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Are Kids So Addicted To iPads They Need Therapy?

Are Kids So Addicted To iPads They Need Therapy?

Megan, the 3-year-old daughter of a teaching colleague, is a wonder on the iPad, but is it really a good idea for toddlers to spend hours staring at electronic screens?

Are parents who allow their babies and toddlers to play on tablet computers or other electronic devices for several hours a day in danger of causing serious long-term effects?

Since the iPad has only been around only since 2010, the science on how the iPad affects young children isn’t yet clear:  some experts see them as developmentally inappropriate, while others see some benefits to the technology. (Of course, with the latest iPad costing $829, some parents don’t have to deal with this problem.)

Technology Addiction Program For Toddlers

Dr. Richard Graham definitely sees the downsides. He launched the UK’s first technology addiction program three years ago, and his youngest client is just four years old. (There are now several such programs, both in the US and in the UK.)

From The Daily Telegraph:

Her parents enrolled her for compulsive behaviour therapy after she became increasingly “distressed and inconsolable” when the iPad was taken away from her.

Her use of the device had escalated over the course of a year and she had become addicted to using it up for to four hours a day.

The child’s mother called me and described her symptoms,” he said.

“She told me she had developed an obsession with the device and would ask for it constantly. She was using it three to four hours every day and showed increased agitation if it was removed.”

Dr Graham points out that these are the same withdrawal symptoms as those experienced by alcoholics or heroin addicts, when the devices were taken away.

I believe him! I recall a couple of years ago when I removed a cell phone from one of my 5th Period Spanish 1 students, who had been trying to text in class, and she was inconsolable. She wasn’t just angry with me: she was crying her heart out, feeling a deep pain at the loss of something so important to her.

The Telegraph also refers to a program for parents who have found themselves unable to wean their children off computer games and mobile phones: they are paying up to £16,000 (around $25,000) for a 28-day “digital detox” program designed by Dr. Graham at the Capio Nightingale clinic in London.

How did we get to this?

How Many 2-To-4-Year-Olds Have iPads?

A 2011 survey of parents by Common Sense Media, an organization that provides media education for families, found that 39 percent of 2-to-4-year-olds have used digital media such as smartphones and iPads. The number is undoubtedly higher by now.

In a 2013 survey conducted by Babies.c0.uk, 55% of parents questioned stated that they let their children use a smartphone or tablet.

Parents are apparently concerned about this: 69% of parents questioned felt that use of a smartphone or tablet would, or might, help to disconnect a baby from their relationship with their parents, and 81% of respondents believed that youngsters used smartphones and tablets too much and spent too much time with them.

On the other hand, 45% of parents never let their children use a smartphone or tablet, while around 1 in 7 of parents let their children spend 4 or more hours a day with a smartphone or other device in their hands. Wow! That’s a lot of hours.

No Electronic Screens For Under-2s

Here’s what the American Academy of Pediatrics has to say:

Television and other entertainment media should be avoided for infants and children under age 2. A child’s brain develops rapidly during these first years, and young children learn best by interacting with people, not screens.

Children and teens should engage with entertainment media for no more than one or two hours per day, and that should be high-quality content. It is important for kids to spend time on outdoor play, reading, hobbies, and using their imaginations in free play.

Amen to that! Children and toddlers need to be running around, not sitting hunched up over iPads. They need to socialize with other kids, connect with nature, develop their own imagination and play creatively.

The idea of a 3- or 4-year-old spending hours indoors staring at a small screen is scary. Technology is great, but let’s use it in moderation.

 

Related Care2 Coverage

TV, iPads, Computers: Not For Those Under 2

Children Need Time To Play At School

Doctors Recommend Three Hours’ Daily Exercise For Young Children

 

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94 comments

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5:43AM PDT on Aug 3, 2013

Thank you for the article, it had a lot of good information in it. , and I also enjoyed reading all of the over 90 comments from the care 2 members.

4:23AM PDT on May 3, 2013

The parents can and should control this. So stop allowing the children to have that much time on the i-Pad. Or how about NO time at all for the the little ones? That's just too young, 3 or 4 years old in my opinion. Spend time with your children. Read to them. Play games with them. Read, read, and read some more!! Thx for the article.

3:15AM PDT on May 3, 2013

NOT surprised really...some parents want kids but dont spend time with them...they want kids for themselves NOT for the child's sake.

IF YOU HAVE KIDS THEY ARE YOUR RESPONSABILITY SOOO DONT BLAME THE IPAD OR ANY OTHER DEVICE!

8:53AM PDT on May 2, 2013

The author of this article should also have stated what the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) says about radiofrequency / electromagnetic radiation exposure from smartphones, iPads, tablets. In December, 2012, the AAP, representing 60,000 pediatricians and pediatric surgeons, warned against "the potential dangers of RF energy exposure" on children and pregnant women: "The differences in bone density and the amount of fluid in a child’s brain compared to an adult’s brain could allow children to absorb greater quantities of RF (radiofrequency) energy deeper into their brains than adults.." This carries serious potential health risks. The earlier a child uses a smartphone, the greater he/she is at risk for developing a brain tumor. The studies of Dr. Lennart Hardell, on which the Italian Supreme Court based its decision linking long-term cell phone use to a brain tumor, reveal that regular use - more than about an hour a day - of any mobile or cordless phone before the age of 20 raises the risk of brain cancer fivefold.

2:22PM PDT on May 1, 2013

"Children and teens should engage with entertainment media for no more than one or two hours per day..." Are you kidding me!!! One or two hours a day!?! How about one or two hours a week! Stop keeping your kid prisoner in your home and let them outside from a young age and perhaps they will develop ways of entertaining THEMSELVES! How about getting your 2 year old a big box to play house in? Or some building blocks or Lego's? How about returning to school systems that ENCOURAGE free thinking and imagination instead of crushing it?!? How about READING to your child for an hour a day!

9:45PM PDT on Apr 30, 2013

The new pacifier.

5:24PM PDT on Apr 30, 2013

Horrible parenting to allow a little child to play with an ipad for HOURS! No wonder the poor litle kid is obsessed with it...

4:46AM PDT on Apr 30, 2013

addicted ? please ! they can only use when it's made available. Parental control !!!!!

3:01PM PDT on Apr 29, 2013

Honestly, I think is crazy to give a child an Ipad.... That is why countries have so many problems with their children, LET THEM PLAY OUTSIDE!!!

2:19PM PDT on Apr 29, 2013

My 12 year daughter, who is home schooled (unschooled) has never played on a phone, ipad or ipod, etc...or had a computer or video game system. She is one of the most brilliant PEOPLE, let alone a child, that I have ever known. I think it is quite possible that somehow these electronic devices "dumb down" our children. My co-worker said to me that she felt sorry for my daughter and wanted to know if she could give her her son's Wii that he no longer plays with. I thanked her, but explained that it was by choice we were raising her in this manner and not for lack of funds to purchase the electronics.

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Judy Molland An award-winning writer and teacher, Judy Molland is also an avid hiker, backpacker, and nature... more
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