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Berlin is Full of Gardens, Now Texas Developers Want to Destroy Them

Berlin is Full of Gardens, Now Texas Developers Want to Destroy Them

Berlin’s reputation as one of the greenest cities in Europe is on the line. Its urban gardens (kleingarten,” literally meaning “little garden”) are being threatened by developers from Texas who seek to turn many of the city’s 73,000 small garden plots into — what else? — luxury apartments.

Such garden plots are found in cities throughout Germany and elsewhere in Europe; they have a 200 year history. In the mid-19th century, public health initiatives called for areas in cities to be leased so that children from poor families could have healthier places to play in, rather than in the “cramped and dingy barrack housing complexes that sprang up” as Germany underwent industrialization. During the World Wars, city residents fed themselves with produce grown on their plots. Now, they are seen mostly as “green oases” where city residents can garden, grow vegetables, raise bees and take a respite from urban life.

Residents pay a monthly membership fee (400 euros; about $530) for the land and a house. Unlike community gardens in the U.S., the plots in German cities are enclosed and people (who take care to tend the land, maintain the structures and, in some cases, adorn them with garden gnomes and other whimsical details) spend the whole day, and even the night, in them.

More than 900 kleingartenkolonie (“little garden colonies”) occupy an estimated 7,413 acres across Berlin. They certainly contribute to making Berlin (which also has†contains numerous parks, inner-city forests and botanical gardens)†one of Europe’s greenest cities.

More Than 1,000 Garden Plots Have Already Disappeared

More than 1,000 garden plots have been eliminated since 2007 and 19 colonies are now threatened.†As GŁnter Landgraf, president of the†Berlin Garden Friends Association, says in the†Guardian, “the green spaces in this city have become objects of speculation for property investors and rental sharks disappointed by recent market slumps elsewhere in the world.”†Gardeners have been†accusing local politicians of selling off their plots as cheap “green” land, after which they convert the status of the land into “building land,” which is worth nine times as much.

City officials expect the population of Berlin to†increase by 250,000 by 2030 and say that some 6,000 affordable units must be built every year for at least the next 15 years. But as†Landgraf points out, one reason for the shortage of affordable real estate is that †so much luxury housing has been built in recent years in Berlin.

As Alban Becker, chairman of the one of the garden colonies, Oeynhausen, points out, the kleingarten are one of the main reasons that Berlin is†”such an attractive place to live in” as they “help keep the city’s temperatures down, they preserve nature amid the concrete and asphalt and traditionally they have also helped to feed the poor. They’re so much part of city life, people are regularly born here and die here.”

Berlin officials and politicians are simply being shortsighted if they continue with plans to decrease the number of†kleingarten. I don’t think I’m the only visitor to Berlin who has been intrigued to see not only the well-tended garden plots within a stone’s throw of the city’s S-bahn or metro, but also the number of people busily at work in them. At a time when many cities are trying to figure out how to turn blocks of asphalt, abandoned properties and waterfront areas strewn with litter into green spaces, Berlin would be taking a huge step backward to bulldoze its residents’ beloved gardens.

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Photo via Christine und Hagen Graf/Flickr

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6:49PM PDT on Oct 13, 2013

Texas, like China, is awash with unwashed corporate criminals. The monied criminals who frequent the Dallas "Safari Club" were frothing at their redneck mouths for the chance to gun down an endangered black Rhino after bribing some corrupt government officials in Namibia.

11:42PM PDT on Sep 13, 2013

NO, NO, what a shame to see the gardens start to disappear!!! They are so important for so many reasons.

2:09PM PDT on Aug 23, 2013

I had a plot in a community garden for years, and I treasured it. I made great friends at the garden, and I saw all the good these gardens can do to a community; fresh veggies, good exercise, a sense of working together for the benefit of everyone. It would have torn my heart out if it had been destroyed in the name of "urban development".
Keep on fighting, fellow gardeners in Berlin! More and more people, everywhere, are interested in urban gardening, and willing to join the fight with you!

1:20AM PDT on Aug 13, 2013

We have something similar here called kolonihager (colony gardens). They too are criticized as the city grows and more residences are needed. We also have Oslomarka, a wooded area just beyond the city border, where some think new residences should be built. They don't understand that we need green areas, nor that the woods are already full of (non-human) residences.

7:25PM PDT on Aug 12, 2013

Here's hoping they're smarter that we are in the us.

7:00AM PDT on Aug 12, 2013

NO!!!!

5:44AM PDT on Aug 12, 2013

I don't see why Texans are getting the blame when politicians seem somehow involved in all this.... It's a shame, though, whoever is selling their plots.

3:19AM PDT on Aug 12, 2013

isn't it the same everywhere else in the world?
Trees cut down ,green patches of urban space are diminishing each day ....

7:47PM PDT on Aug 11, 2013

Of course, it's greedy American businesses - they don't have enough of our land to ruin, they have to go overseas. I am ashamed of being from the same country as them.
Sadly read. Thank you.

6:19PM PDT on Aug 11, 2013

What the hell!!

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Kristina Chew Kristina Chew teaches ancient Greek, Latin and Classics at Saint Peter's University in New Jersey.... more
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