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Chicken Therapy: A New Way to Help Alzheimer’s Patients

Chicken Therapy: A New Way to Help Alzheimer’s Patients

An innovative chicken therapy program being used at a Massachusetts life care facility is offering new hope to patients with Alzheimer’s.

The current estimate of Americans with Alzheimer’s disease is 5.2 million. That number is expected to double by 2025. In 2013 alone, the cost of Alzheimer’s disease for the U.S. is predicted to be $203 million. It is a sad fact, too, that more and more Alzheimer’s patients are finding themselves in long term care facilities when loved ones can no longer provide adequate care at home.

The need to help Alzheimer’s sufferers, then, is pressing. Thankfully, new therapies are on their way.

For example, the Life Care Center of Nashoba County in Littleton, Massachusetts (LCC), recently started a unique form of therapy for residents with dementia: chicken therapy.

Ellen Levenson, Executive Director of the facility, already incorporates animals into the daily lives of residents.  On the 40 acre former agricultural property, LCC houses several pygmy goats, two llamas, one alpaca and an indoor cat.  Therapy dogs visit regularly, as well.

When Levenson attended a backyard seminar on keeping chickens given by local expert Terry Golson, she thought of her residents and what holding a chicken would do for them. Many octogenarians grew up on or near farms, and watching a chicken taking a dust bath can call up some powerful memories.

Levenson calls Golson a chicken guru and hired her to consult on setting up a chicken coop at LCC. Chicken guru is no absent-minded compliment, either. Golson was written up in the New Yorker magazine and has appeared on Martha Stewart’s television show. She also provides a live streaming video from her own chicken coop and offers seminars to those interested in starting a chicken clutch of their own.

As a consultant to LCC, Golson went about the task seriously.

First she ordered 26 chicks from a mail order hatchery. She wanted different breeds of chickens (there are more than 100) so the residents could easily tell the birds apart. She took the time to get to know the chickens and their unique personalities before choosing five who would go to live at LCC.

Golson and Erica Labb, LCC’s director of the memory support unit, set up sessions to introduce the chickens to residents. The results were astounding. “Chickens are innately engaging,” said Golson. “I made it tactile by passing around feathers and eggs.”

For some of these elderly people, it’s been years since they’ve touched an egg. For those who used to do a lot of cooking or baking, having an egg in their hand can be very evocative. For one woman who grew up in Italy, holding the egg tapped into memories of making homemade pasta.

Labb also devised a great idea for naming the chickens. Labb chose from a list of names of the residents’ own mothers and grandmothers. The flock includes Clementine, Elsie, Beulah, Mae Belle and Millie.

The goats, llamas and alpaca live in the front yard. But the chicken coop is set outside the large windows of the activity room. Here residents can watch the chickens in their natural habitat.

“My hope is the residents get to know the chickens individually and develop some interest in their social life,” Labb said. “They’ll develop favorites. Eventually, I hope they will participate in caretaking, feeding, gathering eggs. The goal really comes down to engagement.”

McGill University graduate Richard Carozza, who is currently applying to medical schools, is volunteering at LCC for the summer and is researching the new experiment.

He has already found a lower use of antipsychotic drugs at LCC compared to other facilities and hypothesizes it is because of interaction with the animals. Carozza expects to find measurable behavioral differences resulting from the chickens’ effect on residents.

The project began in May and Levenson told me there have not been any measurable findings yet. The program is too new to see any tangible results, but she said she expects they will.

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9:11AM PDT on Aug 28, 2013

marvelous, as nature is!!

12:09PM PDT on Aug 24, 2013

Many animals are now being trained to offer therapy to the sick. Both mental and physical ailments can benefit. For me, this is a first to see a chicken in that role.
Thanks for letting us know.

3:18AM PDT on Aug 8, 2013

thanks for sharing

3:36PM PDT on Jul 29, 2013

"First she ordered 26 chicks from a mail order hatchery."

Why could she not have chosen battery hens? Why did she have to fund a cruel 'mail order' hatchery, which is no better than a puppy mill.

"choosing five who would go to live at LCC."

And the other 21? I suppose they were just disposable or made tasty lunch.

I don't agree with animal testing, whether it is squirting bleach in their eyes of dressing it up as therapy, it is still using animals for medical research.

1:33AM PDT on Jul 29, 2013

did the chicken come first or did the egg come first . if the egg came first then a chicken hutch it. but how did the chicken was made? confusion

3:06PM PDT on Jul 27, 2013

love this idea!

4:40AM PDT on Jul 26, 2013

So there another useful for animal therapy.

2:07AM PDT on Jul 26, 2013

how to confused any one "WHAT CAME FIRST THE CHICKEN OR THE EG?"

12:16PM PDT on Jul 25, 2013

Interesting idea. Totally believe in animal therapy but hadn't considered the use of chickens. Hope it works.

2:55PM PDT on Jul 24, 2013

This is some great info, thanks!

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