2. “Castoreum, a leathery emission from the genital scent sacs of the castor beaver.” The beavers “are usually trapped and killed” for this substance.
Castoreum is “found in two sacs between the anus and the external genitals of beavers… Both male and female beavers possess a pair of castor sacs and a pair of anal glands located in two cavities under the skin between the pelvis and the base of the tail. Castoreum is a product of the trapping industry. When beavers are skinned for their fur, these glands are taken out.”
The castoreum and fur trades had a devastating effect on European Beavers, which were “hunted to near extinction.”
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