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11 Pieces Of Pro-Voting Legislation For 2013

11 Pieces Of Pro-Voting Legislation For 2013

Written by Scott Keyes

The past two years have not been kind to voting rights. Across the country, the Tea Party wave of 2010 led to new restrictive voting measures, including photo identification requirements and cuts in early voting. In total, these changes had the potential to disenfranchise more than 5 million Americans.

However, with progressive victories in the 2012 election and a renewed awareness of the need to protect the ballot box, 2013 could be a banner year for voting rights.

Rather than continuing to solely play defense, the Center for American Progress has released a report detailing 11 pieces of state legislation that voting rights advocates can use to go on offense in 2013:

1. Online voter registration. Less than 63 percent of Americans aged 18-34 were registered to vote in 2009, yet a Nielsen survey found that these young citizens were by far the most electronically connected, with 88 percent having an Internet connection at home. Modernizing the voter-registration process and allowing people to register online would be a boon for the overall number of voters in our country.

2. Election Day registration. Most states bar their residents from registering in the weeks just before an electionóat a time when media coverage is at a fever pitch and less-engaged citizens are just starting to tune in. Some states, such as Pennsylvania, stop allowing people to register 30 days before an election. Election Day registration eliminates that barrier, helping a significant number of Americans vote. In 2008 alone, more than 1 million individuals registered on Election Day in these states. Studies have found that Election Day registration boosts turnout on average by 7-percentage points to 14-percentage points.

3. Require public schools to help register voters. Young Americans continue to vote at far lower rates than the rest of the citizenry. This year, for instance, only half of the voting-eligible population between the ages of 18 and 24 cast a ballot, compared to more than two-thirds of senior citizens. One simple way to encourage students to vote is for states to require that public schools provide voter-registration services.

4. Expand early voting. Early voting is one of the most important realms of voting rights over the past decade. It offers citizens more flexibility to vote at their convenienceónot everyone can take off an hour or two from work on the first Tuesday of Novemberóand allows election officials to spread the process of counting ballots over a number of days or weeks, rather than getting inundated all at once. Itís also a major boon for minority turnout. Many African American churches, for instance, participate in a ďsouls to the pollsĒ voting drive on the Sunday before Election Day helping boost black early voting rates. Currently, 16 states donít offer early voting.

5. Allow voters to cast a ballot in any county polling location. One of the most exciting new developments in the past couple years is the advent of polling centers. Rather than restricting voters to one assigned precinct where they must cast their ballot, a handful of counties now allow residents to vote at any polling location in their home county. Travis County, Texas, home to Austin, for example, conducted a study of its new policy after it was introduced in 2011 and found that allowing voters to cast a ballot at any of the countyís 207 polling locations led directly to a 1.4 percent increase in turnout. Approximately one in three voters ended up going to a different polling location than their usual one.

6. No-excuse absentee voting. For many Americans taking time off during the work day to vote is not an option. Fortunately for them an increasing number of states are enacting ďno-excuse absenteeĒ laws that allow anyone who requests an absentee ballot to receive one, not just individuals who will be out of town or have another reason barring them from voting on Election Day.

7. Strengthen penalties for knowingly deceiving voters. Though voter fraud is largely a myth, one form of actual election hijinks occurs when individuals or groups purposefully deceive certain voters about when or how to vote. These deceptive practices are unfortunately commonplace, such as fliers plastered in urban areas telling Republicans to vote on Tuesday and Democrats to vote on Wednesday. States should not only specifically ban deceptive practices, but classify them as a felony.

8. Outlaw voter caging. Voter caging is when an operative or group sends letters to a ďtargetísĒ home and uses any returned mail to challenge that voterís eligibility on the presumption that they donít live at the listed residence. For years, political operatives have used voter caging as a tactic to suppress turnout among largely minority populations. Because itís a process that is riddled with problems, states should affirmatively ban the practice of voter caging. There are dozens of reasons why a piece of mail would be returned that are more plausible than a voter intending to commit voter fraud, including as clerical errors or military deployment, and serves primarily to suppress legitimate voters.

9. Reform the voter-challenge process. Poll watchers became a household term in the 2012 election as campaigns and outside groups like True The Vote trained thousands of volunteers to challenge votersí eligibility anytime they suspected irregularities. When a poll watcher makes a challenge most states place the burden of proof on the voter to prove he or she is eligible to cast a ballot, a process that does little to disincentivize frivolous challenges. States therefore should pass legislation shifting the burden of proof from the voter to the challenger. In addition, states should impose penalties on individuals and groups who make frivolous challenges.

10. Restore voting rights to ex-felons. Felons in most states arenít just barred from voting while in prison; a handful of states strip them of their voting rights for the rest of their life, even after completing their sentence. As a result, 3.1 million Americans were disenfranchised in 2008. If we as a society want to reintegrate people with felony convictions back into society after they finish their prison terms, it makes little sense to permanently brand them with a scarlet letter.

11. Enact constitutional language affirming an equal right to vote. When Wisconsin passed voter ID legislation in 2011 the only thing stopping its implementation in the 2012 election was the state constitutionís language affirming Wisconsin residentsí right to vote. Every state constitution has different language regarding the right to vote. Still, the most important thing voting-rights advocates can proactively do to prevent further attacks on voting rights such as voter ID is to strengthen their stateís constitutional language regarding the right to vote.

This post was originally published by ThinkProgress.

 

Related Stories:

5 Ways to Make Voting Easier

Texas Threatens to Arrest UN Observers for Ensuring Voter Fairness

Tea Party Voting Purges Might be Criminal

 

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118 comments

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6:40PM PST on Jan 23, 2013

Thank You

12:31AM PST on Jan 20, 2013

It is interesting that a nation that holds democracy as so important puts so many stops in place toward achieving true representation for it's people. I'm sure most countries have different rules. In Australia we can vote well ahead of time and are encouraged to do so, we can vote at any polling booth not just in our area, our election is held on a Saturday, a fact that many schools which are polling booths take advantage of by holding fetes, cake stalls etc. A strange situation, voting is compulsory in Australia, you get a fine if you don't show up and have your say! A paradox in a democratic country, but it ensures that no matter how big idiots the politicians are that get voted in, they truly are our idiots.

8:33AM PST on Jan 16, 2013

Thank you.

3:12AM PST on Jan 14, 2013

Some goods ideas here, thanks for sharing.

10:11AM PST on Jan 9, 2013

Great in theory needs to be put into practice. Thank you for the article and I also enjoyed many of the comments.

3:41PM PST on Jan 8, 2013

Thank you for article.

3:41PM PST on Jan 8, 2013

Thank you for article.

11:54PM PST on Jan 7, 2013

it seems america works on a different level completely when it comes to voting, in comparison with the uk. we get a letter sent to our address 3-4 month before cut off date, usually end of october, so anyone living at that house on xx date of october can say 'yes all these people living here still live here and have the right to vote', or 'no they have moved out, but we now live here and we have the right to vote...'

to be able to vote, you need to be over 18, be a british citizen and have registered address to vote. you can register your address by sending the letter back, phoning, texting or emailing as each way has a reference to your address. when it comes to voting, you can go in person to the ballot location closest to you [within a mile, usually at a church, school, community centre, library, or other such public place], get someone to vote on your behalf, get a postal ballot, so they send it to you and you fill it and send it back, or you can choose to not vote.

voting is done on one day only and polling stations are open form 7am-11pm. i don't know of anyone who has to work such long hours that if they wanted to vote, they can't, or they don't know when it is. on the run up to the day, each party has 5 minute broadcasts throughout the day, usually after the news, it's in all the papers, billboard signs are put up, individuals and business owners show who they are supporting by signs on their property and a leaflet describing what will happen arrives through yo

10:06PM PST on Jan 7, 2013

We definitely need to protect our right to vote and we need to get big money out of our voting process entirely. I think we have all learned from the disgrace of the 2012 voting process and shenanigans that our voting process has far too many loose rules and misleading tactics designed to keep people from even wanting to vote. Early voting should be encouraged, absentee voting should be supported and voter ID requirements should be eliminated entirely. Voter challengers also need to bear the burden of proof, not the voter. Good article. Sure would like to see it in action, not just words.

8:27PM PST on Jan 7, 2013

We need to protect the rights of the voters because there are groups that prefer 47% of our population doesn't vote.

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