Arsenic in Apple Juice: What Should I Do?
By Kati Mora, RD for DietsInReview.com
If you are one of the many parents now second guessing your decision to pack a juice box in your child’s lunch tomorrow, you are not alone. In a recent episode of the Dr. Oz Show, national health guru Dr. Mehmet Oz claimed that not only does apple juice contain arsenic, but levels much higher than what is deemed safe for our drinking water.
According to an independent study conducted on behalf of the Dr. Oz Show, ten of the three dozen apple juices sampled were found to have arsenic levels higher than the amount allowed in drinking water. Of these, Gerber, Juicy Juice, and Mott’s were some of the highest with 36 parts per billion, 22 parts per billion, and 16 parts per billion reported, respectively.
Despite this information the FDA wants the public to feel assured that drinking apple juice is still safe. In fact, the FDA claims there is no public health risk associated with drinking apple juice and that they have been performing safety checks for years to ensure that what we drink is indeed safe.
A safety level for arsenic has not been determined for juices and, although this may seem alarming, the FDA states that the type of arsenic primarily found in juices is organic arsenic, an essentially harmless form. In the case of water, the primary source is inorganic arsenic which, is the form typically considered to negatively impact health when consumed in large quantities.
Although Dr. Oz and the FDA have opposing views on whether apple juice is indeed safe to drink in its current state over an extended period of time, both do agree that it’s perfectly fine to drink your favorite brand of apple juice. This may seem slightly contradictory, but arsenic accumulation doesn’t happen immediately.
Before you toss that new jug of apple juice, be sure to consider the following:
One Study is Never Enough
Although this information may alerted you to the world of food safety, don’t let it be the only study you use to build a case against apple juice. The FDA really has been testing juices for a long time and that shouldn’t be discounted with just a few studies.
Using Common Sense is Important
The only sure thing in nutrition science is that there never really is a sure thing! Our knowledge and understanding of nutrition is constantly evolving and this can be down-right confusing. Use common sense when reviewing new health claims or shocking study results. By keeping a level head you can bypass mass food panic if you’ll take the time to identify which truths lie behind the claims. Often a little bit of truth exists on both sides of the story and common sense may be your best tool in properly identifying where that truth exists.
Thinking In Extremes Can Also Help
When common sense still leaves you questioning which side of a nutritional argument you land on, thinking in extremes may also help you identify the truth behind each claim.
- Extreme scenario #1: The FDA is correct and the arsenic levels in apple juice are perfectly safe for long-term consumption.
- Extreme scenario #2: Dr. Oz is correct and the arsenic levels in apple juice are higher than we knew.
- Bottom line: “Although the FDA frequently tests apple juice and it is likely safe for long-term consumption, perhaps I should cut back on the amount of apple juice I provide to my kids on a daily basis.” By thinking in extremes, you can actually come to a pretty reasonable response.
Maybe We Should Rethink Our Drink
Whether this study is accurate or not, it provides us with the perfect opportunity to re-evaluate the frequency in which we provide our children juice. Although most children love juice, it’s not really something they should be getting more than once or twice a day. Juice is high in sugar, low in fiber, and full of calories that children could consume elsewhere. Instead, offer your children water frequently throughout the day to keep them hydrated and incorporate whole fruits instead of fruit juice when you can. Not only will this allow your child to get more of their calories from nutritionally dense foods, but will also promote a varied diet that can help your child eat well for a lifetime.