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Always Putting Things Off? Procrastination Could Be in Your Genes

Always Putting Things Off? Procrastination Could Be in Your Genes

At one point or another, we’ve all avoided a task. Like doing homework, filing taxes or finally dealing with that overflowing junk drawer. Everyone procrastinates sometimes, but according to Psychology Today, 20 percent of people chronically avoid difficult tasks and deliberately look for distractions, which are more readily available than ever.

Sometimes we even make excuses about our procrastination, claiming that waiting until the last second motivates our best performance. As a writer, I’ve said this hundreds of times. And there may be some truth to it when it comes to an article deadline, but more often than not, this excuse is part of the denial process. When we’re procrastinating more than work, it can become downright dangerous to our finances and relationships.

So why do we do it? Why do we put off things we know HAVE to be done? Why do we seemingly relish the added stress that putting things off until tomorrow inevitably adds to our lives? According to new research, we might not be able to help ourselves.

Research published recently in the journal Psychological Science, found that procrastination (and its equally-problematic cousin, impulsivity) are part of the genetic blueprint leftover from when our ancestors were worried about predators. The analysis also suggests that the two traits aren’t the opposites they appear to be.

“From an evolutionary standpoint, impulsivity makes sense: Our ancestors should have been inclined to seek immediate rewards when the next day was uncertain,” explains an APS press release. “Procrastination, on the other hand, may have emerged more recently in human history. In the modern world, we have many distinct goals far in the future that we need to prepare for – when we’re impulsive and easily distracted from those long-term goals, we often procrastinate.”

To test the theory that perpetual procrastinators are likely to also be highly impulsive, and that both of these traits live in our genes, researchers from the University of Colorado at Boulder surveyed 181 identical-twin pairs and 166 fraternal-twin pairs. The series of questionnaires probed twins’ tendencies toward impulsivity and procrastination, as well as their ability to set and maintain goals. The analysis revealed that not only is procrastination heritable, but genetically, it’s nearly impossible to distinguish it from impulsivity.

“The link between procrastination and impulsivity also overlapped genetically with the ability to manage goals, lending support to the idea that delaying, making rash decisions, and failing to achieve goals all stem from a shared genetic foundation,” explain the researchers.

So why is procrastination such a pervasive problem? The researchers think it’s always been there, lurking in our genes, it’s just our environment that’s bringing it to the forefront. In today’s fast-paced world, impulsivity blends right in, while procrastination stands out, and causes more problems.

But that doesn’t really answer the big question: How can we conquer our impulse to procrastinate (see what I did there?) when stuff needs to get done? The Care2 posts below have some interesting suggestions.

Facing the Demons of Inaction

10 Ways to Stop Procrastinating

You’re Doing It Wrong: Here’s How to Procrastinate Well

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10:13AM PDT on Jul 11, 2014

Yep, it's in my jeans all right!

2:46PM PDT on Apr 17, 2014

Please let it be so....

8:23PM PDT on Apr 16, 2014


7:47PM PDT on Apr 16, 2014

I really need to do something about my procrastinating. I know, I'll deal with it tomorrow.

6:28AM PDT on Apr 16, 2014

I do sometimes procrastinate.

2:32AM PDT on Apr 16, 2014

Thanks for sharing!

7:03PM PDT on Apr 15, 2014

My genes SUCK anyhow so add it to the list

5:46PM PDT on Apr 15, 2014

I know soooo many people that live like this it's hysterical but can be irritating.

3:52PM PDT on Apr 15, 2014

Sorry about the typo: "That said, it is interesting to note that procrastination might have served an evolutionary goal..."

3:51PM PDT on Apr 15, 2014

Hmmm. I'm suspicious of research with samples of fraternal and identical twins. That sais, it is interesting to note that procrastination might have served an evolutionary goal but I find the article's suggestion on this counterintuitive. If procrastination proved positive in order to save yourself from great dangers or leading to wait for better chances to hunt, etc., then it's something we would all get as a carryover in genes. It's more likely along Valerie's line of thinking. Impulsivity is usually a gratifying experience because it relieves pent up stress and emotions. I don't see the connection the research appeared to be leading to. The former has to do with decision making and the latter bypasses the process.

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