All diabetes is not the same. In addition to type 2 diabetes, the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse lists these other forms of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The exact cause of this is unknown. In time, the pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to stay alive. Untreated, a person with type 1 diabetes can lapse into a life-threatening coma. There is no known prevention.
Type 1 diabetes represents about 5-10 percent of diabetes cases in the U.S. Anyone can develop type 1 diabetes, but it most often occurs in children or young adults. Symptoms include:
- excessive thirst
- increased urination
- constant hunger
- weight loss
- blurred vision
If your child has symptoms of diabetes, seek immediate medical help.
Diabetes can develop during pregnancy. About 3-8 percent of pregnant women in the U.S. develop gestational diabetes, but it usually resolves after childbirth. However, women who have gestational diabetes have a 40-60 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
Other Forms of Diabetes
Diabetes can also be caused by:
- genetic defects in insulin action
- diseases of the pancreas or conditions that damage the pancreas, such as pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis
- excess amounts of certain hormones resulting from some medical conditions
- medications or chemicals that reduce insulin action
- infections, such as congenital rubella and mumps
- rare immune-mediated disorders, such as stiff-man syndrome, an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system
- genetic syndromes such as Down syndrome, Huntington’s chorea, and Prader-Willi syndrome
- adults with latent autoimmune diabetes have signs of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes
The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health (NIH). For more information about diabetes, visit diabetes.niddk.nih.gov
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