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Thinking About Seafood for Dinner? You Might Change Your Mind After Reading This Report

Thinking About Seafood for Dinner? You Might Change Your Mind After Reading This Report

We’ve known that fisheries unintentionally kill a number of species and discard them, otherwise known as bycatch, but a new report from Oceana paints a startling picture of just how bad the problem is at U.S. fisheries that could make seafood less appetizing.

In the report, Wasted Catch: Unsolved Bycatch Problems, Oceana identified nine “dirty” fisheries in the U.S. with data from the Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and came to the shocking conclusion that bycatch in the U.S. “could amount to 2 billion pounds every year, equivalent to the entire annual catch of many other fishing nations around the world.”

According to Oceana, these nine fisheries combined throw away almost half of what they catch and are responsible for more than 50 percent of all reported bycatch in the U.S.

In just one year, the Southeast Snapper-Grouper Longline Fishery caught and discarded 400,000 sharks, while the New England and Mid-Atlantic Gillnet Fishery captured more than 2,000 dolphins, porpoises and seals.

More worrisome is that the numbers are believed to be at the low end because bycatch isn’t accurately monitored or reported.

Despite progress being made to reduce this problem, fishing practices continue to threaten marine life and protected species, while the three worst offenders continue to be trawling, which involves dragging nets along the ocean’s surface or floor, longline and gillnet fisheries, which involve setting out lines with baited hooks or leaving, or large walls of nets.

Credit: Fiona Ayerst Underwater Photography

“Hundreds of thousands of dolphins, whales, sharks, sea birds, sea turtles and fish needlessly die each year as a result of indiscriminate fishing gear,” said Amanda Keledjian, report author and marine scientist at Oceana. “It’s no wonder that bycatch is such a significant problem, with trawls as wide as football fields, longlines extending up to 50 miles with thousands of baited hooks and gillnets up to two miles long. The good news is that there are solutions bycatch is avoidable.”

The organization believes there is hope for addressing the needless killing and waste of marine life, which it believes would also be a win for fisheries.

“The solution can be as simple as banning the use of drift gillnets, transitioning to proven cleaner fishing gears, requiring Turtle Excluder Devices in trawls, or avoiding bycatch hotspots,” said Dr. Geoff Shester, California program director at Oceana. “Proven solutions and innovative management strategies can significantly reduce the unnecessary deaths of sharks, sea turtles, dolphins and other marine life, while maintaining vibrant fisheries.”

Another step that could be taken includes increasing the number of impartial observers from the NMFS on board to document bycatch. As of now, an observer is only on board for an estimated one in 100 trips, while most are left unmonitored.

Oceana is now calling on the government to take three key steps to reduce bycatch, including counting everything fisheries catch, including bycatch species, capping the amount of wasted catch in each fishery using scientifically based limits and to control and avoid bycatch by making improvements, such as using cleaner fishing gear and enhanced monitoring.

Meanwhile, if you’re not willing to give up seafood, there are existing guidelines and recommendations that can help consumers choose seafood that’s being caught in the most sustainable manner possible.

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Photo credit: Thinkstock

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113 comments

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4:39PM PDT on Jun 15, 2014

If I could I would sink every fishing vessel in the world, and decimate this evil human so called "industry" in one swoop

3:44PM PDT on Apr 10, 2014

So glad to be a vegetarian and 97% vegan, I also don't use any animals by-product and ban anything tested on animals unless I don't know or something I can't afford. But I'm not a elaborated person and therefore, less chance to harm animals. Someday when there's no animals or mammals on this planet anymore, people really have to make changes or they either kill one another to survive. I hope humans have some kindness and compassion - spare the lives of others and live longer.

"If you pursue good with labor, the labor passes away but the good remains; if you pursue evil with pleasure, the pleasure passes away and the evil remains."
- Cicero

12:59PM PDT on Apr 2, 2014

Ooops. Disturbing news.

5:29AM PDT on Apr 2, 2014

Speaking of dirty fish... They're dumping tons of radioactive water DAILY into the Pacific Ocean from the Fukushima nuclear power plant, and they've been doing this for YEARS.

Your Pacific fish (including Alaskan) may have radioactive iodine, cesium, or plutonium. I wouldn't eat ANYTHING from the Pacific Ocean. Watch for food prices to skyrocket when the world learns that Pacific Ocean fish contain poison.

5:49AM PDT on Apr 1, 2014

Long lines are bad enough. What really pisses me off are the huge factory ships that Hoover up everything indiscriminately from the ocean floor; then throw the unwanted overboard. Many don't survive.

1:01AM PDT on Apr 1, 2014

everyday that i come on here i get more and more cross with how us as humans are disrespecting our planet, I feel right depressed this morning!!!

3:25AM PDT on Mar 31, 2014

Thanks for sharing.

12:04AM PDT on Mar 31, 2014

The fishing industry is depleting the oceans & there is a lot of bycatch that gets thrown overboard. Much of the other info in this article is questionable at best. In the years I worked in fisheries, there were 2 NMFS observers on board EVERY trip, they closely monitored bycatch, weight of hauls as well as many other details, kept precise records that were reported daily to NMFS office. Records were kept by all levels of managment in all depts. and available for inspection by Coast Guard, FDA & health depts. But that was 10-15 yrs. ago. . . .

3:04PM PDT on Mar 30, 2014

These facts are disturbing. I do not eat seafood but if I did these facts alone would make me stop. I knew there was a big bycatch problem but never could have imagined how bad it actually was. Longlines and net fishing need to be banned. Catch methods must be changed and quantities of catch limited.

1:43PM PDT on Mar 30, 2014

This is Horrible and appaulling. Make a change OUR Government which you are paying them out of OUR tax Dollars!!

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