More details about how the budget deal affects education and research have emerged. Overall, the budget for the Education, Labor, and Health and Human Services Departments will be cut by $5.5-billion, a 3.4-percent reduction over the previous fiscal year, according to the Chronicle of Higher Education. Pell Grants and Head Start have been spared, but funds were slashed for global exchange programs which send students to study aboard and for foreign language study. Scientific research programs also saw their budgets significantly decreased.
- Educational Technology State Grants—$100 million.
- Literacy Through School Libraries—$19 million.
- Byrd Honors Scholarship Program—$42 million.
These program have had their funding significantly decreased:
- School Improvement Grants would be funded at $536 million, a $10 million cut.
- Teaching American History would be cut by $73 million. The program is now financed at $119 million, so that’s pretty significant.
- The GEARUP and TRIO college access programs also would be cut. GEARUP, which got $323 million in fiscal year 2010, would lose $20 million. And TRIO, which got $910 million last year, would lose $25 million.
While Pell Grants have been maintained at the same level as previously (the maximum grant remains $5,550), the bill eliminates year-round Pell Grants.
The budget deal a;sp cuts $35 million—a 5.5 percent reduction—for global-exchange programs that fund American students and scholars to study overseas, and international scholars to visit the US. Programs for foreign language study saw their budgets slashed by a whopping 40 percent; such programs include university-based National Resource Centers and Language Resource Centers (not good to me personally—I teach in a foreign language department at a New Jersey college).
The Head Start program, which House Republicans had sought to cut by $1 billion receiveda $340 million increase, to $7.57 billion. The budget deal also provides $700 million for a new round of Race to the Top, which is to include a new initiative for early childhood education.
Overall, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will lose $260-million, and the National Science Foundation will lose $53-million. Career- and technical-education programs’ budgets will lose $138-million.
An annual study issued on Tuesday by the World Economic Forum has found that the US is lagging in using technology, and the cuts to research and education are certainly not going to help. For the second year in a row, the US the United States finished fifth in the study’s comparison of 138 countries whichmake up 98.8 percent of the world’s total gross domestic product. Sweden came in first, followed by Singapore, Finland and Switzerland.
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