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Record Number of Orphaned Bear Cubs This Year in Virginia

Record Number of Orphaned Bear Cubs This Year in Virginia

In a happy ending to a sad story, three bear cubs found in a tree in Virginia’s Augusta County have been rescued. The Wildlife Center of Virginia has taken in the cubs after their mother was found dead on the side of a road on Saturday.

All three cubs are female and weigh between four and eight pounds. As WTKR reports, veterinarians have examined the cubs and found that one has a broken tooth and another a healing fracture in her right humerus. After further examination (including to check for parasites), the bears will be set up in an outdoor pen. Their mother was most likely killed by a vehicle, says the Center.

In fact, the Center says that this year, it has “admitted a record number of Black Bear cubs from locations throughout Virginia.” Before the three female cubs, the Center was already caring for eight bear cubs, one female and seven males.

After the three female cubs were brought to the Center, two more arrived. On Tuesday, May 14, a Black Bear cub that a woman had seen on her property for several days with no sign of its mother was brought to the Center; the female cub appears to be healthy and will probably be introduced to the other three female cubs in a few days. Another Black Bear cub, an “extremely thin and dehydrated” male, was also brought in on Tuesday. X-rays revealed that he had a fracture in his right femur that Dr. Rich Sim, the Center’s veterinary fellow, thinks may have kept the cub from keeping up with his mother. The fracture is healing, so the cub does not need surgery, but he does need to gain some weight as he’s currently less than 4.5 pounds.

As Edward Clark, president of the Center, tells WVIR-TV they have “worked out a partnership” with the Virginia Department of Game, Land and Fishing so that they “will become the bear place in Virginia and all orphaned cubs that can’t be fostered with females will be brought here to be raised until they can be given back to the wild.” Some of the many rescued bear cubs are currently in theBear Pen, a large concrete block structure that was designed for adult, injured bears. In a few weeks they will be moved to a new facility that, it is hoped, “will allow the bears to grow as if they are in the wild.”

Visitors are not allowed to interact with the cubs at any time, but can see what the cubs are up to thanks to the Center’s Critter Cam.

The Center underscores that caring for so many cubs is a “new challenge” for its staff. John Beecham of the International Fund for Animal Welfare underscores the importance of minimizing human contact with the cubs after weaning. Indeed, he notes that “allowing cubs raised in captivity to socialize with other cubs may be the single most important factor in reducing the degree of their habituation.”

The Center has no timetable yet for releasing the cubs and will be working with Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. While cubs and yearlings usually stay with their mothers until they are about 1 1/2 years old, the cubs will be ready to survive on their own after they pass the nursing stage.

As for why the Center has found itself with so many Black Bear cubs: according to DGIF bear biologist Jaime Sajecki, one possible reason is a phenomenon called “cub synchrony,” in which “in years of poor mast, bears who have bred in the summer will not actually give birth and then the following year, all those bears will breed again and there will be a bump in the number of cubs produced.” Mast is the fruit produced by forest trees including acorns and other nuts and 2011 was indeed a poor mast year. Fall of 2012, though, saw nothing less than a “bumper crop” of acorns.

Another reason for the finding of so many bear cubs is the same reason that, here in New Jersey where I live, the Division of Fish and Wildlife allows black bears to be hunted: human expansion into what has long been the territory of wildlife, including bears.

While it’s cheering to hear that so many cubs have been rescued in Virginia and that efforts are being devoted to reintroduce them to the wild, the reasons for why this happening — the encroachment of humans on nature — must be addressed. Bear cubs need to grow up with their own mothers.

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82 comments

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8:45AM PDT on Jun 25, 2013

thanks for sharing

12:36PM PDT on Jun 15, 2013

I'm happy with the rescue...but I wish the poor cubs could be raised by their own moms.

10:55AM PDT on May 28, 2013

"While it’s cheering to hear that so many cubs have been rescued in Virginia and that efforts are being devoted to reintroduce them to the wild, the reasons for why this happening — the encroachment of humans on nature — must be addressed. Bear cubs need to grow up with their own mothers."

Exactly...................

4:01AM PDT on May 22, 2013

We have lived in rural central VA for over 30 years and never saw a bear. This past year, we saw 2 of them! Maybe the population is up.

6:15AM PDT on May 20, 2013

Sad news. :'( But I'm glad they were rescued.

2:43PM PDT on May 19, 2013

Today we are destroying nature, tomorow nature will destroy us..probably.

5:46AM PDT on May 19, 2013

I'm glad they were rescued but very sad about the reasons, it's always our fault, why is it that whereever we go we destroy the nature?

3:42AM PDT on May 19, 2013

J' espère que ces ours pourront retourner vivre en liberté.

8:41PM PDT on May 18, 2013

They shouldn't allow hunting of bears just after hibernation is over, when of course the babies need their mothers the most.

5:18AM PDT on May 18, 2013

You would think that if you hit a big animal like a bear, that you would have good reason to stop your vehicle and alert the authorities? I see deer dead at the side of the road here from time to time and worry about how much that animal suffered before it died and whether an animal left injured to stagger around helplessly was a serious hazard to other vehicles and peoples' lives. I know that a big animal must surely cause a dent? Enough to warrant stopping to check the safety and road worthiness of a vehicle. So why is it that I know that people are in the habit of 'hit and run' behaviour. They think that this bear was hit by a car but clearly the offender could not be bothered to report it. I would consider it a duty of care towards the 'could be' suffering animal and to other road users around me.

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