interview with a nuclear expert on Coast To Coast explains how two explosions may have occurred early on at Reactor No. 3, very similar to Chernobyl -- Likely at least several hundred pounds of plutonium ejected. Most of it will circle the globe and settle out. It only takes one tiny particle of inhaled plutonium to cause cancer and possibly die eventually. Just like in Chernobyl, there were two explosions within milli seconds. He describes Fukushima as a Level 8 event, way about Chernobyl Level 7. A Level 8 is Multiple Source Event, with leaks in multiple reactors, requiring international assistance and cooperation. This will easily be a TRILLION Dollar disaster.
Hartmann - Fukushima...is this the China Syndrome?, The Big Picture, August 18, 2011. In the following video, at 4:15 in, “Paul Gunter, director of Reactor Oversight Project with Beyond Nuclear: We were involved in an Nuclear Regulatory Commission [NRC] hearing on July 28 of this year where the NRC basically admitted that (radioactive) fuel fragments found over one and a half miles away from the facility did not come from explosions from the spent fuel pools, according to the NRC those fuel fragments were ejected from the reactor cores in those explosions. httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baya8-agPs4
Once the explosions happened, we would expect to find evidence of the destruction of both the reactor and the spent fuel pool, correct? So where is there evidence that both the reactor and the spent fuel pool blew up? We can go further now. Let’s take a look at the evidence directly with our own eyes. See if you can find the reactor and spent fuel pool in the wreckage that was left after the explosion. http://youtu.be/0ZBYQ5opMLs
So how much radiation was released when spent fuel pool #3 blew up? No one knows, since the officials will not go there and none of the popular mass media radiation release figures include this. Most figures are still stuck on 10% of Chernobyl radiation total release, but this figure is laughable at this point.
We all know that these out of control nuclear melt downs, explosions and melt throughs released massive amounts of radioactive noble gases, many times more in total than Chernobyl. There is no way this could not have happened, since at least three reactors were confirmed to be leaking, melted down, melted through, and at least one spent fuel pool and possibly one reactor had a nuclear explosion, with many times the total tonnage of nuclear fuel, plus is was MOX fuel, which is many times more dangerous per ton than the equivalent Chernobyl radiation, which only had uranium releases.
The three melted down corium blobs also release radioactive gases and dust, resulting in a bunch of radioactive isotopes that float out into the air. What is this total? No one knows… as they are not counting this.
TMI lost 20 tons of nuclear fuel into the air from ONE reactor core partially melting down for 1 day. How much has been lost from multiple reactor cores over all of this time at Fukushima, in addition to the multiple FUKU spent fuel pools that blew up, melted down, or etc? Any guesses?
The heavier elements melt DOWNWARDS, as proven by Chernobyl, TMI and other nuclear accidents. Just having something blow up does not mean everything disappears into thin air. At Fukushima, the ‘experts’ and nuclear apologists have to admit that do not know where the melted corium blobs are or what they are doing, much less how much radiation they are releasing into the air on a daily basis.
Chernobyl blew up, and still had massive corium meltdown and meltthrough going down through multiple floors under the reactor, combined with massive amounts of sand, boron, lead and God knows what else. The corium at Chernobyl is all melted and fused together down under the reactor. Luckily, Chernobyl was diluted with sand, boron and lead. It cooled on its way down. The corium stopped several floors down inside the building, in the basement. In Russia, they made HUGE efforts to stop that downward movement of corium by utilizing an army that consisted of over 500,000 people, and closer to 1,000,000 people.
In Japan, there is almost ZERO effort to stop the melted corium from going down into the ground. They did not even admit it was happening, and then only slowly managed to admit that it was POSSIBLE that it melted through MONTHS later. Even now, they are having trouble even talking about it, much less investigating it or trying to figure out anything around it. The danger is that there will be a massive explosion when a corium blob hits groundwater and take out the whole complex, thus causing a global life extinction event. The consequences of the nuclear corporate, regulatory body and government coverup/denial strategy may doom the human race. Time will tell. This is NOT over yet.
Very little has changed since Chernobyl blew up and radiated everyone, except that many more nuclear accidents, meltdowns, melt throughs and ‘accidental’ radiation releases happened, plus way more radioactive substances are now in the air, on the ground and in the ocean as well as inside all of us.
How many radioactive elements and isotopes are released from something like Fukushima, some of which eventually end up inside all of us?
Let’s focus on just 93 out of the 1,000 total, shall we? There are 93 different long lived radioactive elements that hang around and pollute both the environment and us for at least 17,000 years and up to BILLIONS of years in total decay life. Want to see the list of all 93?
How much sense does it make to heat water for only 30 years, when these insanely dangerous radioactive elements will affect millions of future generations in a negative way, and quite possibly cause the extinction of the entire human race? If you want to know what happens when a Super Solar Storm hits and knocks out all power, read this… It is predicted to hit in 2013. The Carrington Effect May Cause Year Long Power Blackouts http://www.care2.com/c2c/share/detail/3107047
My question is; what happens when all 400 nuclear power plants around the world no longer have power for weeks or months, just like Fukushima?
WHAT CAN I DO ABOUT THIS?
See these other blog postings for more information, all postings via A Green Road Blog at www.agreenroadblog.com.
1. Feel free to copy these links and post them on Facebook, twitter, etc.
2. Send them to news outlets, write letters to your political leader, the newspaper reporter/editor
3. Send them to friends via email.
4. Add the Green Road Blog RSS feed to your website or news site. Every person needs to know this.
This situation of exposing millions of people to high levels of radiation that causes death and diseases is nothing new.. Simi Valley in the US had a major meltdown of a reactor with major radiation release that had millions of people living around it. It was completely covered up and hidden.
NO ONE CARES what kind of radiation you are exposed to, what suffering you will endure or how soon you will die. If you don't care and take action, NO ONE ELSE WILL EITHER, and your kids certainly will not, because they do not know.
So maybe we should celebrate that they are not opening 100 new nursery schools near FUKU. Maybe we should celebrate that they are not relocating people by FORCE, from Tokyo to Fukushima province. The Japanese government is asking people to ‘come back’ voluntarily to Fukushima province. It is hard for me to comprehend how many people are coming back to a highly contaminated area, with ongoing present day active radiation releases that are breathtaking in amount, with lots of warnings from groups like Greenpeace, and the US government, about evacuating further away from the plant, not going closer to it.
I guess there will always be millions more who will die because of things like this, with millions to billions more coming in the near and far, far distant future of radioactive fallout, plus an average of one major 'accident' every 30 years.
In July 2011, the video journalist interviews a nuclear expert, who talks about reports regarding radioactive steam coming out of the ground around the Fukushima plant in Japan. There have been three confirmed melt downs and three confirmed melt thoughs, although TEPCO resists admitting any molten fuel has left the bottom containment vessel. . The reactor vessel itself has failed in at least one case, and most probably all three or more reactors at Fukushima.
According to this expert, the melted radioactive core(s) burned through the reactor vessel, then the containment vessel, then the cement floor of the building, and then burned into the earth. At least one of these molten blobs has reached groundwater, so says this expert.
The amount of radiation coming out of the ground in the form of radioactive steam is off scale for instruments that only measure up to 10 sieverts per hour, which is equal to one Million millirem per hour. He says 1,000 REM are coming out of cracks. These are doses that can kill within days.
The US NRC allows us to be exposed to 100 millirem per year, from sources such as Xrays, etc. The ground steam consists of 1,000,000 millirem per HOUR. Multiply that out per 24 hours and then by 365 days and you start to see how much radiation that is per YEAR.
They are starting to build tents over these destroyed buildings, but this is desperation. The radiation is coming up from cracks around the plant, outside of the tents. It is much more out of control than they want to admit.
The government and TEPCO still will not admit to any nuclear explosions. They say only hydrogen explosions happened, and NO NUCLEAR FUEL LEFT THE BUILDINGS. However, the US NRC has admitted that nuclear fuel fragments that were found over 1 mile away did not come from explosions from spent fuel pools. According to NRC they were ejected from nuclear core(s) at Fukushima.
The expert says that the first thing that is controlled in a nuclear accident is the information. There is a huge lag time of months before the real truthful information comes out, if it does at all.
He continues by saying that the news blackout about the Fukushima meltdowns and ongoing crisis is crafted by a global nuclear industry that controls the media and airwaves. We are completely dependent on independent bloggers and websites, not mass media, where bad news comes out first.
Source of above info; video above… roughly transcribed and some additions.. not exact quotes.
The China Syndrome movie explores how a nuclear melt through may happen. Since a China Syndrome never happened before in real life, no one really knows for absolutely guaranteed for sure what will happen. Chernobyl got close, but that melt through stopped several floors below the nuclear reactor.
The worst case Fukushima scenario is a huge nuclear/hydrogn explosion that makes the entire plant out of bounds for any humans, due to too high radiation levels. This means more disasters from the other plants and spent fuel pools nearby, as they go into worst case mode as well. The worst case is a global life extinction event with no one living through it, and no place to hide.
TEPCO and the Japanese government are saying that the temperatures of all melted core material in ALL reactors and spent fuel pools is dropping and is close to ‘cold shutdown’ levels.
But is it really? They also admit along with the above statement, that they might not be measuring the actual molten core material temperatures, because they might have left the containers where the temperature monitoring equipment is. In this case, the temperature probes may only be measuring an empty container, while the 5000C degree 65 ton radioactive fire blob is melting its way down through the ground, many tens of yards below the temperature probes.
Since the latest reports are that no one can get closer than about 100 feet from ANY of the nuclear reactor cores, I do not believe that anyone can really say what is happening YET. We will have to wait for a huge explosion, or possibly just many years of extremely radioactive steam coming out of the ground from multiple out of control underground radioactive fires, or best case, a cold shutdown at the end of 2011… It is anyone’s guess at this point… Maybe a robot can go in and take a few pictures of intact reactors, or bring back photos of holes in them, along with a hole in the ground underneath them. So far, no pictures either…
Arnie Gunderson is saying nuclear fuel has NOT left the container around the reactor YET. He says the China Syndrome cannot happen. He does not think a steam explosion can happen. We will see.. High radiation levels from a corium blob going down through the ground cannot be hidden, at least not for long, and neither can an underground steam/corium explosion that makes the whole site unworkable for humans. Either radiatin levels will continue to go up in Japan, due to melted corium in the ground radioactive steam emissions, or they will drop, due to 'cold shutdown'.
Bad news? Water is contacting the melted cores, and this water then contains uranium, plutonium, cesium, strontium, etc. That water is LEAKING OUT and vapor is also leaving the site, with who knows how much radiation. How much of this radiation is going up the huge stacks? How much is going into groundwater? How much is going into the ocean? How much radiation is just leaking out daily, period?
This contaminated water is in all of the basements of the buildings. This water is being &lsquourified’ so some water can be reused. The concentrated waste water is being processed and stored in huge tanks on site.
They are building more and more tanks daily. They are running out of room on site to store more contaminated waste products in liquid form, according to Arnie. Are they going to release it into the ocean, after they run out of room?
Also, what he does not mention is the loss of firms willing to work in Fukushima. They started with 35 contractors. Now they are down to 2. Will they still have enough workers to keep going long term? Will the radiation on site increase or decrease over time?
Who will continue to keep paying to clean up this mess for the next few generations, or much, much longer?
What we do know for ABSOLUTELY sure is that the pro nuclear industry has not stepped forward and offered to pay for this mess. They are asking YOU AND I to cover just about all of their risk of doing business, and all of the clean up costs. They are too big to fail, and are asking for welfare. They take the profits, but ask us to cover all their risks, mistakes and corruption caused failures.
Gundersen expresses concerns that the nuclear industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission are not addressing major safety issues that have become evident since Fukushima. These issues include serious design flaws in the BWR Mark 1 containment, fundamental flaws in the Boiling Water Reactor vessel design, and problems with detonation shockwaves.
The NRC and the nuclear industry are using a flawed cost benefit computer code that underestimates the value of human life and minimize property damages after an accident, which has the effect of justifying continued operation of reactors without safety modifications.
Also, Fairewinds announces the launch of the Japanese language version of its site, Fairewinds.jp.
He also talks about how SAMA, or Severe Accident Mitigation Analysis works, and how this is being ignored with Fukushima.
[NOTE: Half-life is the time taken for a radioactive substance to decay by half.] * Cesium-134 ~ 2 years * Cesium-137 ~ 30 years * Iodine-131 ~ 8 days * Plutonium-239 ~ 24,200 years * Ruthenium-103 ~ 39 days [Ruthenium is a fission product of uranium-235.] * Ruthenium-106 ~ 374 days * Strontium-90 ~ 28.85 years [Strontium-90 is a product of nuclear fission and is found in large amounts in spent nuclear fuel and in radioactive waste from nuclear reactors.] * Uranium-234 ~ 246,000 years * Uranium-235 ~ 703.8 million years * Uranium-238 ~ 4.468 billion years
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Yokohama, Oct. 15 — Mochizuki of the Fukushima Diary website is reporting on a June 2011 document that has been “leaked on the internet” which reveals that Plutonium-238, -239, -240, and -241 were released “to the air” from Fukushima Daiichi during the first 100 hours after the earthquake.
The amount of plutonium released is said to be 120 billion Becquerels.
It also states there was a release of 7.6 trillion Becquerels of Neptunium-239.
Mochizuki says this report was made by Tepco for a press conference on June 6 and the media knew and “kept concealing the risk for 7 months and kept people exposed”.
Garlic being used to
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amount of garlic
compounds can neutralize
dangerous contaminants in
infant formula. New
research by a team at
While on Friday we
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The Blue God is
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Justice means minding
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PlatoTolerance implies no
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