7. Gaza War (2008-2009)
Starting on December 27, 2008, Israel and Palestinian militants fought for three weeks in the Gaza Strip. Israel said that it sought to end rockets being fired into its borders and to halt the smuggling of weapons into the Gaza Strip. In the war, Israeli forces assaulted the cities of Gaza, Khan Yunis and Rafah and Palestinian groups fired rockets. Up to 1,417 Palestinians and 13 Israelis died.
8. South Yemen Insurgency (2009 – ongoing)
North Yemen and South Yemen were separate countries until they were united in 1990. On April 28, 2009, massive demonstrations in most of the major towns in southern Yemen occurred, after a prominent southern Islamist leader Tariq al-Fadhli joined the secessionist South Yemen Movement. The conflict has continued, with some protests becoming violent. The Yemeni government has at times linked the insurgency to Islamist groups.
9. Libyan Civil War (2011)
Also known as the Libyan Revolution, this armed conflict that led to the ouster of long-time dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi began in February in the coastal city of Benghazi. Over the next several months, rebel forces defeated those loyal to Gaddafi, taking the capitol of Tripoli in August of 2011. While a central government, the National Transitional Council, was established in September of that year, rival militias still control parts of the country.
10. Northern Mali Conflict (2012-2013)
In January of 2012, a number of insurgent groups rose against the government of Mali, which had been regarded as an example of a stable democratic government in Africa. President Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted in a coup d’état in March. With insurgents, including Islamists and some from the Tuareg people, having taken control over northern Mali, the newly formed Mali government asked France to send in military help. On February 8, the Malian military (backed by foreign troops) retook northern Mali. A peace deal between the Tuaregs and the government was signed in June of this year.
The phrase “give peace a chance” is the title of a song written by John Lennon and released in 1969. More than four decades later, the need to do just this remains as much as ever. How can we teach today’s students to, in the words of Ban Ki-moon, create a “more just, inclusive and peaceful” world?
Photos of soldier/peace sign, Iraq, Libya from Wikimedia CommonsPhoto Credit: Terry Mitchell, Photo Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Islamist_fighters_in_northern_Mali.PNG, Photo Credit: International Solidarity Movement, Photo Credit: Magharebia, Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons, Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons
Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and may
not reflect those of
Care2, Inc., its employees or advertisers.