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Brown Rice Syrup: Good or Bad?

Brown Rice Syrup: Good or Bad?

Added sugar is the single worst ingredient in the modern diet.

It is now believed to be among the leading causes of some of the world’s biggest killers.

This includes not only obesity, but also type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer (1234).

Added sugar (and high fructose corn syrup) is made of two simple sugars… glucose and fructose.

One of the main reasons sugar is harmful, is because of the fructose.

Although some fructose from fruit is good, large amounts from added sugar can have disastrous effects on health ((56).

For this reason… many people have started trying to avoid fructose and have turned to fructose-free sweeteners instead.

One of these is Brown Rice Syrup (also called Rice Malt Syrup or simply Rice Syrup), which is essentially all made of glucose.

Glucose is also found in starchy foods like potatoes and is not considered as harmful for metabolic health as fructose.

What is Brown Rice Syrup and How is it Made?
Brown rice syrup is a sweetener derived from brown rice.

They make it by exposing cooked rice to enzymes that break down the starches and turn them into smaller sugars… then all the “impurities” are filtered out.

What is left is a thick, sugary syrup, which really doesn’t resemble brown rice at all.

Brown rice syrup contains three sugars: Maltotriose (52 percent), maltose (45 percent) andglucose (3 percent).

However, don’t be fooled by the names. Maltose is basically just two glucose molecules, while maltotriose is three glucose molecules.

So by the time rice syrup reaches your small intestine and gets broken down, it is basically just 100 percent glucose, the same sugar that raises blood sugar levels.

Bottom Line: Brown rice syrup is made by breaking down the starch in cooked rice, turning it into easily digestible sugars.

Nutrients in Brown Rice Syrup
Although brown rice is highly nutritious, rice syrup contains very few nutrients.

There may be tiny amounts of minerals like calcium and potassium (7).

But calorie for calorie (and carb for carb), this meager amount is completely negligible compared to what you would get from real food.

For all intents and purposes, brown rice syrup is “empty” calories. That is, plenty of energy with virtually no essential nutrients.

Bottom Line: Rice syrup contains a lot of energy with almost no essential nutrients. In other words, it is “empty” calories like most refined sugars.

Is Glucose Healthier Than Fructose?
There is an ongoing debate about added sugar and exactly why it causes harm.

Some think it’s merely because of empty calories and that it can be bad for the teeth.

However … there is now compelling evidence that its harmful effects go way beyond that, and this appears to be primarily due to the fructose in it.

Whereas glucose can be metabolized by every cell in the body, fructose can only be metabolized by the liver (8).

In the context of an unhealthy Western diet, this can be a complete disaster.

The fructose gets turned into fat, which either lodges in the liver (causing fatty liver and insulin resistance) or is shipped out, raising blood triglycerides (91011).

Without getting into the gory details, these metabolic problems can lead to all sorts of diseases.

However… glucose can be metabolized by all of the body’s cells, so it shouldn’t have the same negative effects on liver function.

This is pretty much the only positive thing to be said about brown rice syrup. It doesn’t contain fructose, only glucose.

Keep in mind that none of this applies to fruit, which are healthy foods. They contain small amounts of fructose, but also plenty of nutrients and fiber.

Bottom Line: There is no fructose in rice syrup, so it shouldn’t have the same negative effects on liver function and metabolic health as regular sugar.

Brown Rice Syrup Has a High Glycemic Index, Which Can be a Huge Problem
The glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how quickly foods raise blood sugar.

There is a lot of evidence that eating a lot of high GI foods is associated with obesity and many diseases (1213).

When we eat high GI foods, blood sugar and insulin levels go up rapidly and may “crash” later, leading to hunger and cravings (14).

There are some claims about rice syrup having a Glycemic Index of 25, which is extremely low.

However… this number seems to be pulled out of thin air and is completely wrong. It doesn’t even make sense because rice syrup is pretty much 100 percent easily digestible glucose.

According to the Sydney University GI database, Rice Syrup has a glycemic index of 98, which is extremely high (15).

It is much higher than table sugar (GI of 60-70) and higher than almost any other sweetener on the market!

If you eat rice syrup, then it is highly likely to lead to rapid spikes in blood sugar.

Bottom Line: Rice syrup has a glycemic index of 98, which is higher than almost every other sweetener on the market. This can be a huge problem.

Rice Syrup and Arsenic – Should You be Concerned?
Arsenic is a toxic chemical that is often found in trace amounts in some foods… including rice and rice syrups.

One study looked at the arsenic content of organic brown rice syrup. They tested isolated syrups, as well as products sweetened with rice syrup, including infant formulas (16).

They found significant levels of arsenic in the products. The formulas had 20 times the total arsenic concentrations of the ones that weren’t sweetened with rice syrup.

However, the FDA claims that the amounts are too low to be harmful (17). But keep in mind that the FDA also says high fructose corn syrup and soybean oil is safe, so I would take their endorsement with a big grain of salt.

Bottom Line: Significant amounts of arsenic have been found in rice syrups and products sweetened with them. This is a potential cause for concern.

Should You be Eating Brown Rice (Malt) Syrup?
Unfortunately, there is no human study that actually feeds rice syrup to humans and sees what happens.

However… we do know that it has a very high glycemic index and essentially no nutrients. There is also a risk of arsenic contamination.

Even if it is fructose-free, rice syrup seems to be mostly bad news.

You will be much better of sweetening your foods with the sweeteners in this article here… they are natural, low-calorie sweeteners that don’t raise blood sugar levels.

As with most caloric sweeteners, rice syrup should be used with caution… if you’re going to eat it, use small amounts and don’t eat it very often.

At the end of the day, brown rice syrup is not healthy. It is basically just empty, glucose spiking calories that may even be contaminated with arsenic.

I don’t know about you… but I’m personally going to stay away from rice syrup and recommend to my family that they do the same.

article by Kris Gunnars, from Authority Nutrition

main image from foodbankgourmet

Related
19 Sugars & Sweeteners: Which Are Healthy
3 Reasons to Stop Eating Honey
12 Surprising Sources of Hidden Sugar

Read more: Conditions, Desserts, Diabetes, Food, Health

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Authority Nutrition

Kris Gunnars represents AuthorityNutrition.com – a site that helps people make informed decisions about their health based on the best scientific evidence available.

80 comments

+ add your own
2:02AM PST on Nov 22, 2014

Interesting Never heard of Brown rice syrup

2:14PM PDT on Aug 17, 2014

Sent on to those who need to see it and are interested, thanks for posting

5:15AM PDT on Jul 25, 2014

Thank you :)

10:19AM PDT on Jul 20, 2014

Sounds ok in moderation, better than sucralose. Thanks.

9:22AM PDT on Jul 15, 2014

Just another form of sugar

9:55PM PDT on Jul 14, 2014

Though I had never heard of brown-rice syrup, I'm glad to be informed before I run into it. I'm sure that many people won't like reading the negatives about fructose because it puts both honey and agave syrup into the "bad" category.

But I also have to mention that the sugar alternatives provided in the link contain two sugar alcohols which can come with their own negative side effects. I'd recommend looking them up before trying them. The only time I tried a product that contained xylitol I ended up throwing it away after discovering that it was the cause of both insomnia and nightmares.

6:25AM PDT on Jul 12, 2014

Thank you

4:53PM PDT on Jul 7, 2014

I've been eating moderate amounts of organic rice syrup for the past 20 years, say once or twice per week, and have had no problems whatsoever.

1:06AM PDT on Jul 5, 2014

More empty calories and zero nutrition - aaah well.

9:54AM PDT on Jun 28, 2014

Thanks for sharing.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and may not reflect those of
Care2, Inc., its employees or advertisers.

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