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Bees in Peril: A Timeline

Bees in Peril: A Timeline

A dramatic drop in bee populations began in 2005, and a number of factors continue to create problems for this key pollinator to this day. Here is a history of the issue.

2005
Bees populations had been in decline before 1997, but in 2005 a steep drop-off began raising alarms among environmentalists and the agricultural workers who depend of honeybees to pollinate crops such as almond and fruit trees. This set off a “pollinator panic” that led to bees being imported to the U.S. from New Zealand for the first time in 50 years.

2007

The populations of bees continued to decline, with some apiaries reporting losses of 30 to 70 percent in different regions of the U.S. The phenomena came to be known as colony collapse disorder and a number of potential causes were debated. Pesticides were a primary suspect from the beginning, but viruses, invasive mites, fungus, cell phone signals and climate change were also discussed as possible factors.

Beekeepers in the U.K. and Europe also reported significant losses in their colonies.

2008
Research into the causes of colony collapse disorder continues to focus on pesticides, although many questions remain. The Natural Resources Defense Council files lawsuit against the Environmental Protection Agency for unpublished information about a pesticide made by Bayer CropScience. The suit eventually led to the publication of the missing Federal Register documents.

2009
Because of bees importance in the human food chain, campaigns to “Save the Bees” pick up momentum. In the U.K., the Plan Bee campaign launched to demand government action, including money to research colony collapse disorder. As part of the campaign, The Co-operative, the largest co-op grocery chain in the country, bans the use of neonicotinoid-based pesticides sold in stores.

Another campaign launched by Haagen-Dazs and ExperienceProject.com used social media to promote awareness about the problem.

France, Germany and Italy suspend the use of neonicotinoids as a “precautionary measure.”

Flickr/CC BY 2.0

2011
The U.K. reported another bad winter for bee populations, with losses as high as 17 percent in some parts of the the country.

Work conducted by Jeff Pettis at the US Department of Agriculture found that bees often attempt to seal off cellsin their combs prior to hives dying off. Pettis suggested that this defense mechanism is an effort to protect the hive from contaminates, but a direct link between pesticides and this entombing process was not established.

Research suggested that many of the hypothesize causes of colony collapse may be work together, rather than a single factor. Professor May Barenbaum warned against any single, simplistic arguments about the cause the bee population decline.

2012
Research connecting neonicotinoid pesticides and colony collapse was published. One study showed a link between pesticide-treated seeds and bee death, another paper showed that the ban on neonicotinoids in Italy led to fewer bee deaths. Other causes of bee death continuded to be explored as contributing factors, such as viruses and hive-destroying mites. One study found that pesticides make bees more vulnerable to viruses. However, pesticides makers pushed back on the findings, and Bayer CropScience creates “bee care centers” to further their own research.

In both Europe and the U.S., activists sought regulatory measures banning pesticides and promoting bee populations. A petition promoted by AVAAZ for the global ban on neonicotinoid pesticides gained 1.2 million signatures. The campaign is still going on today, and has gathered over 2.5 million signatures.

In the U.K., environmentalists fail to win a ban on neonicotinoid pesticides and accused Parliament of turning a blind eye on the problem. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency has begun a review process of neonicotinoids and several other pesticides, but the results of such a review may take several years.

2013
This spring, environmentalists celebrated a win when the European Union voted in a two-year ban on neonicotinoid pesticides. In the U.S., results of the EPA review are still pending. In the meantime, Bayer is working hard to give itself a pro-bee facade by distributing wildflower seeds with bottles of pesticides.

The journal Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability published a meta analysis, showing that there are multiple ways that bees may be exposed to pesticides. The authors of this study conclude that “pollinator-friendly alternatives” are urgently needed.

Although progress towards protecting bees from pesticides is slow, awareness about the threat to bees seems to be on the rise. In June, thousands of bees found dead in a Target parking lot because national news. Preliminary findings point to the use of the neonicotinoid-based pesticide Safari, which was spayed on nearby Linden trees.

There are a number of ways to get involved with the fight to save the bees, including regional and local efforts.

Related
Bees Have Personalities
7 Simple Ways to Help Honey Bees
Bee Venom Kills HIV (Just Another Reason to Save Bees!)

Read more: Environment, Nature, Nature & Wildlife, , ,

Photo Credit: CC BY 2.0 Flickr

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Kara, selected from TreeHugger

Planet Green is the multi-platform media destination devoted to the environment and dedicated to helping people understand how humans impact the planet and how to live a more environmentally sustainable lifestyle. Its two robust websites, planetgreen.com and TreeHugger.com, offer original, inspiring, and entertaining content related to how we can evolve to live a better, brighter future. Planet Green is a division of Discovery Communications.

136 comments

+ add your own
2:25PM PDT on Aug 7, 2013

Alarm for bee populations. Kara thank you for sharing. ✽

8:26AM PDT on Aug 6, 2013

I saw a very good documentary on this last Friday on BBC2, and this article has reminded me to watch it again on Iplayer.

9:23AM PDT on Aug 1, 2013

No bees = no food = no human race. Don and I CAN! :-))

4:42AM PDT on Aug 1, 2013

thanks for sharing

8:35PM PDT on Jul 21, 2013

I have signed lots of petitions against the pesticide use affecting the bees and will continue to advocate! Awareness is key.

5:37AM PDT on Jul 20, 2013

very sad ,thank you for sharing 20/7

10:50AM PDT on Jul 15, 2013

ty

6:44PM PDT on Jul 12, 2013

We are the earth poison

7:25AM PDT on Jul 11, 2013

sad.

4:53AM PDT on Jul 11, 2013

Save bees.
Thank you for sharing.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and may not reflect those of
Care2, Inc., its employees or advertisers.

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