Modern zoning practices came about in the 1920s, along with the rise of the automobile, making living farther away from urban centers more practical. Suburbs emerged, created by families who felt they were losing political power in cities. In their own cities and towns, they could create housing laws and schools in a way that suited them, Mr. Rothwell said, adding that reforming these entrenched systems is unlikely to happen without the involvement of the federal government.
How To Tackle These Disparities?
School boards have found some ways to circumvent long-established living patterns, an issue they have struggled with since schools were required to be desegregated almost 60 years ago. Complex patterns of busing students emerged, magnet schools were created, and some districts have eliminated school boundaries based on geography.
Some charter schools and some magnet schools have also performed miracles, but these are in the minority.
This study proves yet again that it’s impossible to tackle school issues in isolation; schools are a part of the community where they are located, and inextricably linked with the overall condition of that community. The achievement gap and poverty levels go hand-in-hand.
What do you think? What can we do about the achievement gap?
Photo Credit: MikeFett
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