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Can Clean Energy Curb Climate Change? Probably Not.

Can Clean Energy Curb Climate Change? Probably Not.

During the State of the Union address earlier this week, President Barack Obama spoke at length about clean energy, with nary a mention of climate change. This is the new environment in which America’s energy policy is being made.

Just two years ago, Democrats were rallying to combat climate change, one of the most worrying challenges the country faces. But now, Obama has apparently given up his plan to openly fight climate change during his presidency. It’s hard to imagine how, even in a second term, he would choose to re-fight the lost battle to create a cap-and-trade system.

The Obama Administration has instead resorted to a sort of insurgent strategy. Instead of waging an all-out battle against energy interests, the U.S. government will try to chip away at the edges of the industry’s power and rally citizens’ allegiances to a new flag, that of “clean energy.”

Climate bill’s absence is smothering clean energy

Since Washington hasn’t succeeded at tackling climate change head on, Obama’s new strategy is to attack the problem obliquely by promoting innovation in clean energy and setting goals for the use of technologies like electric cars. But can clean energy efforts and innovations thrive in the absence of a wholesale climate policy? When a climate bill was still a possibility, clean energy entrepreneurs were promising substantial investments in the sector, if only Congress could give them a framework. And as Monica Potts explains at The American Prospect, in the absence of a climate bill, clean energy has flagged:

What’s been problematic about the president’s approach up to now is that, despite his efforts to pump funding into the clean-energy sector, as he did with about $90 billion of the stimulus, renewable energy hasn’t taken off. Obama had a line in his speech that summed up why this is so: “Now, clean-energy breakthroughs will only translate into clean-energy jobs if businesses know there will be a market for what they’re selling.”

Short on influence

It’s possible that clean energy investors will take the President’s new promise as incentive enough to push forward. But, they will also have to consider the influence of the newly empowered Republicans. Mother Jones‘ Kate Sheppard isn’t convinced that the president’s new tactic will stick:

“There are plenty of people—and most of them happen to be Republicans—who don’t think that policies to support clean energy are worthwhile and who will oppose any attempt to move away from them,” she wrote. “Meanwhile, this latest iteration of the Obama climate and energy plan includes few of the driving forces that would actually make renewables cost-competitive in the near future and allow renewables to compete (the big one being, of course, a price on carbon pollution).”

When “clean” energy includes coal

Another weak point in the President’s new strategy is his reliance on the vague idea of clean energy, which becomes dirtier the more it is used. As Sheppard writes, “Environmental groups weren’t all that excited about the inclusion of “clean coal” and nuclear in that mix, but that’s pretty broadly expected as the price one must pay to draw broader support for a clean energy standard.”

Another key source of clean energy is natural gas. In Washington, it’s become a given that natural gas, which releases less carbon when burned than coal or oil, will help the country transition away from its high-carbon diet and be phased out as energy sources like solar and wind become more viable. (The natural gas industry, of course, doesn’t see its role as transitional. It’s playing for keeps.)

And while some places are rightly celebrating the freedom that natural gas gives them from coal—as Care2’s Beth Buczynski reports, Penn State is investing $35 million to convert its coal-fired power plant to natural gas over the next three years—other places are bearing the environmental toll of this new, clean fuel. In North Carolina, for instance, hydrofracking, the controversial technique that natural gas companies have been using to extract the gas from shale, is not even legal, but already environmental groups are having to fight efforts from energy companies to buy up potentially gas-rich properties, Public News Service reports.

A poverty of political capital

The president’s new strategy on clean energy will surely succeed at turning current energy economy slowly towards a new path. In the absence of any overarching strategy to fix the country’s energy problems, it’s going to have to be good enough. But ultimately, this sort of tactic, born out of a poverty of political capital, cannot move fast enough to keep energy companies from scouring the earth for more profits doing what they’ve been doing.

That means that there will be more scenes like the one in Kern County, California, where companies are dredging up the last resources of oils from the tar sands. In Orion Magazine, Jeremy Miller writes:

The land also reveals the Frankensteinian scars and machinery necessary to keep up that level of production. Gas flares glow on hillsides. Nodding donkeys lever over thousands of wells, some of which are spaced fewer than a hundred feet apart. Between the wells and imposing cogeneration power plants—which supply energy and steam to the senescent fields—run wild tangles of pipe. These are the conduits of an elaborate industrial life-support system, breathing in steam and carrying away oil.

Will the president’s new strategy prevent the creation of more landscapes like this one? It seems overly optimistic to hope so.

This post features links to the best independent, progressive reporting about the environment by members of The Media Consortium. It is free to reprint.   This is a project of The Media Consortium, a network of leading independent media outlets.

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by davipt via Flickr
BY SARAH LASKOW, Media Consortium Blogger

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33 comments

+ add your own
8:29PM PST on Feb 24, 2011

"Chipping away" at climate change, isn't going to cut it. For years, decades, environmentalists have been stressing that the window of opportunity to affect climate change, global warming, is closing. We are beyond it now. And now, with the new tea partiers and repubs in Congress, we have voices of climate deniers in positions to stall further. Do they think their children will have a different planet to live on, than the rest of us?

5:22AM PST on Feb 22, 2011

Earth's climate changes on its own every so often, there's nothing we can do to slow or stop the process

we can however, and have, speed it up and thats what has happened here

switching to clean energy now will not stop the inevitable, but at least we can get on the right track and prevent future accelerations

2:38PM PST on Feb 2, 2011

Hmmm?

12:20PM PST on Feb 1, 2011

Awful, we're already doomed and they close their eyes?

6:26AM PST on Jan 31, 2011

thanks

6:21AM PST on Jan 31, 2011

I think it's too late. Many officials still deny climate change.

1:39AM PST on Jan 31, 2011

This bill isn't even close to paid and the troubles just beginning..another 60 to 100 years weather change and sea rising..300 mph winds..makes tornadoes look like wind gusts. America blown into the dead seas..earth a lifeless rock..bacteria eat our ruins and bones..man's skeletal remains found at sea level where he died gasping for a last breath of oxygen now long depleted..so the Epitaph reads..he never did learn fast enough for his own good.
The other 30 disasters coming compound the problem.. too little too late..day late dollar short..
This one gonna hurt..BAD.

8:34PM PST on Jan 30, 2011

noted, thanx

7:51PM PST on Jan 30, 2011

what can really help the most is for people to just plain stop consuming so much - stop buying so much, driving so much, and eating so much meat.

2:11PM PST on Jan 30, 2011

@ Die Hard—Obama certainly meant to accomplish miracles. Remember “getting back on track” ? The track that had already been clearly seen to run over a cliff ? I have one thing that will work. Forget buying a huge gas guzzler, Stop driving a car everywhere, Get off your duff and start walking and taking public transportation, and you may not need a walker when you’re 80. Am I going to present the idea to legislators ? Do I have a need to be laughed at? Will this make up for the practices of Big Oil ? Do I delude myself that these practices will help anyone but myself ? Does “chipping away” seem like a good idea ? Guess my one word answer to those questions.

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