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How to Get More Disabled Young People to Work

How to Get More Disabled Young People to Work

As of August of this year, the unemployment rate of disabled people was twice that of nondisabled people (14% to 7%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics). Senator Tom Harkin, a champion for his disabled constituents, wants to change that with an initiative to increase the representation of young disabled people in the workplace, mirroring a push on the part of the federal government to equalize hiring practices. Is he going to be successful, and what might stand in his way?

One of the first problems he’ll need to overcome is the idea that being disabled means you can’t work or don’t want to work, a common misconception. When most people think of “disability,” they imagine an impairment that prohibits someone from engaging in activities of daily life, barring that person from the workplace; in fact, people may file for disability benefits or “go on disability” when they’re injured at work, underscoring the idea that disability means you can’t work.

In fact, of course, disabled people can and do work, and many passionately love their jobs. Some, however, may require accommodations, and this is a significant issue barring people from the workplace. Despite the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which mandates that workplaces comply with reasonable accommodation requests, many workplaces don’t accommodate employees, or single them out and make them feel uncomfortable when they ask for what they’re entitled to by law.

Accommodations can include ramps, wheelchair-accessible desks, screenreaders and magnifiers, adjustments to lighting levels and other measures to allow people to work comfortably, safely and efficiently. Many are very low-cost, and can sometimes even be implemented for free. In a workplace where supervisors aren’t familiar with disability needs, a consultant can come in to help — and this could be one way the government supports disabled workers, by providing free or reduced-cost consultations for employers who want to support increased employment in the disability community but don’t know how to start.

Another issue is concerns about balancing disability benefits against wages. Many disabled people want to work, but are effectively barred from doing so because they’ll lose their benefits — their share of cost will eat up any wages they receive, leaving them back at ground zero. This creates a state of enforced poverty as well as an active disincentive to work, and is something that must be addressed in the Federal code: while it may have been originally designed to prevent exploitation by people working high-paying jobs and getting free benefits (for health care, personal care attendants, and other needs) at the same time, it’s clearly no longer working as intended, and is in fact harming disabled people.

There are also limitations on working ability to consider. Depending on the disability, some people might need reduced hours or changed job descriptions to accommodate their ability levels; for example, someone with fibromyalgia might excel at her job, but only be able to work 15 hours per week. She’d need a part-time position with flexible hours so she could work when she’s at her best, but not all employers would be willing to offer that. Welcoming disabled people into the workplace may require rethinking workplace policies, attitudes about workers, and beliefs about disabled people.

Finally, of course, there’s disability discrimination. Many employers don’t want to hire disabled people because of ingrained ableism, worries about liability, and other concerns, which means that visibly disabled job applicants are at a profound disadvantage when they apply for positions, even if they’re highly qualified and well-suited.

Overcoming discrimination isn’t as simple as passing a law or putting out a public relations campaign: it requires exposing nondisabled people to disabled people, and providing environments for nondisabled people to learn about the disability community and the fact that members of that disability community aren’t so different as society seems to think.

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Photo credit: Ed Yourdon.

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56 comments

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1:08AM PDT on Jul 20, 2014

it's hard for anyone to get a decent paying job these days, and so much harder if you have a disability. Unfortunately jobs are being replaced by machines and robots, so I don't think it will change for the better in future. I hope I'm wrong.

12:50PM PDT on Oct 13, 2013

This disgrace is also an American disgrace.Their salary should have no reflection on their disability insurance. How else are tehy to get to and from work, if not by a specialized vehicle?

12:30PM PDT on Oct 13, 2013

I had a friend in a wheel chair that was in it since he was born and he's never worked a day in his life because he's addicted to drugs. He lives of welfare and has been homeless for years. He ran away from home at 16 and ruined his life because he truly believed that he was worthless and could never amount to anything.

3:17PM PDT on Oct 12, 2013

There are challenges for disabled people to find employment and I have first hand experience with that. However, there are solutions to this problem. First, provide opportunities for disabled students and adults with affordable post secondary education and job training programs especially in community colleges. Next, repeal the sub-minimum wage laws that trap many disabled people who are working in low wage jobs with no chance to get promoted or move up to better paying employment. Lastly, disablitiy outreach to communities and employers on the value of people with disablities in the workplace.

3:35AM PDT on Oct 12, 2013

Thank you for the article!

7:32PM PDT on Oct 11, 2013

thanks.......

5:57PM PDT on Oct 10, 2013

ty

7:21PM PDT on Oct 9, 2013

I was going to say some of what Orange P said. Able bodied people
have a hard time finding a job they can live on so why be so upset
that a disabled person doesn't have one......crazzzzy.

5:06PM PDT on Oct 9, 2013

You know, this is a really tough problem. How are disabled people supposed to get jobs when fully able-bodied guys cannot get jobs?
Between automation and cheap Chinese labor, the age of full employment is over.
At least the disabled people can qualify for welfare, which the able-bodied guys cannot.


11:55AM PDT on Oct 9, 2013

While we seem to have made some progress, discrimination has been and probably will remain a problem. Sad.

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