2) The Mountains of Southwest China
This region of coniferous forests, home to the golden monkey, the giant panda, the red panda and other threatened wildlife, has only 8 percent of its trees left. It is considered a biodiversity hotspot. Despite so little of the original forest cover remaining, the region contains 50 percent of China’s birds and mammals as well as cultural diversity, as members of 17 of China’s 55 ethnic minority groups reside here.
3) The Atlantic Forest of South America
This region (stretching from Brazil into Argentina and Paraguay) is home to some of the earth’s most diverse ecosystems with 20,000 species of plants and thousands of wildlife species including jaguars, golden lion tamarins, woolly spider monkeys and maned three-toed sloths. As in southwestern China, the region’s original forests are heavily fragmented — only 8 percent remain — and considered some of the most vulnerable in the world.
Photos from Thinkstock
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