How to Be a Mental Health Advocate in the Workplace

This week ushers in World Mental Health Day, an opportunity to recognize mental health as acritical componentof health care andto redouble our efforts at reducing stigma.

The theme of this year’s World Mental Health Day is mental health in the workplace. A recent World Health Organizationstudy found that anxiety and depression, two of the most common mental health problems, have cost the global economy $1 trillion each year.

A significant body of research shows that mental health problems in the workplaceare sorely under-recognized.

While workplace stress appears toimpactmenmore frequently than women — partly because women tend to be more open about their health problems and seek care earlier — mental health challenges can affect anyone.And they’rea particularlyacute problemfor minority workers.

Below are just a few keywaysthat employers, managers and workers themselves can help advocate for mental wellness in the workplace.

1. Break the silence

Despite the fact that research shows three out of every four employees will — at some point in their working lives — experience poor mental health tied to their work lives, prevailing culture keepsemployment and mental health care separate.

Employees may feel that they cannot be open about their depression, anxiety or other conditions. They also may fear not being believed or being perceived as trying to get out of doing a particular job. Some workers may even fear that their job is on the line if they are open about their struggle. Andrecent research suggests that this is not an unwarranted fear — and may lead to poorer mental health.

One easystep that employers, managers andemployeescantakeis to simply talk about mental health. By bringing this topic into the workplace and establishing an open dialog, we can create a safe and comfortable atmosphere. That way, employees can turn to fellow workers and managers for necessary support.

2. Understand that mental health problems can look different in the workplace

When discussing conditions like depression,most people can characterizetheir effects fairly accurately. In general terms, depression seems to manifest in persistent low mood, poorer quality of life and marked lack of self esteem, among other traits.

However, when in a work environment, mental health problems can manifest quite differently. For example, a Harvard University studythat examineddepression in the workplace notes:

Although theDSM-IVlists low mood as the defining symptom of depression, in the workplace this disorder is more likely to manifest in behaviors — such as nervousness, restlessness, or irritability — and in physical complaints, such as a preoccupation with aches and pains. In addition, employees may become passive, withdrawn, aimless, and unproductive. They also may be fatigued at work, partly as a result of the mood disorder or because they are having trouble sleeping at night. Depression may also impair judgment or cloud decision making.

Thisfinding is important, given that some of these signs of depression may be mistaken for a lack of professionalism.

Similarly, bipolar disorder could manifest in specific behaviors such as flouting rules, or carrying out duties with a ferocity that at first seems admirable but quickly devolves into loss of productivity as mania asserts itself.

When fellow employees are able to recognize these signs in their peers, they can help to facilitate self-care and create an environment in which it isacceptable to recognize adecline in mental health. When employers are able to show empathy and take steps to help care for people dealing with these conditions while on the job, they can help improvetheir employees’ work life and keep them working to the best of their ability.

3. Help people with mental health issues stay employed

A common misconception is that people who suffer from mental health challenges are content to be out of work or are not suitable to hire. But research shows that this just isn’t true.

In fact, finding employment and holding down a job, while sometimes difficult, can be a key aspect of recovery and self worth for many people who have a history of mental health issues.

So what can employers do?

Having a strong mental health wellness strategy in place for your business can be crucial. It is also an employer’s responsibility toexploreways to mitigate undue workplace stress. One strategyincludes assessing workload and managing employee stress accordingly — either by shifting work around or giving employees breaks when they are tackling particularly challenging tasks.

Employers should also,when possible, give employees access to health care professionals who can help assess and tend to their needs. In larger companies, this may beaccomplishedthrough an HR department. Andsmaller companies, canprovide flexible schedules to employees who need to seek mental health care.

The World Health Organization’s model policy for employersoffers asolid starting point for tailoring a mental health policy to any given business.

General tips

Here are a few additional ideas for fosteringmental wellness in the workplace. None of these tips will cure a mental health problem, but they may help to create a general sense of well-being thatfacilitates ahealthy working environment:

  • While it could seem frivolous, plants in the workplace have been shown to lift general mood andreduce generalized health complaints.
  • Including mental health as part of overall employee health strategies validates thisarea of concern and creates an environmentin whichdiscussingmental health is encouraged.
  • Keeping out-of-hours communication to a minimum is key. Constant emails and phone calls can be significant sources of stress that could exacerbate mental health problems. Let employees know that it’s okay to switch off.

Do you have any mental health tips for the workplace? Please share them in the comments below and help others benefit from your experience!

Photo Credit: Climate KIC/Unsplash

32 comments

Kathryn I
Kathryn I1 months ago

Steve, congratulations on your writing of this article, because it is one of the most thought-provoking ones that I have ever read! You have mentioned so much that I hadn't even begun to think about! This is an outstanding concept, and one that can be of help to so many employees! Thank you for sharing it as well!

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Margie F
Margie FOURIE1 months ago

Are any of us completely sane? We all have our crazy sides.

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Toni W
Toni W1 months ago

TYFS

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Toni W
Toni W1 months ago

TYFS

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Carole R
Carole R2 months ago

Good information.Thanks.

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One Heart inc
One Heart inc2 months ago

Thanks!!!!

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Winn A
Winn A2 months ago

I work in a mental health clinic. Please, if you need help please do all you can to get help for yourself and others. There are programs, for people without insurance in WA State that can help. Don't give up.

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Janis K
Janis K2 months ago

Thanks for sharing.

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Peggy B
Peggy B2 months ago

TYFS

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Anne Moran
Anne M2 months ago

There are so many people out of work,, that employers can pick and choose all they like... - Should they find out a potential employee has a mental illness,, the chance of them being hired is zero to none... - You can sugarcoat it all you want,, but that's reality..

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