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The Long History of the War Against Contraception

The Long History of the War Against Contraception
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Written by Ellen Chesler, New Deal 2.0

For those surprised about the recent fervor over Obama’s contraception coverage decision, a look at its deep roots.

Republicans for Planned Parenthood last week issued a call for nominations for the 2012 Barry Goldwater award, an annual prize awarded to a Republican legislator who has acted to protect women’s health and rights. Past recipients include Maine Senator Olympia Snowe, who this week endorsed President Obama’s solution for insuring full coverage of the cost of contraception without exceptions, even for employees of religiously affiliated institutions. And that may tell us all we need to know about why President Obama has the upper hand in a debate over insurance that congressional Tea Partiers have now widened to include anyone who seeks an exemption.

It’s a long time ago, but it is worth remembering that conservative avatar Goldwater was in his day an outspoken supporter of women’s reproductive freedom — a freethinker who voted his conscience over the protests of Catholic bishops and all others who tried to claim these matters as questions of conscientious liberty and not sensible social policy. With Goldwater on his side, Obama sees a clear opening for skeptics wary of the extremism that has captured Republican hopefuls in thrall to the fundamentalist base that controls the GOP presidential primary today. Holding firm on family planning — even if it means taking on the Catholic hierarchy and other naysayers by offering a technical fix that would have insurers cover costs instead of the churches themselves — is a calculated political strategy by the Obama campaign, not a blunder as it has been characterized by many high powered pundits, including progressives like Mark Shields of PBS and E.J. Dionne of the Washington Post.

Recent public opinion polling on the subject is worth reconsidering. For years, it has been perfectly clear that a substantial majority of Americans see the value of expanding access to contraception and reliable sex education as essential tools to prevent unwanted pregnancy and abortion and to help women balance the competing demands of work and family. But unlike a zealous minority on the other side, these moderates have not necessarily privileged these social concerns over important questions of economics or national security that mattered more to them at election time.

That’s what seems to be changing. With his now-famous “nope, zero” response last spring, President Obama simply shut down Republicans in Congress who wanted to defund family planning as part of a deal to reduce the federal deficit. The action elicited a sudden surge in his popularity, especially in the highly contested demographic of women voters between the ages of 30 and 49 who voted for him in 2008 but wound up frustrated by failed promises and disappointing economic policies. Campaign polling has since uncovered a big opening for Obama with this group because they are furious over Republican social extremism. An astonishing 80 percent of them disapproved of congressional efforts to defund Planned Parenthood last spring. Polling among Catholics in response to last week’s controversy shows identical patterns, with 57 percent overall supporting the Obama “compromise” to ensure full coverage of contraception, according to reporting by Joe Conason in The National Memo, and cross-tabs demonstrating much higher margins of support from Catholic women, Latinos, and independent Catholic voters — all prime Obama election targets.

If the numbers are so persuasive, why then have Republican conservatives strayed so far from the greater tolerance of the Goldwater age? Why have they allowed the family planning issue to tie their candidates up in knots in 2012? The answer is in just how outsized the influence of a minority viewpoint can be on a political party, so long as it represents the base of that party’s support.

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Photo from M.Markus via flickr

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11:15AM PDT on Jun 6, 2012

Why is it that so-called "Christians" always quote the Old Testament, not Christ?

9:53AM PDT on Jun 4, 2012

Grazie per l'articolo.

6:28AM PST on Mar 1, 2012

Shannon: "Isnt it true that this is funded by the National Insurance contribution that everyone pays on top of their federal income tax? So in essence, it is not free you really are paying for it eh? "

Thanks for mocking me standing up to a misogynist!!!!! I was trying to make a point to a real idiot.
Yes we all pay towards the national health service BUT contraception is 'free' in the respect that we don't have to pay medical bills or for medication separately. We pay prescription charges of £7.40 for each item we need medically APART from contraception! Please check your facts before trying to be a wise guy and trying negating a comment which didn't need it.
Sexual Health Youth Worker-In-Charge for 15 years in Inner London.....

8:40PM PST on Feb 23, 2012

I'm so sick of crazy, hypocritical Republicans.

9:06AM PST on Feb 23, 2012

As long as this has been going on I have heard the battle cry " I am not paying for some woman's abortion". Yes, it has always been a moral issue about money. I guess 'they' have never heard the story about Jesus throwing out the money changers on the church steps.

12:43PM PST on Feb 22, 2012

Excellent! Thanks for the history lesson.

9:22AM PST on Feb 21, 2012

Yes,Noted and Imformed...

9:22AM PST on Feb 21, 2012

Yes,Noted and Imformed...

7:14AM PST on Feb 20, 2012


5:36AM PST on Feb 20, 2012

They may have been fighting contraception for some long time, but NOWHERE near as long as mankind have been using it. Sorry, but this is a war you cannot win, wrong century, wrong planet.

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