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Teach Your Child Self-Discipline Without Tiger-Parenting Her To Death

Teach Your Child Self-Discipline Without Tiger-Parenting Her To Death


Written by Jason Gots, a Big Think blogger

The publication of Amy Chua’s 2010 book Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother unleashed a parental s#*tstorm across the Western blogosphere. At its core, the apoplectic backlash against Chua’s parenting (which, granted, does have its horrific moments*) revealed a culture clash between two parenting styles: one promoting children’s self-esteem, the other prioritizing self-discipline.

In the book, Chua asserts that her rigorous parenting style (no tv, no sleepovers, hours of daily violin and piano practice, expectations of academic perfection), is “Chinese,” and based on the view that  ”Childhood is a training period, a time to build character and invest in the future.”

The resultant debate, therefore, produced two misleading binaries: “East vs. West,” and “Amy Chua vs. Everybody Else”. Critiques included:

  • Chua has misrepresented Chinese parenting.
  • Chinese parenting produces stereotypically “successful” but unimaginative people unprepared to compete in the creative “ideas economy.”
  • “Success” in life is about more than grades and income.
  • Real “tiger mothers” (i.e. actual tigers) let their cubs play.
  • Chua is personally insane.

While intriguing, all of this somewhat misses the point. According to Princeton neuroscientist (and parent to a four-year-old) Sam Wang, Chua is definitely right about one thing: teaching your kids self-discipline is good parenting. He cites numerous longitudinal studies demonstrating that self-disciplined toddlers are more likely to grow into persistent, positive, healthy, and satisfied adults. Wang and co-author Sandra Aamodt explore this and other developmental issues with humor, scientific rigor, and reassuring pragmatism in their forthcoming book, Welcome to Your Child’s Brain.

Happily, it seems that we can have our cake and eat some of it, too. “An important point here,” says Wang, “is that willpower [i.e. self-discipline] training in children is most effective when the child is having fun.”  Intense stress is a poor learning tool at best, and potentially harmful to the developing brain, especially in sensitive children. Gently guided play, a powerful approach exemplified by the school program “Tools of the Mind”,  can incorporate self-discipline training into the imaginative play that children naturally engage in and enjoy.


What’s the Significance?

Since ‘parenting’ became a word, it has also become incredibly complicated. Raising children has never been easy, but it’s safe to say that today’s parents face an unprecedentedly dizzying array of research-supported methods for turning little Parker or Kaylee into a successful, well-adjusted grownup. Comment threads and online parent networks can whip parental neurosis into a rabid frenzy over anything from a child’s lost hat to the very serious issue of childhood vaccination.

The wealth of new data also exposes how little we actually know, raising new questions, concerns, and debates. Longitudinal studies, which track human development over years or decades, are expensive and tricky to execute. So the scientifically-supported parenting advice that appears in the media – about tv’s effects on the developing brain, for example – is often based on studies of short-term effects, or teased out by statistical analysis, or extrapolated from analogous, better understood aspects of child development.

Here’s the good news: Two things that are intuitively obvious to most parents – the importance of teaching children self-discipline and the educational power of fun – are also unusually well supported by science. Tiger Parents and Teddy Bears, rejoice! Here’s a middle ground you can agree on in good conscience: play-based learning that will help your child grow into a capable and happy adult.


*e.g. drawing a frowny face on the birthday card her four-year-old daughter Lulu had made for her because it didn’t show enough “thought and effort,” and announcing: “I reject this.”  Or threatening to burn all of Lulu’s stuffed animals if she didn’t master The Little White Donkey on the piano by the next day.


This post was originally published by Big Think.


Related Stories:

College Admission Becomes Life Admission?

Is It OK To Be a Bad Parent Sometimes (Especially at Bedtime)?

Amy Chua, An All-American Mother: That’s What the Chinese Version Says


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Photo from More Good Foundation via flickr creative commons

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6:18AM PDT on Apr 22, 2013

It's crucial for success

12:01PM PDT on Mar 17, 2012


3:09AM PDT on Nov 2, 2011

Thanks for sharing this article.

9:32PM PDT on Oct 10, 2011

Noted. Every child is different and needs a different approach.

8:04AM PDT on Oct 3, 2011

parents shouldn't be so harsh on their kids. true, kids are becoming spoiled today but still. the best way to get to a kid is to be quiet and firm, maybe a little compromising.

2:56AM PDT on Sep 25, 2011

i agree with Joan S. balance is the key..and i have to say that there's a difference between being discipline and just being mean and Louise Hay says listen to the winners when you have an issue or a challenge listen to people who have succeed to that and Chua is surely not a successful parent

5:29AM PDT on Sep 22, 2011

Thanks for the article.

9:00AM PDT on Sep 21, 2011

Julianna D., I suffered in my home as well, but it is up to you to change the way you feel. I am always saddened when I hear of anyone who cannot make it beyond their upbringing. I've forgiven my father, and do not interact with him. Not that this is the way I suggest you live your life, but it is a successful tool for me. I harbor no longer the pain he lade me with, and in my mind, I've given it back to him to do with what he will. It is only important that it is no longer mine, and no longer burdens me. In that, I am free.

8:55AM PDT on Sep 21, 2011

Parenting is difficult. Raising people who will be compassionate, caring, responsible individuals is difficult. Chua offers one view. There are a billion others that exist, and all merit thought. If you don't like this view, consider another. Your parents, their parents, your friends' parents. Teaching ethics, and compassion to all things and people, is a great start.

1:33PM PDT on Sep 20, 2011

Today's children are tomorrow's citizens. How you raise them very much determines the future of the nation.

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