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Abortion Funding Ban Exceptions: For “Forcible Rape” Only

Abortion Funding Ban Exceptions: For “Forcible Rape” Only

Which of these people’s legal, first trimester abortions should be covered by Medicaid?

A. A fourteen-year-old girl who is “in a relationship” with her forty-year-old soccer coach — until he finds out she’s pregnant. 
B. A college sophomore whose date makes sure her cup of Everclear punch has left her incoherent, unable to stand and barely conscious before raping her.
C. A woman whose husband demands unprotected sex after months of withholding money, flushing her birth control pills, cutting her off from her friends and screaming at her that she’s a worthless, unlovable piece of garbage.
D. An unemployed twenty-year-old woman living at home whose father has been raping her since she was twelve.
E. A transgender man — a person who identifies as male and has a uterus — who is drugged and raped by a man who decides to punish him for his gender expression and “prove he’s really a woman.”

If you’re working from the current text of H.R. 3, the recently introduced, Republican top-priority “No Taxpayer Funding For Abortion Act,” the answer is “None of the above.” 
In fact, the answer is “None of the above, and they should also not be allowed to pay for abortions with their privately purchased insurance policies that receive tax credits from the federal government or their tax-exempt health savings accounts.” 
This bill aims to eliminate all direct and indirect governmental funding of abortion, even banning tax credits to private insurers who provide abortion coverage.

The bill does provide some limited exceptions if a pregnant woman’s life (not health, but life) is in danger. There is also an exception for rape and incest — at least, some rape and incest. Friday, Mother Jones reporter Nick Baumann rallied pro-choice forces when he pointed out that in the bill the exception is only for forcible rape, and incest when the victim is under eighteen.

The U.S. federal criminal code doesn’t define “forcible rape,” but it does distinguish between forms of “aggravated sexual abuse” that occur “by force or threat,” “by other means,” which includes forcibly rendering a person unconscious, and “with children.” 
This code doesn’t definitively determine what would be included under “forcible rape” in this bill — it would probably vary from state to state, which have their own criminal codes — but it does suggest that statutory rape and rape “by other means” are excluded.

And that means that unless a pregnant rape survivor can prove there was physical force or that her rapist was threatening her life, she may be denied the funding she needs to get an abortion. The claims of the hypothetical rape and incest survivors above could easily be denied — and that denial could mean they might be forced to carry their rapists’ babies to term, or resort to desperate measures to end the pregnancies.

“Forcible” May Be Removed
After an outcry from pro-choice advocates, one lead Democratic co-sponsor of the bill, Representative Dan Lipinski, said he was not intending to prevent any rape survivors from obtained Medicaid-funded abortions.

When I called his office yesterday morning, the staff person who answered the phone told me that the “forcible” qualifier was “an error in the writing of the bill.” I asked if that meant it would be removed, and he said that he believed that was the plan — not an entirely satisfying answer, but a welcome contrast to the “We’ll be mailing out comments about this issue soon to the people who call in” response I got from bill sponsor Representative Smith’s office.

The Rape Exception Myth

In terms of numbers, if the bill passes, the exact wording of the exception isn’t going to affect many survivors. As Stephanie Poggi at the Center for American Progress wrote years ago, the “rape exception” currently in place through the Hyde Amendment may make anti-abortion laws more palatable for some, but it’s actually only helping a handful of rape survivors. If the “forcible” is removed, this bill will be largely the same.

 In 2005, PBS Frontline reported that every year approximately 13,000 women have abortions after surviving rape or incest. These women should be exceptions to the Hyde Amendment, and be eligible to have their procedures covered by Medicaid — yet each year, an extraordinarily small number of abortions are funded with federal monies. 
According to the Guttmacher Institute, in fiscal year 2006, the federal government contributed to the cost of only 191 abortions. Considering that about 42% of all U.S. abortions are sought by women with incomes below the poverty line, it’s next to impossible that so few of the thousands of rape survivors seeking terminations needed the Hyde Amendment’s “rape exception.”

Stephanie Poggi writes,

In some cases, state Medicaid officials simply assert that they never cover abortion, either because they do not understand the rape/incest exception or because they do not believe in assisting women and girls with abortion under any circumstances. In other cases, the burdensome paperwork requirements on the part of the woman needing assistance, the police, and doctors ensure that payment is never made – or will never come in time for the woman to obtain an abortion. In still other cases, the reimbursement from the state to abortion providers is so low that clinics no longer choose to go through the complicated and rarely successful process of seeking coverage.

Deborah Kacanek et. al. of Ibis Reproductive Health conducted in-depth interviews with twenty-five abortion providers about Medicaid reimbursements in cases of rape, incest and life endangerment. The authors echo many of Poggi’s points, like the paperwork burden and the refusal of some claims reviewers to authorize payment because of their personal beliefs. 
The interviewers also concluded that one of the reasons there were so few Medicaid reimbursements under the rape/incest exceptions was because victims were hesitant to identify themselves as survivors of rape, especially when their rapist was also their husband or boyfriend.

So whether the exception in the “No Taxpayer Funding For Abortion Act” is for “rape” or only “forcible rape,” only a tiny fraction of the rape survivors who need abortions will end up getting the funds they need. Even those who do get the funding may do so at painful personal cost, like being forced to file a police report and risk their rapist’s retribution in order to satisfy an HMOs’ administrative requirements.

That doesn’t mean that keeping “forcible” in the bill is acceptable. Making an exception for forcible rape alone reinforces the ugly idea that some people are responsible for being raped, and that if they aren’t beaten bloody, it’s their fault if their rapist gets them pregnant. It hurts survivors of rape financially, mentally, emotionally and physically. It does matter that the “forcible” was inserted into the language of the bill.

However, the ineffectiveness of the rape exception under Hyde also means that if we’re serious about wanting rape survivors to have access to abortion, an exception to bans on funding abortion isn’t nearly enough. If you’re anti-abortion funding, except in cases of rape, incest and life endangerment, you need to know: practically, the exceptions aren’t being made. 
Your choice is between acknowledging that anti-abortion measures force rape and incest survivors to carry their pregnancies to term, or supporting choice.

Take Action
We need to let Congress know that “forcible” rape isn’t the only real kind of rape, and we also need to let them know that advocates for reproductive rights won’t be satisfied with the changing of an adjective. 
We need to reject the mindset that if “forcible” is removed from the bill, then anti-abortion advocates will have compromised, and that pro-choice advocates should now compromise by acquiescing in the bill’s passage.

Care2 has a petition you can sign specifically objecting to the restriction of abortion funding exceptions to “forcible” rape.

You can also sign a petition opposing the entire “No Taxpayer Funding For Abortion Act,” urging Congress to refrain from extending restrictions on abortion funding and penalizing private insurers who provide comprehensive reproductive health coverage.

If you’re on Twitter, Sady Doyle of Tiger Beatdown is running a campaign to tell Congress to maintain the exceptions for rape: you can join in by tweeting @johnboehner and other representatives, and using the hashtag #DearJohn.

In addition, call or email your Representative — remember, you’re paying them a lot of money to make good laws.

Related Posts

Republicans Introduce “No Taxpayer Funding For Abortion Act”

The “No Taxpayer Funding For Abortion Act” Should Not Pass


At Least 78 Republican Candidates Would Force Women to Have Rapists’ Babies

Read more: , , , , , , , ,

This photo was found on Tim Pierce (qwrrty)'s flickr, and is reused with thanks under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

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11:56AM PST on Feb 28, 2011

When i first heard of this bill, i knew immediantly people would say this is an abortion issue. I know it is on some level. But for me, i felt they were trying to change the definition of rape! Am i the only one?? I felt they were saying, to be viewed as a true rape victim, you have to meet this criterior, if you don't you are not a real victim adn no crime was commited. If this law is passed, i fear more for the possibility of rapist being let go, because it wasn't "forcible" rape. I heard of a case where a man was let go because they way he raped the poor girl (she ended up on top) they felt it wasn't rape. if anyone has heard of this case let me know if i'm wrong in the info i read. This was before this bill was even introduce. What will happen if it comes true?

9:13AM PST on Feb 28, 2011

All of these are forced rape. The people passing this bill need to educate themselves before people die of infection, suicide or at the hands of the people who impregnated them to begin with. They are all forcable rape. Red necks disgust me and these states who are moving backward in time are making a fool of the people who voted them in to begin with; and themselves. God Help America because the blessings have worn off.

10:12AM PST on Feb 18, 2011

John Boehner's email address is AsktheLeader@mail.house.gov

10:08AM PST on Feb 18, 2011

I emailed this entire section to John Boehner doubt it will do any good since he has an agenda that does not include those who pay his wage.. but it wouldn't hurt to send him this page by the hundreds...

8:58AM PST on Feb 18, 2011

Looks like the talibanmen of the world are once again making up the rules for women..

7:19AM PST on Feb 18, 2011

Where I was originally against abortion I now see it for what it is ...a great method of population control...actually I would like to see women required to have IUDs from their first period until they are 25. WORLD WIDE! boy would that take care of a massive number of problems in this world! Generational poverty, over population, the single parent family epidemic, cost of public education, interrupted higher education, dropout rates among teen girls, wellfare, immigration, children spending lifetimes in foster homes, and orphanages, cost of medical welfare, my gosh the list could go on and on! Plug up the women who can't keep their legs closed! Make child support mandatory for any man (using DNA) who gets a woman who is over 25 pregnant (rape or not) You make em you finance their childhood. Ahhhhh but this is not a perfect world. Don't put rapest in jail to be supported by taxes make them work to support their offspring and be responsible. But castrate them first! Any man convicted of rape should lose the tool of rape! First offense included. Make the punishment fit the crime! I am not in favor of giving rapest 3 meals, shelter, clothing and free medical care for decades as a reward for their crime.

6:33AM PST on Feb 18, 2011

This whole perposterus bill should be flushed down the toilet!
These stupid republicans and blue dog dems are evil women hating and controlling narsissist's jokes!
Women will not be controlled any longer by evil men who also decide that it is ok for them (men) to go to war with their guns and kill innocent women,children and men. What happens when a bomb explodes near a group of people? Body parts go everywhere! Men love to kill and they just want to make sure that women do not have any control over life and death like they do.
You are such hypocrites look up the word hypocrites!
End your bloody wars and your violence and maybe abortion will be a thing of the past because violence begets violence and do not tell me that we NEED wars. That is a crock!!!

11:50PM PST on Feb 11, 2011

I personally think it would be fairer if those who want abortion rights pay the taxes on it, and those who don't,could get a tax exemption, but that is pie in the sky thinking. Who wants to give up thier plushy cars and vacations. After all those doctors have to have some way to support thier habits,but the worst part about it is; the guys who rape the women will have better incentive to keep on doing so. Thier thinking (please forgive the vulgarity but you know it's true)would be "The B_____ gets pregnant all she has to do is get a federally funded abortion. Where is the safety in that? You need to change the attitude not the results because one way or another there will be consequences. The only ones to truely win will be those who have preyed on peoples fears and wallets,politicians, lobbyists,and doctors. Then poor girls go home with feelings that range from an anger they can't seem to get away from, to full blown guilt,and worse suicidal tendencies. I don't blame the deparate girl. I blame the society that set her up for it. Trying to support a thing like abortion is like trying to support reabuse so you can say "See other people do it. It MUST be OK." The only way it will be close to all right is if the woman learns to live her life for the one who didn't get one. Make BETTER choices.One person can make the difference for someone else who is hurting. Actions speak louder than words, and actions can help respect grow, or they can destroy it.

8:24PM PST on Feb 8, 2011

noted :0

1:56AM PST on Feb 7, 2011

If it wasn't forced, it's not rape. If it is raped, it's forced. It is wrong to say that a woman or girl has to prove her self innocent before being allowed to have an abortion. Only 2% of all rape cases are false accusations, which means 98% are telling the truth. Only approximately 16% of all rapes even get reported. Then the rapist gets to decide how his trial goes, whether it's expedient or not, etc... the trial may not even start until at least a year AFTER the incident. That's about 3 months AFTER the baby is born. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_statistics

The closer the rapist is to the victim, say a parent or guardian, the less likely it will be reported, and the less likely it would go fully to court, due to the fact that the courts don't always like to split families. Considering that rape is already violent enough, it's the worst kind of abuse, that it's wrong to hold rape victims guilty of lying until proven innocent.

So all the crazy talk should just stop, and we cannot have a just legal nor social system when we degrade women because of the ability to be pregnant. I don't see laws that say that a man cannot force pregnancy on a woman, yet we have laws that say women shouldn't have abortions, even during rape cases until proven to be a real victim. This is so sexist it's not funny. Whom ever says women shouldn't have rights, aren't you glad your mom didn't abort you?

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