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E. Coli Outbreaks Possible For 3 More Years in Europe

E. Coli Outbreaks Possible For 3 More Years in Europe

49 people in Europe — 48 in Germany, 1 in Sweden — have died in the deadly outbreak of highly toxic E. Coli – STEC O104:H4 that began at the end of May  more than 3,500 taken ill. A 78-year-old Frenchwoman in Bordeaux who died this month from a kidney disease caused by E. coli was not linked to the highly deadly strain, though, say French health officials.

German health officials at first blamed Spanish cucumbers before tracing the bacteria to bean sprouts grown on an organic farm in Bienenbüttel, southeast of Hamburg, where the outbreak has been centered. Then, late last month, a smaller E. Coli outbreak occurred in the Bordeaux region of France.  European health officials have now said that fenugreek seeds imported from one Egyptian company in 2009 are the cause, says the BBC. Subsequently, the European Union banned the import of fenugreek seeds “for sprouting” from Egypt until October 31.

But other batches of seeds imported from 2009 – 2011 could also be contaminated, according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). The contamination of the seeds reflects “a production or distribution process which allowed contamination with fecal material of human and/or animal origin,” says the EFSA. However, the EFSA also says that “Where exactly this took place is still an open question.”

In 2010, about 49,000 tons of the types of seeds affected by the ban were imported from Egypt, for a total value of more than $81 million (56 million euros).

Further E. Coli outbreaks are still possible because the contents of original 10,500-kg shipment of fenugreek seeds that left Egypt on November 24, 2009, have been widely dispersed, with the seeds divided into different lots that have been shipped to distributors in different countries, who then repackaged the seeds before sending them out to garden centers and stores throughout Europe. As As Mary McKenna writes on Wired,

If the paper trail for each company is not perfect, up and back along the supply chain, then the identity of the contaminated seeds will have been lost, and they will remain on the shelf as a potential risk to anyone who might grow them for raw sprouts and eat them. In the end, the only protection may be the seeds’ own shelf life, which should be 5 years from original packaging. They were first shipped 2 years ago. If they were properly labeled, that means there are 3 years to go.

There’s a further complication. In their report, EFSA points out that the original shipper in Egypt sold other large lots to the original German importer between 2008 and 2011, totaling at least 22,000 kg and probably more. At the same time, that same importer bought yet more fenugreek from a different Egyptian company. Just in 2010, according to the report, EU countries bought 77 metric tons (77,000 kg) of fenugreek seed just from Egypt.

If that original Egyptian supplier had an ongoing contamination problem — or worse, if the contamination problem extends beyond one company to an entire growing area — it is possible that this E. coli outbreak will not be over for a very long time.

It’s all a bit mind-boggling to contemplate the extent of the “tortuous path” of the contaminated fenugreek seeds. In an age when such global commerce is the norm, it’s potentially become easier than ever for something like the deadly E. Coli outbreak in Europe to happen, anywhere in the world — and it’s definitely becoming more necessary than ever to know about the origins of the food we eat, down to the seeds it’s grown from.

Related Care2 Coverage

Deadly E.Coli Outbreak in Germany

E.coli Outbreak in Germany Traced to Bean Sprouts

Don’t Let This Toxin Spoil Your Summer Barbeque

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Photo of fenugreek seeds by FotoosVanRobin

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78 comments

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3:46PM PDT on Sep 12, 2011

let's not blame organic food

6:49AM PDT on Jul 31, 2011

Noted with interest.

6:59PM PDT on Jul 26, 2011

It does not surprise me!

4:22AM PDT on Jul 18, 2011

I hope this doen't turn people away from organic farming, but instead alert them to the fact that standards in many African countries are not anything like those we expect in Europe.

9:38AM PDT on Jul 12, 2011

That's scary and I don't even live in Europe.

6:46AM PDT on Jul 12, 2011

Thanks for this information..

6:43AM PDT on Jul 12, 2011

terrible

5:11AM PDT on Jul 12, 2011

Check this out about the E Coli outbreak in Europe:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_L9c0CwvN8&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BPDx2m_YVdI&feature=related

6:35PM PDT on Jul 11, 2011

Night soil [human waste] is used in many small farms in India, China, and Indonesian,so it is not surprising these bugs are on the move.

4:22PM PDT on Jul 11, 2011

I am sorry if I didn't make my post on E. coli clear: The strain of E. coli which has sickened and killed so many in Europe is HUMAN - NOT ANIMAL. It is NOT found in livestock/cow manure.


E. coli Outbreak - All 11 strains of the shiga toxin E. coli (STEC) 0104:H4 were found to be EAEC Enteroaggregative E. coli which are found only in humans. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escherichia_coli )

Here is the link to the results of the study which found all 11 strains were human EAEC
http://www.pacbiodevnet.com/share/datasets/ecolioutbreak
'
"Pacific Biosciences completed a de novo sequence assembly of the Escherichia coli O104:H4 strain responsible for the recent outbreak in Germany and sequenced 11 related bacterial strains (including 6 previously unsequenced strains of the same serotype) for comparative analysis."

The source of 0104:H4 E. coli is human sewage - human feces in contaminated irrigation water or sewage sludge biosolids used as "fertilizer" in Europe, US and Egypt.

Helane Shields, Alton, NH hshields@tds.net

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