Anti-Cancer Nutrient Synergy in Cranberries

In research I profiled in my video Which Fruit Fights Cancer Better?, cranberries were found to suppress the growth of human liver cancer cells in vitro. Other studies have found similar effects against human breast, colon, brain tumor, oral, and ovarian cancer cells. In the above video I profile the latest looking at prostate cancer cell growth.

The United States has the highest rate of prostate cancer in the world, so let’s try a native American fruit! Researchers started out with about 50,000 human prostate cancer cells in a petri dish and if you do nothing, within a day you’re closer to 100,000, then 200,000 and then nearly 400,000 within 72 hours. But by adding just a tiny amount of cranberries, that exponential cancer growth can be blocked.

The reason they tested such tiny concentrations is that we only absorb a small fraction of the cranberry phytonutrients we eat into our bloodstream. Still, cranberries are cheap. If drug companies and supplement manufacturers are going to capitalize on this they needed to find cranberry’s active ingredient.

In the video above I show a graph with some of the various phytonutrients in cranberries. Different fractions were tested against various types of cancer to find the magic bullet. Various fractions of phytonutrients inhibited colon cancer cell proliferation about 15 percent, but nothing compared to the total extract of the whole fruit. There seems to be additive or synergistic anti-proliferative effects resulting from the combination of the various components compared to individual purified phytochemicals. So it’s always better to eat the whole fruit.

How do you do that with cranberries, though? Although five percent of cranberries are sold fresh, the vast majority are consumed as processed products. To get the same amount of anthocyanin phytonutrients in a cup of fresh or frozen cranberries, you’d have to drink 16 cups of cranberry juice cocktail, eat seven cups of dried cranberries, or 26 cans of cranberry sauce!

The problem is that raw cranberries are so tart that folks may opt for the 7 cups of dried. In a taste test survey, consumers said they wouldn’t mind eating dried cranberries every day, but the preference for raw cranberries sloped down toward maybe once a year. The problem is dried cranberries tend to come sweetened. Raw cranberries don’t affect your blood sugar, but sweetened dried cranberries do—even the low sugar varieties.

What about cranberry “juice”? Cranberry cocktail is usually only about a quarter cranberry juice. The ruby red phytonutrients in cranberries and pure cranberry juice are powerful antioxidants, increasing the antioxidant capacity of our bloodstream within hours of consumption. But the high fructose corn syrup acts as a pro-oxidant, even with added vitamin C, canceling out some of the cranberry benefit. So how do you get the upsides without the down? Check out my Pink Juice with Green Foam video, where I offer a recipe for making no added sugar whole fruit cranberry cocktail.

And for another reason to avoid high fructose corn syrup: Mercury in Corn Syrup?

More on nutrient synergy in:

Suppressing cancer growth in a petri dish is nice, but what about within the human body? Check out my videos Strawberries versus Esophageal Cancer and Black Raspberries versus Oral Cancer.

In health,
Michael Greger, M.D.

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my full 2012-2013 year-in-review presentation Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death.

Image credit: Shaw Girl / Flickr

Related:
Flaxseeds for Prostate Cancer
The Science on Acai Berries
Apple Peels Turn On Anticancer Genes

36 comments

Patricia H.
Patricia H.3 years ago

thanks for sharing

Franck warner
Frank R3 years ago

Thanks for sharing

Natasha Salgado
natasha salgado3 years ago

Thanks!

Robert O.
Robert O3 years ago

I have always been a fan of cranberries and cranberry products. They're awesome.

Fred Hoekstra
Fred Hoekstra3 years ago

Thank you Dr. Michael Greger, for Sharing this!

Val M.
Val M3 years ago

Noted

Elena T.
Elena Poensgen3 years ago

Thank you :)

Vicky P.
Vicky P3 years ago

nice :)

Ana Marija R.
ANA MARIJA R3 years ago

Thank you for sharing.

heather g.
heather g3 years ago

I'll have to opt for the imaginary homeopathic version and continue to eat a small amount of dried cranberries - I'm not up to making myself ill by consuming 7 cups of cranberries.......