Has Mexican Migration to U.S. Ended?
A new study using American and Mexican figures shows that migration by Mexicans to the United States has “come to a standstill.”
The Pew Centerís analysis [PDF] of data from five different Mexican government sources and four U.S. government sources shows that net migration flow has stopped, and may have reversed.
The trend is not a new one, but has been occurring for a decade. The report cites a number of factors, which does include the U.S. recession as well as increased deportations under the Obama administration and well as increased dangers in border crossings. But it also points to the long-term decline in Mexicoís birth rates and the strong growth in the Mexican economy.
These trends suggest that the return flow to Mexico surpassed arrivals to the US in 2010 and 2011.
Around 12 million Mexicans have moved to the U.S. in the past four decades — the largest group by far from any one country — but the number of unauthorized Mexican immigrants living in the U.S.dropped in the last five years, to 6.1 million in 2011, down from a peak of nearly 7 million in 2007.
Photo credit: Environmental Protection Agency/Wikipedia