Where Heart Shift Happens. Teaching the Science of Sustainable Health. What works for 7 future generations? "Do not go where the freeway may lead - Go instead where there is no path and build - A Green Road"
‘Three Mile Island: Exposing the Government’s Cover Up of Our Most Infamous Nuclear Accident; People died -- and are still dying -- at Three Mile Island “ This article goes into some detail about all of the initial assurances of safety by regulators and industry, all of which turned out to be lies.
Three Mile Island: ‘They Say Nothing Happened’
“Harvey Wasserman, co-author of Killing Our Own: The Disaster of America’s Experience With Atomic Radiation, stressed that the What Happened? account comes amid virtually complete inactivity by U.S. media in following up the Three Mile Island accident. (Wasserman has written about the aftermath of TMI for Harrowsmith—5-6/87—and other publications.)”
They interview a lady who did door to door cancer surveys years after the accident, and she said that she found cancer cases AT EVERY HOUSE. This article also points out how the medical industry and the media served as the means to help cover up the whole disaster and all of the consequences of it.
Same old, same old.. The pattern repeats itself… ad nauseum.. In Russia, at Chernobyl, at TMI, in the USA, and now in Japan, at Fukushima.
Same old, same old, only getting worse, and bigger. http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=4021
‘Investigation: Revelations about Three Mile Island disaster raise doubts over nuclear plant safety’
The official govt report and NRC said that no one was hurt or killed by TMI, just like Fukushima. This report illustrates that the cancer rate of downwinders was increased by 80% over average citizens not exposed. Read the chilling reports of ‘downwinders’ who experienced high radiation dose signs, which were completely ignored and discounted by the nuclear industry. It sounds just like what is happening around Fukushima and also Chernobyl.
Another Coverup At Three Mile Island… Lies Discovered About Control Rods
There was an initial cover up phase right after TMI-2. The NRC Rogovin Commission and the Kennedy Commission claimed that all 69 out of 69 control rods were inserted during the emergency cooling effort, called a scram and that they all worked properly.
Later, everyone involved on the nuclear industry, media and government side came out with public statements officially assuring everyone that not only did all control rods worked properly, they all claimed that no one was harmed or killed, and that no harmful radiation amounts were released. This all turned out to be a lie.
At TMI-2 it was found that the entire central control rod group failed to fall into the core, which is required in order to cool the reactor and keep it from melting down. The rod group circling core central became known as “The Void at the Center of the Core”.
The GEND report was produced to answer questions raised about these control rods. They found that only 61 of them actually did get inserted into the nuclear core, but the rest DID NOT. This is part of what caused a partial meltdown of the core, resulting in 20 tons of nuclear material melting down, with a huge radiation release, that resulted in massive numbers of cancers, genetic diseases and deaths.
Study suggests Three Mile Island radiation may have injured people living near reactor
"Several hundred people at the time of the accident reported nausea, vomiting, hair loss and skin rashes, and a number said their pets died or had symptoms of radiation exposure," he said. " After adjusting for pre-accident cancer incidence, we found a striking increase in cancers downwind from Three Mile Island….it is known that plant radiation monitors went off scale when the accident started.”
“Using better analytic and statistical techniques, he found that among the 20,000 people who lived near the plant and close to the plume's path, lung cancer and leukemia rates were two or more times higher than what they were near the plant but upwind from the plume. Among those in the most direct path of the plumes, lung cancer incidence went up by 300 to 400 percent, and leukemia rates were up by 600 to 700 percent.” http://www.albionmonitor.com/9703a/3milecancer.html
TMI Facts [Source: Arnold Gundersen, expert witness TMI 1994 trial, video link at http://www.nirs.org/reactorwatch/accidents/tmipowerpoint.pdf
“TMI’s radiation monitors onsite were off-scale; radiation estimates are based math assumptions applied upon off-site dose readings.
Early on in the accident, the NRC estimated that 10,000,000 Curies of radiation were released. The NRC estimate is based on a report by NRC manager, Mr. Lake Barrett. NUREG-0637, Appendix C. Barrett used time averaged plume dispersion (Chi/Q); assumed the center (highest concentration) of the plume hits the detector; and then averaged many days of releases. Time averaged plume dispersion can be wrong on the low side by a factor of 10. Center line Chi/Q can be wrong on the low side by a factor of a 1000. Averaging the data is wrong on the low side by a factor of 3.4. Barrett recorded the maximum curies released each day; the grand total of each day’s recording adds up to 36,062,000 curies released at TMI; yet the NRC insists that only 10,000 curies were released.
During the 1994 TMI Trial, John Daniel (industry’s expert), determined that 17,000,000 Curies were released. Industry's own expert estimated that more radiation was released than the NRC, the guardian of public safety. Another industry expert report by Dr. Sinovy V. Reytblatt, structural engineer from the University of Bridgeport, estimated that 8-10% of containment was released as result of the spike in pressure inside the containment. The containment had 10 billion curies – 10%= 1 billion curies.
A thorough analysis of the TMI accident indicates that releases were 100 to 1000 times higher than the NRC estimated and that the containment failed after the hydrogen detonation.
NRC and FEMA continue to use NRC’s mischaracterization of what was released at TMI. For example NRC’s Senior Advisor for Emergency Preparedness Patricia Milligan’s claimed [when giving a lecture at Harvard School of Public Health, Radiological Emergency Planning: Terrorism, Security, and Communication August 7, 2008] that when emergency plans were initially written NRC/FEMA did not know that there had been core melt. However now that NRC knows that there had been core melt and that our data still “shows” only a “small release” of radiation occurred, emergency plans and guidelines based on a then lack of understanding of the seriousness of the accident thereby are too conservative. In other words the continued mischaracterization of TMI’s releases is used to justify reducing the area in which emergency planning is necessary and to generally water down response planning and exercise scenarios.
Perhaps Sir Walter Scott said it best, "Oh, what a tangled web we weave, when first we practice to deceive."”
Washington, DC - April 26, 2011 – Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) today cited gross inadequacies in evacuation zones around nuclear reactors and underscored the ongoing health risks of nuclear energy to the public. The 25th anniversary of Chernobyl and the continuing crisis at Fukushima—both Level 7 nuclear disasters—are clear reminders that standard evacuation zones cannot protect the public from a nuclear accident.
One-third of the population of the United States (over 111 million people) lives within 50 miles of a nuclear reactor. Given the consequences of the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters, PSR is calling for a major reassessment of contingency plans for nuclear accidents, as well as a full and fair accounting of the data on the impact to public health and the environment.
PSR unveiled a new interactive Evacuation Zone Map at a press conference today held jointly with the Institute for Policy Studies’ Robert Alvarez. The map, which is available at www.psr.org/evacuation2011, shows a person’s residence in relation to a nuclear reactor and an evacuation zone.
“The original evacuation zone around the Fukushima reactors and the current 10-mile evacuation zone mandated in the US are insufficient,” said Jeff Patterson, DO, immediate past president of Physicians for Social Responsibility. “We must reevaluate our contingency plans for protecting the public from these dangerous reactor sites. The nuclear industry, and our government, continues to put innocent lives at risk by ignoring the real dangers of nuclear accidents to public health. As we have seen in nuclear testing, the Kyshtym explosion, Chernobyl and now in Fukushima, when catastrophic releases of radiation happen, they quickly affect not just populations nearby but the whole world, spreading long-lived radioactive pollution everywhere.”
Using simulation software provided by the US Government, PSR analyzed what would happen from a nuclear reactor accident near a major metropolitan area: the Braidwood reactor outside of Chicago. The simulation modeled a loss of coolant accident with exposure of the reactor core, a containment breach, and release of the reactor’s superheated radioactive fuel into the air. The resulting plume of radioactive materials would extend north from the reactor itself to the northern edges of metropolitan Chicago, and east into Indiana and Michigan.
“The computer simulation of an accident at Braidwood in Illinois showed that more than 200,000 people would likely receive high enough doses to develop radiation sickness and 20,000 might receive a lethal dose, according to PSR projections,” said Andrew S. Kanter, MD, MPH, president-elect of Physicians for Social Responsibility.
The accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima provide important lessons regarding the danger to public safety and the need for evacuation zones that are appropriate and feasible around nuclear reactors, if they are to continue to operate. On April 26, 1986, the fourth reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded, contaminating approximately 77,000 square miles of land and spreading dangerous radioactive isotopes around the world. The impact of the disaster on public health continues to be felt 25 years later.
From 1986 to 2000, 350,400 people were evacuated and resettled from the most severely contaminated areas of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. The range of credible estimates of the number of resulting excess deaths ranges from 27,000 in a report by the Union of Concerned scientists (not including thyroid cancer or other causes) to 985,000 in a report by the New York Academy of Sciences (including in European countries, where there was radioactive fallout). The current permanent exclusion zone around the Chernobyl reactor extends for 30 km and 5,800 square km is heavily contaminated. Areas 300-400 km away in Belarus are uninhabitable. Hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of forest and agricultural area are off limits or required decontamination.
In Japan, radiation from the crippled reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex has been detected well outside the 20 km evacuation zone. Radiation measurements of soil samples taken as far away as 50 km from the reactor showed levels of cesium-137 which exceed the cut-off used for determining the long-term evacuation zone around Chernobyl.
“The 50-mile zone for Americans living near Fukushima recommended by Nuclear Regulatory Commission Chairman Gregory Jaczko on March 16 was appropriate and should be required for nuclear reactors in the United States as well,” said Dr. Kanter. “It is clear that the authorities and health care system would not be able to properly protect the health of all the people and vulnerable populations that would need to be moved in the case of significant reactor accident, let alone the massive number of injured or potentially injured, and the entire process would likely be a public health disaster.”
ABOUT PHYSICIANS FOR SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (PSR)
Physicians for Social Responsibility is the largest physician-led organization in the country conveying both the health risks and threats to human survival posed by nuclear weapons, climate change, nuclear reactors and toxic degradation of the environment. Founded in 1961 by physicians concerned about the impact of nuclear proliferation, PSR shared the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize with International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War for building public pressure to end the nuclear arms race. PSR is dedicated to improving national policy formulation and decision-making about security, energy and the environment through the combined efforts of credible, committed health professionals and our active and concerned citizen members. For more information, go to http://www.psr.org.
THE BATTLE OF CHERNOBYL dramatically chronicles the series of harrowing efforts to stop the nuclear chain reaction and prevent a second explosion, to "liquidate" the radioactivity, and to seal off the ruined reactor under a mammoth "sarcophagus." These nerve-racking events are recounted through newly available films, videos and photos taken in and around the plant, computer animation, and interviews with participants and eyewitnesses, many of whom were exposed to radiation, including government and military leaders, scientists, workers, journalists, doctors, and Pripyat refugees.
The consequences of this catastrophe continue today, with thousands of disabled survivors suffering from the "Chernobyl syndrome" of radiation-related illnesses, and the urgent need to replace the hastily-constructed and now crumbling sarcophagus over the still-contaminated reactor. As this remarkable film makes clear, THE BATTLE OF CHERNOBYL is far from over.
Court has overturned a
lower court ruling and
sexual activity. While
undoubtedly a setback for
gay rights, we can use
this as an opportunity to
rid India of its anti-gay
penalties entirely. I...
A New Psychological
who teach psychology, to
most of all for you who
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biennial with long and
narrow wavy-edged leaves,
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5 ft. Bears a slim spike
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Uses: Use whole green
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The Corn Maiden is the
youthful female deity
parallel to the Blue God.
She is considered a
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she is considered very
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spirit of growth in
plants and animals for a
lack of power.
If a man does not keep
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because he hears a
different drummer.- Henry
David ThoreauTwo roads
diverged in a wood, and I
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traveled by,and that has
made all the difference.-
Robert FrostHow dif...
The ACLU wants to give
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There’s a serious
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competition aims to...