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3 Reasons Why Women Owning Land Makes the World a Better Place

3 Reasons Why Women Owning Land Makes the World a Better Place

For much of history, whatever a woman owned was still under someone else’s control, her father’s or, if she were married, her husband’s. This is still the case for women in many traditional societies in developing nations. Studies of women in Ethiopia and Ghana make it clear why, to forge a better future in developing economies, women must have a right to land, writes Agnes Quisumbing of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

In the past two decades, both of these countries experienced notable reductions in poverty rates (pdf), with Ethiopia’s falling from 45.5 percent to 38.7 percent of the population (from 1995 to 2005) and Ghana’s from 51.7 percent to 28.5 (from 1991 – 2006). Agriculture played a significant role in reducing poverty by providing people with food of their own as well as commodities to export.

Quisumbing lists three reasons why the future of these countries and others rests on women having the right to own land.

1. When a woman owns land, a family’s chances of falling into poverty are reduced.

Many women still derive their land rights through male relatives or husbands, so the death of these or divorce means that women lose access to land. As women often leave their home villages to live in their husbands’, they and their children can be left highly vulnerable.

Women heads of households in Ethiopia fared worse during the 2007-2008 global food crisis. Households that owned more land and land of higher quality experience fewer losses of assets and income; owning such land was “key to protecting the rural poor from food price shocks,”  Quisumbing writes.

2. Women who own land are more likely to use sustainable farming practices.

Women in Ghana who have secure, private property rights were more likely to plant cocoa trees, rather than short-term crops. Women without such rights ceased to carry out long-term growing practices like planting trees, with disadvantages for the environment as land was not left to lie fallow and regain its fertility. Women-managed households in Ethiopia have also been found to be more likely to plant trees and follow soil conservation techniques.

A World Bank study cited by Quisumbing notes that women without secure property rights are less likely to leave land fallow out of fear that they might lose it.

3. Women spend money differently than men.

Women are more likely to spend their income on food, health care and the education of their children, an investment in the next generation that contributes to overall poverty reduction.

A historic Food Security Bill passed less August in India has provided for a wide-scale expansion of India’s subsidized grain program and also indirectly empowered women as ration cards must have the name of the “women head of the beneficiary family.” As one woman explained to Women News Network, her husband has been liable to pawn the family’s ration card to purchase alcohol. As she will now be in control of it, she can use the card for its intended purpose, to buy grain to keep her children from getting hungry.

Can Extreme Poverty Be Eradicated?

This week, delegations from countries around the world will be meeting at the United Nations to work on a list of proposed “Sustainable Development Goals.” At the top of these is the eradication of extreme poverty.

From 1990 to 2010, the percentage of the global population living on less than $1.25 a day in developing countries fell by a half, to 21 percent or 1.2 billion people. The question remains, how can governments work to continue this trend?

Reducing income inequality, preventing avoidable child deaths and providing universal education are vital to reducing the number of people who live in extreme poverty, the Economist says. It’s also important to ensure that people have basic resources including clean water, medicines and family planning. These latter three are certainly areas that directly affect the lives of women, as Quisumbing makes very clear.  Providing women with secure, private rights to land is a necessary first step to improving not only the lives of women around the world but also of their children and of their country’s future.

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Photo via Wikimedia Commons

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101 comments

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12:42AM PST on Feb 7, 2014

agree
quite interesting )

7:37PM PDT on Oct 12, 2013

Woman are more sensable than men simply because they bare the children and have to provide for them reguardless of whether a man stays around. Their brains are wired differently because they have to defuse their focus to keep track of things. That is natural women. Western women, not so much. Modern women not so much either, they've been subdued, brainwashed and deliberately kept down by male dominated institutions. Men must be terrified of us considering how long they've been at this and how terrible they have treated us.And they should be terrified. I've had a few tastes of this female rage and it would kill in an instant if anyone threatened the ones I love and the things I need to care for them. Republicans, beware!

12:11PM PDT on Oct 5, 2013

Sorry, all thumbs today - meant Matriarchal societies.

12:10PM PDT on Oct 5, 2013

In Mtriarchal societies the women owned everything and it was passed down to the daughters. Since men have taken over it seems our world has gone to Hell, and not getting better. Not blaming all men just those stupid ones wanting it all, with no sharing.

5:16AM PDT on Oct 3, 2013

ty for a thought-provoking article

11:31AM PDT on Oct 1, 2013

Thanks for the article.

9:49AM PDT on Oct 1, 2013

I agree. Another sensible article by Kristina Chew

10:13AM PDT on Sep 30, 2013

Susan T, this isn't the proper place for your Fox-induced rant. Your comment has absolutely NOTHING to do with this article. It's just you being nasty. Please go somewhere else.

1:00AM PDT on Sep 30, 2013

no owning property is not a fundamental right...no. Where is it a right? hey go to Somalia, Libya, Ghana, ...... and The American Dream came from HARD WORK....

5:59PM PDT on Sep 29, 2013

Thanks.

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Kristina Chew Kristina Chew teaches ancient Greek, Latin and Classics at Saint Peter's University in New Jersey.... more
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