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No Silver Bullet When It Comes To BioFuels

No Silver Bullet When It Comes To BioFuels

“There aren’t any silver bullets” in regards to biofuels, declared John Sheehan of the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, and former head of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s algae research program until it was closed in 1996. Recently released research on algae suggests Sheehan is right. Researchers from the University of Virginia (UVA) in Charlottesville examined energy costs and the environmental impact of using algae for fuel, reported Science News, and said algae as biofuel comes with “tradeoffs.”

The UVA researchers compared the results of their study with studies on corn, canola, and switchgrass. They found that “algae farms need to minimize use of fertilizer and fresh water to compete with other biofuel plants.” Putting algae plants next to wastewater treatment plants would be one way to minimize water use, the article said, and in addition, the .nutrients from wastewater sewage could be used instead of fertilizer.

Algae as biofuel can be energy intensive and release more carbon dioxide emissions than it would potentially save, according to the UVA research. However, algae as biofuel is still in its infancy said co-author Andres Clarens of UVA. “Corn and canola we’ve been growing for a long time. We’ve gotten pretty good at it,” said Clarens.

“The energy problem is the most fundamental, most difficult challenge we have faced for a long time,” Sheehan said. “After 150 years of punching a hole in the ground and getting fuel to come out as a liquid, it is not going to easy.”

Perhaps the problems the UVA researchers discovered with algae as biofuel will be solved with more research. The Department of Energy announced on January 14 the investment of $44 million for algae-based fuels. Even ExxonMobil Corp. is pumping money into algae research, $600 million worth. Last summer, ExxonMobile announced its partnership with scientist Craig Venter’s Synthetic Genomics Inc. to develop algae into fuel.

Algae biofuel companies respond to UVA research

Mary Rosenthal, executive director of the Algae Biomass Association said the UVA research is not based on current information. “We expect such research to be based on current information, valid assumptions and proven facts. Unfortunately, this report falls short of those standards with its use of decades old data and errant assumptions of current production and refining technologies.”

“It’s absolutely right if you think of it as last generation algae,” said Riggs Eckelberry, CEO of the algae biofuel company OriginOil. “But we’ve got to make this stuff viable now.”

Clarens said he used the most recent data available to him. The problem is that biofuel companies “keep their research a closely guarded secret,” as a New York Times article put it. 

“Everybody talks about the next generation – what is the next generation?” Clarens asked. “I’d be happy to model it if somebody produces it.”

A partnership between the UVA researchers and algae biofuel companies may be in the works. Rosenthal called Clarens last week, and Clarens said that if companies make data available to him, he will do another study.

“It sounds like that could happen, where we could work together and produce more research,” he said.

Using E.coli to make biofuel?

A study published last week in the journal Nature said researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Joint BioEnergy Institute engineered E.colil bacteria to produce fatty acid derived biofuel from plant sugar.

“The primary goal was to get closer to being able to make a viable renewable biofuel that could be directly burned in today’s engines without modifications,” said Eric Steen, a researcher at the institute and an author of the study.

According to the study, E.coli is suitable for biofuel production partly because it is “exceptionally amenable to genetic manipulation.

E.coli has the “icky factor” when you first hear its name, but if researchers are able to make cost efficient biofuel with a low impact to the environment, bring on the icky.

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47 comments

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11:51PM PDT on Jul 1, 2013

Thank you.

11:50PM PDT on Jul 1, 2013

Thank you.

11:50PM PDT on Jul 1, 2013

Thank you.

11:49PM PDT on Jul 1, 2013

Thank you.

11:48PM PDT on Jul 1, 2013

Thank you.

8:22AM PST on Feb 15, 2010

Forgive the scattered nature of this post, please.

Simply put, we need to consume less fuel, less energy, less time trying to make energy. There is conservation and balance in all things. If we find a suitable new, cost-effective fuel, we'll simply use that until we're *forced* to find something more viable. We need to turn back. We're running much too fast at a wall that won't move, no matter what kind of car we drive. We're going to crash. Oil, algae, ethanol - it's all just another way we're feeding an addiction. We need more jobs in the U.S. We need millions more farmers. We need to lessen our dependence on foreign oil. We need to reduce our dependence on fuel in general.

Spread out, keep it clean, go back to what works. Our progress has been so fast that we can't keep up. Agrarian civilization is still not even the most ideal balancing act, but it's sustainable, for now. We can keep up with that. Hunter-gatherers lived in balance with nature. Nature maintained the balance. The more we "step on" nature, the more likely it becomes that we will cause our own extinction. I'm not even opposed to this, but it will be sad to see it. We are not killing the planet, but we are convincing her to kill us, and many other species as well.

Find a way to use less, much less, everything. We don't need to eat as much, burn as much, build as much, bitch as much.

Water, food, shelter, medicine. These basic needs must be met. Fewer people means more for every

4:03AM PST on Feb 11, 2010

interesting reading

3:56PM PST on Feb 9, 2010

Thanks for the interesting article.

12:07PM PST on Feb 8, 2010

Thanks for bringing light to some dim corners of these new technologies. I have hope for the future of diverse energy sources.

11:16AM PST on Feb 8, 2010

Interesting!

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