With 34 Reactors in At Risk Zones, France Wonders If It’s Hostage to Nuclear Power

The ongoing situation in Japan has reignited the debate in France over nuclear power, currently the source of 75% of the country’s electricity. With an eye on the four at risk plants in Japan, ministers, politicians, activists and representatives of the nuclear industry have been furiously trading statistics, arguments and sound bites.

Those who have long opposed the use of nuclear power have been outspoken in the last few days, presenting the disaster in Japan as a cautionary tale. Cecile Duflot, the National Secretary of the French ecological party Europe Ecologie-Les Verts (whose website bears the headline: “Act Today to Not Be Radioactive Tomorrow”) told Reuters: “The nuclear risk cannot realistically be mastered. We are hostages of nuclear power in our own country.”

In Strasbourg, the association Stop Transports – Halte au Nucleaire has organized protests to demand that the reactor at Fessenheim, the oldest in the country, be closed, reported the newspaper Liberation.

According to Le Figaro, 34 of the country’s 58 nuclear power plants are located in “at risk” zones, vulnerable to either earthquakes (especially in the Alps) or tidal waves (along the Normandy coastline). It’s worth noting, however, that the likelihood and severity of seismic activity even in those zones are significantly lower than in Japan, and that all of the nuclear reactors located on the coast are designated at at risk of flooding.

The utility company Electricite de France (EDF), which operates all of the country’s power plants (as well as the 25% of the electricity from other sources), insists that nuclear power is safe as long as proper security measures are taken. Philippe Sasseigne, its adjunct director of nuclear power, says that this is the case: “We have always worked with rigor and high standards, without waiting for a nuclear crisis.”

But the country’s track record of nuclear safety isn’t perfect: in 1999, a nuclear center at Blayais, near the Atlantic coast, flooded after a severe storm, though the consequences were minimal. Rated a 2 (on a scale of 7) in terms of severity, the incident has been cited in the last few days as anti-nuclear protesters make their voices heard. The most recent level 2 incident? February 17, 2011.

But there are at least as many voices and arguments defending nuclear power; which allows the country to avoid using any fossil fuels to generate electricity. There has never been a serious incident in France (and very few globally), and Andre-Claude Lacoste, President of the government agency l’Autorite de Surete Nucleaire, told Le Figaro:

The ASN’s position is that one cannot absolutely guarantee that there will never be a nuclear accident. But we do everything to ensure that the probability of that occurrence and its consequences are as little as possible. It is not a hazard if we impose on ourselves draconian security measures and we enforce them.

President Nicolas Sarkozy said that despite the events in Japan, it is “out of the question” that the country will give up nuclear power, saying: “France is the country that has the safest nuclear sector.” The oppositionSocialist Party seems on board, announcing on Monday that it was not against the use of nuclear power, but that it would rather have more energy generated from renewable sources.

In an editorial in Le Figaro today, journalist Yves Threard summarized the position of those who advocate for the controlled use of nuclear power: “The drama through which the Japanese are living should make us reflect. But beware of jumping to generalizing conclusions that condemn nuclear energy.”

This post first appeared on treehugger.com, a major environmental information hub.

by Paul J Everette via Creative Commons

by Alex Davies, Paris, France on treehugger


John S.
Past Member 6 years ago


Paula L.
Paula L6 years ago

They can claim nuclear is safe all they want to. But, when something is invented and tested, there is facts about it, that tells you how safe that product is....they knew when this atom was invented, it was potentially very dangerous if not contained. That wonderful word contained...if it must always be contained to be..."safe"...it is not safe! We cannot control natural diasters. But we can control not inventing and useing something as dangerous as nuclear atoms. The blue print for this should have been burned and the ashes blew into the wind never to be heard of again, and we would not have these problems and questions that are looming over the entire world right now. The old saying has come to pass in this one, and it is not over...."Be careful of the decisions you make, for the end results will either bless you, or come back and haunt you for a life time". I'd say the decision to make nuclear atoms is a haunting one, and the haunting has only begun folks.

Julie W.
Julie W6 years ago

However terrible the events in Japan, it has certainly brought the nuclear debate to the front. I hope it goes beyond just talk, and some tough decisions are made.

Bernadette P.
Berny p6 years ago

I live in France and as far as I know we ....do not have earthquake or tsumani....
I prefer to live in this country then in a country run by oil and coal....smaller car ...houses etc....not smaller family yet but with luck we are working on it!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Marjaana Y.
marjaana v6 years ago

58 nuclear power plants?


Warwick Neal
Warwick Neal6 years ago

It is reported France is 75% nuclear power dependant. What else needs to be said?

Warwick Neal
Warwick Neal6 years ago

It is reported France is 75% nuclear power dependant. What else needs to be said?

Cecilie D.
Nora D6 years ago

One wonders how there can even need to be debate over nuclear power. It is an entire contradiction to all things natural and needs to go extinct before it extincts us. If the non-human animal kingdom could vote ,we know what they would say.

Ronald R.
Ronald Rowley6 years ago

When was the last time France experienced an earthquake?

ana p.
ana p6 years ago