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EXCLUSIVE: Under Industry Pressure, USDA Works to Speed Approval of Monsanto’s Genetically Engineered Crops

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A policy requiring an EIS for every GE seed is exactly what critics of Monsanto and the rest of the industry have spent years fighting for. Unlike the industry, they believe the herbicides that blanket GE crops and the potential for transgenic contamination are potential threats to the agricultural environment and human health.

Vilsack wrote a steady-handed reply to each trade group, reassuring them that the NEPA policy would not change and the USDA would continue preparing an EA for new GE seeds and an EIS only when necessary. Vilsack also wrote that he was “pleased” to recently meet with biotech industry representatives and “discuss improving the efficiency of the biotechnology regulatory process.” Such improvements, he wrote, are “directly related” to the USDA’s “objective of ensuring the United State leads the world in sustainable crop production and biotech crop exports.” He took the opportunity to announce that the USDA would reorganize the Biotechnology Regulatory Services agency and create a new NEPA team “dedicated to creating high quality and defensible documents to better inform our regulatory decisions.” This new NEPA team would go on to develop the NEPA Pilot Project and begin streamlining the approval process.

To Freese, it appears that Vilsack used to the word “defensible” in reference to legal challenges like the ones his group made to Monsanto alfalfa and sugar beets. “Their whole focus is on ‘defensible’ Environmental Assessments,” Freese said after reading the letters. “From our perspective, that’s the wrong goal … it presumes the crop is going to be approved.”

Freese said the correspondence between Vilsack and the industry groups highlights the need for a culture change at the USDA. Regulators should be concerned about the safety of new GE products, not ensuring American exports compete with Brazil and China.

“It should be all about doing good assessments and making sure the crops that are approved are safe,” Freese said.

A USDA spokesperson declined to comment when asked if the agency would like to respond to criticisms of the NEPA Pilot Project and said updates on the project will be made available online.

Watchdogs like Freese know that regulators already work closely with the industry and the NEPA Pilot Project could simply make their work more efficient. Regulators already rely heavily on data provided by private contractors and by biotech companies to prepare EAs. During the Monsanto alfalfa case, internal emails between regulators and Monsanto officials surfaced and revealed the company worked closely with regulators to edit its original petition to deregulate the alfalfa. One regulator even accepted Monsanto’s help in conducting the USDA’s original EA of the GE alfalfa before it was initially approved in 2005.

Genetically engineered and modified crops continue to cause controversy across the globe, but in America they are a fact of life. The Obama and Bush administrations have actively promoted biotech agriculture both at home and abroad. Countries like China, Argentina and Brazil have also embraced biotech agriculture. Regulators in European countries – including crucial trade partners like France and Spain – have been much more cautious and, in some cases, even hostile toward the industry. GE crops are banned in Hungary and Peru, and earlier this year officials in Hungary destroyed 1,000 acres of corn containing Monsanto transgenes. The US, however, continues to allow big biotech companies to cultivate considerable power and influence and, as the letters uncovered by FOIA reveal, top regulators are ready to meet their demands.

“The USDA regards its own regulatory system as a rubber stamp,” Freese said after reading the letters. “At least at the upper levels, there’s always been this presumption that [GE crops] must be approved.”

This post was originally published by Truthout.


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4:10PM PST on Jan 4, 2012


9:53PM PST on Dec 19, 2011

horrible news, thanks for telling the world

9:52PM PST on Dec 19, 2011

horrible news

7:51PM PST on Dec 19, 2011

We each need to take more responsibility for our own health and the results of our own actions. How can I expect big pharma, big ag, big oil to be honorable when I am not? (Yes, I have my foibles.) I need to know what I am putting into my body, what I am doing to my earth, and I need to take care of myself. We need to stop supporting those who are killing us.

3:43PM PST on Dec 19, 2011

The USDA has often shown too much favoring to big industries. But it is also difficult for them because their laws are so weak with so many loopholes that big industries can work around. The USDA needs stronger laws and people who will enforce them justly.

1:15PM PST on Dec 19, 2011


11:33AM PST on Dec 19, 2011

Fox guarding the chicken coop?

This whole GMO thing is extremely scary to me as is the fact that Corporations are now people and most likely will buy their freedom from dissenters

7:28AM PST on Dec 19, 2011

If it wasn't so scary this situation would be a good plot for a comedy or something.

6:22AM PST on Dec 19, 2011

Attention Bio Companies:

Greed makes you blind. Our bodies were not designed to purge the chemicals you spray on the fields. Cancer and other aliments are running ramped because of you. Eventually you will pay the price also. Your money will do you no good. The sins you have rained upon the planet will prevail. Unless you have another planet at your disposal. I suggest you stop the insanity.

5:07PM PST on Dec 18, 2011

Thank you

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